Hurricanes Igor and Tomas get their names retired

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 8:19 PM GMT on March 27, 2011

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The names Tomas and Igor will no longer be used to name hurricanes in the Atlantic, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) announced this March. Hurricane Igor made landfall near Cape Race, Newfoundland on September 21, 2010, and was that island's most damaging hurricane in 75 years, with $200 million in damage. Hurricane Tomas smashed through the Lesser Antilles Islands on October 30 - 31, 2010, dealing a particularly harsh blow to St. Lucia, where eight died and damage was estimated at $500 million. Tomas also killed 35 people on Haiti, and contributed to a cholera epidemic that killed thousands.


Figure 1. Little Barsway bridge 10 km north of Grand Bank, Newfoundland, after flood waters from Hurricane Igor swept it away. Image credit: George J.B. Rose.


Figure 2. MODIS satellite image of Tropical Storm Tomas taken at 10:30am EDT Saturday October 30, 2010, as the storm began lashing the Lesser Antilles. At the time, Tomas was a Category 1 hurricane with 75 mph winds. Image credit: NASA.

The retirement of hurricane names
The WMO maintains a list of hurricane names for the Atlantic and Eastern Pacific that repeats itself every six years. The names Igor and Tomas in the Atlantic would have appeared again in 2016, but will be replaced by Ian and Tobias. Each spring, the WMO meets to decide if any names should be retired from the list, due to notable death or destruction caused by one of the past season's storms. Any country that is a member of the WMO can request that a name be retired. If a country seriously affected by a hurricane does not request retirement of the name, then the name will not be retired. In the recent past, Mexico, in particular, has been reluctant to request retirement significant storms that have affected them. In 2010, two significant hurricanes affected the country, but Mexico chose not to request retirement of either: Hurricane Alex, which killed twelve people and did $1.5 billion in damage, and Hurricane Karl, which killed 22 and did $206 million in damage. Back in 2005, Mexico also did not request retirement of Hurricane Emily, which made two landfalls in Mexico as a major hurricane, destroying thousands of buildings, but not claiming any lives. A new storm named Emily will appear this year, as we are recycling the names from 2005 that were not retired (2005 holds the record for most retired names, with five.) Probably the best example of a hurricane that did not get its name retired, but deserved to, was Hurricane Gordon of 1994, which killed 1145 people on Haiti. Haiti did not send a representative to the 1995 WMO meeting when retirements for 1994 were decided. Gordon did not affect any other countries strongly enough to motivate them to request retirement, and the name Gordon will be used again in 2012.

Since Atlantic hurricanes began getting women's names in 1953, 76 names have been retired, an average of 1.3 retired names per year. The list includes one tropical storm, Allison of 2001, that caused billions in damage from its heavy rains. The storm with the most appearances so far is Arlene, which has appeared nine times: 1959, 1963, 1967, 1971, 1981, 1987, 1993, 1999, 2005. Arlene will make its tenth appearance this year. One exception to the retirement rule: before 1979, some storm names were simply dropped. For example, in 1966, Fern was substituted for Frieda, and no reason was given. Only three Eastern Pacific hurricanes have had their names retired--Hurricane Ismael of 1995, Hurricane Pauline of 1997, and Hurricane Kenna of 2002. All of these storms hit Mexico.

Cool Katrina animation
A new visualization created by Advanced Visualization Laboratory at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois shows Hurricane Katrina spinning over the Gulf of Mexico during a 36-hour period in August, 2005. The animation is part of a full-length planetarium film called Dynamic Earth screened at the Fulldome UK festival on March 12 - 13. You can see the video at the newscientist.com or DynamicEarth web sites. The video description: Trajectories follow moist air rising into intense "hot tower" thunderstorms, and trace strong winds around the eye wall; rapidly rising air is yellow, sinking air blue. The sun, moon, and stars show the passing of time. The visualization highlights Katrina's awesome power and fierce beauty.

I'll be back with a new post Tuesday or Wednesday.

Jeff Masters

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The 2011 AccuWeather Hurricane Forecast is just as accurate as TEPCO reporting on Nuke sites
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353. xcool
http://www.accuweather.com/video/863018679001/sneak -preview-2011-atlantic-h.asp


2011 Atlantic Hurricane Season Forecast


15-8-3
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Rita PATH type storm path?
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And what is in the path of those 2 states?

OIL RIGS
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Quoting RitaEvac:
This post has no merit but....looking at it and thinking what is the only drought buster that comes to mind?

I would say a major cane for the upper TX and SW LA coast this season...

I'd be content with a TS that doesn't stall out.
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Quoting RitaEvac:
I would say the red color zone will be surging towards Houston and Harris county very soon

Yep.

I am VERY happy I got sprinklers installed this year - will conserve quite a bit of water versus manual sprinklers.
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This post has no merit but....looking at it and thinking what is the only drought buster that comes to mind?

I would say a major cane for the upper TX and SW LA coast this season...

