Hurricanes Igor and Tomas get their names retired

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 8:19 PM GMT on March 27, 2011

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The names Tomas and Igor will no longer be used to name hurricanes in the Atlantic, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) announced this March. Hurricane Igor made landfall near Cape Race, Newfoundland on September 21, 2010, and was that island's most damaging hurricane in 75 years, with $200 million in damage. Hurricane Tomas smashed through the Lesser Antilles Islands on October 30 - 31, 2010, dealing a particularly harsh blow to St. Lucia, where eight died and damage was estimated at $500 million. Tomas also killed 35 people on Haiti, and contributed to a cholera epidemic that killed thousands.


Figure 1. Little Barsway bridge 10 km north of Grand Bank, Newfoundland, after flood waters from Hurricane Igor swept it away. Image credit: George J.B. Rose.


Figure 2. MODIS satellite image of Tropical Storm Tomas taken at 10:30am EDT Saturday October 30, 2010, as the storm began lashing the Lesser Antilles. At the time, Tomas was a Category 1 hurricane with 75 mph winds. Image credit: NASA.

The retirement of hurricane names
The WMO maintains a list of hurricane names for the Atlantic and Eastern Pacific that repeats itself every six years. The names Igor and Tomas in the Atlantic would have appeared again in 2016, but will be replaced by Ian and Tobias. Each spring, the WMO meets to decide if any names should be retired from the list, due to notable death or destruction caused by one of the past season's storms. Any country that is a member of the WMO can request that a name be retired. If a country seriously affected by a hurricane does not request retirement of the name, then the name will not be retired. In the recent past, Mexico, in particular, has been reluctant to request retirement significant storms that have affected them. In 2010, two significant hurricanes affected the country, but Mexico chose not to request retirement of either: Hurricane Alex, which killed twelve people and did $1.5 billion in damage, and Hurricane Karl, which killed 22 and did $206 million in damage. Back in 2005, Mexico also did not request retirement of Hurricane Emily, which made two landfalls in Mexico as a major hurricane, destroying thousands of buildings, but not claiming any lives. A new storm named Emily will appear this year, as we are recycling the names from 2005 that were not retired (2005 holds the record for most retired names, with five.) Probably the best example of a hurricane that did not get its name retired, but deserved to, was Hurricane Gordon of 1994, which killed 1145 people on Haiti. Haiti did not send a representative to the 1995 WMO meeting when retirements for 1994 were decided. Gordon did not affect any other countries strongly enough to motivate them to request retirement, and the name Gordon will be used again in 2012.

Since Atlantic hurricanes began getting women's names in 1953, 76 names have been retired, an average of 1.3 retired names per year. The list includes one tropical storm, Allison of 2001, that caused billions in damage from its heavy rains. The storm with the most appearances so far is Arlene, which has appeared nine times: 1959, 1963, 1967, 1971, 1981, 1987, 1993, 1999, 2005. Arlene will make its tenth appearance this year. One exception to the retirement rule: before 1979, some storm names were simply dropped. For example, in 1966, Fern was substituted for Frieda, and no reason was given. Only three Eastern Pacific hurricanes have had their names retired--Hurricane Ismael of 1995, Hurricane Pauline of 1997, and Hurricane Kenna of 2002. All of these storms hit Mexico.

Cool Katrina animation
A new visualization created by Advanced Visualization Laboratory at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois shows Hurricane Katrina spinning over the Gulf of Mexico during a 36-hour period in August, 2005. The animation is part of a full-length planetarium film called Dynamic Earth screened at the Fulldome UK festival on March 12 - 13. You can see the video at the newscientist.com or DynamicEarth web sites. The video description: Trajectories follow moist air rising into intense "hot tower" thunderstorms, and trace strong winds around the eye wall; rapidly rising air is yellow, sinking air blue. The sun, moon, and stars show the passing of time. The visualization highlights Katrina's awesome power and fierce beauty.

I'll be back with a new post Tuesday or Wednesday.

