Storm surge barriers: the New England experience

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 6:22 PM GMT on November 25, 2011

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Back in 1938, long before satellites, radar, the hurricane hunters, and the modern weather forecasting system, the great New England hurricane of 1938 roared northwards into Long Island, New York at 60 mph, pushing a storm surge more than 15 feet high to the coast. Hundreds of Americans died in this greatest Northeast U.S. hurricane on record, the strongest hurricane to hit the Northeast since the 1800s. A destructive storm surge of 13 feet (4 meters) barreled though Long Island Sound into Stamford, Connecticut, inundating the downtown region and causing heavy damage ($6 million in 1938 dollars.) Sixteen years later, a storm surge from Hurricane Carol of 1954 inundated the city again, causing $3.4 million in damage. In response to these twin storm surge disasters, work was begun in 1965 on a 17-foot high, $14 million (1965 dollars) hurricane barrier. Completed in 1969, the barrier across Stamford Harbor is high enough to protect the city from a storm surge of 14.8 feet above mean sea level. Had the barrier been in place during Hurricane Carol, the Army Corps of Engineers estimates damage to Stamford could have been reduced by 85%.


Figure 1. Bedford Street looking south towards Broad Street in Stamford, Connecticut, after the Great New England Hurricane of 1938. Image credit: stamfordhistory.org.


Figure 2. The storm surge from Category 2 Hurricane Carol in 1954 batters the Edgewood Yacht Club near Providence, Rhode Island. Image credit: NOAA Photo Library.

The Providence storm surge barrier
Stamford isn't the only New England city that suffered destructive storm surges from the 1938 and 1954 hurricanes. The 1938 hurricane brought a storm surge that covered the commercial district of Providence, Rhode Island with 8 feet (2.5 m) of water, causing $16.3 million in damage. On August 31, 1954, Hurricane Carol produced a storm surge of up to 14.4 feet (4.4 m) in Narragansett Bay, surpassing that of the New England Hurricane of 1938. The resulting storm surge flooded downtown Providence with 12 feet (3.7 m) of water. Some entire coastal communities were nearly destroyed, and damage was estimated at $25.1 million. In response to the devastation wrought by these storms, a $15 million hurricane barrier 25 feet (7.6 m) high was built across the 1000-foot (300 m) entrance to Providence Harbor between 1961 - 1966.


Figure 3. A ship passes through the Providence, Rhode Island storm surge barrier. Image credit: Douglas Hill, EngScD, P.E., Stony Brook University.

The New Bedford storm surge barrier
New Bedford, Massachusetts lies near the end of a narrow bay, and narrow bays and river estuaries can act as funnels that focus storm surges to extreme heights if the hurricane's direction of motion is aligned so that the surge propagates up the bottleneck. In fact, the shape of the coast near New Bedford makes it the most vulnerable portion of the U.S. coast for a hurricane storm surge. The highest theoretical storm surge produced by NOAA's SLOSH model for the U.S. is 38.5 feet above mean sea level, for a Category 4 hurricane hitting New Bedford. Destructive storm surges hit New Bedford during the 1938 hurricane and 1954's Hurricane Carol, the latter storm causing $8.3 million in flood damages. A hurricane barrier 23 feet (7 m) high and 4900 feet (1500 m) long across New Bedford Harbor was completed in 1966 at a cost of $19 million (1966 dollars.) The barrier separates the New Bedford Harbor from Buzzard's Bay, and successfully kept out the 8 foot (2.5 m) storm surge from Hurricane Bob in 1991, and a 6.5 foot (2 m) surge from the January 1997 Nor'easter.


Figure 4.The 4,900 foot-long New Bedford, Massachusetts storm surge barrier as seen using Google Earth. The city of New Bedford lies to the north (top) of this image.


Figure 5.The four regions of the U.S. theoretically prone to storm surges in excess of 33 feet at the coast. These Maximum of the Maximum Envelope Of Waters (MOM) SLOSH model plots are for a maximum strength hurricane hitting at high tide. A theoretical peak storm surge of 33 - 34 feet (pink colors) is predicted by the SLOSH model for New York City near the JFK Airport (upper left), for the Big Bend region of the Florida Gulf Coast (lower right), and for the Intracoastal Waterway north of Myrtle Beach, South Carolina (lower left). The highest theoretical surge occurs at New Bedford, Massachusetts (upper right): 38.5 feet for a Category 4 hurricane.

