Hurricanes Igor and Tomas get their names retired

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 8:19 PM GMT on March 27, 2011

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The names Tomas and Igor will no longer be used to name hurricanes in the Atlantic, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) announced this March. Hurricane Igor made landfall near Cape Race, Newfoundland on September 21, 2010, and was that island's most damaging hurricane in 75 years, with $200 million in damage. Hurricane Tomas smashed through the Lesser Antilles Islands on October 30 - 31, 2010, dealing a particularly harsh blow to St. Lucia, where eight died and damage was estimated at $500 million. Tomas also killed 35 people on Haiti, and contributed to a cholera epidemic that killed thousands.


Figure 1. Little Barsway bridge 10 km north of Grand Bank, Newfoundland, after flood waters from Hurricane Igor swept it away. Image credit: George J.B. Rose.


Figure 2. MODIS satellite image of Tropical Storm Tomas taken at 10:30am EDT Saturday October 30, 2010, as the storm began lashing the Lesser Antilles. At the time, Tomas was a Category 1 hurricane with 75 mph winds. Image credit: NASA.

The retirement of hurricane names
The WMO maintains a list of hurricane names for the Atlantic and Eastern Pacific that repeats itself every six years. The names Igor and Tomas in the Atlantic would have appeared again in 2016, but will be replaced by Ian and Tobias. Each spring, the WMO meets to decide if any names should be retired from the list, due to notable death or destruction caused by one of the past season's storms. Any country that is a member of the WMO can request that a name be retired. If a country seriously affected by a hurricane does not request retirement of the name, then the name will not be retired. In the recent past, Mexico, in particular, has been reluctant to request retirement significant storms that have affected them. In 2010, two significant hurricanes affected the country, but Mexico chose not to request retirement of either: Hurricane Alex, which killed twelve people and did $1.5 billion in damage, and Hurricane Karl, which killed 22 and did $206 million in damage. Back in 2005, Mexico also did not request retirement of Hurricane Emily, which made two landfalls in Mexico as a major hurricane, destroying thousands of buildings, but not claiming any lives. A new storm named Emily will appear this year, as we are recycling the names from 2005 that were not retired (2005 holds the record for most retired names, with five.) Probably the best example of a hurricane that did not get its name retired, but deserved to, was Hurricane Gordon of 1994, which killed 1145 people on Haiti. Haiti did not send a representative to the 1995 WMO meeting when retirements for 1994 were decided. Gordon did not affect any other countries strongly enough to motivate them to request retirement, and the name Gordon will be used again in 2012.

Since Atlantic hurricanes began getting women's names in 1953, 76 names have been retired, an average of 1.3 retired names per year. The list includes one tropical storm, Allison of 2001, that caused billions in damage from its heavy rains. The storm with the most appearances so far is Arlene, which has appeared nine times: 1959, 1963, 1967, 1971, 1981, 1987, 1993, 1999, 2005. Arlene will make its tenth appearance this year. One exception to the retirement rule: before 1979, some storm names were simply dropped. For example, in 1966, Fern was substituted for Frieda, and no reason was given. Only three Eastern Pacific hurricanes have had their names retired--Hurricane Ismael of 1995, Hurricane Pauline of 1997, and Hurricane Kenna of 2002. All of these storms hit Mexico.

Cool Katrina animation
A new visualization created by Advanced Visualization Laboratory at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois shows Hurricane Katrina spinning over the Gulf of Mexico during a 36-hour period in August, 2005. The animation is part of a full-length planetarium film called Dynamic Earth screened at the Fulldome UK festival on March 12 - 13. You can see the video at the newscientist.com or DynamicEarth web sites. The video description: Trajectories follow moist air rising into intense "hot tower" thunderstorms, and trace strong winds around the eye wall; rapidly rising air is yellow, sinking air blue. The sun, moon, and stars show the passing of time. The visualization highlights Katrina's awesome power and fierce beauty.

I'll be back with a new post Tuesday or Wednesday.