Jeff Masters

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Startin' to get nasty up here in Vanderbilt Beach, FL. Some dark storm clouds and rumbles of thunder to my north.
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Miami, FL
Mon, Mar 28, 2011, 3:33 AM EDT
Local Radar Map
Updated Mar 28, 2011, 7:35am EDT
THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE HAS ISSUED SEVERE THUNDERSTORM WATCH 71 IN EFFECT UNTIL NOON EDT TODAY FOR THE FOLLOWING AREAS

IN FLORIDA THIS WATCH INCLUDES 5 COUNTIES

IN SOUTH FLORIDA

BROWARD COLLIER GLADES HENDRY PALM BEACH

THIS INCLUDES THE CITIES OF... CLEWISTON... FORT LAUDERDALE... LA BELLE... MOORE HAVEN... NAPLES AND WEST PALM BEACH.

HAIL TO 1 INCH IN DIAMETER... THUNDERSTORM WIND GUSTS TO 70 MPH... AND DANGEROUS LIGHTNING ARE POSSIBLE IN THESE AREAS.

REMEMBER... A SEVERE THUNDERSTORM WATCH MEANS CONDITIONS ARE FAVORABLE FOR SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS IN AND CLOSE TO THE WATCH AREA. PERSONS IN THESE AREAS SHOULD BE ON THE LOOKOUT FOR THREATENING WEATHER CONDITIONS AND LISTEN FOR LATER STATEMENTS AND POSSIBLE WARNINGS. SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS CAN AND OCCASIONALLY DO PRODUCE TORNADOES.


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Big temperature contrast over the CONUS...
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Quoting hydrus:
They look the same..:)


Looks like we are going to get our share now. Morning, hydrus. Your maps are just fine.

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Total precipitable water image...
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GFS 06z keeps spinning up a spurious low in early April that suddenly becomes a weather bomb and bring heavy rains and snows to the Great Lakes region.

Florida thunderstorms developed offshore in the NE GOM last night (BP spill zone?) and are now drifting onshore as severe and potentially tornadic storms over SW Florida; amazing how long they persisted.
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Quoting Ylee:
Here's Hydrus' graphic in an easier-to-digest size, no offense to the original post.....


They look the same..:)
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This separates the moist and dry air nicely..
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194. Ylee
Here's Hydrus' graphic in an easier-to-digest size, no offense to the original post.....


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Quoting surfmom:
HYDRUS --- goooood MORNING TO you!!!!! I LOVE YOUR POST!!!!!
Good morning Surmum....It is a cool pic. I am lookin at a couple more to post...
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HYDRUS --- goooood MORNING TO you!!!!! I LOVE YOUR POST!!!!!
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Florida thunderstorms can be seen from very far away....Good morning.
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Stillwaiting - can you see through the "peek hole" if SURF is UP?????
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Quoting stillwaiting:
severe t-storm watch now posted for southern fl


Morning Neighbor!!! --- happy to get the rain & booomers --but my seed trays w/ veggie seedlings were hammered pretty bad : (

Doesn't look like I'll be working horses today....wonder if those boomers will be rolling in all day?

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Member Since: July 15, 2006 Posts: 176 Comments: 55503
Possible hailers heading toward the northside of JAX.
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severe t-storm watch now posted for southern fl
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wow,quite a round of wx here on siesta key here in coastal sarasota,2.85 inches in 3hrs,local roads are flooded and theirs been steady lightning the last 3hrs aswell,what a night/morning!!.....rasta you can see brevard county from jamaica???,lol
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Quoting Ossqss:


You should balance your opinion some. Just sayin.

Here is a take on the week in review from another vantage point. Your opinion is only, and exactly just that !

http://www.sepp.org/twtwfiles/2011/TWTW%202011-3- 26.pdf

Okay, I was able to log into my computer using my "gullible" alias, thus bypassing the anti-BS software and allowing me to download the latest issue of Singer's TWTW to which you linked. I will distill it down for those who would rather not bother:

A) The tsunami that crippled Fukushima was completely unforeseeable(1). Because of that, any issues should be dismissed, and besides, the radiation leaking out is no big deal; everyone needs to just calm down and step back and let Big Nuclear build more plants.

B) Singer apologizes for his ignorance of the logarithmic properties of the Richter scale(2).

C) The EPA is unnecessarily trying to force regulation upon the coal industry, as "mercury [from coal plants] is not an issue in the United States". Everyone needs to just calm down and step back and let Big Energy pollute at will.

