Dangerous winter storm slams South, heads to New England; Indiana sets snow record

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 3:14 PM GMT on January 10, 2011

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A powerful winter storm has brought heavy snow and dangerous amounts of freezing rain to much of the South, in a swath stretching from northeastern Texas to southern North Carolina. The storm began Sunday in Texas, then tracked almost due east, bringing snow amounts of 8 - 11 inches to southern Arkansas, northern Mississippi, northern Alabama, and southern Tennessee. As of 9am CST, the heaviest snow amounts as reported in the NOAA Storm Summary were 11 inches at Lawrenceburg, TN and 10 inches at Baldwyn, MS. The worst freezing rain was reported in central Georgia at Fort Valley, where 3/4" of ice had accumulated. Texarkana, Arkansas, had 1/2" of ice. Freezing rain amounts of 1/4 inch were also reported over much of northern Louisiana, central Alabama, and central Mississippi. A nasty mix of up to four inches of snow, sleet, and freezing rain hit the Atlanta, Georgia area, causing the cancellation of thousands of flights at the world's busiest airport. The storm will bring an additional 2 - 6 inches of snow to eastern Tennessee, central South Carolina, and central North Carolina today, with significant freezing rain possible in northern Georgia and portions of North and South Carolina. Below-freezing temperatures are expected to remain over the region through Wednesday morning, resulting in a long period of dangerous travel conditions.

Major Nor'easter expected for New York City and Boston
Today's snow storm is expected to push off the coast of North Carolina tonight, then "bomb" into a classic Nor'easter off the coast of New England on Tuesday and Wednesday. Up to a foot of snow is possible for New York City, Boston, and coastal Connecticut and Rhode Island beginning on Tuesday night. The Nor'easter will not be as intense as the December 26 blizzard, however. The winds from the new storm are expected to remain less than 35 mph, resulting in only minor coastal flooding and an absence of blizzard conditions (winds in excess of 35 mph and visibility less than 1/4 mile.)

South Bend nearly sets all-time Indiana snowfall record
An epic lake effect snow storm hit South Bend, Indiana Friday and Saturday, burying the city under a remarkable 36.6" of snow. It was the heaviest two-day snow storm in South Bend's history, breaking a record that had stood since 1909 (a 29" snow storm on January 30 - 31.) The 32.6" that fell in a 24-hour period between 4pm EST 1/7 and 4pm EST 1/8 came just 0.4" short of matching Indiana's heaviest 24-hour snow storm on record. Indiana's heaviest 24-hour snow event was the 33.0" that fell at Salem in December 2004, according to wunderground's weather historian, Christopher C. Burt.


Figure 1. Snow from Saturday's record lake effect snow storm in South Bend, Indiana piles up. Photo by slowhiker.

While the current snow event is over, new snows are expected in South Bend beginning Wednesday, when a renewed strong northwesterly flow of air off of Lake Michigan will develop in the wake of the strong winter storm currently pounding the Southern U.S. Another 8+ inches of snow may fall in the South Bend area in the new storm.


Figure 2. True color satellite image of the South Bend, Indiana lake effect snow storm of Saturday, January 8, 2010 at 1:45pm EST. A well-defined band of heavy snow developed over Lake Michigan and anchored itself over South Bend, giving the city its heaviest snow storm on record. Image credit: NASA.

Jeff Masters

Bridge (SKERT)
in Asheville, NC
Bridge
Blairsville, Ga Snowfall (HurricaneIan)
Overnight and are expecting 3" to 6" more before the storm pulls out on Tuesday
Blairsville, Ga Snowfall
Snow Birds (Strumminmysixstring)
Snow Birds

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Quoting washingtonian115:
The more snow storms I see pass D.C and give us wimpy amounts,the more angery I get.Yeah your probally going to ask..."Well what's up with that crazy broad?".And I'm going to reply......I'm tired of this F***ing wimpy snow amonts!!!.I'm having snow fever!!!.All I want is a good 6 plus inch snow event and I'll be fine.But noooooooo,everything wants to miss us this winter.And I tired of it.I want a huge snow storm .Point blank.The wimpy snow storms are starting to get to me,and I'm losing my mind.I WANT SNOW GREATER THAN 5 INCHES.That's all I want.There.
You are funny 115....The only thing I found other than the current system is this one a couple weeks out...
Member Since: September 27, 2007 Posts: 1 Comments: 21852
Quoting Grothar:


And what a sight it was. Still don't know why they refer to it as a "Theory".


