TD 13 intensifying; Katia may pass uncomfortably close to U.S.

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 3:28 PM GMT on September 02, 2011

Share this Blog
30
+

Tropical Depression Thirteen formed last night over the Northern Gulf of Mexico and is slowly intensifying, but isn't in a hurry to go anywhere. What TD 13 will do is dump torrential rains along the northern Gulf Coast over the next three or more days. So far, rain amounts along the coast have mostly been below one inch. At New Orleans Lakefront Airport, just 0.32" inches of rain had fallen from TD 13 as of 10 am CDT. Some coastal regions have received up to two inches, according to radar rainfall estimates. TD 13 is generating a large area of 30 - 35 mph winds over the Gulf of Mexico. At 7:20 am CDT, winds at the Mississippi Canyon 711 oil rig were southeast at 47 mph. This is above tropical storm force, but the wind instrument was 348 feet (106 m) above the ocean surface, and winds near the surface were probably considerably lower, near 35 mph. Latest surface wind observations from an Air Force hurricane hunter aircraft support leaving TD 13 as a tropical depression. Long range radar out of Mobile, Alabama shows heavy rain showers building along the northern Gulf Coast, but these rain showers are not well-organized into spiral bands. Strong upper-level winds out of the west-northwest are creating a moderate 10 - 20 knots of wind shear over TD 13, keeping the storm's heavy thunderstorms disorganized and pushed to the east side of the storm. However, latest satelllite loops show TD 13 is becoming increasingly organized, with a respectable spiral band forming on the southeast side, and an increase and areal coverage of heavy thunderstorm activity. This is very likely to be a tropical storm later today.


Figure 1. Radar-estimated rainfall from TD 13 from the New Orleans radar.


Figure 2. U.S. drought conditions on August 30. The rains from TD 13 have the potential to bring major drought relief to drought-stricken portions of the coast. Note how Eastern North Carolina is no longer in drought, thanks to the rains from Hurricane Irene. These rains also came close to putting out a persistent fire that had been burning in the Great Dismal Swamp near the Virginia/North Carolina border. Image Credit: U.S. Drought Monitor.

Forecast for TD 13
TD 13's large size, ill-formed circulation center, and the presence of dry air on its west side due to an upper-level trough of low pressure argue against rapid intensification of the storm for the next three days. Also tending to slow intensification will be the slow movement of the storm, which will allow cold water from the depths to rise to the surface, thanks to wind and wave action. Tropical cyclones strongly cool the water's surface when they pass over it, as seen in the time vs. depth chart of sea surface temperatures during Hurricane Irene's passage along the New Jersey coast (Figure 3.) However, the Gulf of Mexico has some very warm waters near TD 13 that extend to great depth (Figure 4), so the surface cooling imparted by TD 13 will be less than that seen for Hurricane Irene. As TD 13 moves closer to the coast, more and more of its circulation will be over land, which will also slow intensification. NHC's 11 am EDT wind probability forecast for TD 13 gave the storm a 23% chance of intensifying into a hurricane by Sunday. Assuming TD 13 does not attain hurricane strength, wind damage and storm surge damage will likely not be the main concern--fresh water flooding from heavy rains will be the most dangerous impact. Also of concern is the possibility of tornadoes. NOAA's Storm Prediction Center is currently not highlighting the Gulf Coast in their "slight risk" area for severe weather, due to the lack of enough solar heating to create instability. However, there will be plenty of wind shear in the lower part of the atmosphere that can potentially create spin in the coastal thunderstorms, and it is possible that as TD 13 intensifies, it may be able to generate several dozen tornadoes.

