TD 13 intensifying; Katia may pass uncomfortably close to U.S.

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 3:28 PM GMT on September 02, 2011

Share this Blog
30
+

Tropical Depression Thirteen formed last night over the Northern Gulf of Mexico and is slowly intensifying, but isn't in a hurry to go anywhere. What TD 13 will do is dump torrential rains along the northern Gulf Coast over the next three or more days. So far, rain amounts along the coast have mostly been below one inch. At New Orleans Lakefront Airport, just 0.32" inches of rain had fallen from TD 13 as of 10 am CDT. Some coastal regions have received up to two inches, according to radar rainfall estimates. TD 13 is generating a large area of 30 - 35 mph winds over the Gulf of Mexico. At 7:20 am CDT, winds at the Mississippi Canyon 711 oil rig were southeast at 47 mph. This is above tropical storm force, but the wind instrument was 348 feet (106 m) above the ocean surface, and winds near the surface were probably considerably lower, near 35 mph. Latest surface wind observations from an Air Force hurricane hunter aircraft support leaving TD 13 as a tropical depression. Long range radar out of Mobile, Alabama shows heavy rain showers building along the northern Gulf Coast, but these rain showers are not well-organized into spiral bands. Strong upper-level winds out of the west-northwest are creating a moderate 10 - 20 knots of wind shear over TD 13, keeping the storm's heavy thunderstorms disorganized and pushed to the east side of the storm. However, latest satelllite loops show TD 13 is becoming increasingly organized, with a respectable spiral band forming on the southeast side, and an increase and areal coverage of heavy thunderstorm activity. This is very likely to be a tropical storm later today.


Figure 1. Radar-estimated rainfall from TD 13 from the New Orleans radar.


Figure 2. U.S. drought conditions on August 30. The rains from TD 13 have the potential to bring major drought relief to drought-stricken portions of the coast. Note how Eastern North Carolina is no longer in drought, thanks to the rains from Hurricane Irene. These rains also came close to putting out a persistent fire that had been burning in the Great Dismal Swamp near the Virginia/North Carolina border. Image Credit: U.S. Drought Monitor.

Forecast for TD 13
TD 13's large size, ill-formed circulation center, and the presence of dry air on its west side due to an upper-level trough of low pressure argue against rapid intensification of the storm for the next three days. Also tending to slow intensification will be the slow movement of the storm, which will allow cold water from the depths to rise to the surface, thanks to wind and wave action. Tropical cyclones strongly cool the water's surface when they pass over it, as seen in the time vs. depth chart of sea surface temperatures during Hurricane Irene's passage along the New Jersey coast (Figure 3.) However, the Gulf of Mexico has some very warm waters near TD 13 that extend to great depth (Figure 4), so the surface cooling imparted by TD 13 will be less than that seen for Hurricane Irene. As TD 13 moves closer to the coast, more and more of its circulation will be over land, which will also slow intensification. NHC's 11 am EDT wind probability forecast for TD 13 gave the storm a 23% chance of intensifying into a hurricane by Sunday. Assuming TD 13 does not attain hurricane strength, wind damage and storm surge damage will likely not be the main concern--fresh water flooding from heavy rains will be the most dangerous impact. Also of concern is the possibility of tornadoes. NOAA's Storm Prediction Center is currently not highlighting the Gulf Coast in their "slight risk" area for severe weather, due to the lack of enough solar heating to create instability. However, there will be plenty of wind shear in the lower part of the atmosphere that can potentially create spin in the coastal thunderstorms, and it is possible that as TD 13 intensifies, it may be able to generate several dozen tornadoes.

Coastal Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and the extreme western Panhandle of Florida will likely receive very heavy flooding rains that will intensify Saturday and peak on Sunday. These rains should be able to put out the stubborn marsh fire east of New Orleans that has brought several days of air quality alerts to the city, but may cause moderate to severe flooding problems in other areas. The latest rainfall forecast from NOAA Hydrological Prediction Center shows that a large area of 15+ inches of rain is expected over Southeast Louisiana and coastal Mississippi. The region is under moderate drought, so flooding problems will be delayed compared to what we'd normally expect from heavy rains of over a foot. Flash flood watches are posted for New Orleans and surrounding areas, and rainfall amounts of 1 - 3 inches per hour are possible in some of the heavier rain squalls. Ocean temperatures are near record warmth, 88°F (31°C), which will provide plenty of moisture for heavy rains, and plenty of energy to help TD 13 strengthen into a strong tropical storm. Steering currents will be weak in the Gulf this weekend and early next week, which will likely make the motion of TD 13 erratic at times.


