November 2010 1st or 2nd warmest on record; ZombieSat saga ends

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 3:50 PM GMT on December 24, 2010

Share this Blog
2
+

November 2010 was the globe's second warmest November on record, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Climatic Data Center (NCDC). NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies rated November 2010 the warmest November on record. Both NOAA and NASA rated the year-to-date period, January - November, as the warmest such period on record. Global satellite-measured temperatures for the lowest 8 km of the atmosphere for November were the 5th or 3rd warmest on record, according to Remote Sensing Systems and the University of Alabama Huntsville (UAH), respectively. UAH rates the year-to-date period, January-November, as the 2nd warmest such period in the satellite data record, behind 1998. The record or near-record November global warmth is remarkable, given that we are in the midst of a moderate strength La Niña episode in the Eastern Pacific. The large amount of cold water that upwells to the surface during a La Niña typically causes a substantial cool-down in global temperatures, making a monthly temperature record difficult to set. November 2010 is the only "warmest month on record" as rated by NASA to occur during La Niña conditions. The November temperature record is all the more remarkable since we are near the minimum of the 11-year solar sunspot cycle. Global temperatures are cooler by about 0.1°C for the two years following a solar minimum, compared to global temperatures two years after solar maximum. Our current minimum in solar energy makes it much more difficult to set monthly global temperature records.

An average November for the U.S.
For the contiguous U.S., November was near-average in temperature, ranking as the 46th warmest November in the 116-year record, according to the National Climatic Data Center. The year-to-date period, January to November, was the 19th warmest such period on record. No states had a top-ten warmest or coldest November on record. November 2010 precipitation was also near average. Only Montana had a top-ten wettest November on record, and no states had top-ten driest November.

La Niña in the "moderate" category
The equatorial Eastern Pacific Ocean is currently experiencing moderate La Niña conditions. Sea surface temperatures (SSTs) over the tropical Eastern Pacific in the area 5°N - 5°S, 120°W - 170°W, also called the "Niña 3.4 region", were 1.4°C below average as of December 20, according to NOAA. The Australian Bureau of Meteorology put this number at 1.29°C below average (as of December 19.) Moderate La Niña conditions are defined as occurring when this number is 1.0°C - 1.5°C below average. Temperatures colder than 1.5°C below average qualify as strong La Niña conditions. NOAA is maintaining its La Niña advisory, and expects La Niña conditions to last through the coming winter into spring.

Both El Niño and La Niña events have major impacts on regional and global weather patterns. La Niña typically causes warm, dry winters over the southern portion of the U.S., with cooler and wetter than average conditions over the Pacific Northwest. The Ohio and Mississippi Valleys states typically have wetter winters than usual during La Niña events.

November 2010 Arctic sea ice extent 2nd lowest on record
Northern Hemisphere sea ice extent in November 2010 was the 2nd lowest in the 31-year satellite record behind 2006, according to the National Snow and Ice Data Center. As of December 24, ice extent was the lowest on record for this time of year. Ice volume in November was the lowest on record, according to University of Washington Polar Ice Center.


Figure 1. Sea ice extent in the Arctic as measured by satellites. Beginning in mid-December, ice extent was at record low levels for this time of year. Image credit: University of Bremen.

Major atmospheric pattern shift coming
The unseasonably cold weather over Europe and the Eastern U.S. is due to break between Christmas and New Year's, as the atmosphere undergoes a major shift in its circulation. The very unusual high pressure region over the Arctic is forecast to break down and be replaced by the typical low pressure region we expect to see in winter. After recording some of its coldest temperatures in 17 years this week, the UK may well see record highs on New Year's Eve as a result of the pattern shift. The pattern shift should bring the Eastern U.S. above-normal temperatures during the last few days of 2010, and a major New Year's Eve snowstorm to Iowa, Minnesota, and Wisconsin.

The ZombieSat saga ends?
Last week, I blogged about ZombieSat, the rogue Galaxy-15 communications satellite that failed during a solar storm. ZombieSat has been spewing noise in the C-band microwave region that has been interfering with broadcasts from satellites in its path, including the key SES-1 satellite that relays most of the weather data wunderground and the National Weather Service uses. Within the next week, ZombieSat will close in on its sister satellite, Galaxy-16, which hosts the Public Radio Satellite Service (PRSS) feeds, among others. A few weeks ago, PRSS warned its customers (who include commercial stations as well as the nation's public broadcasters) that there would be a possibility of disruption to its services on or about December 26. But on Friday December 17, Intelsat announced that ZombieSat had lost its "lock" on Earth, resulting in a loss of power that caused the satellite's main interfering transponders to shut down. So it appears the ZombieSat saga is over, and a whole bunch of engineers and operations directors can enjoy Christmas weekend without worrying about a zombie satellite hanging 23,000 miles over their heads.