D) Last year's BP oil spill was a mere couple of hundred million gallons, a small amount in the overall scheme of things. Furthermore, the blow-out preventer almost worked in shutting off the gusher; as such, everyone needs to just calm down and step back and let Big Oil continue using that model of BOP as-is; no expensive design changes are needed.

E) "Defenders" of the Global warming "orthodoxy" are engaged in an "Orwellian" attempt to hide from the public the fact that CO2 is "a non-toxic gas, essential for life, that cannot be verified as a toxin by standard scientific tests".(3) Everyone needs to just calm down and step back and let Big Energy belch this beneficial gas into the atmosphere.

F) The rest of the paper is devoted to links to articles in mostly conservative rags showing how the planet is cooling, CO2 is good for us, the EPA is evil, Big Energy loves us all, nuclear meltdowns are really no big deal, radiation is normal and good, worries about fracking are overblown, and Obama is a socialist.

NOTES:
1 - Not true; at least one scientist told TEPCO two years ago of the danger posed by a tsunami. The scientist was dismissed as his warnings were considered "alarmist".

2 - The Richter scale is no longer used by scientists, having been supplanted years ago by the more accurate and telling moment magnitude scale. But not being a scientists himself, Singer is forgiven for this inaccuracy.

3 - Not many are attempting to claim CO2 is a toxin (as, say, mercury), so I'm not sure where Singer is going with this line of "reasoning".
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Severe thunderstorm warning for Brevard County. I can tell you lots of cloud to cloud lightning looking south right now.
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isnt igor the one reed man had right over everyones house? that character has been hiding out winter 2010-11
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g'morning dayshift- a chance for some showers in NE Fla(sorry Rasta, it's not our time yet for severe)

Word of the day: "dynamism"

Thanks Skyepony!
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St. Petersburg / Clea
Lat: 27.91 Lon: -82.69 Elev: 10
Last Update on Mar 28, 4:53 am EDT

Heavy Rain Fog/Mist and Windy

70 °F
(21 °C)
Humidity: 93 %
Wind Speed: SE 26 G 33 MPH
Barometer: 29.83" (1010.1 mb)
Dewpoint: 68 °F (20 °C)
Visibility: 4.00 mi.
More Local Wx: 3 Day History:
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179. HadesGodWyvern (Mod)
Tropical Cyclone Warning Center Wellington
Tropical Cyclone Bulletin
SEVERE TROPICAL CYCLONE BUNE
19:00 PM NZDT March 28 2011
================================

At 6:00 AM UTC, Severe Tropical Cyclone Bune (970 hPa) located at 28.4S 177.9W has 10 minute sustained winds of 65 knots. The cyclone is reported as moving southeast at 15 knots.

Hurricane Force Winds
=====================
30 NM from the center

Storm Force Winds
====================
100 NM from the center

Gale Force Winds
=================
200 NM from the center in sector from northeast through southeast to west
160 NM from the center in sector from west through north to northeast
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Freshwater Content of Upper Arctic Ocean Increased 20 Percent Since 1990s, Large-Scale Assessment Finds

ScienceDaily (Mar. 27, 2011)- The freshwater content of the upper Arctic Ocean has increased by about 20 percent since the 1990s, according to a new large-scale assessment. This corresponds to a rise of approximately 8,400 cubic kilometres and has the same magnitude as the volume of freshwater annually exported on average from this marine region in liquid or frozen form.


Freshwater Content of the Arctic Ocean: Differences in the mean salinity of the Arctic Ocean above the 34 isohaline between 2006 to 2008 and 1992 to 1999. Negative values are shown in yellow, green, and blue and stand for an increase of freshwater. (Credit: Benjamin Rabe, Alfred Wegener Institute)

Link
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In fact, I actually like you as a poster. So hopefully one day you will open up to me and we can be on better terms.
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Quoting TampaSpin:
minus minus

so you didn't even ignore me? You pretended to ignore me but then didn't so that you could minus all of my posts in hopes nobody could see my posts again? That's just plain mean.