Coastal Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and the extreme western Panhandle of Florida will likely receive very heavy flooding rains that will intensify Saturday and peak on Sunday. These rains should be able to put out the stubborn marsh fire east of New Orleans that has brought several days of air quality alerts to the city, but may cause moderate to severe flooding problems in other areas. The latest rainfall forecast from NOAA Hydrological Prediction Center shows that a large area of 15+ inches of rain is expected over Southeast Louisiana and coastal Mississippi. The region is under moderate drought, so flooding problems will be delayed compared to what we'd normally expect from heavy rains of over a foot. Flash flood watches are posted for New Orleans and surrounding areas, and rainfall amounts of 1 - 3 inches per hour are possible in some of the heavier rain squalls. Ocean temperatures are near record warmth, 88°F (31°C), which will provide plenty of moisture for heavy rains, and plenty of energy to help TD 13 strengthen into a strong tropical storm. Steering currents will be weak in the Gulf this weekend and early next week, which will likely make the motion of TD 13 erratic at times.


Figure 3. EPA, in conjunction with Rutgers University and the NJ Department of Environmental Protection, has an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV, aka the Glider) deployed off the coast of NJ (since early August) continuously monitoring ocean temperature, density, salinity, sound velocity and dissolved oxygen at different depths. The AUV's path and data are displayed at the following website: http://marine.rutgers.edu/cool/auvs/index.php?did =221&view=imagery. The plot of temperature versus time above shows that in the weeks prior to the arrival of Irene, the ocean was heavily stratified, with warm waters of 24 - 26°C (75 - 79°F, red colors) extending from the surface to a depth of 10 - 15 meters. A sharp thermocline existed at a depth of about 15 meters, and ocean temperatures were colder than 14°C (57°F, dark blue colors) below the thermocline. The strong winds and high wave action of Hurricane Irene on August 28 - 29 stirred up cold water from the depths to the surface, cooling the surface waters to 17 - 19°C (63 - 67°F). In the days since the hurricane, surface waters have begun to warm again. Thanks go to Kevin Kubik, Deputy Director of the Division of Environmental Science and Assessment for EPA Region 2, for making me aware of this data.


Figure 4. The total amount of heat energy in the ocean available to fuel a tropical cyclone, in kilojoules per square centimeter of surface area. Tropical cyclones that move over ocean areas with TCHP values in excess of 70 - 90 kJ/cm^2 commonly undergo rapid intensification. Waters that are warm to a great depth have the highest TCHP, and the Loop Current that brings warm water northwards from the Caribbean to the Gulf of Mexico usually has the highest TCHP values in the Atlantic. Currently, we have an eddy that broke off from the Loop Current earlier this summer, now located a few hundred miles south of the Louisiana coast, that also has high TCHP values. Image Credit: NOAA/AOML.

Hurricane Katia
Hurricane Katia is continuing its long trek across the Atlantic Ocean today, and will not pose a danger to any land areas over the next five days. Katia is still struggling with dry air and moderate wind shear of 10 - 20 knots. Latest satellite loops show surface-based arc-shaped clouds racing to the southwest away from Katia's core, a sign that dry air is penetrating into Katia's thunderstorms and creating strong downdrafts that are robbing the storm of heat and moisture. Katia is over warm ocean waters of 28.5°C, and these waters will increase in temperature to 29°C over the next five days. Katia will pass well north of the region of cooler waters stirred up by the passage of Hurricane Irene last week.