Jeff Masters

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then becoming outflow-dominant and poofed itself out.


a good bean burrito will do that...

hey! all you wet-heads! all you rain hogs! is the rain gonna make it up the NE Fla? EVER?

In english, please...don't mucape and QPF me to death here- oh and I don't want the RastaSteve "Noah and the Ark" version, either...
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Quoting Jedkins01:


Dang sounds like you got the South Florida bullseye!

Ive had a lot but a chuck of land north of me has had 5 to 8 inches so far.

That would be me in that chuck of land north of you.I at 5.25 inches. looks to be ending with in the hour.Thats enough for one day. Must of been dry no puddles around.
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501. beell
Quoting snotly:
Outflow boundary...




A clear cell spit at 6PM EDT on the loop-then becoming outflow-dominant and poofed itself out.
)
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Accelerated stratospheric cooling (ie. tropospheric warming, anomalous Arctic High, CFCs) resulting in ozone layer reductions in Northern hemisphere which could lead to an ozone hole forming and drifting toward 40N around April.



Thunderstorms off the west coast of Florida vamping up for yet another night of intense convective storm activity.
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Quoting PlazaRed:


The radioactive water, that is a current disposal problem could be turned into ice, and as such when used as a mix for vodka would glow in the dark, hence reducing the need for lighting and contributing significantly to a reduction is carbon emissions.


Lol..Very good. Just my contribution to lessen Global Warming.
Member Since: September 10, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 11159
Quoting GeoffreyWPB:


I have to get the Geiger counter app. I do feel a slight glow this evening. But it might be the vodka.


The radioactive water, that is a current disposal problem could be turned into ice, and as such when used as a mix for vodka would glow in the dark, hence reducing the need for lighting and contributing significantly to a reduction is carbon emissions.
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Quoting Grothar:



My rain gauge reads 3.26 inches in Ft. Lauderdale. Very heavy winds probably over 40 mph. Calming down a bit now.


Dang sounds like you got the South Florida bullseye!

Ive had a lot but a chuck of land north of me has had 5 to 8 inches so far.
Member Since: August 21, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 7447
Quoting GeoffreyWPB:


Just misty showers down here now. Driving about this afternoon, saw many flooded places and car accidents.


It's been flooded but no accidents. I was awoken by the EAS this morning explaining the Severe Thunderstorm Watch just before 7. Couldn't fall back asleep, and there was only 5 lightning strikes. NBD......
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Quoting severstorm:
Z-hills fl. up to 5.03 inches and still raining very steady.



3.89 at my place in Pinellas now! The torrential rains are long gone now, just a good steady rain with occasional cloud to cloud, sheet lighting.
Member Since: August 21, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 7447
NHK: The Japanese Land Ministry has found that the tsunami on March 11th ran more than 40 kilometers [25 miles] upstream from river mouths.

Now that is a lot of energy...

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Quoting Grothar:



My rain gauge reads 3.26 inches in Ft. Lauderdale. Very heavy winds probably over 40 mph. Calming down a bit now.


Hallo Grothar, hope you like to get wet.
Can remember you've asked for it.
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Quoting caneswatch:


HAHA. It's raining down hard here in Royal Palm Beach.


Just misty showers down here now. Driving about this afternoon, saw many flooded places and car accidents.
Member Since: September 10, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 11159
Outflow boundary...


Quoting beell:
Severe warned "splitting" supercell SW of Tallahassee. Looks like it's fading.

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Quoting GeoffreyWPB:


I have to get the Geiger counter app. I do feel a slight glow this evening. But it might be the vodka.


HAHA. It's raining down hard here in Royal Palm Beach.
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Miami NWS Discussion:

.EXTENDED FORECAST...
THE HIGH WILL THEN GET PUSH EAST INTO THE WESTERN ATLANTIC WATERS
LATE THIS WEEK...AS ANOTHER TROUGH OF LOW PRESSURE MOVES FROM THE
WESTERN UNITED STATES EASTWARD AND INTO THE EASTERN UNITED STATES.
THIS WILL ALLOW FOR ANOTHER COLD FRONT OVER THE NORTHWEST UNITED
STATES TO MOVE SOUTHEAST AND THROUGH SOUTH FLORIDA BY END OF THIS
WEEK BRINGING ANOTHER AROUND OF SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS TO THE
AREA.

