Hurricanes Igor and Tomas get their names retired

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 8:19 PM GMT on March 27, 2011

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The names Tomas and Igor will no longer be used to name hurricanes in the Atlantic, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) announced this March. Hurricane Igor made landfall near Cape Race, Newfoundland on September 21, 2010, and was that island's most damaging hurricane in 75 years, with $200 million in damage. Hurricane Tomas smashed through the Lesser Antilles Islands on October 30 - 31, 2010, dealing a particularly harsh blow to St. Lucia, where eight died and damage was estimated at $500 million. Tomas also killed 35 people on Haiti, and contributed to a cholera epidemic that killed thousands.


Figure 1. Little Barsway bridge 10 km north of Grand Bank, Newfoundland, after flood waters from Hurricane Igor swept it away. Image credit: George J.B. Rose.


Figure 2. MODIS satellite image of Tropical Storm Tomas taken at 10:30am EDT Saturday October 30, 2010, as the storm began lashing the Lesser Antilles. At the time, Tomas was a Category 1 hurricane with 75 mph winds. Image credit: NASA.

The retirement of hurricane names
The WMO maintains a list of hurricane names for the Atlantic and Eastern Pacific that repeats itself every six years. The names Igor and Tomas in the Atlantic would have appeared again in 2016, but will be replaced by Ian and Tobias. Each spring, the WMO meets to decide if any names should be retired from the list, due to notable death or destruction caused by one of the past season's storms. Any country that is a member of the WMO can request that a name be retired. If a country seriously affected by a hurricane does not request retirement of the name, then the name will not be retired. In the recent past, Mexico, in particular, has been reluctant to request retirement significant storms that have affected them. In 2010, two significant hurricanes affected the country, but Mexico chose not to request retirement of either: Hurricane Alex, which killed twelve people and did $1.5 billion in damage, and Hurricane Karl, which killed 22 and did $206 million in damage. Back in 2005, Mexico also did not request retirement of Hurricane Emily, which made two landfalls in Mexico as a major hurricane, destroying thousands of buildings, but not claiming any lives. A new storm named Emily will appear this year, as we are recycling the names from 2005 that were not retired (2005 holds the record for most retired names, with five.) Probably the best example of a hurricane that did not get its name retired, but deserved to, was Hurricane Gordon of 1994, which killed 1145 people on Haiti. Haiti did not send a representative to the 1995 WMO meeting when retirements for 1994 were decided. Gordon did not affect any other countries strongly enough to motivate them to request retirement, and the name Gordon will be used again in 2012.

Since Atlantic hurricanes began getting women's names in 1953, 76 names have been retired, an average of 1.3 retired names per year. The list includes one tropical storm, Allison of 2001, that caused billions in damage from its heavy rains. The storm with the most appearances so far is Arlene, which has appeared nine times: 1959, 1963, 1967, 1971, 1981, 1987, 1993, 1999, 2005. Arlene will make its tenth appearance this year. One exception to the retirement rule: before 1979, some storm names were simply dropped. For example, in 1966, Fern was substituted for Frieda, and no reason was given. Only three Eastern Pacific hurricanes have had their names retired--Hurricane Ismael of 1995, Hurricane Pauline of 1997, and Hurricane Kenna of 2002. All of these storms hit Mexico.

Cool Katrina animation
A new visualization created by Advanced Visualization Laboratory at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois shows Hurricane Katrina spinning over the Gulf of Mexico during a 36-hour period in August, 2005. The animation is part of a full-length planetarium film called Dynamic Earth screened at the Fulldome UK festival on March 12 - 13. You can see the video at the newscientist.com or DynamicEarth web sites. The video description: Trajectories follow moist air rising into intense "hot tower" thunderstorms, and trace strong winds around the eye wall; rapidly rising air is yellow, sinking air blue. The sun, moon, and stars show the passing of time. The visualization highlights Katrina's awesome power and fierce beauty.

I'll be back with a new post Tuesday or Wednesday.

Jeff Masters

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Quoting stormwatcherCI:
I beg to differ. The Cayman Islands are located right in the NW Caribbean and we were directly affected by Paloma.


I looked at the map of the track, NW Carribbean in my standards is closer to Yucatan and Cuba
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Quoting RitaEvac:

To get a good idea of the actual rainfall coming in, its best to look at both the Tampa radar, and the Melbourne radar.
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Quoting RitaEvac:


Wasn't quite into the NW Carribbean
I beg to differ. The Cayman Islands are located right in the NW Caribbean and we were directly affected by Paloma.
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Well definitely no severe weather yet, just really, really heavy rain at my place!
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Quoting stormwatcherCI:
Did you forget Paloma in 2008 ?