I'm just curious, what do you have against me? I never did anything to you. Nothing.
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Quoting Skyepony:
NWS Gives a glimpse of the reality to be if they get the cuts GOP are working toward...

Impact of Loss of US Polar-orbiting Satellite Data
on Nation’s High-Impact Weather Forecast Capability
(A Case Study of the February 5-6, 2010 East Coast Storm)

(March 23, 2011) Data from NOAA’s JPSS polar orbiting satellites provide essential information for severe storm warnings, medium- and long-term weather forecasting. This satellite information is used in forecasts provided by meteorologists across the country. Loss of this information will clearly affect the quality of the forecast to your viewers.


These satellites also used for U.S. civilian and military use in the United States and around the world, including search and rescue efforts and weather forecasts for Alaska and other remote areas.

In anticipation of the loss of these satellites, models were run to show the impact of the loss of the afternoon polar-orbiting satellite data on severe storm warnings. The impact was assessed by comparing forecasts produced by the National Center for Environmental Prediction model for the 2010 winter storm "Snowmaggedon" on February 5-6, 2010 and is provided in the link below.


That's terrible
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Quoting TampaSpin:



Not that i have the ability to do this but, with some its better to just ignore. I hit the - symbol on somes every post just to get them hidden.

Oh like how you ignored me because you couldn't realize your own error?

Quoting Ossqss:


Truly laughable..... You have definitively shown how extreme you are by virtue of dismissing dozens of articles similar to that of what you preach. Yep, preach! I will leave your animosity on the side for now.

May your knowledge and confidence grow in sync, in the future.

what I'm guessing Nea meant is that he is unbiased when judging things

His posts and articles may not reflect that, but that's doesn't mean he is unbiased.

Take this nuclear meltdown fiasco as an example. First you see statements saying we have nothing to worry about. Then you see bad news saying something completely contradictory. knowing Tepco is a company, it would make sense that they are trying to obscure the truth. So Nea makes posts accordingly
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the really over nite severe stuff still appears to be heading toward Central Mississippi ana Central Alabama.
Member Since: September 2, 2007 Posts: 179 Comments: 20448
DAY 1 CONVECTIVE OUTLOOK
NWS STORM PREDICTION CENTER NORMAN OK
0800 PM CDT SUN MAR 27 2011

VALID 280100Z - 281200Z

...THERE IS A SLGT RISK OF SVR TSTMS ACROSS THE NERN GULF COAST
STATES...

...THERE IS A SLGT RISK OF SVR TSTMS ACROSS SRN AR/NRN LA EWD TO
PARTS OF WRN AL...

...NERN GULF COAST STATES...
THE LOSS OF DAYTIME HEATING IS RESULTING IN AN INCREASE IN SBCINH.
THIS COMBINED WITH GREATER FORCING FOR ASCENT SPREADING OFFSHORE THE
SRN ATLANTIC COAST WITH A PROGRESSIVE MIDLEVEL TROUGH IS SUPPORTING
A DECREASE IN OVERALL CONVECTION AND ROBUST TSTMS. FOR ADDITIONAL
SHORT TERM DETAILS RELATED TO WW 69...REFER TO ATTENDANT SPC
MESOSCALE DISCUSSIONS.

MEANWHILE...MODELS SUGGEST A COMPOSITE OUTFLOW BOUNDARY ATTENDANT TO
ONGOING STORMS OVER SERN GA AND EARLIER ACTIVITY FARTHER WWD WILL
SETTLE SLOWLY SWD OVERNIGHT INTO NRN FL. SWLY FLOW INTO THE FL
PANHANDLE AND NRN/CENTRAL FL WILL SUPPORT MOISTENING OF THE AIR MASS
AND MAINTAIN A WEAK CAP. MODELS SUGGEST A WEAK MIDLEVEL IMPULSE
EMBEDDED WITHIN A MOISTURE STREAM OVER THE NRN GULF THROUGH FL
SHOULD APPROACH NRN FL OVERNIGHT. CURRENT LIGHTNING PRODUCTION OVER
THE NERN GULF OF MEXICO MAY BE ATTENDANT TO THE FORCING WITH THIS
FEATURE. MODELS SUGGEST AN AREA OF CONVECTION/TSTMS WILL MOVE
ASHORE ACROSS PART OF THE FL PANHANDLE AND NWRN FL BETWEEN
09-12Z...WITH FORECAST SOUNDINGS SUGGESTING LOW LEVEL AND DEEP LAYER
SHEAR SUFFICIENT FOR STORM ORGANIZATION AND AN ATTENDANT AN ISOLATED
TORNADO AND DAMAGING WIND THREAT. THUS...A SLIGHT RISK AREA HAS
BEEN ADDED ACROSS PARTS OF THE NRN HALF OF FL.