The models are split on when the upper-level trough of low pressure bringing the wind shear to Katia will move away, and the storm may spend two more days battling wind shear and dry air before the upper-level trough pulls away to the north and allows Katia to intensify more readily. It is still unclear how much of a threat Katia may pose to the U.S., but it is becoming increasingly clear that Katia will pass uncomfortably close to the U.S. East Coast. The trough of low pressure currently steering Katia to the northwest will lift out early next week, and a ridge of high pressure is expected to build in, forcing Katia more to the west. This decreases the danger to Bermuda, but increases the danger to the U.S. A second trough of low pressure is expected to begin affecting Katia by the middle of next week, and will potentially recurve the storm out to sea before it hits the U.S. However, the models differ widely on the strength and timing of this trough. Meteorologist Grant Elliot of Australia's Bureau of Meteorology in Perth pointed out to me yesterday that the long-range forecast for Katia has more than the usual amount of uncertainty, due to the inability of the computer models to agree on what will happen to Tropical Storm Talas in the Western Pacific. Talas is expected to hit Japan early on Saturday as a strong tropical storm, then race northwestwards into the Bering Sea off the coast of Alaska. Talas is then expected to transition into a powerful extratropical storm in the waters south of Alaska. This storm will create a ripple effect downstream in the jet stream, all the way to North America, by early next week. The timing and amplitude of the trough of low pressure off the U.S. East Coast expected to potentially recurve Katia out to sea next week is highly dependent upon the strength of Tropical Storm Talas during its transition to an extratropical storm. The computer models are not very good at handling these sorts of transitions, leading to more than the usual amount of uncertainty in the long-range outlook for Katia. It will probably be another 2 - 3 days before the models will begin to converge on a solution for the long-term fate of Katia. Dr. Bob Hart's Historical Tropical Cyclone Probability web page suggests shows that tropical storms in Katia's current position have a 17% chance of hitting North Carolina, a 21% chance of hitting Canada, a 13% chance of hitting New England, and a 55% chance of never hitting land. One almost certain impact of Katia on the U.S. will be large waves. Long period swells from Katia will begin affecting the Bahamas on Sunday night, then reach the Southeast U.S. by Monday morning. By Tuesday morning, the entire U.S. East Coast will see high surf from Katia, and these waves will increase in size and power as the storm grows closer. Given the slow movement of Katia as it approaches the coast, plus its expected Category 1 to 3 strength as it approaches, the storm will probably cause extensive beach erosion and dangerous rip tides for many days.

94L
A well-organized low pressure system with a surface circulation but limited heavy thunderstorm activity due to high wind shear is 450 miles south of Halifax, Canada. This disturbance, (94L), is headed northeast out to sea, and is being given a 60% chance of developing into a tropical depression by NHC. 94L is under a high 25 - 30 knots of wind shear, but this shear is expected to fall to the moderate range, 10 - 20 knots, by Saturday morning. However, sea surface temperature will fall from 27°C today to 25°C Saturday morning underneath 94L, and the storm will have a very short window of time to get organized enough to get a name. At this point, it's really a subjective judgement call on whether or not 94L is already a tropical storm.


Figure 5. A Portlight volunteer works to clear storm debris from Hurricane Irene in Hollywood, Maryland.

Portlight disaster relief effort in Maryland
Hurricane Irene heavily damaged the town of Hollywood, Maryland, when a tornado cut off electric power, water, and phone service. Portlight and Team Rubicon volunteers arrived before emergency personnel, after following up on a local tip. What they found was an isolated area whose plight was unknown to the larger community. Most residents were trapped at their homes by heavy debris. Portlight and Team Rubicon worked for two days to clear paths to each address, extract vehicles from debris, and cut down trees that constituted safety hazards. Portlight also instructed local residents how to operate and maintain chainsaws and safely clear debris. No other volunteer organizations or emergency personnel arrived at any time, and Portlight succeeded in meeting the specific needs of the underserved, unserved, and forgotten. Visit the Portlight blog to learn more; donations are always welcome.

I'll have a new post each morning over the coming holiday weekend; wunderground meteorologists Angela Fritz, Rob Carver, and Shaun Tanner will be handling the afternoon and evening posts. Have a great holiday weekend, everyone!

Jeff Masters

Reader Comments

Comments will take a few seconds to appear.

Post Your Comments

Please sign in to post comments.

or Join

Not only will you be able to leave comments on this blog, but you'll also have the ability to upload and share your photos in our Wunder Photos section.

