Irene hits New Jersey and New York; Jose threating Bermuda; 92L forms

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 4:45 PM GMT on August 28, 2011

Share this Blog
22
+

Hurricane Irene hit New Jersey ten miles north of Atlantic City at 5:30 am EDT, as a minimum-strength Category 1 hurricane with 75 mph winds. Irene is only the second hurricane since 1851 to hit New Jersey. At 9 am EDT, Irene made a third U.S. landfall over Long Island, NY, and New York City, as a tropical storm with 65 mph winds. Top wind gusts measured in New York City were 60 mph at Central Park at 3:58 am; 67 mph at La Guardia at 4:10 am; and 59 mph at JFK Airport at 1:33 am. A 91 mph gust was recorded in Sayville, NY on the Central Long Island coast, at 7:02 am. Emergency managers reported that the nearby town of Lindenhurst (population 28,000), on the south side of Long Island, was mostly under water due to a storm surge. The storm surge at The Battery on the southern shore of Manhattan reached 4.0 feet, overtopping the sea wall in several locations. Fresh water run-off from Irene's torrential rains, riding on top of a 3 to 4-foot storm surge, allowed the swollen East and Hudson Rivers to overflow at the edges of Manhattan. Irene's rains have now ended in New York City, after accumulating to 7.60" at Central Park. This brings total rainfall for the month of August in New York City to 19.68", making it the wettest month in the city since record keeping began in 1869. The previous record was 16.85", set in September 1882. Philadelphia, PA and Newark, NJ have also set all-time wettest month records, thanks to Irene's rains. The 19.40" of rain that has fallen in Philadelphia this August is probably the most rain any major city in the Northeast, U.S. has received since 22.43" fell in Newark, NJ in August 1843, according to wunderground's weather historian, Christopher C. Burt.


Figure 1. Storm surge at The Battery on the south end of New York City's Manhattan Island as of noon EDT Sunday, August 28, 2011. The green line is the storm surge, which is the difference between the observed water level (red line) and what the water level should have been without the hurricane (blue line). At 4:45 am, the storm surge peaked at 4.0 feet. The surge declined to about 3 feet during the high tide cycle, then rose again to near 3.9 feet as the tide started going out. Image credit: NOAA Tides and Currents.


Figure 2. Total rainfall over the past 30 days along the mid-Atlantic coast and New England has topped 15 inches (purple colors) in many areas, making August the wettest month in recorded history for the cities of Philadelphia, Newark, and New York City. Image credit: NOAA/AHPS.

Irene's rains bringing significant river flooding
Irene brought more than eight inches of rain to a long stretch of the Atlantic coast from North Carolina to New York. NOAA's Significant River Flood Outlook is showing that significant river flooding is already occurring along coastal regions of North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, and New Jersey, and is expected to spread to Eastern Pennsylvania, eastern New York, Western Massachusetts, and most of Vermont and New Hampshire.

The 1903 Vagabond Hurricane
The only other hurricane to hit New Jersey since 1851 was the 1903 Category 1 Vagabond Hurricane. According to Wikipedia, the Vagabond Hurricane caused heavy damage along the New Jersey coast ($180 million in 2006 dollars.) The hurricane killed 57 people, and endangered the life of President Theodore Roosevelt, who was sailing on a yacht near Long Island, NY, when the hurricane hit. New Jersey only rarely gets hit by hurricanes because it lies in an portion of the coast that doesn't stick out much and is too far north.


Figure 3. The path of the 1903 Vagabond Hurricane, the only other hurricane to hit New Jersey since 1851.

Tropical Storm Jose forms
Tropical Storm Jose formed this morning in surprise fashion, managing to maintain enough heavy thunderstorms in the face of very high wind shear of 40 - 55 knots to become the season's tenth named storm. Jose does not have long to live, due to the strong upper-level winds from Hurricane Irene that are creating the shear. Jose will likely bring strong winds near tropical storm force later today when it passes just west of Bermuda. Satellite loops show that there is very little heavy thunderstorm activity associated with Jose, and Bermuda will see much less rain than is usual for a tropical storm passing so close.

