Four invests in the Atlantic; fair weather in Arctic to drive rapid sea ice loss

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 3:38 PM GMT on August 12, 2011

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It's a busy day in the tropical Atlantic, with the National Hurricane Center tracking four areas of interest (Invests.) None of these systems is a danger to any land areas over the next three days. The disturbance of most concern is the one farthest from land, a tropical wave that emerged from the coast of Africa two days ago. This wave, (Invest 93L), is located about 500 miles southwest of the Cape Verde Islands, and is moving westward at 15 - 20 mph. Recent visible satellite loops show that 93L has lost some of its heavy thunderstorms since yesterday, and the system is poorly organized, though there is a good deal of spin to the system. There is dry air to its north that is interfering with development. The SHIPS model and University of Wisconsin CIMSS wind shear analysis are showing high wind shear in excess 20 knots affecting 93L, which has undoubtedly contributed to the storm's loss of organization. Sea surface temperatures are 27.5°C, which is one degree above the 26.5°C threshold usually needed to support a tropical storm.


Figure 1. Morning satellite photo of the four Invests in the Atlantic today.

Forecast for 93L
High wind shear above 20 knots is predicted along 93L's path through Saturday afternoon, followed by a drop to the moderate range, 10 - 20 knots, for the succeeding four days. This should allow the storm to organize over the weekend. The latest 00Z and 06Z model runs of the four best models for predicting tropical storm formation (GFS, ECMWF, NOGAPS, and UKMET), have only one model, the GFS, that is indicating significant development of 93L. This model brings 93L near the northern Lesser Antilles Islands by Wednesday. NHC gave 93L a 40% chance of developing into a tropical depression by Sunday morning in their 8am outlook. Given 93L's recent struggles, I'd put these odds at 30%.

92L
An African wave midway between the northern Lesser Antilles Islands and the coast of Africa, near 18°N 45°W, is moving west-northwest at 20 mph. This system, (Invest 92L), is being given a 40% chance of development by NHC. Recent visible satellite loops show a modest amount of heavy thunderstorm activity, but no signs of a surface circulation. A Windsat pass from 8:04 am EDT this morning also showed no surface circulation, and noted top winds of around 35 mph. Water vapor satellite loops show that a large area of dry air surrounds 92L, and this dry air is causing problems for the storm. The SHIPS model and University of Wisconsin CIMSS wind shear analysis are showing moderate wind shear of 10 - 20 knots affecting 92L. Sea surface temperatures are 27 - 27.5°C, which is a degree above the 26.5°C threshold usually needed to support a tropical storm.

Forecast for 92L
Moderate wind shear of 10 - 20 knots is predicted along 92L's path over the coming five days, which should allow the storm to organize if it can handle the dry air surrounding it. The latest 00Z and 06Z model runs of the four best models for predicting tropical storm formation (GFS, ECMWF, NOGAPS, and UKMET) show weak development or no development of 92L, and NHC gave 92L a 40% chance of developing into a tropical depression by Sunday morning in their 8am outlook. A steady west-northwest motion for 92L is predicted by all of the models, which should make the storm miss the Lesser Antilles by a comfortable margin. However, Bermuda may be at risk from 92L next week.

94L
A broad low pressure system about 700 miles northeast of the northern Lesser Antilles Islands has developed a small amount of heavy thunderstorm activity, and may be a threat to become a tropical depression early next week. This system, (Invest 94L), is currently headed west-southwest at 10 mph, but is expected to turn northwest later today. Recent visible satellite loops show some spin to the cloud pattern at middle levels of the atmosphere, but no signs of a surface circulation. This system is also battling dry air, which is keeping the its heavy thunderstorms relatively meager. The SHIPS model is showing moderate wind shear of 10 - 20 knots affecting 94L. Sea surface temperatures are 28°C.

Forecast for 94L
Moderate wind shear of 10 - 20 knots is predicted along 94L's path over the coming five days, which should allow slow development, if it can handle the dry air surrounding it. None of our reliable models for predicting tropical storm formation (GFS, ECMWF, NOGAPS, and UKMET) show no development of 94L, and NHC gave 94L just a 20% chance of developing into a tropical depression by Sunday morning in their 8am outlook. Bermuda is the only land area that needs to be concerned with 94L.

95L
The final invest out there is an area of disturbed weather along on old frontal boundary several hundred miles off the coast of North Carolina. This sytem, Invest 95L, is headed northeastwards out to sea, and is not a threat to any land areas.



Figure 2. Arctic sea ice extent on August 11, 2011, was the 2nd lowest on record for the date. The Northeast Passage and Northwest Passage (southern route) were both ice-free. Image credit: UIUC Cryosphere Today.