Happy holidays, everyone!

Jeff Masters

Reader Comments

Comments will take a few seconds to appear.

Post Your Comments

Please sign in to post comments.

or Join

Not only will you be able to leave comments on this blog, but you'll also have the ability to upload and share your photos in our Wunder Photos section.

Display: 0, 50, 100, 200 Sort: Newest First - Order Posted

Viewing: 364 - 314

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15Blog Index

364. nash28
2:37 AM GMT on December 26, 2010
Better still...

Time for a ban. Forever.
Member Since: July 11, 2005 Posts: 190 Comments: 16972
363. nash28
2:36 AM GMT on December 26, 2010
Seriously Thurman...

Grow up. Get an education. Speak english. Get a life. Quit being a drag on the system. Oh, I could go on...
Member Since: July 11, 2005 Posts: 190 Comments: 16972
361. aimetti
2:23 AM GMT on December 26, 2010
lol nice , both those models have it nailing southeastern ct. Looks like we are finally getting nailed.

Member Since: August 20, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 97
360. nash28
2:20 AM GMT on December 26, 2010
Anyone ever heard of spell check? Or an education? Just sayin....
Member Since: July 11, 2005 Posts: 190 Comments: 16972
359. Greyelf
2:18 AM GMT on December 26, 2010
Member Since: June 5, 2007 Posts: 18 Comments: 838
357. winter123
1:43 AM GMT on December 26, 2010
Quoting KEEPEROFTHEGATE:

Amazing, perfect model agreement with NAM and GFS. Can't wait to see this storm on satellite when it peaks near long island. Glad I'm not right near the center, and again good luck to any who are. I can't wait to finally go sledding!
Member Since: July 29, 2006 Posts: 28 Comments: 1802
356. presslord
1:39 AM GMT on December 26, 2010
nash.... I hate snow...it's evil....Satan's dandruff....
Member Since: August 13, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 10492
355. KEEPEROFTHEGATE (Mod)
1:29 AM GMT on December 26, 2010
Member Since: July 15, 2006 Posts: 178 Comments: 55990
354. KEEPEROFTHEGATE (Mod)
1:28 AM GMT on December 26, 2010
Member Since: July 15, 2006 Posts: 178 Comments: 55990
353. Xyrus2000
1:26 AM GMT on December 26, 2010
Quoting breald:
Blizzard warnings are up for the Northeast. It looks like this is going to be a doozy.


I'm expecting them declare one in my area soon as well (MD). Calling for 20-40 mph winds with heavy snow. They've been upgrading the amounts over the past 24 hours. Pretty big change from 30% chance of flurries from a couple days ago.

~X~
Member Since: October 31, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 1654
352. nash28
1:23 AM GMT on December 26, 2010
Hey Press.

You ready for some snow?
Member Since: July 11, 2005 Posts: 190 Comments: 16972
351. presslord
1:11 AM GMT on December 26, 2010
Christmas morning at Folly Beach
Link
Member Since: August 13, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 10492
350. xcool



Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Blizzard warnings are up for the Northeast. It looks like this is going to be a doozy.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Funny.. The snowfall we got back in February exceeded what the forecast called for by a couple of inches. I ended up with six inches in the backyard that morning.
Member Since: July 11, 2005 Posts: 190 Comments: 16972
Have to drive south tomorrow. Hopefully we will get to the destination before the storm comes! Driving through Binghamton instead of New Jersey to attempt to avoid the worst of it! 24 hours from now (GFS) -

The more I look into this storm the worse it looks. God speed to the people who live right on/near the east coast!
Member Since: July 29, 2006 Posts: 28 Comments: 1802
Yawn, groaaaaaaaaaaaaaaan. mmmmmmmmmmmmmmm.
Everyone have a good holiday? I'm going to bed.
Member Since: July 17, 2009 Posts: 71 Comments: 27208
Sorry. Charleston proper (coastal) is under a Winter Weather Advisory. Where my fanny sits (Dorchester County)is under a Winter Storm Warning. Hope that clears it up.
Member Since: July 11, 2005 Posts: 190 Comments: 16972
Quoting Chucktown:


Doesn't look as impressive as what happened back in February, especially right here in Charleston, but Dorchester and Berkeley counties may see a few inches. Stay tuned !!