More storm surge barriers needed
Storm surge barriers in Stamford, New Bedford, and Providence have already proved their worth and prevented damages more than the cost of their construction. For example, the Stamford barrier kept out the storm surge from the December 1992 Nor'easter, which neighboring New York City suffered storm surge flooding of it subway system and roads that caused hundreds of millions in damage. Similar barriers in the Netherlands and England's Thames River have also proved their worth, and multi-billion dollar storm surge barriers are nearing completion in St. Petersburg, Russia and the Venice Lagoon in Italy. Many more such barriers will be needed world-wide in the coming decades, because of sea level rise.
Sea level rose an average of 7 inches (18 cm) during the 20th century. The 2007 report of the U.N.'s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) predicted global sea level rise of 0.6 - 1.9 feet (18 - 59 cm) by 2100--excluding the contribution from melting of the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets. Several studies published since that report predict much higher levels of sea level increase will occur if one includes the melting from Greenland and Antarctica, For example, a 2008 paper published by Pfeffer et al. in Science concluded that the "most likely" range of sea level rise by 2100 is 2.6 - 6.6 feet (80 - 200 cm.) If these higher sea level rise estimates prove correct, storm surge damage could easily double of triple, particularly if climate change makes the strongest storms stronger. A Report to Congress by FEMA (1991) estimated that existing development on the U.S. coast would experience a 36 - 58% increase in annual damages for a 1-foot rise in sea level, and a 102 - 200% increase for a 3-foot rise. Much of this additional damage would result from storm surges riding on top of heightened sea levels. As I'll report on in future blog posts in this series, even if the sea level does not rise this century, there are three locations along the U.S. coast that should immediately begin planning to install hurricane storm surge barriers: New York City, Galveston/Houston, and Tampa Bay.

Jeff Masters

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624. clamshell
10:33 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Quoting goosegirl1:


Perhaps you might ...TELL US ALL

http://www.unep.org/pdf/PressReleases/Project_on_ Climate_Science_review.pdf


I am not so techie as some, but do copy and paste the link above.

I have a big, wide, mean independent streak, so I do my own research instead of taking what I have heard as the literal truth. A quick google search will reveal arguments for both sides. Always check for yourself.


Site responds Error! Page not found.

Regardless, the UN is hardly what anyone could possibly call an unbiased source or any form of information regarding the subject of climate or its effect on mankind. Which leads to my previous point, we need to be very careful in our selection of sources that we, personally, deem as reputable and dependably not biased.

This what we all should have been doing a long long time ago. The job of the media should be to draw our attention to a particular issue and then it should be OUR responsibility to check it out for ourselves.

Member Since: June 25, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 125
623. goosegirl1
4:14 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Quoting clamshell:


Perhaps you might ...TELL US ALL... just who conducted those nine separate independent investigations?

You decry the other side for leaving details out, why not make the first move and show everybody the right way to do things, and reveal those identities.

Let the rest of the population decide, for themselves, just how independent those investigations really were, as opposed to deciding for them like you seem to be doing now.

BTW...Have you taken the time to read any of those e-mails, either the earlier or the latest versions? I have, and what I have read is a clear demonstration of dishonest science. Either their schooling has dropped to an abhorrent low, or they are just lazy.

Did they break the law? Good question.




Perhaps you might ...TELL US ALL

http://www.unep.org/pdf/PressReleases/Project_on_ Climate_Science_review.pdf


I am not so techie as some, but do copy and paste the link above.

I have a big, wide, mean independent streak, so I do my own research instead of taking what I have heard as the literal truth. A quick google search will reveal arguments for both sides. Always check for yourself.
Member Since: December 17, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 1261
622. HadesGodWyvern (Mod)
4:01 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
RSMC Reunion
Tropical Cyclone Outlook
15:00 PM RET November 28 2011
=================================

During the last 24 hours, thunderstorm activity has strengthened within the oriental part of the ITCZ
between equator to 10S and 70E to 85E. At this time, it remains fluctuating and without any organization. Surface obs (buoys 23010 and 23692) along with ASCAT data of yesterday evening (1630Z) and this morning (0332Z) suggest that a weak low has formed in this area (position based on ascat data: 4.8S 80.0E). Estimated MSLP is 1006 hPa and winds are in the 5-15 kts range reaching locally 20 kt in the southern semi-circle. Initial motion seems to be rather fast at 10-15 kt towards the Southwest.