Arctic sea ice poised to undergo record decline in mid-August
A strong high pressure system with a central pressure of 1035 mb has developed over the Arctic north of Alaska, and will bring clear skies and warm southerly winds to northeast Siberia and the Arctic during the coming week, accelerating Arctic sea ice loss. Widespread areas of northeastern Siberia are expected to see air temperatures 4 - 12°C (7 - 22°F) above average during the coming week, and the clockwise flow of air around the high pressure system centered north of Alaska will pump this warm air into the Arctic. Arctic sea ice extent, currently slightly higher than the record low values set in 2007, should fall to to its lowest extent for the date by the third week of August as the clear skies and warm southerly winds melt ice and push it away from the coast of Siberia. This weather pattern, known as the Arctic Dipole, was also responsible for the record sea ice loss in 2007, but was stronger that year. The weather conditions that led to the 2007 record were quite extreme--one 2008 study led by Jennifer Kay of the National Center for Atmospheric Research showed that 2007's combination of high pressure and sunny skies in the Arctic occur, on average, only once every 10 - 20 years. The 2011 summer weather pattern in the Arctic has not been nearly as extreme as in 2007, but the total sea ice volume has declined significantly since 2007, leading to much loss of old, thick, multi-year ice, making it easier to set a new low extent record with less extreme weather conditions. The GFS model is predicting that the Arctic Dipole will weaken by 8 - 15 days from now, with cloudier weather and weaker high pressure over the Arctic. This should slow down the rate of Arctic sea ice loss to very near the record low values observed in 2007. It remains to be seen if 2011 Arctic sea ice extent will surpass the all-time low set in September 2007; it will be close, and will depend on the weather conditions of late August and early September, which are not predictable at this time. It is already possible to sail completely around the North Pole in ice-free waters through the Northeast Passage and Northwest Passage, according to sea ice maps maintained by the UIUC Cryosphere Today website. This marks the fourth consecutive year--and the fourth time in recorded history--both of these Arctic shipping routes have melted free. Mariners have been attempting to sail these passages since 1497. This year, the Northeast Passage along the north coast of Russia melted free several weeks earlier than its previous record early opening.

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I'll have a new post by 1pm Saturday.

Jeff Masters

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Quoting P451:
SAL, Dry Air, Wind Shear.

Four poorly organized AOIs.

It's going to be an uneventful day in the tropics.


Too late.... It's already been an eventfull day in the tropics..
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dumb question but what does it mean when the 850mb vorticity has increased?
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Quoting HOTWHEELS99:
i was not miss representing anyone if you scroll up you will see where i posted what they have to say directly from their web page so you are a troll just stirring the pot


Uh, I was just on their website trollboy; they quote the NHC TWO verbatim...by the way, when trying to mimic the NHC it;s best ot try and proofread a little...LMAO

And with that, the group heard a resounding **POOF!** and the annoyance was gone
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Quoting xtremeweathertracker:


Your insane if the Bermuda high is stronger and more pronounced it would keep storms moving in a more westerly direction!!!


Either a troll or an 8 year old; not worthy of comment
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Quoting Some1Has2BtheRookie:
Thank you, Dr. Masters. Very informative.

I hate to fold a winning hand, so I brought this forward from the previous blog:

Quoting Floodman:


Two TUTTs and failed recurve



I'm going all in with the Texas Ridge. So far, that has been the winning hand bet on anything in the GOM. The only thing that had a chance this year just evaporated when it was time to show your hand.
 Sorry Some1.... I'm all in with a missing DARPA Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle 2 which undoubtedly carried a mobile HAARP unit.l
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Quoting HOTWHEELS99:
national hurricane cennter also said that the bermuda high which is responsible for sterring most of the storms back out to sea like it did last year is even stronger and more pronounced so a repeat of last season is very possible as we have already seen so far this year and predctions as you see by the cane center posts arhave been accurate so far


Your insane if the Bermuda high is stronger and more pronounced it would keep storms moving in a more westerly direction!!!
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Quoting Some1Has2BtheRookie:


I call, since I went all in.


LOL...
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95L already has a nice low level center associated with it. If it can shed itself away from the frontal boundary, it will most likely become a tropical cyclone.

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Quoting HOTWHEELS99:

Now miss-representing NHC; time for the collective "ignore" list and report to Admin.
Member Since: August 8, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 8712
Quoting Floodman:


One more bet...Neutral ENSO and GOM Loop current

That should just about do it...LOL


I call, since I went all in.
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Quoting Some1Has2BtheRookie:
Thank you, Dr. Masters. Very informative.

I hate to fold a winning hand, so I brought this forward from the previous blog:

Quoting Floodman:


Two TUTTs and failed recurve



I'm going all in with the Texas Ridge. So far, that has been the winning hand bet on anything in the GOM. The only thing that had a chance this year just evaporated when it was time to show your hand.


