Climate change education in zoos

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 5:20 PM GMT on December 05, 2011

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I'm in San Francisco this week for the annual Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union (AGU), the world's largest gathering of Earth Scientists. Over ten thousand scientists from all over the world, including most of the world's top climate scientists, are in town this week to exchange ideas to advance the cause of Earth Science. This year, there is much attention being given to communication of science to the public, and the first talk I attended today on the subject was given by Dr. Michael Mann of Penn State University. Dr. Mann has been at the center of much recent controversy over climate science, and has an op-ed in today's Wall Street Journal titled, "Climate Contrarians Ignore Overwhelming Evidence". His "hockey stick" graphs showing the unprecedented increase in global temperatures over the past 1,000 years has been the subject of heated attack, much of it orchestrated by the public relations wings of powerful industries whose profits are threatened by by possibility of regulatory action to reduce global warming. He has a book coming out in January titled, The Hockey Stick and the Climate Wars: Dispatches from the Front Lines. Dr. Mann reaffirmed his stance on human-caused climate change in his talk this morning, calling attention to a paper that appeared in Nature Geoscience last week, finding that most of the observed warming of Earth's climate in recent decades—at least 74 percent—is almost certainly due to human activity. Dr. Mann said that this study did not go far enough, and that more than 100% of the warming in the past 30 years was due to humans. Without humans, the climate would have cooled over the past 30 years.


Figure 1. An example of educational material on polar bears that has been developed by CliZEN for use at nine U.S. zoos.

Dr. Mann also introduced a new pilot program he is involved with to advance climate change education through U.S. zoos. The National Science Foundation-funded project is called CliZEN, The Climate Literacy Zoo Education Network. Zoos represent a unique way for people to connect to the natural world, and over 50 million people in the U.S. go to the zoo each year--double that, if one includes aquariums. Thus, zoos thus offer a unique opportunity to communicate how climate change threatens the natural world. People who go to zoos are approximately 50% more likely to be alarmed or concerned about climate change than the general population, Dr. Mann showed. The initial eduction effort has a polar theme, and is being brought to nine zoos: the Chicago Zoological Society of Brookfield, IL; Columbus Zoo & Aquarium, OH; Como Zoo & Conservatory, St. Paul, MN; Indianapolis Zoo, IN; Louisville Zoological Garden, KY; Oregon Zoo, Portland, OR; Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium, PA; Roger Williams Park Zoo, Providence, RI; and the Toledo Zoological Gardens, OH. The organization Polar Bears International is helping develop the educational material.

Jeff Masters

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Found an interesting chart regarding El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO):



NDJ = November (2011), December (2011), January
DJF = December (2011), January, February
JFM = January, February, March
FMA = February, March, April
MAM = March, April, May
AMJ = April, May, June
MJJ = May, June, July
JJA = June, July, August
JAS = July, August, September
ASO = August, September, October
Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 32256
Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:

What gives a reason to be is my question. I don't see why the National Hurricane Center would treat a system any differently because its the off-season.
They shouldn't treat classification any different, but I could see them being less active with percentages on storms that have a low chance of developing. It really isn't worth their time to put up near 0% or 10% circles during the off season when nothing will come out of it, although we did see a few of those situations during the regular season.
Member Since: August 24, 2010 Posts: 19 Comments: 4358
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Taking into account that one image shows FMA (February-March-April) 2012, and the other covers AMJ (April-May-June) 2011, they look very similar.

Last year:



2012:

Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 32256
Quoting Grothar:
Hello!

Hey Grothar. We had a perfect day today in East Central Florida. It must have been in the 80s down there.
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It's a good thing Accuweather's forecast for tomorrow isn't likely, since earlier today they have been calling for winds 24 gusting to 88mph in the Orlando area tomorrow.
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02S really dont look like much...oh well, there will be more :D
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4486
December predictions for 2012!
CybrTeddy's first 2012 Atlantic Hurricane Season predictions - 12/6/11

14 named storms.
8 hurricanes.
4 major hurricanes.