Thing is, I think I'm probably " OLDER than Grothar !!!!!!!!
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Overcast, but very nice day here in Lake Worth. Upcoming 6-days look very nice also:

Member Since: September 10, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 11451
Quoting EYEStoSEA:
Well, selfishly, I'd love to know about the New Madrid. I find myself watching the Helirecorders a lot, and there has been a lot of ativity around Jonesboro, Ar. lately. Cant type fast enough to be a "discusser"....just a student.....lol...


Seriously, what do you want to know about the New Madrid fault. Geology is one of my hobbies, so I do know quite a bit about that event. Just ask away?
Member Since: July 17, 2009 Posts: 71 Comments: 26952
Quoting presslord:
Yes...Grothar can give first hand accounts...going all the way back to the Big Bang...


And what a sight it was. Still don't know why they refer to it as a "Theory".
Member Since: July 17, 2009 Posts: 71 Comments: 26952
Quoting atmoaggie:
Better to choke down that attitude than to put it into words on the blog...

You've got this wrong.

Though, it is the same as the welding/cooling analogy. Just consider that the wind is making the surface the same temperature as the air (whether that's warmer or cooler) far more effectively than calm conditions would. Calm conditions allow surfaces to cool slightly lower than air temps, but not quickly.

Your welding project would cool eventually without a fan, but would more rapidly reach air temperature with one.


atmo, I know what you are trying to say; but, that is not what I was talking about. It was about the claim that radiant cooling could not occur if the wind were blowing.

And I quote "The temperature drops more on winter nights when the wind calm because wind prevents objects from radiating all potential heat. When the wind goes calm, more heat is allowed to be radiated into space. Its really that simple."

The 'wind' does no such thing.

There is a better description...one which follows all the laws of physics...only thing is...the one we are discussing is not it.


Member Since: October 10, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 716
Quoting PalmBeachWeather:
I looked up "faults" and it told me all about my OCD .Still looking


Now that is clever!!!!
Member Since: July 17, 2009 Posts: 71 Comments: 26952
Quoting PalmBeachWeather:
EYES..........I have even read that the fault is the cause of the dead birds


Yeesh
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EYES..........I have even read that the fault is the cause of the dead birds
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Well, selfishly, I'd love to know about the New Madrid. I find myself watching the Helirecorders a lot, and there has been a lot of ativity around Jonesboro, Ar. lately. Cant type fast enough to be a "discusser"....just a student.....lol...
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I will say this slowly...THIS-WINTER-SUCKS-IN-D.C.Period.
Member Since: August 14, 2010 Posts: 10 Comments: 17491
I looked up "faults" and it told me all about my OCD .Still looking
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Yes...Grothar can give first hand accounts...going all the way back to the Big Bang...
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Oh hell...............I googled it to look smart , but all I found was how to shake my butt, and how to shake a Martini....Still looking
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Quoting EYEStoSEA:


LOL, I can wait ! There are a lot of degrees on here....gotta be a seismologist :)


There is always someone on here to shake things up. Not to worry. What is it you want to know?
Member Since: July 17, 2009 Posts: 71 Comments: 26952
124. HadesGodWyvern (Mod)
Fiji Meteorological Services
Tropical Cyclone Advisory #4
TROPICAL DEPRESSION 03F
6:00 AM FST January 11 2011
======================================

At 18:00 PM UTC, Tropical Depression 03F (995 hPa) located at 18.6S 170.0E is reported as slowly moving. Position POOR based on multispectral imagery with animation and peripheral surface observations. Sea surface temperature is around 29C.