One more bet...Neutral ENSO and GOM Loop current

That should just about do it...LOL
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"and . . . . no hurricanes will develop from any of these invests." said Gert B. Frobe from TWC.
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Later
Member Since: November 6, 2010 Posts: 10 Comments: 7765
Morning / afternoon all.

Just threw away a whole stack of replies when I went to look at HIPPOCRITT's dog.... lol
Member Since: October 25, 2005 Posts: 19 Comments: 21187
HOTWHEELS is a TROLL people
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850mb vort has increased with all 4 AOIs...It's weakest with 92L, but it has increased somewhat:

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Thank you, Dr. Masters. Very informative.

I hate to fold a winning hand, so I brought this forward from the previous blog:

Quoting Floodman:


Two TUTTs and failed recurve



I'm going all in with the Texas Ridge. So far, that has been the winning hand bet on anything in the GOM. The only thing that had a chance this year just evaporated when it was time to show your hand.
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Quoting Vincent4989:
]
You have no idea what the Bermuda High is, it's a factor in steering, not a factor in dissipation. Also not all of atlantic air is dry. Also, i see only very very very very few fronts.


Think he mentioned Bermuda high with relation to steering not intensity
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http://tropic.ssec.wisc.edu/real-time/temp/movie.gi f
Nice spin on 93L.
Member Since: November 6, 2010 Posts: 10 Comments: 7765
MJO ensemble forecast has been threatening to come out of the middle in our direction for a while, now.



If it really happens in the next 3 days, DOOM.
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Quoting atmoaggie:
Oh, good, beside tropical weather, Arctic Sea ice and "record" this and that is on-topic.

I know. Exciting, isn't it?
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Quoting HOTWHEELS99:
the entire atlantic is full of dry air and all kinds of wind shear and should prohibit any big storms from really developing into much and the bermuda high combined with several forcast front pulling down off the east coast should keep everything away from the us coast like it did last year hopefully this is very true


Huh???
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12Z GFS running... Link
Member Since: August 12, 2007 Posts: 11 Comments: 2448
Quoting HOTWHEELS99:
agrred from every weather station i have listened to nothing will happen for maybe 3 to 4 weeks if that


I don't know what weather stations you're listening to, but...
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Oh, good, besides tropical weather, Arctic Sea ice and "record" this and that is on-topic.
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triple treat

Member Since: July 15, 2006 Posts: 168 Comments: 53285
After reading this blog it sounds like there is absolutely nothing to worry about until after this weekend. These storms will all be either slow developers, or no threat to land .... so I'll enjoy my weekend and come back when something is happening! I love following hurricanes... but waiting for awful looking tropical waves (93) to develop at a snails pace is not fun!
Have a good weekend everyone!
Member Since: August 4, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 631
Quoting HOTWHEELS99:
the entire atlantic is full of dry air and all kinds of wind shear and should prohibit any big storms from really developing into much and the bermuda high combined with several forcast front pulling down off the east coast should keep everything away from the us coast like it did last year hopefully this is very true
]
You have no idea what the Bermuda High is, it's a factor in steering, not a factor in dissipation. Also not all of atlantic air is dry. Also, i see only very very very very few fronts.
Member Since: November 13, 2009 Posts: 2 Comments: 728



I tell ya...
95L is a FROG storm, not a Fish storm!
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Quoting HOTWHEELS99:
the entire atlantic is full of dry air and all kinds of wind shear and should prohibit any big storms from really developing into much and the bermuda high combined with several forcast front pulling down off the east coast should keep everything away from the us coast like it did last year hopefully this is very true


Shear is low in the atlantic, and the Bermuda High curves storms inland. Where did you get the idea of several fronts?
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Quoting hydrus:
Have not seen Texas look like this for quite some time..
Maybe a sign of the ridge weakining? Local weather said it was supposed to back off to west a little this weekend then build back stronger next week.
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Thanks, Doc! Always good to get the voice of reason!
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Dr.Masters may have cranked up his hurricane generator a wee bit high on his last "vacation".
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Thanks Dr. Here is the re-post of an infared motion link for the systems.

Link

Member Since: August 8, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 8712
Quoting CorneliaMarie:
It's a busy day in the tropical Atlantic,

and something will hit New Orleans?






Yeah, you'd better get ready to run...I figger tree or two day
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Thanks.
Member Since: November 6, 2010 Posts: 10 Comments: 7765
thanks for update doc lots a spinning going on for the weekend lets see what it all does

have a great weekend
Member Since: July 15, 2006 Posts: 168 Comments: 53285
Have not seen Texas look like this for quite some time..
Member Since: September 27, 2007 Posts: 1 Comments: 20332
11. LBAR
93L looks a hot mess right now.
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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