Display: 0, 50, 100, 200 Sort: Newest First - Order Posted

Viewing: 2587 - 2537

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75 | 76 | 77Blog Index

2587. hotrods
looks to be at the 10 lat-mark.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Is it still raining in New Orleans????
Member Since: September 18, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 1074
Quoting Patrap:


Yeah,,itsa coming down


tell it to move <----- dat way...texas needs rain
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting twooks:


With the center moving closer to the coast, I would gather we would see heavy TS conditions here sooner rather than later. Exactly when, I don't know.


I live in BR as well, and me personally, I would stay at home and not have to deal with a potential hassle. Of course the decision is ultimately up to you.


thanks. I'll show him the replies I've received and call it day. I guess I've won this battle too;) hehe
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2583. Patrap
Quoting downdabayou:
Thanks Pat for the radars. South of Houma and its rain, rain, rain and more rain.


Yeah,,itsa coming down
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 427 Comments: 129435
Quoting HurricaneHunterJoe:


Looks like it's falling apart,have HH closed off a low on this flight? i haven't seen one on google earth yet

Look at the map P451 posted. See the wind barbs rounding around the vortex fixes? Closed circulation.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Its quite pleasant here near Bayou St John tonight....light ran, clouds sailing by..
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting tiggeriffic:


i would but my husband is home smart a&&


That's funny
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
A partial catch by ASCAT tonight but enough to show that Katia's center is farther South than one would think

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Thanks Pat for the radars. South of Houma and its rain, rain, rain and more rain.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Is it still raining in NO?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Patrap:


Call me Pat,,it's quieter.



Tampa's about to get a wallop of a cell slung at them.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting CaptnDan142:


Pregnant and with 3 other kids in the car, 60 miles on I-10 - a good portion of which is on the Atchafalaya Basin Bridge, possibly under Tropical Storm conditions.

It's a football game....


thanks. that's what i was looking for.... someone besides me to tell my husband it's not smart. he keeps telling me that Sunday is going to be dangerous, not Saturday. but, either way, i have no desire to go anywhere - tropical storm or no tropical storm. i made him sell his tickets to the game, because I didn't feel like going. so i'm trying to be fair about going to his buddies. i just need proof, ya know. he's not buying it because the local news is saying Sunday landfall and really aren't telling us much of anything as far as preparations go.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
I wouldn't---TrueCajun. The basin bridge has next to no shoulder. Add in poor visability, gusty winds, and possible torrential downpours at any give minute, and you're building a recipe for disaster. Better to play it safe, hon.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2572. twooks
Quoting truecajun:


Bump


With the center moving closer to the coast, I would gather we would see heavy TS conditions here sooner rather than later. Exactly when, I don't know.


I live in BR as well, and me personally, I would stay at home and not have to deal with a potential hassle. Of course the decision is ultimately up to you.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Patrap:
Some Lime in the FunkTop

Close to the center now



Looks like it's falling apart,have HH closed off a low on this flight? i haven't seen one on google earth yet,or are they gonna call it a 100mile wide broad low from searching for the wind direction they might happen to need to close it off?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2570. Dennis8
Quoting tiggeriffic:


i would but my husband is home smart a&&


temper temper
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting yoboi:


ask your husband to google how to deliver baby on highway


LOL.. I'd stay home with the kids and tell him if you want to go.. then go.. and spend the night if you need to. Stay home.. safe and dry.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2568. Patrap
Quoting FLGatorCaneNut:


Oye we get it..... It's raining in New Orleans.... enough already


Maybe you can master the iggy feature,,

I just did.

GEAUX Tigah's
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 427 Comments: 129435
Quoting Patrap:
TS Lee tonight






Hurricane Cindy July 5/6 2005




Oye we get it..... It's raining in New Orleans.... enough already
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2566. yoboi
Quoting truecajun:


Bump


ask your husband to google how to deliver baby on highway
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Thrawst:


Well, does anyone have any record of the UKMET stalling Talas south of Japan? Then it would make a whole lot more sense :P UKMET still an outlier at the moment though..