Chucktown, I find the Goose Creek forecast more accurate for those of us in the northern reaches of Hanahan, or south central inland Berkeley, whatever they're calling it these days. We're just to the east of the Charleston border as it tracks Rivers past Northwoods. if it's anything like the February snowfall, I'll be out with the camera before dawn--again! There's just something about snow on palms and other tropical growth and Spanish moss . . . .

Being fairly close to I-95, I'm hoping we'll be tucked in with the forecast for in excess of 2-4". Most of the snow will be gone by Monday afternoon, I expect, just before it begins to become a pain. So glad Mr. Street doesn't have to deal with the Don Holt Bridge on Monday!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting presslord:


Stop it!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!


Evening Press - ready for a little snow. Doesn't look as impressive as what happened back in February, especially right here in Charleston, but Dorchester and Berkeley counties may see a few inches. Stay tuned !!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
For Palm Beach County

ALERT 1 - Wind Chill Watch A WIND CHILL WATCH IS IN EFFECT UNTIL 9:00AM EST MONDAY, DECEMBER 27

Event Start: Monday, December 27, 2010 1:00 AM EST

Event End: Monday, December 27, 2010 9:00 AM EST

ALERT 2 - Freeze Watch A FREEZE WATCH IS IN EFFECT UNTIL 9:00AM EST TUESDAY, DECEMBER 28

Event Start: Tuesday, December 28, 2010 1:00 AM EST

Event End: Tuesday, December 28, 2010 9:00 AM EST

ALERT 3 - Freeze Watch A FREEZE WATCH IS IN EFFECT UNTIL 9:00AM EST MONDAY, DECEMBER 27

Event Start: Monday, December 27, 2010 1:00 AM EST

Event End: Monday, December 27, 2010 9:00 AM EST
Member Since: September 10, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 11538
Quoting nash28:
Winter Storm Warning for Charleston, SC.


That is incorrect! However, much of the rest of SC is under a Winter Storm Warning.

GAZ101-SCZ047>052-260500-
/O.NEW.KCHS.WW.Y.0005.101226T1000Z-101227T0500Z/
EFFINGHAM-INLAND JASPER-BEAUFORT-COASTAL COLLETON-CHARLESTON-
COASTAL JASPER-TIDAL BERKELEY-
INCLUDING THE CITIES OF...SPRINGFIELD...RIDGELAND...BEAUFORT...
HILTON HEAD...EDISTO BEACH...CHARLESTON...JASPER...
DANIEL ISLAND...NAVAL WEAPONS STATION CHARLESTON
214 PM EST SAT DEC 25 2010

...WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY IN EFFECT FROM 5 AM SUNDAY TO MIDNIGHT
EST SUNDAY NIGHT...

THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IN CHARLESTON HAS ISSUED A WINTER
WEATHER ADVISORY FOR SNOW
...WHICH IS IN EFFECT FROM 5 AM SUNDAY
TO MIDNIGHT EST SUNDAY NIGHT.

* TIMING: RAIN WILL BEGIN TO CHANGE OVER TO SNOW ACROSS INTERIOR
PORTIONS OF SOUTHEAST GEORGIA BETWEEN 5 AM AND 9 AM SUNDAY AND
BETWEEN 7 AM AND 11 AM SUNDAY ACROSS SOUTHERN SOUTH CAROLINA.
PERIODS OF LIGHT TO MODERATE SNOW ARE EXPECTED FOR MUCH OF THE
DAY ACROSS THE ADVISORY AREA BEFORE TAPERING OFF DURING THE
LATE AFTERNOON OR EARLY EVENING HOURS.

* ACCUMULATION: AROUND AN INCH OF SLUSHY SNOW ACCUMULATION IS
EXPECTED ACROSS THE ADVISORY AREA...PRIMARILY ON GRASSY OR
ELEVATED SURFACES.


* IMPACTS: ALTHOUGH ROAD SURFACES ARE FAIRLY WARM...SNOW COULD
BRIEFLY ACCUMULATE ON ROADS AND BRIDGES DURING HEAVIER BURSTS OF
SNOW.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
.
Member Since: July 29, 2006 Posts: 28 Comments: 1802
Quoting winter123:


Hey, I live in the albany area too. Where are you at? I am near Ballston Spa. I still think there will be a sharp dividing line about 10 miles east of the capital region, of who gets a ton of snow and who gets near nothing. I've been disappointed by "close call" storms like this in past years.

Looks impressive already, though. And I can't believe that other storm is still hanging off the Canada east coast, it has been there for what, 6 days now?


Remember Wilma-Noreaster aka "the perfect storm 2" in 2005? What a joke. The media ate that up then nothing happened.