Figure 3. EPA, in conjunction with Rutgers University and the NJ Department of Environmental Protection, has an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV, aka the Glider) deployed off the coast of NJ (since early August) continuously monitoring ocean temperature, density, salinity, sound velocity and dissolved oxygen at different depths. The AUV's path and data are displayed at the following website: http://marine.rutgers.edu/cool/auvs/index.php?did =221&view=imagery. The plot of temperature versus time above shows that in the weeks prior to the arrival of Irene, the ocean was heavily stratified, with warm waters of 24 - 26°C (75 - 79°F, red colors) extending from the surface to a depth of 10 - 15 meters. A sharp thermocline existed at a depth of about 15 meters, and ocean temperatures were colder than 14°C (57°F, dark blue colors) below the thermocline. The strong winds and high wave action of Hurricane Irene on August 28 - 29 stirred up cold water from the depths to the surface, cooling the surface waters to 17 - 19°C (63 - 67°F). In the days since the hurricane, surface waters have begun to warm again. Thanks go to Kevin Kubik, Deputy Director of the Division of Environmental Science and Assessment for EPA Region 2, for making me aware of this data.


Figure 4. The total amount of heat energy in the ocean available to fuel a tropical cyclone, in kilojoules per square centimeter of surface area. Tropical cyclones that move over ocean areas with TCHP values in excess of 70 - 90 kJ/cm^2 commonly undergo rapid intensification. Waters that are warm to a great depth have the highest TCHP, and the Loop Current that brings warm water northwards from the Caribbean to the Gulf of Mexico usually has the highest TCHP values in the Atlantic. Currently, we have an eddy that broke off from the Loop Current earlier this summer, now located a few hundred miles south of the Louisiana coast, that also has high TCHP values. Image Credit: NOAA/AOML.

Hurricane Katia
Hurricane Katia is continuing its long trek across the Atlantic Ocean today, and will not pose a danger to any land areas over the next five days. Katia is still struggling with dry air and moderate wind shear of 10 - 20 knots. Latest satellite loops show surface-based arc-shaped clouds racing to the southwest away from Katia's core, a sign that dry air is penetrating into Katia's thunderstorms and creating strong downdrafts that are robbing the storm of heat and moisture. Katia is over warm ocean waters of 28.5°C, and these waters will increase in temperature to 29°C over the next five days. Katia will pass well north of the region of cooler waters stirred up by the passage of Hurricane Irene last week.

The models are split on when the upper-level trough of low pressure bringing the wind shear to Katia will move away, and the storm may spend two more days battling wind shear and dry air before the upper-level trough pulls away to the north and allows Katia to intensify more readily. It is still unclear how much of a threat Katia may pose to the U.S., but it is becoming increasingly clear that Katia will pass uncomfortably close to the U.S. East Coast. The trough of low pressure currently steering Katia to the northwest will lift out early next week, and a ridge of high pressure is expected to build in, forcing Katia more to the west. This decreases the danger to Bermuda, but increases the danger to the U.S. A second trough of low pressure is expected to begin affecting Katia by the middle of next week, and will potentially recurve the storm out to sea before it hits the U.S. However, the models differ widely on the strength and timing of this trough. Meteorologist Grant Elliot of Australia's Bureau of Meteorology in Perth pointed out to me yesterday that the long-range forecast for Katia has more than the usual amount of uncertainty, due to the inability of the computer models to agree on what will happen to Tropical Storm Talas in the Western Pacific. Talas is expected to hit Japan early on Saturday as a strong tropical storm, then race northwestwards into the Bering Sea off the coast of Alaska. Talas is then expected to transition into a powerful extratropical storm in the waters south of Alaska. This storm will create a ripple effect downstream in the jet stream, all the way to North America, by early next week. The timing and amplitude of the trough of low pressure off the U.S. East Coast expected to potentially recurve Katia out to sea next week is highly dependent upon the strength of Tropical Storm Talas during its transition to an extratropical storm. The computer models are not very good at handling these sorts of transitions, leading to more than the usual amount of uncertainty in the long-range outlook for Katia. It will probably be another 2 - 3 days before the models will begin to converge on a solution for the long-term fate of Katia. Dr. Bob Hart's Historical Tropical Cyclone Probability web page suggests shows that tropical storms in Katia's current position have a 17% chance of hitting North Carolina, a 21% chance of hitting Canada, a 13% chance of hitting New England, and a 55% chance of never hitting land. One almost certain impact of Katia on the U.S. will be large waves. Long period swells from Katia will begin affecting the Bahamas on Sunday night, then reach the Southeast U.S. by Monday morning. By Tuesday morning, the entire U.S. East Coast will see high surf from Katia, and these waves will increase in size and power as the storm grows closer. Given the slow movement of Katia as it approaches the coast, plus its expected Category 1 to 3 strength as it approaches, the storm will probably cause extensive beach erosion and dangerous rip tides for many days.