At present time, environmental conditions appear marginal with rather strong shear and poor
monsoon inflow. SST are in the 29C range. Within the next few days, if the current
southwestwards fast moving motion continues, shear should gradually decrease (mainly south of
10S). Low level inflow should stay marginal Tuesday and part of Wednesday (weaker subtropical
ridge due to a transient mid-lat trough), but should improve significantly after that as the ridge
rebuits from the southwest associated to a forecast rather strong monsoon flow between 60E and
80E.

Development of a tropical depression is not expected Tuesday. It becomes poor to fair Wednesday
and Thursday.


Member Since: May 24, 2006 Posts: 52 Comments: 47023
621. clamshell
3:55 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Quoting TampaSpin:


NOW wouldn't that open up the discussion for criticism to probe the background of every study they have done which is what they do with everything THEY don't like the science they don't agree with.......LOL


Absolutely.

What is good for the goose is good for the gander.

Science is supposed to be an open book for all to see. Hiding or withholding data or deleting it is so suspicious, everyone should raise an eyebrow to that sort of conduct.

Neither side should expect to enjoy not having to be scrutinized.


Member Since: June 25, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 125
620. SPLbeater
3:53 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
i wish we had another Ophelia to watch.....
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4488
619. TampaSpin
3:50 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Quoting clamshell:


Perhaps you might TELL US ALL just who conducted those nine separate independent investigations?

You decry the other side for leaving details out, why not make the first move and show everybody the right way to do things, and reveal those identities.

Let the rest of the population decide, for themselves, just how independent those investigations really were, as opposed to deciding for them like you seem to be doing now.




NOW wouldn't that open up the discussion for criticism to probe the background of every study they have done! Which, is what they do with everything THEY don't like the science they don't agree with.......LOL
Member Since: September 2, 2007 Posts: 179 Comments: 20448
618. HadesGodWyvern (Mod)
3:45 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
At 12:00 PM UTC. Deep Depression ARB04-2011 over east central Arabian Sea moved west-northwestwards and lays centered near 15.0N 68.0E, or 650 Km northwest of Amini Divi (Lakshadweep Island), 700 km southwest of Mumbai, (India) 600 km west-southwest of Goa and 1150 km southeast of Masirah (Oman).

The system is likely to intensify into a cyclonic storm and move west-northwestwards towards Oman coast during next 72 hrs.

According to satellite imagery, the Dvorak intensity of the system is T2.0. The convection shows slight disorganization during past 6 hours, however, it may be temporarily due to diurnal variation. The organization of the convection attained peak intensity at around 6:00 AM UTC. The lowest cloud top temperature is around -85C. Associated broken intense to very intense convection is seen over area between 13.0N to 21.0N and 61.0E to 71.5E.

3 minute sustained winds near the center is 30 knots with gusts of 40 knots. The central pressure is 998 hPa and the state of the sea is very rough around the system.

The Madden-Julian Oscillation index lies in phase 3 with amplitude more than 1. As per the dynamical forecast it would lie over the same phase 3 during next 3-4 days. Phase 3 is favorable for intensification of the system over the Arabian Sea. Sea surface temperature is 29C around the system and gradually decreases to north and west. The ocean heat content is (80-90 kj/cm2) over southeast and central Arabian sea and less than 40 kj/cm2 over west central and northern Arabian Sea. The relative vorticity and low level convergence at 850 HPA level and upper level divergence do not show any change during past 6 hours. The vertical wind shear of horizontal wind over the region has not changed during past 6 hours, it is moderate to high. The system lies to the south of upper tropospheric ridge, which roughly runs along 20.0N in association with an anticyclonic circulation over central India. As a result, the system lies in the southwestern periphery of this anticyclonic circulation in middle and upper tropospheric. However, after 24 hours, the system will move closer to west central Arabian Sea it will experience colder sea and also increase in vertical wind shear due to approaching westerly trough at middle and upper level which runs along 45.0E to the north of 15.0N. As a result if may show weakening trend after 24 hours. While some models like ECMWF suggest initial west northwest movement and then southwestwards. The GFS model shows northeastward recurvature of the system after 72 hours when the system reaches 20.0N.