THE LATEST LONG RANGE MODELS ARE ALSO SHOWING THAT THERE COULD BE
A MID TO UPPER LEVEL JET COMING THROUGH THE CWA DURING THIS TIME.
THIS COULD LEAD TO A FEW STRONG STORMS WITH THE PASSAGE OF THE
FRONT ON FRIDAY. SO WILL CONTINUE TO MONITOR THE LATEST MODEL RUNS
FOR THE POSSIBLE OF STRONG STORMS ON FRIDAY AND FINE TUNE THE
DETAILS AS THE EVENT GETS CLOSER.
HIGH PRESSURE SHOULD THEN BUILD INTO SOUTH FLORIDA FROM THE NORTH
BEHIND THE FRONT FOR NEXT WEEK ALLOWING FOR DRY WEATHER ACROSS THE
CWA.


Member Since: September 10, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 11159
Something to ponder as the Florida rain happily falls and Fukushima plutonium enters the open environment:

Shift in Northern Forests Could Increase Global Warming

Boreal forests across the Northern hemisphere are undergoing rapid, transformative shifts as a result of a warming climate that, in some cases, is triggering feedback loops producing even more regional warming, according to several new studies.

Russia's boreal forest - the largest continuous expanse of forest in the world - has seen a transformation in recent years from larch to conifer trees, according to new research by University of Virginia researchers.

In Alaska, where the larch were largely devastated by a disease outbreak in the late '90s, vast swathes of forest are becoming inhospitable to the dominant white and black spruce.

"The climate has shifted. It's done, it's clear, and the climate has become unsuitable for the growth of the boreal forest across most of the area that it currently occupies," said Glenn Juday, a forestry professor at the University of Alaska, Fairbanks.

Scientific American Article...
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Quoting Surfcropper:
rainy day in South Florida...

radioactive particles anyone?




Funny you say that, WESH 2 News out of Orlando had a story stating radiation has been detected in Florida around the Crystal River Plant. The plant has been shut down since 2009 due to cracks being found in the containment building walls, according to them. Who knows.
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Z-hills fl. up to 5.03 inches and still raining very steady.
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just use the geiger app on your phone....
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Quoting Surfcropper:
rainy day in South Florida...

radioactive particles anyone?



I have to get the Geiger counter app. I do feel a slight glow this evening. But it might be the vodka.
Member Since: September 10, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 11159
Complete Update






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SH192011 - Tropical Cyclone BUNE

Storm Relative 1km Geostationary Visible Imagery



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480. beell
Severe warned "splitting" supercell SW of Tallahassee. Looks like it's fading.

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Quoting Grothar:



My rain gauge reads 3.26 inches in Ft. Lauderdale. Very heavy winds probably over 40 mph. Calming down a bit now.
Just like your typical heavy thunderstorm in the summmertime.....Wuzup Gro...Beautiful here on the plateau..(until manana)..
Member Since: September 27, 2007 Posts: 1 Comments: 21244

Rain Intermission:-
Hi to all who are gladly getting a spot of precipitation, all dry over on our side of the abyss and possibly sunny for the Normal next 6 months till October with only the odd vague shower.

An earlier post about the Japanese up and coming global disaster state that Plutonium has been detected in the grounds around the reactors and we all know what this means. The nasty's have got out of the cooking pots and will be lying around for the next million years or so, having an half life of a mere 24,000 years.