Clockwise winds of 30-35 knots within 150 to 300 NM away from the center in sectors from northwest through east to southeast

Additional Information
===========================
Convection re-developing around low level circulation center with tops cooling in the last 3-6 hours. Overall organization almost steady in last 24 hours. TD 03F lies along a monsoonal trough and under a 250 HPA diffluent region and in a moderate sheared environment.

Most global models has picked up the system and slowly moves it southwest with some intensification.

Potential for TD 03F to develop into a tropical cyclone within the next 24-48 hours is MODERATE TO HIGH.


The next tropical cyclone advisory from Fiji Meteorological Services will be issued at around 2:00 AM UTC.
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Quoting PalmBeachWeather:
EYEStoSEA......Be right with you....We are googling it to look smart


LOL, I can wait ! There are a lot of degrees on here....gotta be a seismologist :)
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EYEStoSEA......Be right with you....We are googling it to look smart
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Speaking of discussions, do we have any seismologist out there? Would love to learn more about earthquakes.
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Grother.....He really does look like Fire Marshall Bill..."Let me show you something"
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Can't blame climate change on this one....
Link
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Quoting PalmBeachWeather:
If I may say something about out new Florida governor Rick Scott.....He looks just like Fire Marshall Bill.


Now that's cruel.....true, but cruel.
Member Since: July 17, 2009 Posts: 71 Comments: 26952
If I may say something about out new Florida governor Rick Scott.....He looks just like Fire Marshall Bill.
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Quoting presslord:
Go with Grothar on this...he knew all the players...


Hey, where do you think they got all those saying from anyway? By the way, Aristotle wasn't as smart as people think; at least the way I remember him. :P
Member Since: July 17, 2009 Posts: 71 Comments: 26952
I am so confused now....So many celebrity quotes. What was it that Pamela Lee Anderson said? or was it Heather Locklear...I get confused with all of the geniuses
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Quoting PalmBeachWeather:

Grother.I will be the first to admit i am wrong..........I think it might have been Lidsay Lohan....


Wouldn't put anything past her. LOL She has said some wild things.
Member Since: July 17, 2009 Posts: 71 Comments: 26952
Go with Grothar on this...he knew all the players...
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Quoting NRAamy:
no...more like a face palm.....


quite concise :) and much better than my explanation. wasn't there a graphic floating around?
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The more snow storms I see pass D.C and give us wimpy amounts,the more angery I get.Yeah your probally going to ask..."Well what's up with that crazy broad?".And I'm going to reply......I'm tired of this F***ing wimpy snow amonts!!!.I'm having snow fever!!!.All I want is a good 6 plus inch snow event and I'll be fine.But noooooooo,everything wants to miss us this winter.And I tired of it.I want a huge snow storm .Point blank.The wimpy snow storms are starting to get to me,and I'm losing my mind.I WANT SNOW GREATER THAN 5 INCHES.That's all I want.There.
Member Since: August 14, 2010 Posts: 10 Comments: 17491
Quoting Grothar:


I thought Abraham Lincoln was credited with that saying?? I thought P.T. Barnum's famous quote was "There is is sucker born every minute." I could be wrong. However, it sounds more like something Mark Twain would have penned.

Grother.I will be the first to admit i am wrong..........I think it might have been Lidsay Lohan....
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Quoting PalmBeachWeather:
Neapolitan.I do not participate to any extreme on this site....Too many experts here(NOT).Open debates are great, but not to the (googlers) Is that a word? I have many places I visit and post..Not only weather sites. This site has many that "are full of it" ..Meaning "LET ME SHOW YOU HOW SMART I AM"
Actually I beleive many of the "wizards" google and post, to hope to impress the others...I try to be honest, I try not to impress, I may piss off a few, but I do my best not to plagerize just to look like I know what the hell I am talking about. Even my hero Alfred Eistein admitted he didn't know everything... He did not want to look like a "FOOL" by pretending he did. It is not a flaw to not know it all...Maybe some us can hang our head to think we are thinking, but as P.T. Barnum said " You can fool some of the people all of the time ,and all of the people some of the time, but you cannot fool all of the people all of the time....I guess I am in the latter category Nea.Sorry.My belief