Forecast and Intensity
======================

6 HRS: 15.3N 67.3E - 35-40 knots (Cyclonic Storm)
12 HRS: 15.6N 66.6E - 40-45 knots (Cyclonic Storm)
36 HRS: 17.2N 63.0E - 35-40 knots (Cyclonic Storm)
60 HRS: 18.5N 60.5E - 30-35 knots (Deep Depression)
Member Since: May 24, 2006 Posts: 52 Comments: 47023
617. clamshell
3:43 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Quoting Neapolitan:

Fortunately, the credible major media appear to be so far doing their job this time researching and asking questions before reporting. It could be because they were so badly burned after the first "climategate", printing breathless headlines proclaiming an end to warming, just before nine separate independent investigations found no merit whatsoever to the accusations of wrongdoing. No conspiring, no bullying, no silencing, and no more uncertainty than usual; just scientists doing a difficult job as well as they can under sometimes harsh circumstances.

It sure would be nice to get some of that Tennessee snow down here in Florida; we've been much warmer than normal for the past two weeks, and are still waiting for our first real cold snap of the year. I hear next week may bring some frigid air our way...


Perhaps you might ...TELL US ALL... just who conducted those nine separate independent investigations?

You decry the other side for leaving details out, why not make the first move and show everybody the right way to do things, and reveal those identities.

Let the rest of the population decide, for themselves, just how independent those investigations really were, as opposed to deciding for them like you seem to be doing now.

BTW...Have you taken the time to read any of those e-mails, either the earlier or the latest versions? I have, and what I have read is a clear demonstration of dishonest science. Either their schooling has dropped to an abhorrent low, or they are just lazy.

Did they break the law? Good question.


Member Since: June 25, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 125
616. flsky
3:42 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Underwater icicle (brinicle) formation video.

Link
Member Since: October 24, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 2114
615. eddye
3:39 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
wow can jacksonville be looking at snow wensday and also how cold do u think it could get
Member Since: August 12, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 1386
614. TampaSpin
3:38 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Gotta love how the GW Agenda keep PUSHING! Follow the MONEY PEOPLE! That is all its about!
Member Since: September 2, 2007 Posts: 179 Comments: 20448
613. Neapolitan
3:33 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Quoting caperes2011:
Oh oh. Another embarrassment.

Last week, 5,000 files of private email correspondence among several of the world's top climate scientists were anonymously leaked onto the Internet. Like the first "climategate" leak of 2009, the latest release shows top scientists in the field fudging data, conspiring to bully and silence opponents, and displaying far less certainty about the reliability of anthropogenic global warming theory in private than they ever admit in public.

The scientists include men like Michael Mann of Penn State University and Phil Jones of the University of East Anglia, both of whose reports inform what President Obama has called "the gold standard" of international climate science, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Fortunately, the credible major media appear to be so far doing their job this time researching and asking questions before reporting. It could be because they were so badly burned after the first "climategate", printing breathless headlines proclaiming an end to warming, just before nine separate independent investigations found no merit whatsoever to the accusations of wrongdoing. No conspiring, no bullying, no silencing, and no more uncertainty than usual; just scientists doing a difficult job as well as they can under sometimes harsh circumstances.

It sure would be nice to get some of that Tennessee snow down here in Florida; we've been much warmer than normal for the past two weeks, and are still waiting for our first real cold snap of the year. I hear next week may bring some frigid air our way...
Member Since: November 8, 2009 Posts: 4 Comments: 13803
612. RitaEvac
3:26 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Had 6.4 earlier near New Guinea this morning CST
Member Since: July 14, 2008 Posts: 2 Comments: 9686
611. TropicalGenesis
3:18 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:
There is a consensus among the models that this will continue northwestward towards Puerto Rico before turning towards the north. All of the models consolidate it, many develop it into a subtropical/tropical cyclone...We'll have to see how it plays out over the next four days or so.