Elsewhere in the tropics: Invest 92L forms
A strong tropical wave located off the coast of Africa, about 200 miles south of the Cape Verde Islands, is moving west at 10 mph, and has been designated Invest 92L by NHC this morning. This system has a large amount of heavy thunderstorm activity and moderate amount of spin, and appears likely to develop into a tropical storm later this week, as all of the computer models are developing it. NHC is giving 92L a 40% chance of developing into a tropical depression by Tuesday. This storm will be moving more slowly across the Atlantic than Irene did, and will take at least 6 days to reach the Lesser Antilles Islands. Forecast tracks from the long-range GFS and ECMWF models suggest that Bermuda might be the only land area threatened by 92L, but it is too early to be confident of this.

Hottest day in Houston's history
The mercury hit 109°F (42.8°C) yesterday at Houston's George Bush Intercontinental Airport, tying September 4, 2000 as the hottest day in the city's history. Yesterday was the also the hottest August day on record in Houston, besting the 108°F reading of August 18, 1909. This year, Houston has set its record for all-time hottest temperature, most 100° days in a year (36, old record was 32, and 4 is normal), and most consecutive 100° days (24, old record was 14.) Weather records in Houston go back to 1889. Houston needs 20.18" of rain to get to normal levels of rainfall for the year. Today's high is predicted to be 107°F in Houston, so yesterday's record may be in danger of being broken today. By the end of the week, Houston is expected to cool down below 100°, and a weather pattern conducive for bringing summer rains will move in.

I'll have a new post Monday morning.

Jeff Masters

Tree puzzle, after Irene (bluesy)
Tree puzzle, after Irene
Irene Aftermath 15 (mikey66)
Irene Aftermath 15
Irene (snowbets)
Irene

Reader Comments

Comments will take a few seconds to appear.

Post Your Comments

Please sign in to post comments.

or Join

Not only will you be able to leave comments on this blog, but you'll also have the ability to upload and share your photos in our Wunder Photos section.

Display: 0, 50, 100, 200 Sort: Newest First - Order Posted

Viewing: 1251 - 1201

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57Blog Index

Quoting P451:


No way!

I forgot about Irene's bad gas....which gave birth to Jose.



You thought I was talking about Irene? No..I don't think Irene's wind field extends THAT far out ;)
Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 31533
let me take the time to say that I sincerely feel for you Mr. Cantore, and I appreciate your concern and compassion for loved ones and strangers alike..... I could see the truth, the passion, and the care for the people in the New England states (in fact, all people) in his eyes on his last live telecast 10 min ago, and it made me want to cry.....


and he makes a very good point. for all bloggers (i should say idiots) that say this storm was a non-event......what did you want? devastation? did you want NYC to be leveled? for god sakes have you thought about what chaos that would have caused in the world.....the stock markets are already crashing, so you were wishing for complete collapse of the world economy?...what would that have done to YOU as you sit in front of your computer, safe and sound eating snacks and blogging???....

let's all take a minute to pray for everyone along the eastern seaboard. although many see this personally as a minor inconvenience of no electricity....many HAVE indeed suffered traumatic losses, and let's not downplay that fact any longer.....
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Hope ya'll heard my sarcasm flag flappin'. Stay safe as best as you can everyone!!!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
I think Irene was very much overhyped because it was an East Coast storm. Had it been a gulf storm, same intensity, the headline story prior to landfall would have been the price of oil due to offshore rigs being shut down. The media portrayed Irene as apocolyptic.