This is based on the fact vertically instability might be lacking next year once again, that and we cannot rely on trough splits to boost our numbers again next year. I am willing to bet at least 5 of last years systems would not have been recognized if it was without satellite data.
Member Since: July 8, 2005 Posts: 259 Comments: 24164
TC 02S

CI# /Pressure/ Vmax
2.1 /1002.6mb/ 31.0kt

Raw T# 2.1
Adj T# 2.0
Final T# 1.6

Scene Type: CURVED BAND with 0.25 ARC in DK GRAY
Maximum CURVED BAND with 0.48 in DK GRAY at Lat: 18:19:11 S Lon: 64:44:23 E
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4486
TC Alenga

CI# /Pressure/ Vmax
3.8 / 985.3mb/ 61.0kt

Raw T# 3.8
Adj T# 3.8
Final T# 3.8

Scene Type: UNIFORM CDO CLOUD REGION
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4486

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North Korea Seen Advancing Work on ICBM Capable of Reaching U.S. Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2011

North Korea is advancing efforts to construct an ICBM that could strike the United States, the Washington Times on Tuesday quoted the Obama administration as stating recently (see GSN, Aug. 17).

http://gsn.nti.org/gsn/nw_20111206_4237.php

China's Hu urges navy to prepare for combat
By Robert Saiget | AFP %u2013 4 hrs ago

Chinese President Hu Jintao on Tuesday urged the navy to prepare for military combat, amid growing regional tensions over maritime disputes and a US campaign to assert itself as a Pacific power.

http://news.yahoo.com/chinas-hu-urges-navy-prepar e-combat-160509787.html

US Officials: Drone Was Gathering Intelligence When It Went Down in Iran

Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2011

By Marc Ambinder

WASHINGTON -- The super-secret drone that Iran claims to have recovered was on a CIA "Focal Point" mission, gathering intelligence and likely crashed though it remains uncertain whether it was able to self-destruct, U.S. officials told National Journal on Tuesday (see GSN, Dec. 5).

Controllers lost contact with the prized stealth unmanned aerial drone, the RQ-170 "Sentinel", last week over western Afghanistan, said one government official who spoke on condition of anonymity. Based on its projected glide path, officials assume it fell just inside the Iranian border.
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Whoa...I forgot...Colorado State University (CSU) releases their 2012 Atlantic hurricane season predictions tomorrow.

Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 32256
Update on Tropical Cyclones Alenga and Two-S.

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Just got back from the Bahmas today. If there's any weather, it must be way far south of Nassau. Just some scattered clouds with a high about 80. Was a little chilly at night with the sea breeze though. For those of you familiar with the Straw Market in Nassau, it burned down at 0330 Saturday morning. The front part was damaged by Hurricane Irene but the rear section of what's basically a giant tent was still operating. Two historic buildings to the rear were destroyed or heavily damaged, but the Royal Bahamas Fire Service did an amazing job stopping the fire before it spread to the rest of downtown. It was one hot fire. Very bad break for all those poor vendors just before Christmas. :(

Just dreary rain here in central Alabama. Started out at midnight with 65 degrees and we're now down to 54. Won't get cold enough to snow, but the wind chill starting tomorrow will make it feel cold enough to snow.
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Quoting RitaEvac:
Upper 30s and Low 40s ALLLLLLL day long here in SE TX, cloudy, gray, blustery day in the Lone Star State.

Another inch of rain yesterday, Trees, plants catching a break from the relentless heat and drought, but FAR from over
It has been clear here in South Central Texas all day but highs did not get out of the 30s, I just love cold weather, beats 110 that is for sure.
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Quoting TomTaylor:
Is it? Idk, I'm not claiming it is or isn't, I'm just wondering how you know they are or aren't more conservative in the off season

What gives a reason to be is my question. I don't see why the National Hurricane Center would treat a system any differently because its the off-season.
Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 32256
Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:

Why is it?
Is it? Idk, I'm not claiming it is or isn't, I'm just wondering how you know they are or aren't more conservative in the off season
Member Since: August 24, 2010 Posts: 19 Comments: 4358
Quoting TomTaylor:
Why isn't it true?