Is anyone else watching this? Latest PR forecast has it moving east of the lesser Antilles? A front moving in over Florida should keep it well East and North of the islands should it develop.

Member Since: August 16, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 103
610. RitaEvac
3:16 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
6th Earthquake in 4 Days Recorded in Oklahoma

Published November 27, 2011
SPARKS, Oklahoma – Another small earthquake has been reported in Oklahoma.

The U.S. Geological Survey says a 3.2 magnitude quake struck just before 6 a.m. Sunday about 27 miles northeast of Oklahoma City. The Logan County Sheriff's Office says no damage was reported

On Saturday, a 2.4 magnitude tremor was recorded at about 7 a.m. about 50 miles northeast of Oklahoma City near Sparks.

Sunday's earthquake is the sixth in the area since Thursday, when a 3.7 magnitude quake was recorded near Prague. Three more were recorded Friday.

A 5.6 magnitude quake, the strongest ever recorded in Oklahoma, shook the state Nov. 5. That quake damaged dozens of homes, buckled a highway and caused other damage.

Geologists say earthquakes with magnitudes of 2.5 to 3.0 are generally the smallest felt by humans.
Member Since: July 14, 2008 Posts: 2 Comments: 9686
609. klaatuborada
3:01 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Not waving, drowning. Thanks Dr. Masters.
Member Since: August 15, 2004 Posts: 23 Comments: 397
608. mati
2:58 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Massive wind storm in southern Alberta Canada.
Winds of up to 130km an hour tore through the province...

http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/article/109347 0--windows-ripped-from-office-building-in-calgary- windstorm

http://montreal.ctv.ca/servlet/an/local/CTVNews/2 0111128/calgary-windstorm-southern-alberta-111128/ 20111128/?hub=MontrealHome

A friend saw 3 transport trucks blown off the highway and onto their sides...
Member Since: September 6, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 63
607. GeoffreyWPB
2:53 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
RADIATION STORM AND CME UPDATE
Member Since: September 10, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 11557
606. FLWeatherFreak91
2:44 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Quoting sunlinepr:
Shaky mornin... 5.2


There
s a large coronal mass ejection arriving on this side of the world today so some extra shaking can be expected.
Member Since: December 1, 2006 Posts: 2 Comments: 3634
605. caperes2011
2:42 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Oh oh. Another embarrassment.

Last week, 5,000 files of private email correspondence among several of the world's top climate scientists were anonymously leaked onto the Internet. Like the first "climategate" leak of 2009, the latest release shows top scientists in the field fudging data, conspiring to bully and silence opponents, and displaying far less certainty about the reliability of anthropogenic global warming theory in private than they ever admit in public.

The scientists include men like Michael Mann of Penn State University and Phil Jones of the University of East Anglia, both of whose reports inform what President Obama has called "the gold standard" of international climate science, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
Member Since: October 25, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 1
604. RitaEvac
2:24 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Freezing temps across SE TX this morning, with frosty roofs, open fields, pastures covered in a white essence. Temps from 29-32 degrees widespread. Bird bath was ice solid over as I went out to check before work.

And 1.05" of rain Saturday
Member Since: July 14, 2008 Posts: 2 Comments: 9686
603. SPLbeater
2:11 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
so according to ADT, 05A got to atleast 60mph. but with JTWC, it only at 40mph. im pretty sure JTWC has it wrong
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4488
602. sunlinepr
2:07 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
GFS has joined CMC in developing some Low NE PR...

Member Since: August 2, 2010 Posts: 21 Comments: 9882
601. sunlinepr
2:04 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Shaky mornin... 5.2


Member Since: August 2, 2010 Posts: 21 Comments: 9882
600. RitaEvac
1:53 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Freezing temps across SE TX this morning, with frosty roofs, open fields, pastures covered in a white essence. Temps from 29-32 degrees widespread. Bird bath was ice solid over as I went out to check before work.