It bothers me a little, living on the gulf coast here in Kemah Texas in that it appears the life's of the NE are more important than ours. A Cat 2 storm here is a mere blip on the radar, except when it comes to the price of gas. If it effects Washington DC or NY, it's an epic event, according to the media and overall conscious of the American pysche.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1247. brianc
According to CNN, Vermont's experiencing a great deal of flooding. Reports were that some towns "were completely underwater," though I don't know how credible that report is...looking at the images...it's beginning to remind me of the hours after Katrina when everyone was saying NOLA just got a glancing blow...before the levees broke. I hope not...but the images of rushing waters on TV look pretty ominous. BTW, they spoke with the Emergency Management person from Vermont...a Mark somehting...he didn't seem to be getting the news that his state is in the midst of a very dangerous emergency...seemed sort of blase.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting P451:


No way!

I forgot about Irene's bad gas....which gave birth to Jose.



I said no way earlier :) Funny little storm just popped up out there. Strengthening too.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting number4steel:
just got home from work (telco lineman in eastern nc) and i have power, god bless hot water and cold ac. anybody gotta a link on river levels ? i do wish people would stay off the roads and out off the way of storm restoration work. dont know how many times today i have had to tell people to git while they were holding their iphone out the window to take a picture


RIVER AND LAKE SUMMARY
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE RALEIGH NC
1135 AM EDT SUN AUG 28 2011


Thanks for your efforts!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1244. JLPR2
Quoting JLPR2:
And yet another observation. That Oscat has the LLC at approx 9.7N. Farther south than any of the ATCF fixes.


Also, the vort max seems to agree and is below 10N.
I wish we had better views of the area in all the maps.

Member Since: September 4, 2007 Posts: 7 Comments: 8506
1243. rv1pop
Quoting Clearwater1:
LOL, my computer is so old it takes up a 10' X 10' room and still required punch cards. Yep, the economy has tightened my belt too.
My old (IBM) SAGE (prototype) stayed behind when I went through divorce in 1975. It was 12 X 16. The last of my extra 6881 tubes were destroyed by burglars 3 years ago. I still have the tape punch and reader. Mine was pre-lightpen though.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting emcf30:

Windham, Greene County NY Tropical Storm Damage




Hurricane damage in Hatteras Island, NC



Non event!!!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1241. IMA
Quoting violet312s:
WRAL finally was able to get to Aurora, NC this afternoon. Very extensive, severe damage, but no loss of life reported.

Yeah, so no "bodies floating" like the troll came up with yesterday. Thank God!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Trouper415:
Wilma was also one of those strange storms. It organized south west of the yucatan under 30-40 knots of shear. It became the strongest storm in history, and to add to that, it strengthened over Florida!

In all due respect, I pay homage to its drive and perserverence.



Wilma developed south of Jamaica in the Central Caribbean.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
WRAL finally was able to get to Aurora, NC this afternoon. Very extensive, severe damage, but no loss of life reported.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1238. breald
Quoting DontAnnoyMe:
Boston AFD

IT IS IMPERATIVE TO REALIZE THAT THE NEW ENGLAND REGION IS NOT OUT
OF THE WOODS YET AS IRENE LIFTS OUT OF THE RGN. WINDS ON THE
BACKSIDE OF THE STORM OUT OF THE S/W WILL CONTINUE TO BE A HAZARD
RESULTING IN DOWNED TREES AND POWER LINES...BLOCKING ROADS AND/OR
DAMAGING INFRASTRUCTURE. IN ADDITION WINDS WILL CONTINUE TO
PRODUCE HIGH SWELLS AND ROUGH SURF ALONG THE SOUTH SHORELINE...
WITH CONTINUED POTENTIAL FOR STORM SURGE AND BEACH EROSION.


Southern New England is still under a Tropical Storm Warning. So far my folks, sister, and nephew are without power. I haven't talked to the rest of my family, though.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
just got home from work (telco lineman in eastern nc) and i have power, god bless hot water and cold ac. anybody gotta a link on river levels ? i do wish people would stay off the roads and out off the way of storm restoration work. dont know how many times today i have had to tell people to git while they were holding their iphone out the window to take a picture
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting emcf30:

Windham, Greene County NY Tropical Storm Damage




Hurricane damage in Hatteras Island, NC



Yeah... she's getting retired.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting PcolaDan:
Doesn't actually show it washing away, but...