But it wasn't August/September, at the end of the day, they are "conservatives," (they need to conserve there integrity?)
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Quoting TomTaylor:
Why isn't it true?

Why is it?
Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 32256
Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:

Hi Gro.

I'm arguing with SLPBeater because he thinks that the system near the Leeward Islands would've gotten mentioned in the TWO if it were August/September, and he says that the NHC is being more conservative because it is off season, which just isn't true.

Why isn't it true?
Member Since: August 24, 2010 Posts: 19 Comments: 4358
Quoting yqt1001:


No model support? A lot of models have it developing in 24 hours. It's unlikely that that would happen, and the origins of this is the same as our last two bust invests..90L and 99L, so it will probably follow the same path as those two.
By a lot of models do you mean just the NOGAPS and CMC? ECMWF, UKMET, and GFS do not develop this system.
Member Since: August 24, 2010 Posts: 19 Comments: 4358
Quoting Grothar:



Estoy muy bien, y gracias. Los argumentos que siguen!

No, I decided to stick around here until about 2100 until things really get bad.

Yo Tambien!
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Now then we are missing the "Point" as Keeper would say and where are we on this peaceful December night? {Apart from frozen stupid on some forsaken hillside in Yorkshire, UK.?}
WHAT is really going on with those 10,000 scientists in San Francisco and what would be the loss to the world if a major earthquake struck right now? Leaving the "Jefe"{chief,} Dr. Masters, out of the equation of course!!
They {the 10,000} are all very quiet,at the moment that is!
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I've got to get to sleep. Have fun and stay out of trouble.
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Quoting yqt1001:
I just wore a t-shirt outside in -12C weather (-2F I think). To make it worse, it wasn't all that cold to me. I must either be crazy or ...I'm probably crazy and lucky I didn't die. XD

:S
Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 32256
Quoting petewxwatcher:


It's always sunny in Philadelphia! Isn't it?


LOL. Never at the airport. I will only be there to change planes back to Fort Lauderdale. I have been away too long. I haven't had time to catch up on the weather. Thanks to TropicalAnalyst, I got the full details.
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I just wore a t-shirt outside in -12C weather (10F I think). To make it worse, it wasn't all that cold to me. I must either be crazy or ...I'm probably crazy and lucky I didn't die. XD
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Quoting PlazaRed:

Como Estas?
Usted es el corazon de nosotros mas predido!
We had cause to worry with all this evidence of impending doom and drowning from this CO2 stuff we felt that you had baled out in favour of one of these newly discovered paradise planets a mere 600 light years away!
However an"Alma" restored is a soul regained!
Love that picture of the south coast of Greenland in Autumn!



Estoy muy bien, y gracias. Los argumentos que siguen!

No, I decided to stick around here until about 2100 until things really get bad.
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Quoting Grothar:
I am flying back to Philadelphia on Thursday. Anything I should know about concerning the weather then?


It's always sunny in Philadelphia! Isn't it?
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Quoting Grothar:


You didn't have to provide so much detail!!!

Lol, it'll be cold.
Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 32256
Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:

Yes.


You didn't have to provide so much detail!!!
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YAWN
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Quoting SPLbeater:


the las tthing im going to say to you. if you can PROVE to me, and show me evidence that my view isnt true, i will tell you your right. until then, goodbye

Shoe me YOUR evidence, because any you have is not plausible.
Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 32256
Quoting SPLbeater:


yeah he nice to certain people, all i get is stern comments which arent taken lightly

That's because you stray far away from what we talk about, including bringing your religion onto the blog, as well as saying that the NHC is wrong in not classifying 90L/99L.

I don't tolerate either.
Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 32256
Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:

Hi Gro.