And 1.05" of rain Saturday
Member Since: July 14, 2008 Posts: 2 Comments: 9686
599. RitaEvac
1:49 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Quoting Grothar:
Street painters misspell school street sign -- in Lauderhill school zone
A sign painted in the road on NW 50th Street reads "scohol." The… (Amy Beth Bennett, Sun Sentinel)October 28, 2011|By Danielle Alvarez and Ihosvani Rodriguez, Sun SentinelLAUDERHILL — This could spell trouble for a group of pavement painters.

Just a block away from an elementary school, subcontractors goofed and stenciled the pavement with the letters “scohol.” Yep, you read that right: “scohol” instead of “school.”

The crew, working near the corner of 50th Street and Pine Island Road, seemingly failed to spell check its work on nearby signs for Banyan Elementary School.




That's because they can't speak or spell English, America wants cheap labor and this is what you get.

Member Since: July 14, 2008 Posts: 2 Comments: 9686
598. gregpinehurstnc
1:41 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
whats going on,, 2 to 4 inches of snow for tupelo ms and here in pinehurst nc , nada nothing!!!! that is just wrong!
Member Since: August 18, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 88
597. TropicalAnalystwx13
1:02 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Never tracked one of these before..



Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 32858
596. SPLbeater
1:00 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
120000UTC

CI#/ Pressure/ Vmax
3.5/ 992.9mb/ 55.0kt


Final T# 3.4
Adj T# 3.4
Raw T# 3.4
Scene Type: UNIFORM CDO CLOUD REGION

Weakening Flag: ON
Rapid Dissipation Flag: OFF
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4488
595. StormTracker2K
12:57 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:

What? It takes several months to transition from La Nina to El Nino...It doesn't happen over a weekend...

We're not seeing El Nino until the end of next hurricane season...at least.
\


I meant next Winter and I've already changed this.
Member Since: October 26, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2651
594. TropicalAnalystwx13
12:56 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Edit: Nevermind
Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 32858
593. StormTracker2K
12:54 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
I heard that a strong El-Nino is possible next winter over the weekend I believe on MSNBC. If this happens then drought could appear over Australia, Indonesia, Thailand, ect. This also could throw a wrench into next years Hurricane Season.

Member Since: October 26, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2651
592. TropicalAnalystwx13
12:52 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
There is a consensus among the models that this will continue northwestward towards Puerto Rico before turning towards the north. All of the models consolidate it, many develop it into a subtropical/tropical cyclone...We'll have to see how it plays out over the next four days or so.


Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 32858
591. StormTracker2K
12:51 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
URGENT - WINTER WEATHER MESSAGE
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MEMPHIS TN
336 AM CST MON NOV 28 2011

...EARLY SEASON WINTER STORM BECOMING MORE LIKELY ACROSS MUCH OF
THE MIDSOUTH...


Winter Storm Watch

...WINTER STORM WATCH IN EFFECT FROM THIS EVENING THROUGH TUESDAY
MORNING...

THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IN MEMPHIS HAS ISSUED A WINTER STORM
WATCH...WHICH IS IN EFFECT FROM THIS EVENING THROUGH TUESDAY
MORNING.

* SNOW ACCUMULATIONS...3 INCHES OR MORE.

* TIMING...6 PM CST THIS EVENING TO NOON CST TUESDAY. THE PERIOD
OF HEAVIEST SNOW WILL OCCUR FROM MIDNIGHT CST TONIGHT UNTIL 6 AM
CST TUESDAY.

* IMPACTS...SNOW MAY DISRUPT TRAVEL ACROSS THE WATCH AREA. BE
PREPARED FOR SNOW COVERED ROADS AND LIMITED VISIBILITIES...AND
USE CAUTION WHILE DRIVING.
Member Since: October 26, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2651
590. AussieStorm
12:50 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Quoting islander101010:
s.pac is pretty stormy for their late spring

SPAC???? Where? What about the Indian Ocean, 2 invests and a TD.
Member Since: September 30, 2007 Posts: 9 Comments: 15979
589. WxGeekVA
12:49 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Quoting StormTracker2K:
More snow maybe on tap for the South next week. This seems to be the trend the last several years.





That shows the rain/snow line right over DC just in time for my birthday!
Member Since: September 3, 2011 Posts: 13 Comments: 3477
588. StormTracker2K
12:45 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
GFS wants to develope a December storm in the Caribbean.