...NRN LA/SRN AR EWD ACROSS MS TO WRN AL...
WATER VAPOR IMAGERY SHOWED A PROGRESSIVE SHORTWAVE TROUGH MOVING EWD
FROM KS/OK EARLY THIS EVENING...WITH THIS FEATURE EXPECTED TO REACH
THE TN VALLEY BY 12Z MONDAY. 60-70 KT WLY MIDLEVEL JET ACCOMPANYING
THIS FEATURE COMBINED WITH LOW LEVEL MASS FIELD RESPONSE
/STRENGTHENING SWLY LLJ 30-35 KT INTO THE MID SOUTH TONIGHT/ WILL
SUPPORT AN INCREASE IN EFFECTIVE BULK SHEAR. SHEAR VALUES TO 50
KT...ELEVATED MODERATE INSTABILITY /MUCAPE 1500-2000 J PER KG
OBSERVED AT JAN/SHV 00Z SOUNDINGS/...AND STEEP MIDLEVEL LAPSE RATES
/7.5-8 C PER KM/ SUGGEST A THREAT FOR SEVERE HAIL AS ADDITIONAL
STORMS DEVELOP OVERNIGHT. 12Z 4KM WRF-NMM AND 18Z OPERATIONAL
MODELS SUGGEST CONVECTION SHOULD DEVELOP OVER SRN AR/NRN LA AND
SPREAD EWD OVERNIGHT THROUGH MS TO WRN AL LATE TONIGHT. GIVEN THESE
FACTORS...THE SLIGHT RISK HAS BEEN MAINTAINED FOR PORTIONS OF THIS
REGION AND EXPANDED SOME INTO NERN MS/NWRN AL.







See, the SPC mentions that they added a severe risk in anticipation of the disturbance bringing convection into the Panhandle and North Florida, the problem is, that disturbance appears to be headed more into the Tampa Bay area now. When this risk was issued at 8:00 PM, it did appear the bulk was going to be in North Florida. However, I don't know about you but it sure looks like to me the convective focus is gonna end up further south into West Central Florida instead.
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Quoting TampaSpin:


Yep, this first round of rain is not the severe stuff but just a bunch of rain it appears. The severe stuff arrives it appears Saturday/Sunday!


Yeah forecasters aren't really making a big deal about the severe threat by later in the week because they need to focus on the short term first, plus, as professionals they gotta go Conservative. However they have mentioned the GFS has been right so far and is the most consistent, so we shouldn't throw out the wild GFS depiction of a deep system bringing a pretty significant severe threat into North and Central Florida!

As for tonight I agree, mostly just heavy rain into tomorrow. PW's have now soared to tropical wet season levels around 2.00 inches. Thermodynamic profiles and fairly steep low level lapse rates will still warrant a slight risk of severe weather into tomorrow.

I'm not knocking the SPC but their secondary slight risk in Florida appears placed too high cause the MCS is headed further south more into West Central Florida. But nobody's perfect. We are pretty much in a slight risk anyway based on atmospheric profiles that support it here.
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Quoting RastaSteve:


Hi Tampa, that disturbance in Arkansas will be the one causes thunderstorms to explode over the eastern Gulf and FL. C FL especially Tampa to Cedar Key better watch out because these storms could get very ugly come daybreak. Also this front appears to wonna stall out over C FL for days and could be the focus of maybe 10" of rain across the I-4 corridor by end of business Friday. However S FL may only get just seabreeze storms in the afternoons.


The NWS in TBW is very conservative but they finally bumped up late tonight/tomorrows forecast to numerous thunderstorms with widespread 1 to 2 inch amounts.


If the GFS is right severe weather could be a bigger issue by the end of the period.