94L
A well-organized low pressure system with a surface circulation but limited heavy thunderstorm activity due to high wind shear is 450 miles south of Halifax, Canada. This disturbance, (94L), is headed northeast out to sea, and is being given a 60% chance of developing into a tropical depression by NHC. 94L is under a high 25 - 30 knots of wind shear, but this shear is expected to fall to the moderate range, 10 - 20 knots, by Saturday morning. However, sea surface temperature will fall from 27°C today to 25°C Saturday morning underneath 94L, and the storm will have a very short window of time to get organized enough to get a name. At this point, it's really a subjective judgement call on whether or not 94L is already a tropical storm.


Figure 5. A Portlight volunteer works to clear storm debris from Hurricane Irene in Hollywood, Maryland.

Portlight disaster relief effort in Maryland
Hurricane Irene heavily damaged the town of Hollywood, Maryland, when a tornado cut off electric power, water, and phone service. Portlight and Team Rubicon volunteers arrived before emergency personnel, after following up on a local tip. What they found was an isolated area whose plight was unknown to the larger community. Most residents were trapped at their homes by heavy debris. Portlight and Team Rubicon worked for two days to clear paths to each address, extract vehicles from debris, and cut down trees that constituted safety hazards. Portlight also instructed local residents how to operate and maintain chainsaws and safely clear debris. No other volunteer organizations or emergency personnel arrived at any time, and Portlight succeeded in meeting the specific needs of the underserved, unserved, and forgotten. Visit the Portlight blog to learn more; donations are always welcome.

I'll have a new post each morning over the coming holiday weekend; wunderground meteorologists Angela Fritz, Rob Carver, and Shaun Tanner will be handling the afternoon and evening posts. Have a great holiday weekend, everyone!

Jeff Masters

Reader Comments

Comments will take a few seconds to appear.

Post Your Comments

Please sign in to post comments.

or Join

Not only will you be able to leave comments on this blog, but you'll also have the ability to upload and share your photos in our Wunder Photos section.

Display: 0, 50, 100, 200 Sort: Newest First - Order Posted

Viewing: 2287 - 2237

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75 | 76 | 77Blog Index

2287. scott39
Quoting P451:


Entirely possible.

Also if you look at the one ball of convection at the end of the WV loop maybe LEE is finally separating from all the other mess out there and is trying to consolidate.

If he is, and can, then we might have something that resembles a moderate TS with slow to moderate strengthening come the early morning hours.

If the cordinates shift more E, then Lee SHOULD slowly strenghthen before landfall.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
MAXIMUM SUSTAINED WINDS REMAIN NEAR 45 MPH...75 KM/H...WITH HIGHER GUSTS. GRADUAL STRENGTHENING IS FORECAST DURING THE NEXT 48 HOURS.

TROPICAL-STORM-FORCE WINDS EXTEND OUTWARD UP TO 200 MILES...325 KM...MAINLY NORTHEAST THROUGH SOUTHEAST OF THE CENTER.

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting ackee:
DONT think anyone expected KATIA to stall or even moe SW
\


shes moving wnw dont let the convection fool you >.<
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2284. mrjr101
Quoting chrisdscane:




shes still right on the next forecast piont


if they keep adjusting the forecast points, of course she is...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2283. luigi18
Quoting chrisdscane:




shes still right on the next forecast piont


Maybe but for sure she is reorganizing her tracking momentum
Member Since: September 21, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 483
2282. ackee
DONT think anyone expected KATIA to stall or even moe SW
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting xXAviatorXx:
:( you're scaring me. Am i still safe in the islands


I'm not trying to scare anyone, just making a couple of observations. I could be wrong but Katia seems to be moving at a snail's pace. Which islands are you referring to ?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting InTheCone:


He certainly wasn't nice to you, and since no one will respond to your question, I will at least throw in my 2 cents.

Keep and eye on Katia for the next few days just to make sure it does eventually turn.


It's pretty obvious that it won't turn. It WILL hit. It's going to take an immediate, impossible turn to miss the US completely.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting blueafuze:
Obama should warn NO and Florida of the two Cat 5 hurricanes coming our way just to jump start the economy.