Wasn't quite into the NW Carribbean
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Quoting RastaSteve:
Lots of rain here in C FL with some areas anywhere from 1" to 4" and lots more on the way.

Orlando International (MCO) has only recorded 0.53 inches so far.

Where is the tremendous severe potential?

[edit: I do see some pockets of 1 inches, but many of the heavily populated areas got skipped over, apparently]
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Quoting RitaEvac:
Wilma in 2005 was last major to churn the NW Carribbean, it's going on 6 years? this year should see one
Did you forget Paloma in 2008 ?
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Ahhhhh, peace and quiet, scared em off
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Starting with California, the air you breathe will be taxed.
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oh puh-lease......
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Just like MLK
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http://www.npr.org/2011/03/28/134827083/double-take -toons-lives-and-half-lives

Toons for Neo

Link
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Quoting RitaEvac:


Corporation with balls, that has standards, and does it their way the right way


You are a dreamer - right?
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Quoting SQUAWK:


Not really. What corporation would knowingly expose themselves to that kind of risk?


Corporation with balls, that has standards, and does it their way the right way
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Big businesses that fail, should and shall Fail.
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Quoting RitaEvac:


Plenty of other companies out there can take the rein


Not really. What corporation would knowingly expose themselves to that kind of risk?
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Quoting RitaEvac:


Plenty of other companies out there can take the rein

Plenty of other companies that don't have the capital to take over all of TEPCO's plants, because those companies are being hit by high energy costs and the recession, you mean.

Also, I don't know about Japanese bankruptcy law, but here in the US, when a business files for bankruptcy, unless they liquidate all of their assets, the company gets to keep most of its assets (since they are critical to continued business, and emergence from bankruptcy), while dumping all of their debts for pennies on the dollar. That means while you have those lawsuits going, getting paid (and making lawyers rich), the company will have near-zero responsibility for the cleanup and/or replacement of the reactors.

GREAT solution there!
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Quoting clamshell:


Actually, it is a cultural thing with them.

Years ago, when a well known American company was pouring foundations for some buildings they were constructing, they discovered that the foundation of one building had been placed approximately 10 inches out of the planned position.

Instead of immediately chopping up the uncured cement and putting the foundation where it belonged, it took four days for the Japanese management to arrange things where everyone could save face and the foundation could be jack-hammered and repositioned.

If you do business in Japan, that is the sort of thing you have to account for. It is not that they have evil intentions, that is just the way they do things there. Not much you can do about it.


That is exactly what I was getting at. Its a matter of pride with them, and its primarily cultural.
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Quoting SQUAWK:


This is one of my favorites. Let's see, if we sue them into bankruptcy then that would put about half of the country in the dark - no power. That should turn Japan into Zimbabwe in about 3 weeks.

Nice plan.


Plenty of other companies out there can take the rein
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Quoting jeffs713:

Yep. I think a lot of people are hiding the truth out of pride, and fear for their careers. Combine that with the fact that we simply don't know a lot of information (there are likely places that nobody can go, due to damage or extreme radiation), and you have a recipe for disaster.


Actually, you are very correct with that comment. It is a cultural thing with them.

Years ago, when a well known American company was pouring foundations for some buildings they were constructing, they discovered that the foundation of one building had been placed approximately 10 inches out of the planned position.

Instead of immediately chopping up the uncured cement and putting the foundation where it belonged, it took four days of intensive conferring with each other for the Japanese management to arrange things where everyone could save face and the foundation could be jack-hammered and repositioned.

If you do business in Japan, that is the sort of thing you have to account for. It is not that they have evil intentions, that is just the way they do things there. Not much you can do about it.


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Quoting sunlinepr:
Is Homer Simpson working there?


It doesn't matter; even if all six reactors were to suddenly and simultaneously go into full mega-meltdown and begin glowing bright orange/green and spewing a billion sieverts an hour of lethality as they quickly melted their way down into the bedrock while huge clouds and plumes of blisteringly radioactive steam billowed out across the Japanese landscape killing everything they touched, TEPCO officials and nuke industry apologists would still be telling us everything's fine, that the situation is under control, no humans are in any more danger than if they were to eat a handful of bananas or spend an hour at the beach. And, worst of all, there'd still be people--even here--buying that nonsense.
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Quoting RitaEvac:
The way those reports keep coming out like that, I'd walk off the job and say hell with it, if their gonna lie and keep hiding info mind as well let the whole site crash and burn and sue the hell outta them into bankruptcy


This is one of my favorites. Let's see, if we sue them into bankruptcy then that would put about half of the country in the dark - no power. That should turn Japan into Zimbabwe in about 3 weeks.

Nice plan.
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Quoting Skyepony:
Sounds like it's expected to be "weeks" to stop the polluting from 2. Time to contain, cement & bury that that place.