One ting is for sure, looks like we got some dry season excitement this week :)
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Quoting Jedkins01:


My Gosh a QPF forecast of 4.2 over me and its the end of April?

This week is gonna be a week of El Nino, this is normally the driest time of year, but I'm a weather geek so this is the stuff the drives my passion, heavy thunderstorms!

I sure hope it verifies... Looking at the intensifying MCS developing and headed towards West Central Florida, all this talk of significant rainfall and thunderstorms by the models may just be turning out after all!

If overnight into tomorrow gets as frisky as the GFS has been saying, the next system at the end of the period is gonna be an even bigger rain maker and maybe severe. Time will tell, remember to watch model guidance closely cause the GFS consistently develops a deep gulf low later in the period bringing a mean outbreak out strong storms into Florida.

I wouldn't be freaking out about severe weather, but do keep an eye out cause the potential exists things could get a lot nastier.


Yep, this first round of rain is not the severe stuff but just a bunch of rain it appears. The severe stuff arrives it appears Saturday/Sunday!
Member Since: September 2, 2007 Posts: 179 Comments: 20448
Quoting TampaSpin:




My Gosh a QPF forecast of 4.2 over me and its the end of April?

This week is gonna be a week of El Nino, this is normally the driest time of year, but I'm a weather geek so this is the stuff the drives my passion, heavy thunderstorms!

I sure hope it verifies... Looking at the intensifying MCS developing and headed towards West Central Florida, all this talk of significant rainfall and thunderstorms by the models may just be turning out after all!

If overnight into tomorrow gets as frisky as the GFS has been saying, the next system at the end of the period is gonna be an even bigger rain maker and maybe severe. Time will tell, remember to watch model guidance closely cause the GFS consistently develops a deep gulf low later in the period bringing a mean outbreak out strong storms into Florida.

I wouldn't be freaking out about severe weather, but do keep an eye out cause the potential exists things could get a lot nastier.
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166. Skyepony (Mod)
BILOXI, Mississippi -- The U.S. government is keeping a tight lid on its probe into scores of unexplained dolphin deaths along the Gulf Coast, possibly connected to last year's BP oil spill, causing tension with some independent marine scientists.
Member Since: August 10, 2005 Posts: 207 Comments: 39035
Quoting Ossqss:


Truly laughable..... You have definitively shown how extreme you are by virtue of dismissing dozens of articles similar to that of what you preach. Yep, preach! I will leave your animosity on the side for now.

May your knowledge and confidence grow in sync, in the future.




Not that i have the ability to do this but, with some its better to just ignore. I hit the - symbol on somes every post just to get them hidden.
Member Since: September 2, 2007 Posts: 179 Comments: 20448
Quoting Neapolitan:

Ummm...sorry to tell you, but that was a quote from a Japanese news source, not my opinion (which, by the way is extremely well-balanced--just not in the direction of professional corporate liars).

BTW: I tried to download that PDF to which you linked, but my new anti-BS software wouldn't allow me to do so. (Fred Singer? Seriously?)


Truly laughable..... You have definitively shown how extreme you are by virtue of dismissing dozens of articles similar to that of what you preach. Yep, preach! I will leave your animosity on the side for now.

May your knowledge and confidence grow in sync, in the future.

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
163. Skyepony (Mod)

Quoting jasoniscoolman2011x:
look like a eye to me!!



Not sure what is up with ADT on CIMSS shows 2.5. NOAA has it at a 3.5.
Member Since: August 10, 2005 Posts: 207 Comments: 39035
162. Skyepony (Mod)
Study finds wind speeds rose over world's oceans
AP
By RANDOLPH E. SCHMID, AP Science Writer Randolph E. Schmid, Ap Science Writer %u2013 Thu Mar 24, 3:43 pm ET

WASHINGTON %u2013 During the last quarter-century, average wind speeds have increased over the world's oceans, as have wave heights, generating rougher seas, researchers reported in a study published online Thursday.

Since faster winds cause more evaporation, the increase could lead to more water vapor in the air, compounding any increase from global warming and providing added moisture for rain. Generally, that means a higher chance for rainfall.