LMAO
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting kmanislander:
This is probably the culprit. A very weak steering regime and Katia is entering it.





i dont see her west movement i seem to beleive her center is to the right of the deep convection, look at the unenhanced IR
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2277. Walshy
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
http://tropic.ssec.wisc.edu/real-time/mimic-tpw/nat l/main.html

Dry air appears to be doing a number on Lee but thus far mimic TPW shows a storm that is still well within a pocket of high PWs
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting kmanislander:


Hi there

I just ran the long shortwave loop and it looked to me that Katia had either slowed significantly or stalled. Maybe it's just night time imagery but even on the max speed the center did not seem to be going anywhere. Anyone else comment on this ?


Hi,
I thought the same thing, as I wrote earlier, Katia seems to be temporarily stuck between a rock and a hard place!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting kmanislander:
This is probably the culprit. A very weak steering regime and Katia is entering it.

:( you're scaring me. Am i still safe in the islands
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting 5Rockets:
Louisiana people, I hope you'll be all right. Just know, I wish you guys the best. :)

Thanks love! I'm sure we'll be fine. We usually are. But the good thoughts and prayers sure help. :)
Member Since: August 10, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 64
Quoting WeatherNerdPR:

Lee likes to relocate. It's his hobby.


He does like to "wobble" Someone cut him off the booze and get him on a path already!
Member Since: September 18, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 1074
Quoting Trouper415:
Looks like Katia hasn't moved much lately. Appears as though the center is trying to work its way under heavier convection, leading to the reforming of the low little further south, with very little forward momentum in the last few frames.

She sure is getting close to the Leewards. I mean, look at how close the island chain is to Katia. I think we will have to see some warnings soon. Just in case. She sure has been trending pretty far south.

http://www.ssd.noaa.gov/goes/flt/t2/flash-vis.htm l




shes still right on the next forecast piont
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2269. GetReal
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2268. beell
Quoting Levi32:
Satellite and radar imagery seem to suggest that Lee has relocated northwest of the NHC coordinates, and is now near 28.5N, 91.9W.


Trying to hitch a ride on the ULL.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2267. Skyepony (Mod)
Everyone is being told to take shelter from weather at the Phish show in Denver, CO.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting HoustonTxGal:


That is quite a W shift.

Lee likes to relocate. It's his hobby.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
starting to smell like smoke and rain out here by me
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2263. Levi32
Quoting P451:




Ha...why didn't I think to look at recon data first. Here I am walking in from class and looking at the center with satellite instead of the actual plane observations lol. 28.25N, 91.3W...I guess I wasn't too far off.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting WeatherNerdPR:

A SLOW AND POSSIBLY
ERRATIC MOTION TOWARD THE NORTHWEST OR NORTH IS EXPECTED DURING
THE NEXT DAY OR SO.
From 8PM advisory.


That is quite a W shift.
Member Since: September 18, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 1074
Quoting 5Rockets:
Louisiana people, I hope you'll be all right. Just know, I wish you guys the best. :)


Thank you - I'm sure we'll be fine.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2260. beell
Quoting washingaway:


I'm begining to think the ULL worked it's way to the surface, cut the original system in two, and took over.



I probably wouldn't get too far out there with the ULL thing. It was and to a certain extent still is a factor that resulted in a semi-unique genesis and appearance. But the large tropical circulation has been present since pre-TD 13.

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Asta:

perfect gear for flood waters, since you can see what is in the water net to them when they are white...

aka Delcambre Reeboks
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
This is probably the culprit. A very weak steering regime and Katia is entering it.

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Husband is in the Gulf right now on a rig. Said it died down quickly out there. He had a brief period of some "rocking" on the rig, but it has subsided. He flies out of Houma, as a point of reference.
Member Since: August 10, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 64
Louisiana people, I hope you'll be all right. Just know, I wish you guys the best. :)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting P451:


FAIL







Why the greater wind speeds near Galveston? Pressure gradient?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Levi32:
Satellite and radar imagery seem to suggest that Lee has relocated northwest of the NHC coordinates, and is now near 28.5N, 91.9W.

A SLOW AND POSSIBLY
ERRATIC MOTION TOWARD THE NORTHWEST OR NORTH IS EXPECTED DURING
THE NEXT DAY OR SO.
From 8PM advisory.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Maybe they missied typed it or something
So which one is right?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting scooster67:



BURP!