I'm arguing with SLPBeater because he thinks that the system near the Leeward Islands would've gotten mentioned in the TWO if it were August/September, and he says that the NHC is being more conservative because it is off season, which just isn't true.



the las tthing im going to say to you. if you can PROVE to me, and show me evidence that my view isnt true, i will tell you your right. until then, goodbye
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4486
Quoting Grothar:


Hola! I am still away. I went to watch the glaciers retreating. Here is a little picture of Greenland I just took. :)


Como Estas?
Usted es el corazon de nosotros mas predido!
(You are the heart of us most lost!)
We had cause to worry with all this evidence of impending doom and drowning from this CO2 stuff we felt that you had baled out in favour of one of these newly discovered paradise planets a mere 600 light years away!
However an"Alma" restored is a soul regained!
Love that picture of the south coast of Greenland in Autumn!
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Quoting Grothar:


Aw, come on now. Tropical is a nice guy. I have known him for years. Since you two are usually the only two on here sometimes, you shouldn't be arguing. It's like living next door to an ex-wife, just smile and be friendly when you see each other.


yeah he nice to certain people, all i get is stern comments which arent taken lightly
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4486
Quoting Grothar:
I am flying back to Philadelphia on Thursday. Anything I should know about concerning the weather then?

Yes.
Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 32256
I am flying back to Philadelphia on Thursday. Anything I should know about concerning the weather then?
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Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:

Hi Gro.

I'm arguing with SLPBeater because he thinks that the system near the Leeward Islands would've gotten mentioned in the TWO if it were August/September, and he says that the NHC is being more conservative because it is off season, which just isn't true.



There are always swirls out there. I don't pay attention to them. You see a lot in winter but they are usually short lived.
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Quoting SPLbeater:


SPLbeater. i dont succumb easy xD


Aw, come on now. Tropical is a nice guy. I have known him for years. Since you two are usually the only two on here sometimes, you shouldn't be arguing. It's like living next door to an ex-wife, just smile and be friendly when you see each other.
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Quoting Grothar:


Hey, tropical! Who are you fighting with now?

Hi Gro.

I'm arguing with SLPBeater because he thinks that the system near the Leeward Islands would've gotten mentioned in the TWO if it were August/September, and he says that the NHC is being more conservative because it is off season, which just isn't true.

Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 32256

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Quoting Grothar:


Hey, tropical! Who are you fighting with now?


SPLbeater. i dont succumb easy xD
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4486
Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:

Excuse me? Since when ha--

You know what? Nevermind. Think whatever you want.


Hey, tropical! Who are you fighting with now?
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Quoting PlazaRed:

Buenas tardes,
And we all thought you had gone away on vacation to some frozen wasteland for a well deserved break!


Hola! I am still away. I went to watch the glaciers retreating. Here is a little picture of Greenland I just took. :)

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Quoting SPLbeater:


you can remain in rebellion as long as you want, but i have indications that it would have been and you dont contain any to prove it wouldnt have been. end of discussion.

Excuse me? Since when ha--

You know what? Nevermind. Think whatever you want.
Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 32256
Quoting Grothar:
Hello!

Buenas tardes,
And we all thought you had gone away on vacation to some frozen wasteland for a well deserved break!
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Quoting RitaEvac:
Upper 30s and Low 40s ALLLLLLL day long here in SE TX, cloudy, gray, blustery day in the Lone Star State.

Another inch of rain yesterday, Trees, plants catching a break from the relentless heat and drought, but FAR from over





Somehow WIND CHILL just doesn't seem fair though.  :(  Sigh



Orange County Airport
Lat: 30.07   Lon: -93.8   Elev: 13
Last Update on Dec 6, 3:35 pm CST





Overcast

41 °F
(5 °C)




















Humidity: 87 % Wind Speed: NW 9 MPH Barometer: 30.19" Dewpoint: 37 °F (3 °C) Wind Chill: 35 °F (2 °C) Visibility: 10.00 mi. :



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Hello!
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About

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.