Irene hits New Jersey and New York; Jose threating Bermuda; 92L forms

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 4:45 PM GMT on August 28, 2011

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Hurricane Irene hit New Jersey ten miles north of Atlantic City at 5:30 am EDT, as a minimum-strength Category 1 hurricane with 75 mph winds. Irene is only the second hurricane since 1851 to hit New Jersey. At 9 am EDT, Irene made a third U.S. landfall over Long Island, NY, and New York City, as a tropical storm with 65 mph winds. Top wind gusts measured in New York City were 60 mph at Central Park at 3:58 am; 67 mph at La Guardia at 4:10 am; and 59 mph at JFK Airport at 1:33 am. A 91 mph gust was recorded in Sayville, NY on the Central Long Island coast, at 7:02 am. Emergency managers reported that the nearby town of Lindenhurst (population 28,000), on the south side of Long Island, was mostly under water due to a storm surge. The storm surge at The Battery on the southern shore of Manhattan reached 4.0 feet, overtopping the sea wall in several locations. Fresh water run-off from Irene's torrential rains, riding on top of a 3 to 4-foot storm surge, allowed the swollen East and Hudson Rivers to overflow at the edges of Manhattan. Irene's rains have now ended in New York City, after accumulating to 7.60" at Central Park. This brings total rainfall for the month of August in New York City to 19.68", making it the wettest month in the city since record keeping began in 1869. The previous record was 16.85", set in September 1882. Philadelphia, PA and Newark, NJ have also set all-time wettest month records, thanks to Irene's rains. The 19.40" of rain that has fallen in Philadelphia this August is probably the most rain any major city in the Northeast, U.S. has received since 22.43" fell in Newark, NJ in August 1843, according to wunderground's weather historian, Christopher C. Burt.


Figure 1. Storm surge at The Battery on the south end of New York City's Manhattan Island as of noon EDT Sunday, August 28, 2011. The green line is the storm surge, which is the difference between the observed water level (red line) and what the water level should have been without the hurricane (blue line). At 4:45 am, the storm surge peaked at 4.0 feet. The surge declined to about 3 feet during the high tide cycle, then rose again to near 3.9 feet as the tide started going out. Image credit: NOAA Tides and Currents.


Figure 2. Total rainfall over the past 30 days along the mid-Atlantic coast and New England has topped 15 inches (purple colors) in many areas, making August the wettest month in recorded history for the cities of Philadelphia, Newark, and New York City. Image credit: NOAA/AHPS.

Irene's rains bringing significant river flooding
Irene brought more than eight inches of rain to a long stretch of the Atlantic coast from North Carolina to New York. NOAA's Significant River Flood Outlook is showing that significant river flooding is already occurring along coastal regions of North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, and New Jersey, and is expected to spread to Eastern Pennsylvania, eastern New York, Western Massachusetts, and most of Vermont and New Hampshire.

The 1903 Vagabond Hurricane
The only other hurricane to hit New Jersey since 1851 was the 1903 Category 1 Vagabond Hurricane. According to Wikipedia, the Vagabond Hurricane caused heavy damage along the New Jersey coast ($180 million in 2006 dollars.) The hurricane killed 57 people, and endangered the life of President Theodore Roosevelt, who was sailing on a yacht near Long Island, NY, when the hurricane hit. New Jersey only rarely gets hit by hurricanes because it lies in an portion of the coast that doesn't stick out much and is too far north.


Figure 3. The path of the 1903 Vagabond Hurricane, the only other hurricane to hit New Jersey since 1851.

Tropical Storm Jose forms
Tropical Storm Jose formed this morning in surprise fashion, managing to maintain enough heavy thunderstorms in the face of very high wind shear of 40 - 55 knots to become the season's tenth named storm. Jose does not have long to live, due to the strong upper-level winds from Hurricane Irene that are creating the shear. Jose will likely bring strong winds near tropical storm force later today when it passes just west of Bermuda. Satellite loops show that there is very little heavy thunderstorm activity associated with Jose, and Bermuda will see much less rain than is usual for a tropical storm passing so close.