Excuse me.


too much Fresca?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2250. Seastep
Quoting SLU:
Not sure if that's a hurricane ....



It's a hurricane... and she winked at us in the 22:15Z frame. Eye shaping up nicely.

Shortwave Loop

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2249. scott39
Quoting P451:


With "Lee" or whatever it really is.

The primary concern is the heavy rain and the potential for tornadoes.

While the system could shake off it's problems and consolidate and spin up some - it doesn't really seem to be in an advantageous position to do so.

Flooding Rains and freak wind gusts from either brief tornadoes or thunderstorms would be my primary worries.

Max sustained winds...not even a thought today going into tomorrow.

I noticed from the 7pm coordinates that lee is farther N and farther E than the 4pm discussion has it in 12 hours. Hes also moving N at 5mph according to tropical Atlantics 00Z. My point is that a slow moving stuggling TC may find its sweet spot farther E before it moves inland.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting aspectre:
Click to see the 2Sept_12amGMT mapping for TS.Lee

The 12amGMT_ATCF is already due, but for the sake of continuity...
12pmGMT's TS.Katia was upgraded to hurricane status at 3:17pmGMT
17.5n52.1w has been re-evaluated&altered for H.Katia's_6pmGMT_ATCF
17.4n52.1w, 17.9n52.7w are now the most recent positions
Starting 1Sept_6pmGMT and ending 2Sept_6pmGMT

The 4 eastern line-segments represent HurricaneKatia's path
and the westernmost line-segment is the straightline projection.

Using straightline projection of the travel-speed&heading derived from the
ATCF coordinates spanning the 6hours between 12pmGMT then 6pmGMT :
H.Katia's travel-speed was 8.7mph(13.9k/h) on a heading of 311.1degrees(NW)
H.Katia was headed toward passage over Wilmington,NorthCarolina ~8days22hours from now

Copy&paste 15.7n48.6w-16.2n50.0w, 16.2n50.0w-16.9n51.3w, 16.9n51.3w-17.4n52.1w, 17.4n52.1w-17.9n52.7w, ilm, 17.4n52.1w-34.22n77.785w into the GreatCircleMapper for more info

The previous mapping (for 2Sept_12pmGMT)


Pretty soon Im gonna start calling you XTRAP Wishcater.......lololol
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2247. yoboi
Quoting Asta:

perfect gear for flood waters, since you can see what is in the water net to them when they are white...
Quoting Asta:

I call mine 'Dulac Suedes" ...LOL. Perfect for walking in floodwaters... Seriously I hope that you all are spared the heavy rains that they are predicting....
Quoting LouisianaWoman:
Awww---our shrimp boots have brown bottoms!


we have brown here walking thru all the mud and oil spills lol
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2246. Levi32
Satellite and radar imagery seem to suggest that Lee has relocated northwest of the NHC coordinates, and is now near 28.5N, 91.9W.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Grothar:




Seems like the trend is creeping southwestword.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2244. Asta
Quoting Bielle:


White wellies, then, or does the colour matter?

White only for shrimp boots, although I have them in lavendaer and polka dots for working my yard in the rain. Have great traction when it is wet. that is the key. and the water can rise a bit and you still stay dry.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting FLdewey:


That's not good news. :-|


Nope. If I was in the area I'd scour the Gulf for 12 oz floating cans. Can use a few bobbers for the fishing pole.



Member Since: Posts: Comments:
And it's merely sprinkling here right now. Has been off and on since about 3 this afternoon. Few gusts here and there, but nothing to blow the chickens away--yet.
Member Since: August 10, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 64
Quoting kmanislander:


Hi there

I just ran the long shortwave loop and it looked to me that Katia had either slowed significantly or stalled. Maybe it's just night time imagery but even on the max speed the center did not seem to be going anywhere. Anyone else comment on this ?


Indeed.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2239. Bielle
Quoting LouisianaWoman:
Awww---our shrimp boots have brown bottoms!


Good to know. :)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:


Lee just om-nom-nomed the Upper Level Low that was to its northwest.



BURP!

Excuse me.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting WeatherNerdPR:



So, that is what RAIN looks like! I had forgotten :o(
Member Since: September 18, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 1074

Viewing: 2287 - 2237

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75 | 76 | 77Blog Index

Top of Page

About

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

Local Weather

Overcast
28 °F
Overcast

JeffMasters's Recent Photos

Lake Effort Snow Shower Over Windsor, Ontario
Sunset on Dunham Lake
Pictured Rocks Sunset
Sunset on Lake Huron