I thought Abraham Lincoln was credited with that saying?? I thought P.T. Barnum's famous quote was "There is a sucker born every minute." I could be wrong. However, it sounds more like something Mark Twain would have penned.
Member Since: July 17, 2009 Posts: 71 Comments: 26952
Don't think the pattern will break till at least February(though there might be a slight kink around the 20th only to be replaced by more arctic air). The only difference should be the coldest anomalies will shift eastwards from Texas to the Southeast(including Florida) next week after Martin Luther King Day.
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Nea, I couldn't agree with you more.
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I'm really happy to see you all splitting hairs over science...really! That imo is what this blog is about.
Now for a weather break:
Current Conditions
KI4FIA - Daytona Beach (Ponce Inlet), FL, Daytona Beach, Florida (PWS)
Updated: 0 sec ago
70.9 F
Mostly Cloudy
Humidity: 79%
Dew Point: 64 F
Wind: 0.0 mph
Wind Gust: 3.0 mph
Pressure: 29.96 in (Steady)
Heat Index: 72 F
Visibility: 10.0 miles
UV: 2 out of 16
Pollen: 6.60 out of 12
Pollen Forecast new!
Clouds: Mostly Cloudy 2500 ft
(Above Ground Level)
Elevation: 12 ft
It's turning out to be a lovely afternoon.

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Neapolitan.I do not participate to any extreme on this site....Too many experts here(NOT).Open debates are great, but not to the (googlers) Is that a word? I have many places I visit and post..Not only weather sites. This site has many that "are full of it" ..Meaning "LET ME SHOW YOU HOW SMART I AM"
Actually I beleive many of the "wizards" google and post, to hope to impress the others...I try to be honest, I try not to impress, I may piss off a few, but I do my best not to plagerize just to look like I know what the hell I am talking about. Even my hero Alfred Eistein admitted he didn't know everything... He did not want to look like a "FOOL" by pretending he did. It is not a flaw to not know it all...Maybe some us can hang our head to think we are thinking, but as P.T. Barnum said " You can fool some of the people all of the time ,and all of the people some of the time, but you cannot fool all of the people all of the time....I guess I am in the latter category Nea.Sorry.My belief
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no...more like a face palm.....
Member Since: January 24, 2007 Posts: 317 Comments: 31946
Quoting 47n91w:


a sound uttered to indicate disbelief. on the good/bad spectrum, the connotation is slightly negative.

47n.Kinda like "What the hell" ???
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Quoting PalmBeachWeather:
yeesh....

Is yeesh a good thing or a bad thing? New word for me


a sound uttered to indicate disbelief. on the good/bad spectrum, the connotation is slightly negative.
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yeesh....

Is yeesh a good thing or a bad thing? New word for me
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I'll re phrase it. I wish hurricanes only hit the middle east


yeesh....
Member Since: January 24, 2007 Posts: 317 Comments: 31946
Isabel.You tried.But didn't accomplish what you intended..Hurricanes are "Bad all over"
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Quoting alfabob:


So taking into account thermal conductivity and specific heat of all boundaries and layers, the surface is capable of producing a temperature gradient? I understand that the surface radiates more energy than the air, but the transfer of temperature is what is not making sense to me. I would assume that a colder layer of surface air is due to the density of the layers. But at some point, the surface cannot obtain a temperature below that of it's surrounding boundaries; regardless of how much energy they hold (only temperature matters, and will always move towards a point of equilibrium).


Are you saying that you don't see how the ground could become colder than the surrounding atmosphere? Air is a very poor conductor of heat and that is why. It is quite easy for a shallow layer of air near the ground to be cooled substantially and create a strong inversion layer, which I assume is the gradient you speak of.
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Quoting HurricaneIsabel:
i wish hurricane season was year round :(

Isabel.I think you would back off on that statement if you lived in south Florida.I am in Palm Beach county
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that's disturbing....
Member Since: January 24, 2007 Posts: 317 Comments: 31946
SQUAWK!!!!!
Member Since: January 24, 2007 Posts: 317 Comments: 31946

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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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