Elsewhere in the tropics: Invest 92L forms
A strong tropical wave located off the coast of Africa, about 200 miles south of the Cape Verde Islands, is moving west at 10 mph, and has been designated Invest 92L by NHC this morning. This system has a large amount of heavy thunderstorm activity and moderate amount of spin, and appears likely to develop into a tropical storm later this week, as all of the computer models are developing it. NHC is giving 92L a 40% chance of developing into a tropical depression by Tuesday. This storm will be moving more slowly across the Atlantic than Irene did, and will take at least 6 days to reach the Lesser Antilles Islands. Forecast tracks from the long-range GFS and ECMWF models suggest that Bermuda might be the only land area threatened by 92L, but it is too early to be confident of this.

Hottest day in Houston's history
The mercury hit 109°F (42.8°C) yesterday at Houston's George Bush Intercontinental Airport, tying September 4, 2000 as the hottest day in the city's history. Yesterday was the also the hottest August day on record in Houston, besting the 108°F reading of August 18, 1909. This year, Houston has set its record for all-time hottest temperature, most 100° days in a year (36, old record was 32, and 4 is normal), and most consecutive 100° days (24, old record was 14.) Weather records in Houston go back to 1889. Houston needs 20.18" of rain to get to normal levels of rainfall for the year. Today's high is predicted to be 107°F in Houston, so yesterday's record may be in danger of being broken today. By the end of the week, Houston is expected to cool down below 100°, and a weather pattern conducive for bringing summer rains will move in.

I'll have a new post Monday morning.

Jeff Masters

Tree puzzle, after Irene (bluesy)
Tree puzzle, after Irene
Irene Aftermath 15 (mikey66)
Irene Aftermath 15
Irene (snowbets)
Irene

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Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:
Rank Hurricane Season Damages
1 KATRINA 2005 $108 Billion
2 IKE 2008 $29.5 Billion
3 ANDREW 1992 $26.5 Billion
4 WILMA 2005 $21 Billion
5 IVAN 2004 $18.8 Billion
6 CHARLEY 2004 $15.1 Billion
7 RITA 2005 $12 Billion
8 FRANCES 2004 $9.51 Billion
9 ALLISON 2000 $9 Billion
10 JEANNE 2004 $7.66 Billion

According to early damage estimates...Irene would currently rank 8th.
Is this list adjusted to inflation?
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Quoting rkay1:
Think about that.  This CAT1 storm caused 11 billion in damages?  I may be a little cynical but I'm not buying the numbers.  In FL they are still raising the Insurance Premos on Homes and we have been Hurricane free for 5 years+ 


2001's Allison was mere tropical storm, dropped a bunch of rain on Houston, hung around, and caused $5.5B in damages directly associated with her.
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Quoting tropicfreak:


Yup taz, I was affected directly by Irene, had lots of trees down, and even had a wind gust of 71 mph in Richmond, about 100 miles away from the center.


wow
Member Since: May 21, 2006 Posts: 5091 Comments: 114719
Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:
Rank Hurricane Season Damages
1 KATRINA 2005 $108 Billion
2 IKE 2008 $29.5 Billion
3 ANDREW 1992 $26.5 Billion
4 WILMA 2005 $21 Billion
5 IVAN 2004 $18.8 Billion
6 CHARLEY 2004 $15.1 Billion
7 RITA 2005 $12 Billion
8 FRANCES 2004 $9.51 Billion
9 ALLISON 2000 $9 Billion
10 JEANNE 2004 $7.66 Billion

According to early damage estimates...Irene would currently rank 8th.