Never underestimate the power of water. Irene will go down as a water disaster in many areas.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Bluestorm5:
Um... wow. Looking at SHIPS, 92L aka future Katia may get 120 kts winds 120 hr from now... Is 92L likely to recurve like Jose did or goes through Irene's path or other?

WRAL Weather posted this fact on Facebook: While we're all picking up after Irene, a quick but rather important reminder: Hurricane season doesn't even peak for two more weeks, and it runs fully through November. Hazel, Donna, Diana, Gloria, Fran, Floyd and Isabel all struck the North Carolina coastline AFTER this date (today's date of August 28th).

This season is long from over :\



LOL 92L is way too far out there and too early too what it will do

right now 92L is more S then TD 10 was i find it vary rare if this storm would be comeing out too sea with a stormt his far S
Member Since: May 21, 2006 Posts: 5091 Comments: 114763
1232. Hoff511
Quoting WeatherNerdPR:
Jim Cantore about to cry for Vermont...


I saw that too. Does anyone have info or link to what's going on up there?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1231. emcf30

Windham, Greene County NY Tropical Storm Damage




Hurricane damage in Hatteras Island, NC

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting PcolaDan:
@JimCantore
Jim Cantore
Heartbroken RT @Kasiatherealtor: @JimCantore youtube.com/watch?v=DsdfsY… Video of Quechee bridge washing away

_______________________
Doesn't actually show it washing away, but...
She sure wasn't playing around.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
@wunderground
Weather Underground
NBC: No NJ Transit service to Meadowlands Sports Complex tomorrow for Giants-Jets game, plus other modifications here: bit.ly/mWd8Ct
Member Since: August 22, 2008 Posts: 12 Comments: 6010
1228. JLPR2
And yet another observation. That Oscat has the LLC at approx 9.7N. Farther south than any of the ATCF fixes.
Member Since: September 4, 2007 Posts: 7 Comments: 8506
Um... wow. Looking at SHIPS, 92L aka future Katia may get 120 kts winds 120 hr from now... Is 92L likely to recurve like Jose did or goes through Irene's path or other?

WRAL Weather posted this fact on Facebook: While we're all picking up after Irene, a quick but rather important reminder: Hurricane season doesn't even peak for two more weeks, and it runs fully through November. Hazel, Donna, Diana, Gloria, Fran, Floyd and Isabel all struck the North Carolina coastline AFTER this date (today's date of August 28th).

This season is long from over :\
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
438,000 still without power in NC
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
P451 the wind gust in Bermuda was from Tropical Storm Jose.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
@JimCantore
Jim Cantore
Heartbroken RT @Kasiatherealtor: @JimCantore youtube.com/watch?v=DsdfsY… Video of Quechee bridge washing away

_______________________
Doesn't actually show it washing away, but...
Member Since: August 22, 2008 Posts: 12 Comments: 6010
1223. JLPR2
Also, I'm leaning more towards the possibility of them staying separate entities, seems to me like enough distance between the two.
Member Since: September 4, 2007 Posts: 7 Comments: 8506
Jim Cantore about to cry for Vermont...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting MississippiWx:
48 hours...



Looking at 850 voracity, as opposed to percip, hour 66 shows the high a little better and building in strong. Getting more and more interesting with every look. I am addicted to this gfs models and the euro.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Bohonk: How can thunderstorms form with humidity being so low?

And how can it be cloudy and 107 degrees at the same time?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Someone probably posted this, but I thought it was interesting.


PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE NEW YORK NY
944 AM EDT SUN AUG 28 2011

AT 8:42 AM EDT THIS MORNING THE TIDE LEVEL AT THE BATTERY REACHED
9.5 FEET MLLW. THIS IS THE SIXTH HIGHEST LEVEL EVER RECORDED AT THE
BATTERY. AT 9:06 AM A MAXIMUM SURGE OF 4.5 FEET OCCURRED WITH THIS
HIGH TIDE IN COMBINATION WITH THE ASTRONOMICAL TIDE.

OTHER NOTABLE LEVELS REACHED INCLUDE THE TOP TWO OF 11.2 FEET MLLW
AND 10.9 FEET MLLW WHICH OCCURRED DURING THE HURRICANE OF SEPTEMBER
1821 AND HURRICANE DONNA IN 1960 RESPECTIVELY...AND 9.6 FEET MLLW
DURING THE NOREASTER OF DECEMBER 1992.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1218. DFWjc
Quoting P451:


That's just crazy. This thing's wind field must be unfathomable right now.


We're gusting to 60 again occasionally here in NY again. There's been a lot of sirens since the wind picked back up. Hope nothing too bad has happened. Branches are still going down around here.

Temperature has dropped to 67 heading for 55 or below and it's real nice out. Windows are open and will stay that way all week at least. It may be the end of A/C not that I used much this August since the big storms broke that heat wave's back (all 3 days of it here).





What's that spin up just SW of PR?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting JLPR2:


Would be interesting to see them do the Fujiwara dance.


That wave behind 92L already looks good.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1216. JLPR2
Very old, but it's the first proof of an LLC with 92L that I have seen.
Member Since: September 4, 2007 Posts: 7 Comments: 8506
REPOST
The Latest
*Click graphic to magnify (graphic is also able to be magnified in Link window by clicking on it)




Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1213. JLPR2
Quoting MississippiWx:


It's most likely too close to 92L for now. They may get a little distance between each other in the next couple of days.


Would be interesting to see them do the Fujiwara dance.
Member Since: September 4, 2007 Posts: 7 Comments: 8506
Now we know why NY City didn't get hit as bad as they could have. ;>)


Ufo in Bronx 27 august 2011
Member Since: August 22, 2008 Posts: 12 Comments: 6010
Looking at NWS Raleigh's page, my area got MAX gusts of 40-50 MPH... that's about right.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Wilma was also one of those strange storms. It organized south west of the yucatan under 30-40 knots of shear. It became the strongest storm in history, and to add to that, it strengthened over Florida!

In all due respect, I pay homage to its drive and perserverence.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1209. IMA
Quoting bohonkweatherman:
It is so hot here now Heat thunderstorms have formed in the very dry air in the Hill Country, not much rain hitting the ground is what I am hearing? How can thunderstorms form with humidity being so low?

Yeah, was surprised to see the humidity was still so low when I got up from my nap to see the clouds. lol
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting JLPR2:
The one sitting at the coast getting interesting too.


It's most likely too close to 92L for now. They may get a little distance between each other in the next couple of days.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1207. benheb
What do you all make of the discussion surrounding Irene's hype? I say great job by Wunderground and others covering the storm. And to all - be happy it wasn't worse. Here is a bit more on this discussion, would love to hear your thoughts on there. Over hyped? Or well prepared...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting presslord:
Sad...but not unexpected...inaccessible shelters....Link


SUCKS!!!!
Member Since: August 22, 2008 Posts: 12 Comments: 6010
1205. JLPR2
The one sitting at the coast getting interesting too.
Member Since: September 4, 2007 Posts: 7 Comments: 8506
There was a wind gust of 61 mph in Bermuda...
Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 31533
Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 31533
48 hours...

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
It is so hot here now Heat thunderstorms have formed in the very dry air in the Hill Country, not much rain hitting the ground is what I am hearing? How can thunderstorms form with humidity being so low?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:

Viewing: 1251 - 1201

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57Blog Index

Top of Page

About

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

Local Weather

Overcast
60 °F
Overcast