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Quoting NRAamy:
or...

D. they are Cyclone Oz....

;)

Nah, that falls more under B, with some A thrown in for good measure.
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I would say the red color zone will be surging towards Houston and Harris county very soon
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Get a sneak preview of the AccuWeather.com 2011 Atlantic Hurricane Season Forecast, which will be released on AccuWeather.com on Wednesday, March 30.They are predicting 15 named storms,8 to become hurricanes,and 3 to become major hurricanes.

Link
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wa... wa...water....water please here in TX. I'm sorry for the Delusional posts...water
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or...

D. they are Cyclone Oz....

;)
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Wow, it is so nice to get some rain here in the Orlando area. Every day its been sunny and in the 80s (92 yesterday), it gets boring. I also just heard a bit of thunder. Are there still indications of a severe weather event for Florida late this week?
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I'm in complete understanding of what's going on this coming hurricane season.
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Quoting asgolfr999:


That's ok jeff, come June 1 you will realise that that puts you in the company of many! :-)

Very true.

Once hurricane season gets rolling, anyone who says that they are in complete understanding of what is going on is:
A. Lying
B. Delusional
C. a certified met that specializes in tropical cyclones

Since C is rather lacking here on the blog, I think the vast majority of the bloggers here fall into either A, B, or D, which is "people who know they don't know everything about the tropics, but wants to learn more".
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Quoting MILLERTIME1:
DR M,

How can anything be cool about Katrina?


The animation, not the storm
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Quoting jeffs713:

Hi, my name is jeffs713, and I have no clue whats going on...

Sorry to everyone... my bad.


That's ok jeff, come June 1 you will realise that that puts you in the company of many! :-)
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Quoting NRAamy:
jeff... it was cold and rainy all weekend... cold and gray today... no rain today, yet....

we need the rain, just not so much all at once... can you say MUD SLIDES?!

Blah. Feel free to send the rain this way... Based on soil moisture, we can take 4-5 inches easy before there are any flooding concerns.
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Quoting NRAamy:
I'd leave the country if I was from there.

Probably easier said than done for most people.... lack of money.... lack of transportation... lack of an infrastructure due to the damage....


Yea I'd be screwed, I'd make sure I was upwind the whole time
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334. beell
SPC drops the "SLIGHT" risk for OK & FL and replaces with a lesser "SEE TEXT" on the 11AM CDT DAY 1. Must be lunch time.

click for text
Member Since: September 11, 2007 Posts: 143 Comments: 16735
jeff... it was cold and rainy all weekend... cold and gray today... no rain today, yet....

we need the rain, just not so much all at once... can you say MUD SLIDES?!
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Quoting NRAamy:
hi jeff...

:)

Howdy! How is the weather over there in SoCal?
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It's overcast!!!

NWSCentralFloridaBlog



Yay! Thunder!
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hi jeff...

:)
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I'd leave the country if I was from there.

Probably easier said than done for most people.... lack of money.... lack of transportation... lack of an infrastructure due to the damage....
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328. beell
Surface wave/mesolow near Tallahassee at present with a boundary extending E to JAX.

Current RUC analysis puts this area under 40 knots shear and at least 1500 J/kg SBCAPE. Any capping is disappearing pretty quick.

May be an area to watch this afternoon.

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Quoting MILLERTIME1:
DR M,

How can anything be cool about Katrina?

In this context, "cool" is meant to say "visually impressive", not anything further.
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Quoting RitaEvac:
I'm tuned out of Japan, bunch of useless and inaccurate info coming outta there. I'd leave the country if I was from there. Gonna be a lotta dead people near those nuke sites

Yep. I think a lot of people are hiding the truth out of pride, and fear for their careers. Combine that with the fact that we simply don't know a lot of information (there are likely places that nobody can go, due to damage or extreme radiation), and you have a recipe for disaster.
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DR M,

How can anything be cool about Katrina?
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The way those reports keep coming out like that, I'd walk off the job and say hell with it, if their gonna lie and keep hiding info mind as well let the whole site crash and burn and sue the hell outta them into bankruptcy
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I'm tuned out of Japan, bunch of useless and inaccurate info coming outta there. I'd leave the country if I was from there. Gonna be a lotta dead people near those nuke sites
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Quoting sunlinepr:
Japan says plutonium found at Fukushima
24 mins ago

TOKYO (Reuters) – Plutonium has been found in soil at various points within Japan's stricken Fukushima Daiichi nuclear complex but does not present a risk to human health, operator Tokyo Electric Power Co (TEPCO) said on Monday.

TEPCO vice-president Sakae Muto told journalists at the company's latest briefing that test results showing the plutonium came from samples taken a week ago.

It was the latest bad news from the plant, where evidence of radiation has been mounting and engineers face a protracted battle to control reactors damaged by an earthquake and tsunami on March 11.