Yes, the sooner it is beneath a mountain of concrete, the better. Need to protect pregnant women and children, Greenpeace radiation experts have confirmed radiation levels of up to ten micro Sieverts per hour (1) in Iitate village, 40km northwest of the crisis-stricken Fukushima/Daiichi nuclear plant, and 20km (2) beyond the official evacuation zone. These levels are high enough to require evacuation.
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I have a gut feeling that someone will have a gut feeling about this hurricane season.


Quoting GTcooliebai:
Hi, I have a gut feeling that hurricane season is going to be bad for the US this yr. And according to this website Tampa Bay should be affected by a hurricane before the end of the season:

http://www.hurricanecity.com/city/tampa.htm

I don't think we will see as much storms as last season, but odds are that the ones that do form have a better chance impacting the US.

I will go with 15-16 named storms, 7-8 hurricanes, & 3-4 Majors.
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Be Back Later...
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Quoting sunlinepr:
Is Homer Simpson working there?


Why do I hear background music of "Waltzing Matilda"?
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Wilma in 2005 was last major to churn the NW Carribbean, it's going on 6 years? this year should see one
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Quoting GTcooliebai:
Hi, I have a gut feeling that hurricane season is going to be bad for the US this yr. And according to this website Tampa Bay should be affected by a hurricane before the end of the season:

http://www.hurricanecity.com/city/tampa.htm

I don't think we will see as much storms as last season, but odds are that the ones that do form have a better chance impacting the US.

I will go with 15-16 named storms, 7-8 hurricanes, & 3-4 Majors.


Many of us said the same thing last year about the US getting hit. I'm going to take the high road and just let it play out. One thing for sure, the US is due - especially Florida. Will it be this year? Ask me in November.
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NW Carribbean has yet to be tapped since what? the last few years...
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Daily Gulf Warmth Top 5:
2011: 1st Place and is 42% Capable of TC; Up from 37%


2005: 2nd Place and is 30% Capable of TC; Down from 31%


2007: 3rd Place and is 24% Capable of TC; Down from 35%


2008: 4th Place and is 10% Capable of TC; Down from 16%


2010: 5th Place and is 7% Capable of TC; Up from 4%
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Is Homer Simpson working there?

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365, it's a TEPCO report
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Quoting RitaEvac:
Yep a Rita path is devastating
Oh, it gets better...

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Hi, I have a gut feeling that hurricane season is going to be bad for the US this yr. And according to this website Tampa Bay should be affected by a hurricane before the end of the season:

http://www.hurricanecity.com/city/tampa.htm

I don't think we will see as much storms as last season, but odds are that the ones that do form have a better chance impacting the US.

I will go with 15-16 named storms, 7-8 hurricanes, & 3-4 Majors.
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Quoting RitaEvac:
Hate having to water the lawn in March/April, usually spring rains take care of all this, but I feel like it wont get it's jumpstart or get fully established if I don't. And it would make it even weaker come early summer.
yep. Just remember to water it very deeply (but not as often). It is better to water a lawn twice per week for 35 minutes per section, than it is to water it daily for 10 minutes per section. Its the same amount of water, but by watering it less frequently, the water soaks deeper, and the grass grows deeper roots, which helps it to survive droughts and high heat. Water it more frequently (and therefore more shallow), and your grass will get hit harder by drought, because the roots can't reach the water.
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Yep a Rita path is devastating
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Hate having to water the lawn in March/April, usually spring rains take care of all this, but I feel like it wont get it's jumpstart or get fully established if I don't. And it would make it even weaker come early summer.
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Quoting RitaEvac:
And what is in the path of those 2 states?

OIL RIGS


The image says it all.
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Quoting jeffs713:
I think you're giving Accuweather too much credit.


That ought to be the disclaimer at the bottom right in a small box
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Never good when it's supposed to be the growing season and drought interferes, puts a lot of stress on say the grass. I'm willing to bet on some tropical systems this year helping out
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358. xcool
lmaooo
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Quoting RitaEvac:
I would say the red color zone will be surging towards Houston and Harris county very soon


Unfortunately, I believe you are correct. We can hold a little longer. My yard hasn't tried to mimic the grand canyon yet. Soon, if no rain comes fairly soon.
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Quoting RitaEvac:
The 2011 AccuWeather Hurricane Forecast is just as accurate as TEPCO reporting on Nuke sites
I think you're giving Accuweather too much credit.
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Quoting RitaEvac:
I'm tuned out of Japan, bunch of useless and inaccurate info coming outta there. I'd leave the country if I was from there. Gonna be a lotta dead people near those nuke sites
what im worried about is they got enough engineers to replace the ones who are getting burnt they might have to put out for hire signs.
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The 2011 AccuWeather Hurricane Forecast is just as accurate as TEPCO reporting on Nuke sites
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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