I'm down near Kingston. And yes, I can recall quite a few dissapointments in the last few seasons. The one that sticks out to was that "Blizzard of '09." Called for 5-10 inches... we got 0.25 inches. This one sounds like it should come through though, at least down here, but yeah, that cut off line sucks sometimes.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting nash28:
Winter Storm Warning for Charleston, SC.


Stop it!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Member Since: August 13, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 10492
Quoting HurrikanEB:
Albany New York:
AT THIS TIME YESTERDAY...EXPECTATIONS WERE FOR THIS STORM TO TRACK
EAST TO LIMIT ITS IMPACT ACROSS THE REGION DUE TO CONCERNS OF
MODEL INITIALIZATIONS. MODEL PERFORMANCE AND ASSOCIATED ENSEMBLES
LEADING UP TO THIS EVENT WERE LESS THAN IDEAL. TO BE SURE...THERE
WILL BE SOME RESEARCH AND CASE EXERCISES IN THE FUTURE ON THIS
EVENT.


18 hours ago, we had a 40% chance of light snow with totals probably in the 1-3inch range.
Woke up this morning to a winter storm watch for 4-8inches.
Now they've upped it to 6-12 inches... waiting on a winter storm warning.


Hey, I live in the albany area too. Where are you at? I am near Ballston Spa. I still think there will be a sharp dividing line about 10 miles east of the capital region, of who gets a ton of snow and who gets near nothing. I've been disappointed by "close call" storms like this in past years.

Looks impressive already, though. And I can't believe that other storm is still hanging off the Canada east coast, it has been there for what, 6 days now?


Remember Wilma-Noreaster aka "the perfect storm 2" in 2005? What a joke. The media ate that up then nothing happened.
Member Since: July 29, 2006 Posts: 28 Comments: 1802
335. JLPR2
Feliz Navidad a todos!
Merry Christmas to all!

:D
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Winter Storm Warning for Charleston, SC.
Member Since: July 11, 2005 Posts: 190 Comments: 16972
Albany New York:
AT THIS TIME YESTERDAY...EXPECTATIONS WERE FOR THIS STORM TO TRACK
EAST TO LIMIT ITS IMPACT ACROSS THE REGION DUE TO CONCERNS OF
MODEL INITIALIZATIONS. MODEL PERFORMANCE AND ASSOCIATED ENSEMBLES
LEADING UP TO THIS EVENT WERE LESS THAN IDEAL. TO BE SURE...THERE
WILL BE SOME RESEARCH AND CASE EXERCISES IN THE FUTURE ON THIS
EVENT.


18 hours ago, we had a 40% chance of light snow with totals probably in the 1-3inch range.
Woke up this morning to a winter storm watch for 4-8inches.
Now they've upped it to 6-12 inches... waiting on a winter storm warning.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 428 Comments: 129805
Blizzard Warning for New York City!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
So--while I took a nap the forecast changed. We're in Otranto, part of Hanahan, around 20 miles north of the city of
Charleston and east of Sullivan's Island. Edit: LOL! No, we're not up to our necks in the freezing Atlantic, I had a senior moment. That should, of course, be west of Sullivan's.

Winter Storm Warning

Statement as of 2:14 PM EST on December 25, 2010

... Winter Storm Warning in effect from 3 am Sunday to midnight
EST Sunday night...

The National Weather Service in Charleston has issued a Winter
Storm Warning for heavy snow... which is in effect from 3 am
Sunday to midnight EST Sunday night. The Winter Storm Watch is no
longer in effect.

* Timing: rain will begin to change over to snow across interior
portions of southern South Carolina between 3 am and 7am Sunday.
Periods of light to moderate snow are expected for much of the
day Sunday
across the warning area before tapering off during
the late afternoon or early evening hours.

* Accumulation: 1 to 3 inches of wet snow is expected across the
warning area... primarily on grassy or elevated surfaces.

* Impacts: although Road surfaces are fairly warm... snow could
begin to accumulate on roads and bridges during heavier bursts
of snow. Additionally... tree branches or limbs may be knocked
down due to the heavy wet snow resulting in sporadic power
outages.


Precautionary/preparedness actions...

A Winter Storm Warning means significant amounts of snow...
are expected. This will make travel very hazardous or even
impossible.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
wanted to wish all my weather underground friends a very Merry Christmas and a happy new year and God bless
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Walshy:
Area forecast discussion
National Weather Service Greenville-Spartanburg SC
110 PM EST Sat Dec 25 2010


Near term /through tonight/...
sometimes I think I should have been a Farmer. At long last...we
/think/ we are getting a solid handle on the unfolding winter
weather event across the western Carolinas/northeast Georgia.