UKMET 12Z Ensembles:Talas Link



Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2564. Patrap
Quoting FLGatorCaneNut:
Yes PATRAP it's raining in New Orleans we get it


Call me Pat,,it's quieter.


Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 427 Comments: 129435
Quoting CaptnDan142:


Pregnant and with 3 other kids in the car, 60 miles on I-10 - a good portion of which is on the Atchafalaya Basin Bridge, possibly under Tropical Storm conditions.

It's a football game....


lmao
Member Since: September 18, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 1074
Quoting Altestic2012:
So Tigger, no race rioting tonight?


im not the one who made the nasty race comments... just posted my opinion on what i thought of em but ty for asking
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2561. Patrap
TS Lee tonight






Hurricane Cindy July 5/6 2005


Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 427 Comments: 129435
Quoting truecajun:
Hi everyone! Haven't dropped in since last season. Hope you all are doing well. Quick question, that maybe you'll be able to help me with. But, it's possible though that your guess is as good as mine. Either way, the local news isn't helping me out yet.

We live in Baton Rouge and had/have plans to watch the LSU v. Oregon game at a friend's house in Lafayette (about 60 miles SW of Baton Rouge) We were planning on driving BACK to Baton Rouge AFTER the game. (I'm 7 months pregnant, so I'm the desginated driver.)

I'm guessing our drive home will be before the big time rains and higher winds get here?? I don't really want to chance it, but my husband thinks it'll be fine, as do our friends.

Also, we have 3 kids, so I really don't want to get "stuck" there and have to spend the night.

What say you?



Pregnant and with 3 other kids in the car, 60 miles on I-10 - a good portion of which is on the Atchafalaya Basin Bridge, possibly under Tropical Storm conditions.

It's a football game....
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2559. Dennis8
Quoting FLGatorCaneNut:
Yes PATRAP it's raining in New Orleans we get it


:>)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting truecajun:
Hi everyone! Haven't dropped in since last season. Hope you all are doing well. Quick question, that maybe you'll be able to help me with. But, it's possible though that your guess is as good as mine. Either way, the local news isn't helping me out yet.

We live in Baton Rouge and had/have plans to watch the LSU v. Oregon game at a friend's house in Lafayette (about 60 miles SW of Baton Rouge) We were planning on driving BACK to Baton Rouge AFTER the game. (I'm 7 months pregnant, so I'm the desginated driver.)

I'm guessing our drive home will be before the big time rains and higher winds get here?? I don't really want to chance it, but my husband thinks it'll be fine, as do our friends.

Also, we have 3 kids, so I really don't want to get "stuck" there and have to spend the night.

What say you?



Bump
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting CC45:


Isn't that the same model that kept showing Irene going into the GOM?
yeah u right too it was that model well i hope there wrong because that would be a horrible thing to see
Member Since: July 25, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 2751
Yes PATRAP it's raining in New Orleans we get it
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting CCkid00:

what does the lime color mean? thanks!! :-)
Not enough tonic water.
Member Since: September 9, 2007 Posts: 36 Comments: 4687
2552. Dennis8
Quoting bigwes6844:
u think it has a chance to do that?


Never say never
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2551. yoboi
Quoting Allyson00:
Hurricane Katia Advisory 19Issued: Friday, September 2nd 2011 2:42pm CDT
Current Location:
18.1N/53.4W
Geographic Reference:
550 miles east-northeast of the northern Leeward Islands
Movement:
West-northwest at 13 mph
Max Winds:
75 mph gusting to 90 mph
Organizational Trend:
Increasing
Current Hurricane Severity Index:
9 out of a possible 50 points (4 size /5 intensity)
Peak Hurricane Severity Index:
24 out of a possible 50 points (11 size /13 intensity)
Forecast Track Confidence:
Average, due to reasonable model agreement.
Changes to Our Previous Forecast
We have relocated the center to the north.