And would knock Jeanne out of the list.
Member Since: July 7, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 5627
Taz I just realized your comments on here man if this was WOW you would be the supreme ruler, i think you would have the Sword of ulimate power.
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Quoting ackee:
I WONDER if the NHC will upgrded 92L 11am think probaly wait at 5am 92l IS at 9.3 W that a very LOW latitude I think this system could come much closer to carrb than what the models are showing now guess we see



mode runs are way off they have it at 10N 92L is at 9.3N



Member Since: May 21, 2006 Posts: 5091 Comments: 114719
Quoting Tazmanian:



no its not this storm did 7 Billion in damg and still adding up this storm did severe damg on the E coast



and the season is now this geting under way


Yup taz, I was affected directly by Irene, had lots of trees down, and even had a wind gust of 71 mph in Richmond, about 100 miles away from the center.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Rank Hurricane Season Damages
1 KATRINA 2005 $108 Billion
2 IKE 2008 $29.5 Billion
3 ANDREW 1992 $26.5 Billion
4 WILMA 2005 $21 Billion
5 IVAN 2004 $18.8 Billion
6 CHARLEY 2004 $15.1 Billion
7 RITA 2005 $12 Billion
8 FRANCES 2004 $9.51 Billion
9 ALLISON 2000 $9 Billion
10 JEANNE 2004 $7.66 Billion

According to early damage estimates...Irene would currently rank 8th.
Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 31456
1790. bassis
Quoting rkay1:
7 Billion? Give me a break.  Irene was a complete bust for the CONUS.  Omg we got a 25mph gust!



I'm really slow with the ignore button but I'm saying goodbye or isit POOOOOF
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Quoting Hurricanes101:


You do realize that Ike was a CAT 2 and is the 2nd costliest hurricane in US History right?

Strength of winds are not the only thing with a hurricane, you apparently believe they are, so you are clearly clueless

Stop. Quoting. rkay1.
Member Since: July 7, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 5627
1786. ackee
I WONDER if the NHC will upgrded 92L 11am think probaly wait at 5am 92l IS at 9.3 W that a very LOW latitude I think this system could come much closer to carrb than what the models are showing now guess we see
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
@cnnbrk
CNN Breaking News
Most Amtrak service to resume Monday, but trains between Boston and Philadelphia are canceled #Irene on.cnn.com/qiHvMM
Member Since: August 22, 2008 Posts: 12 Comments: 6010
1784. emcf30
Quoting Tazmanian:




and you have a live moderator right here me me me


Fair enough. Your first task is to make him go poof,poof, poof.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting HurricaneNewb:
whos gonna be it when you go to subway hehe)


me
Member Since: May 21, 2006 Posts: 5091 Comments: 114719
Quoting BanTech:
Most over-hyped storm EVER.


Overhyped? Definitely lived up to its hype here in VA. Caused plenty of flooding and damage.
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Quoting BanTech:
Most over-hyped storm EVER.



no its not this storm did 7 Billion in damg and still adding up this storm did severe damg on the E coast



and the season is now this geting under way
Member Since: May 21, 2006 Posts: 5091 Comments: 114719
Quoting rkay1:
Think about that.  This CAT1 storm caused 11 billion in damages?  I may be a little cynical but I'm not buying the numbers.  In FL they are still raising the Insurance Premos on Homes and we have been Hurricane free for 5 years+ 

Quoting CybrTeddy:


That would make a
grand early total of 11 billion dollars in damages, or the 8th most
destructive hurricane ever in the Atlantic basin. Mind you, that's just
alone by the early totals. It could be much higher



You do realize that Ike was a CAT 2 and is the 2nd costliest hurricane in US History right?

Strength of winds are not the only thing with a hurricane, you apparently believe they are, so you are clearly clueless
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1778. Mucinex
Poor LBAR! It's still hungover.

Also, Glad to hear Baha is okay.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Tazmanian:




and you have a live moderator right here me me me
whos gonna be it when you go to subway hehe)
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Quoting Tazmanian:




and you have a live moderator right here me me me


Yup taz, you're the *poof* man!
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Quoting ncstorm:
that dont look out to sea to me..