(Reporting by Yoko Nishikawa; Writing by Andrew Cawthorne; Editing by Michael Roddy)

The more we hear from Fukushima, the more I get the feeling that they had a core breach two weeks ago, and they just didn't tell anyone out of pride. Between the neutron beams from the plant, the high levels of radiation, and now plutonium on-site... yeah...
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Quoting Tazmanian:
with the wet season starting in FL that means dry season sould be starting in CA



Hey Taz Florida is still in the dry season, its just our dry season isn't desert dry like it is in California, we still get occasionally stormy periods. Rainfall here is a lot more abundant than in CA. That pretty much goes for the rest of the Eastern US as well.



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Japan says plutonium found at Fukushima
24 mins ago

TOKYO (Reuters) - Plutonium has been found in soil at various points within Japan's stricken Fukushima Daiichi nuclear complex but does not present a risk to human health, operator Tokyo Electric Power Co (TEPCO) said on Monday. ???

TEPCO vice-president Sakae Muto told journalists at the company's latest briefing that test results showing the plutonium came from samples taken a week ago.

It was the latest bad news from the plant, where evidence of radiation has been mounting and engineers face a protracted battle to control reactors damaged by an earthquake and tsunami on March 11.

(Reporting by Yoko Nishikawa; Writing by Andrew Cawthorne; Editing by Michael Roddy)
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Quoting hydrus:
The NAM shows rain for Texas...Link

Nothing near enough... it only shows .25-.5 inches.
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The NAM shows rain for Texas...Link
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317. beell
Iz cool Jeffs. Had to save it off to the desktop and enlarge it on this laptop to tell.

Also did not expect to see much CAPE here so it was a suprise to me. SLIGHT risk area in OK is for elevated convection late this evening. Still could produce some hail/wind.
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Quoting TampaSpin:


The heating of the day over land will causes some instability. Anywhere the sun might shine for a period could become very active. But, not likely to see anything as a Tornado activity this round tho.


You're right. The main severe threat today will be winds and hail, I don't see a whole lot of support for tornadoes. The upper disturbances sweeping through combined with high moisture and decent lapse rates will still support some severe thunderstorms.

Some of those cells out in the gulf are severe cells with the new MCS, with daytime heating, intensity of storms should shift to land areas.
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Quoting beell:


Too bad it is a chart of the 850mb winds and Warm Air Advection (WAA).

Hi, my name is jeffs713, and I have no clue whats going on...

Sorry to everyone... my bad.
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313. beell
Quoting jeffs713:

Ouch. Thats a lot of CAPE sitting in the panhandle of TX.


Too bad it is a chart of the 850mb winds and Warm Air Advection (WAA).
Member Since: September 11, 2007 Posts: 143 Comments: 16735
Get a sneak preview of the AccuWeather.com 2011 Atlantic Hurricane Season Forecast, which will be released on AccuWeather.com on Wednesday, March 30.They are predicting 15 named storms,8 to become hurricanes,and 3 to become major hurricanes.

Link
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Quoting beell:


Just keep in mind you are looking at a morning sounding reflecting an atmosphere that has been greatly modified by the passage of last night's MCS.

While I agree the severe risk looks limited, there is some time for recovery.


The heating of the day over land will causes some instability. Anywhere the sun might shine for a period could become very active. But, not likely to see anything as a Tornado activity this round tho.
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Quoting TampaSpin:
Watch North Texas as a NEW DRY LINE is developing! That area will likely explode this afternoon!




SPC is seeing the same thing!



One can see the North Texas upcoming problems coming here also.

Ouch. Thats a lot of CAPE sitting in the panhandle of TX.
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Quoting beell:


Just keep in mind you are looking at a morning sounding reflecting an atmosphere that has been greatly modified by the passage of lat night's MCS.

While I agree the severe risk looks limited, there is some time for recovery.

Oh, I know, and I agree. At the same time, based on what they had to work with from this morning, the MCS wouldn't change things THAT much. If Tampa had Miami's sounding, and then had the MCS modify the atmosphere, I would be singing a different tune.
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Watch North Texas as a NEW DRY LINE is developing! That area will likely explode this afternoon!




SPC is seeing the same thing!



One can see the North Texas upcoming problems coming here also.
Member Since: September 2, 2007 Posts: 178 Comments: 20443
305. beell
Quoting jeffs713:

Tampa's sounding from this morning

They are steep, but not awe-inspiring. CAPE is rather low, and while PW is high (1.93"), shear is very low, and I just don't see huge instability in the atmosphere. There is some, but nothing severe-level.


Just keep in mind you are looking at a morning sounding reflecting an atmosphere that has been greatly modified by the passage of last night's MCS.

While I agree the severe risk looks limited, there is some time for recovery.
Member Since: September 11, 2007 Posts: 143 Comments: 16735
(surface temps, dewpoints, lapse rates, winds at multiple levels, PW, and forcing all go into how much energy is available)

Whatever, just drop the rain thunderstorm, the water is more valuble than your dynamics
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.