Researchers led by Ian Young of Swinburne University of Technology in Australia report in the journal Science that over a 23-year period, average wind speed over the oceans rose by 0.25 percent per year.

The proportion of increase in wave height was less than for wind speed, the researchers noted, while the increase for extreme winds was more than for average winds.

The researchers said the higher winds aren't necessarily the result of global warming.

But Eugene S. Takle, director of the climate science program at Iowa State University, and not part of Young's research team, noted that evaporation rises with higher wind speeds, so the result would be more moisture in the air even without global warming. And the warming shown in many studies would also increase evaporation.

Just two years ago, Takle and colleagues published a study of wind speeds over land showing a decrease, rather than the increase Young's team found in its measurements from satellites and buoys. Young studied satellite records from 1985 to 2010, though records for 1990-91 were not available because of satellite problems.

"I don't think these results provide a clear contradiction to our findings of declining wind speeds over land, since measurements are made in different environments," said Takle.

He noted that the day-to-night changes in temperature are different over land than over water and the boundary layer %u2014 the portion of the atmosphere that most closely interacts with the surface %u2014 is generally thicker over land than water.

___

Online: http://www.sciencemag.org
Member Since: August 10, 2005 Posts: 207 Comments: 39035
Quoting TampaSpin:


Not that i know of, i CC myself when i send something i want to remember.


Yeah. I guess I'll have to do that if I want to remember any that I send. I was just sure that there was a "Sent" folder. I guess I'm just used to having one from other e-mail systems. Thanks for the reply.

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look like a eye to me!!
Member Since: March 11, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 115
159. Skyepony (Mod)
NWS Gives a glimpse of the reality to be if they get the cuts GOP are working toward...

Impact of Loss of US Polar-orbiting Satellite Data
on Nation’s High-Impact Weather Forecast Capability
(A Case Study of the February 5-6, 2010 East Coast Storm)

(March 23, 2011) Data from NOAA’s JPSS polar orbiting satellites provide essential information for severe storm warnings, medium- and long-term weather forecasting. This satellite information is used in forecasts provided by meteorologists across the country. Loss of this information will clearly affect the quality of the forecast to your viewers.


These satellites also used for U.S. civilian and military use in the United States and around the world, including search and rescue efforts and weather forecasts for Alaska and other remote areas.

In anticipation of the loss of these satellites, models were run to show the impact of the loss of the afternoon polar-orbiting satellite data on severe storm warnings. The impact was assessed by comparing forecasts produced by the National Center for Environmental Prediction model for the 2010 winter storm "Snowmaggedon" on February 5-6, 2010 and is provided in the link below.

Member Since: August 10, 2005 Posts: 207 Comments: 39035

strong>wow!! hurricane igor was a bad hurricane
Member Since: March 11, 2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 115
Quoting Ossqss:


You should balance your opinion some. Just sayin.

Here is a take on the week in review from another vantage point. Your opinion is only, and exactly just that !

http://www.sepp.org/twtwfiles/2011/TWTW%202011-3- 26.pdf

Ummm...sorry to tell you, but that was a quote from a Japanese news source, not my opinion (which, by the way is extremely well-balanced--just not in the direction of professional corporate liars).

BTW: I tried to download that PDF to which you linked, but my new anti-BS software wouldn't allow me to do so. (Fred Singer? Seriously?)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting sirmaelstrom:
A quick question to anyone who may know:

Is there a way to access WU-mails that you have sent? I though there was a folder with those, but I can't find it on either the new or classic version. I may be mistaken; I rarely send or recieve WU-mails. Thanks in advance.


Not that i know of, i CC myself when i send something i want to remember.
Member Since: September 2, 2007 Posts: 179 Comments: 20448
A quick question to anyone who may know:

Is there a way to access WU-mails that you have sent? I thought there was a folder with those, but I can't find it on either the new or classic version. I may be mistaken; I rarely send or recieve WU-mails. Thanks in advance.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Grothar:


That bad weather keeps slipping further South every time you post it. Wassup?



Sorry Gro. My son brought me a steak n Cheese foot long sub....that was more important.......LOL...hey brother. Hope all is well.
Member Since: September 2, 2007 Posts: 179 Comments: 20448

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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.