Our Forecast

Katia has become a little better organized this afternoon with a
possible eye forming a little north of our previous center. The overall
track remains similar but has been shifted northward. Katia is
expected to pass well north of the Leeward and Virgin Islands on Sunday.
A slight westerly turn is possible early next week followed by a turn
to the north and north-northeast late in the week. This track will keep
Katia east of the U.S. East Coast but it could pass close enough for
some of the outer squalls to brush the Outer Banks of North Carolina
late next week. Upper-level wind shear over Katia
weakened earlier in the day, allowing it to become a hurricane again
late this morning. Conditions are favorable for additional
strengthening and we think Katia will eventually be a category 2 or 3
hurricane as it moves northward off the East Coast. The confidence in
the intensity forecast remains about average.

Expected Impacts on Land

High waves could affect the north facing beaches of the Virgin Islands
and northern Leeward Islands this weekend. Outer squalls could move over
the far northern islands by late Saturday or early Sunday. Our next full advisory will be issued by 10PM CDT. Meteorologists: Jim Palmer/Matt Haworth


can you e-mail me updates as you get them from impact weather?? thanks
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Dennis8:


Have your boyfriend wipe that up..


i would but my husband is home smart a&&
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting HoustonTxGal:


With all the weird stuff these storms are doing this season, I shudder to think what the UKMET is thinking.
u think it has a chance to do that?
Member Since: July 25, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 2751
2548. Patrap
Enhanced Infrared (IR) Imagery (4 km Mercator)

Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 427 Comments: 129435
Quoting Patrap:



When you get off the bench and join the fray,,...LOL

You'll master the Link and Image button one day.


LOL.. I've figured out Images and Links.. But can't for the life of me figure out the animated loop images.. Some day!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting RMM34667:


The best thing would have been if all the models were pointing west in the beginning. then you would expect them to change.. but now for days I've thought this isn't one we have to watch.. It's gonna go nw and miss everyone... I guess we will spend a few more days staring at the loops wondering when it's gonna turn.. And keep believing eventually it will.. Just like they've said all along.


yeah...i was thinking about the saying of where they point 10 days out is never where it goes...so if you are not in a cone before 6 days out expect a hit lol
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2545. franck
It is difficult to tell if people are serious when they tout pinhole eyes in category 1 hurricanes. Could we all be agreed not to post the word 'pinhole' or 'dreaded pinhole' unless the hurricane being discussed is a minimum category 4??
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2544. Patrap
New Orleans
NEXRAD Radar



Storm Total Surface Rainfall Accumulation


Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 427 Comments: 129435
question. is it a good thing for orginization if lee sheds off its "skin' (old convection that was widespread) and starts to consolodate into a ball?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Dennis8:


WHY????????????????????????????
Thats where its heading i believe its doing that because of it being weak and steering it in the GOM and the trough wont help it move north.
Member Since: July 25, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 2751
2541. Dennis8
Quoting tiggeriffic:


OH SNAP! Mt Dew on the puter .screen...SPIT TAKE!


Have your boyfriend wipe that up..
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2540. Zaphod
Hmmm...the Katia 5-day no longer has a cat 3, but the ensemble runs are closer to shore than ever. Mixed blessings...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Clearwater1:
Would someone take a look at this loop of Katia, visable, speed it up to full speed and let me know if you think the very last frame is an eye or the coc. tia

If so, def. move west or sswLink

Edit, never mind, I see post 2501 sees the same thing
does not look like she is moving West on the Shorthwave...looks to be right on track in this loop.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
2537. HCW
Quoting scott39:
I just watched the Chief Met in Mobile about Lee. Right now it looks to be a major long rain event and TS winds. Im wondering if the rain will be around long enough to make trees fall down. Oak trees roots here in Mobile dont run deep.


I wouldn't believe a thing that Jason Smith says unless it has to do with fishing :)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:

Viewing: 2587 - 2537

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75 | 76 | 77Blog Index

Top of Page

About

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

Local Weather

Overcast
29 °F
Overcast