However...it should be noted that confidence drops off sharply after
the first 6 hours or so...as much of this event will be dominated by
mesoscale and even convective scale processes.




Models were wavering all week due to too much missing data, now they are converging. It's typical for forecast amounts to increase significantly in a short period of time, esp. here in central NC. I've learned not to trust any forecast until it is within 12-18 hours of the onset of the event.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Area forecast discussion
National Weather Service Greenville-Spartanburg SC
110 PM EST Sat Dec 25 2010


Near term /through tonight/...
sometimes I think I should have been a Farmer. At long last...we
/think/ we are getting a solid handle on the unfolding winter
weather event across the western Carolinas/northeast Georgia.

However...it should be noted that confidence drops off sharply after
the first 6 hours or so...as much of this event will be dominated by
mesoscale and even convective scale processes.


Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Neapolitan:

I'm not trying to stay on your good side; I'm just hoping to keep you on everyone else's. ;-)

Have a nice one!
that choice is yours
Member Since: July 15, 2006 Posts: 178 Comments: 55990
Anyway, gotta run... turkey et al [mmmm... green peas n rice a-callin'] is on the way... enjoy the rest of ur day!
Member Since: October 25, 2005 Posts: 19 Comments: 22725
Wow... nothing like a little Christmas and Boxing Day cyclone to keep things happy.... lol

Member Since: October 25, 2005 Posts: 19 Comments: 22725
Quoting KEEPEROFTHEGATE:
first up that was no copy and paste that was a quick one from my first morning coffee while opening gifts second if ya want to stay on my good side i suggests thats not the way too do it third those little put downs are great it keeps them from putting there own fourth merry christmas its a great morning

I'm not trying to stay on your good side; I'm just hoping to keep you on everyone else's. ;-)

Have a nice one!
Member Since: November 8, 2009 Posts: 4 Comments: 13796
317. Skyepony (Mod)
TSUNAMI BULLETIN NUMBER 002
PACIFIC TSUNAMI WARNING CENTER/NOAA/NWS
ISSUED AT 1445Z 25 DEC 2010

THIS BULLETIN APPLIES TO AREAS WITHIN AND BORDERING THE PACIFIC
OCEAN AND ADJACENT SEAS...EXCEPT ALASKA...BRITISH COLUMBIA...
WASHINGTON...OREGON AND CALIFORNIA.

... TSUNAMI WARNING CANCELLATION ...

THE TSUNAMI WARNING AND/OR WATCH ISSUED BY THE PACIFIC TSUNAMI
WARNING CENTER IS NOW CANCELLED FOR

VANUATU / NEW CALEDONIA / FIJI

THIS BULLETIN IS ISSUED AS ADVICE TO GOVERNMENT AGENCIES. ONLY
NATIONAL AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT AGENCIES HAVE THE AUTHORITY TO MAKE
DECISIONS REGARDING THE OFFICIAL STATE OF ALERT IN THEIR AREA AND
ANY ACTIONS TO BE TAKEN IN RESPONSE.

AN EARTHQUAKE HAS OCCURRED WITH THESE PRELIMINARY PARAMETERS
NOTE REVISED MAGNITUDE

ORIGIN TIME - 1317Z 25 DEC 2010
COORDINATES - 19.7 SOUTH 168.0 EAST
DEPTH - 33 KM
LOCATION - VANUATU ISLANDS
MAGNITUDE - 7.3

MEASUREMENTS OR REPORTS OF TSUNAMI WAVE ACTIVITY

GAUGE LOCATION LAT LON TIME AMPL PER
------------------- ----- ------ ----- --------------- -----
VANUATU 17.8S 168.3E 1407Z 0.15M / 0.5FT 22MIN
Member Since: August 10, 2005 Posts: 224 Comments: 39364
A merry Christmas [afternoon] to all those I missed earlier this week... hope you are enjoying your time with family, friends, and loved ones...

From Baha, enjoying a gorgeous Christmas here in Nassau, Bahamas....
Member Since: October 25, 2005 Posts: 19 Comments: 22725
25-DEC-2010 13:16:38 -19.76 167.97 7.3 24.4 VANUATU ISLANDS REGION
Member Since: October 1, 2007 Posts: 81 Comments: 26516
314. Skyepony (Mod)
96S NW of Australia

Member Since: August 10, 2005 Posts: 224 Comments: 39364

Viewing: 364 - 314

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15Blog Index

Top of Page

About

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

Local Weather

Overcast
27 °F
Overcast

JeffMasters's Recent Photos

Lake Effort Snow Shower Over Windsor, Ontario
Sunset on Dunham Lake
Pictured Rocks Sunset
Sunset on Lake Huron