Time to shut up shop and retreat to a distant hilltop and install remote controlled cameras before forgetting that a large amount of the nation ever existed!
I suppose that when the steam clears they can put a hemispherical plastic dome over it all, concrete contrary to popular belief wont work as it will get into the sea water and only Hollywood will be able to think of a solution to that little additive to the coastal sea shelf life.Still plenty of time as the Plutonium is going to go away, after all it was created by people.
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Quoting Jedkins01:


It is the dry season, I just said I wasn't gonna buy the models till it actually happened, because the modles sometimes bring in these big rain events in Spring and then back off in the last run or 2 and nothing happens. I said it was possible it would turn this wet but I didn't wanna get my hopes up in case it wouldn't lol.

It sure is though!



My rain gauge reads 3.26 inches in Ft. Lauderdale. Very heavy winds probably over 40 mph. Calming down a bit now.
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Quoting aquak9:


uhm..ok, that's a lot of rain. Whoa.

If i could send some your way i would.
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475. beell
Quoting aquak9:
StAug- personally, I think RainmanWeather is the best weather equipment store under the sun, OR the moon. And they are local- right here in Jacksonville, but they ship all over the country.

Of course, my rain gauge is EMPTY and DRY right now- -

and you have WU-mail- top, right, in red.


Without a doubt. One of those old-fashioned American companies that believe good service, and good product knowledge is the way to do business. Plus-they are as geeky about the weather as anyone!

rainmanweather.com
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Quoting severstorm:
Z-hills fl. I am now at 4.58 inches and still raining steady.
7 days from now, the Palmer Drought Index should look a whole lot different...
Member Since: September 27, 2007 Posts: 1 Comments: 21244
Quoting severstorm:
Z-hills fl. I am now at 4.58 inches and still raining steady.


uhm..ok, that's a lot of rain. Whoa.
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Z-hills fl. I am now at 4.58 inches and still raining steady.
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The SREF is looking more interesting too....Link
Member Since: September 27, 2007 Posts: 1 Comments: 21244
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CMC has heavy rain for Florida...144 hour total..Link
Member Since: September 27, 2007 Posts: 1 Comments: 21244
StAug- personally, I think RainmanWeather is the best weather equipment store under the sun, OR the moon. And they are local- right here in Jacksonville, but they ship all over the country.

Of course, my rain gauge is EMPTY and DRY right now- -

and you have WU-mail- top, right, in red.
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Member Since: September 10, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 11159
Just passed 2" here at 27N 80W WOOHOO! I heard about a possible funnel cloud in Coral Springs. Stay safe everyone!
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Quoting aquak9:
the Stratus rain gauge is the best, besides of course those that come with weather stations.


Hey Aqua - just curious - how much do those babies cost and where may I be able to find one in our area?
Member Since: March 8, 2011 Posts: 1 Comments: 802
Quoting Patrap:
Is it raining in Fla somewhere?


Doesn't take much to get us excited these days.
Member Since: September 10, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 11159
Quoting Drakoen:


Indeed i've only gotten isolated showers up here in Tallahassee. I think we will have to wait until mid week to really get in on the rainfall.


That cell to the west of you looks impressive - if it can sustain itself for another hour or two you may be in luck.
Member Since: March 8, 2011 Posts: 1 Comments: 802
the Stratus rain gauge is the best, besides of course those that come with weather stations.
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Quoting Jedkins01:


Mine is just under 3 inches now but more downpours are gonna hit me in probably 10 minutes so my gauge will get above 3 for sure.

I am in a good downpour right now with lots of lightning and thunder. Might get 5 inches till it over with.
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Rain..
Member Since: September 27, 2007 Posts: 1 Comments: 21244
Quoting severstorm:
Afternoon all, live in z-hills fl. and have 3.76 in the gauge and still coming down hard.


Mine is just under 3 inches now but more downpours are gonna hit me in probably 10 minutes so my gauge will get above 3 for sure.
Member Since: August 21, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 7447
The rain finally lightened up now to a steady rain, but the line further to west isn't sagging south as much, I'm seeing tons of lighting strikes hitting out in the gulf. The torrential rain is gonna return soon again!
Member Since: August 21, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 7447

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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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