Yippee, another east coast hit :P
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Quoting CybrTeddy:
Okay, I've just had about enough of rkay1. Of course he wouldn't know the winds Irene had when it hit the USA, he was too busy having his head up where the sun don't ever shine.. Anyways, reported to the admins, hopefully Dr. Masters will deal with him. If not, he's the perfect example of why we need a live moderator.




and you have a live moderator right here me me me
Member Since: May 21, 2006 Posts: 5091 Comments: 114719
Ugh...Just like the Earthquake thing...

Link

BOO! -1!
Member Since: July 6, 2010 Posts: 113 Comments: 31456
Quoting mcluvincane:


can u post the earlier one
Sorry. I don't know where to find the earlier ones.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Okay, I've just had about enough of rkay1. Of course he wouldn't know the winds Irene had when it hit the USA, he was too busy having his head up where the sun don't ever shine.. Anyways, reported to the admins, hopefully Dr. Masters will deal with him. If not, he's the perfect example of why we need a live moderator.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
.
Member Since: May 21, 2006 Posts: 5091 Comments: 114719
How do the CV storms look across Africa these days anyone have a map that shows the chu chu train tia adding to favorites)
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i hate too say this but i think the damg from Irene could top 15 too 25B or more when all said and done
Member Since: May 21, 2006 Posts: 5091 Comments: 114719
Quoting HurricaneNewb:
Does La Nina mean we might have a busy October? sorry for all the questions but you all seem to be anwsering them with the quickness TIA.


If I understand correctly, with La Nina you get a cooler pacific and a relatively warmer Atlantic. The result of this is rising air over the Atlantic and sinking air over the pacific thus making thunderstorm activity over the Atlantic and surface lows more abundant.

Correct me if I'm wrong, that's the operating knowledge I've been working with.
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Quoting Tazmanian:
mode runs say W




Lets hope the east coast doesn't see another strike in the next 3 weeks, we don't need one. I swear I thought the rapture was coming, I had an earthquake last Tuesday (epicenter was 30 miles NW of here) severe weather with some scary clouds moving in (shelf clouds) on Thursday, and the hurricane on Saturday. We don't need another east coast strike, by then we would still be recovering from Irene. Don't need a similar scenario that FL saw in 04, Frances and Jeanne.
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Quoting rkay1:

Let me get this straight. You signed up here just so you could criticize what EVERYONE else has to say? How very thoughtful of you.
p.s. You might want to get out more. There is a world out there that you obviously never pay attention to.
Bye.
Member Since: August 22, 2008 Posts: 12 Comments: 6010
Quoting CybrTeddy:


That would make a grand early total of 11 billion dollars in damages, or the 8th most destructive hurricane ever in the Atlantic basin. Mind you, that's just alone by the early totals. It could be much higher.

Oh yes everyone, Irene was a 'bust' LOL.

I'm standing seriously in respect to the 25 killed during Irene...
Member Since: July 7, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 5627
Quoting rkay1:
7 Billion? Give me a break.  Irene was a complete bust for the CONUS.  Omg we got a 25mph gust!



see what happens when you are here for 5 minutes each of the last 2 days


you are aware than there is more to a hurricane than just wind? Have you not seen some of the pictures of the flooding or heard about the deaths that have occurred?

Guess not
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This just in from Delaware County (NY): Low-lying areas of Walton are being evacuated, and the power will be turned off.

"The West Branch of the Delaware is expected to crest above flood stage
overnight. The Walton Fire Department will be canvassing low lying areas
recommending evacuation. If asked comply it is strongly recommended to
do so.
Member Since: August 22, 2008 Posts: 12 Comments: 6010
Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:



this wait in tell we get a storm in the gulf lol
Member Since: May 21, 2006 Posts: 5091 Comments: 114719
Quoting TropicalAnalystwx13:


Say goodbye to the name Irene.


That would make a grand early total of 11 billion dollars in damages, or the 8th most destructive hurricane ever in the Atlantic basin. Mind you, that's just alone by the early totals. It could be much higher.

Oh yes everyone, Irene was a 'bust' LOL.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:

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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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