Member Since: October 26, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2651
587. StormTracker2K
12:41 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
More snow maybe on tap for the South next week. This seems to be the trend the last several years.



Member Since: October 26, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2651
586. StormTracker2K
12:38 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Boy this looks very El-Ninoish.

Member Since: October 26, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2651
585. StormTracker2K
12:33 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Member Since: October 26, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2651
584. StormTracker2K
12:30 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
SNOWY day across the South today. Some places could get some snow flurries all the way down to Gulf Port, MISS.

Member Since: October 26, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 2651
583. GeoffreyWPB
12:25 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
Muggy outside with the front approaching. After today, beautiful for the rest of the week...



Member Since: September 10, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 11557
582. RTLSNK
12:20 PM GMT on November 28, 2011
63*F in Macon, Georgia this morning with light rain moving into the area. Forecast for tonight is a drop in temp to 34 degrees and a 30% chance of light snow Tues morning.

That would be really cool for the 29 th of November. Will get some photos if that happens. :)

Have a great day everyone.

Member Since: September 3, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 22187
581. WxGeekVA
11:55 AM GMT on November 28, 2011
A few of my comments got removed last night for violating the community standards. I apologize for what I said in those comments, as I had had a few too many in the evening. What I said was inflammatory and unnecessary. I hope you all don't hold that against me.
Member Since: September 3, 2011 Posts: 13 Comments: 3477
580. aislinnpaps
11:53 AM GMT on November 28, 2011
Good Morning, all. A whole 35 degrees here in Louisiana. Going to have to go out a few minutes early and start the car up. Hope everyone has a wonderful Monday.
Member Since: August 22, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 3167
579. islander101010
11:50 AM GMT on November 28, 2011
s.pac is pretty stormy for their late spring
Member Since: September 11, 2010 Posts: 1 Comments: 5006
578. Walshy
10:03 AM GMT on November 28, 2011
Statement as of 3:36 AM CST on November 28, 2011


... Winter Storm Watch in effect from this evening through Tuesday
morning...

The National Weather Service in Memphis has issued a Winter Storm
Watch...
which is in effect from this evening through Tuesday
morning.

* Snow accumulations... 3 inches or more.

* Timing... 6 PM CST this evening to noon CST Tuesday. The period
of heaviest snow will occur from midnight CST tonight until 6 am
CST Tuesday.

* Impacts... snow may disrupt travel across the watch area. Be
prepared for snow covered roads and limited visibilities... and
use caution while driving.

Precautionary/preparedness actions...

A Winter Storm Watch means there is a potential for significant
snow accumulations that may impact travel. Continue to monitor
the latest forecasts.



Sjm
Member Since: May 17, 2009 Posts: 2 Comments: 907
577. HadesGodWyvern (Mod)
7:58 AM GMT on November 28, 2011
India Meteorological Department
Tropical Cyclone Advisory #11
DEEP DEPRESSION ARB04-2011
8:30 AM IST November 28 2011
=================================

At 3:00 AM UTC, Deep Depression ARB04-2011 over east central Arabian Sea moved northwestwards and lays centered near 14.0N 69.5E, or 450 Km northwest of Amini Divi (Lakshadweep Island), 650 km southwest of Mumbai and 600 km west-northwest of Mangalore (Karnataka).

The system is likely to intensify into a cyclonic storm and move west-northwestwards towards Oman coast during next 72 hrs.
Member Since: May 24, 2006 Posts: 52 Comments: 47023
576. SPLbeater
6:55 AM GMT on November 28, 2011
060000 UTC Tropical Cyclone 05A

CI#/ Pressure/ Vmax
3.3/ 994.4mb/ 51.0kt
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4488
575. Skyepony (Mod)
6:08 AM GMT on November 28, 2011
Quoting SPLbeater:


nice, lol.


It had that same 0500 time stamp you were talking about too. Check that loop, it just goes boOM..

I'm out.
Member Since: August 10, 2005 Posts: 226 Comments: 39438
574. SPLbeater
6:07 AM GMT on November 28, 2011
im hungry
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 46 Comments: 4488

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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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