November 2010 1st or 2nd warmest on record; ZombieSat saga ends

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 3:50 PM GMT on December 24, 2010

Share this Blog
2
+

November 2010 was the globe's second warmest November on record, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Climatic Data Center (NCDC). NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies rated November 2010 the warmest November on record. Both NOAA and NASA rated the year-to-date period, January - November, as the warmest such period on record. Global satellite-measured temperatures for the lowest 8 km of the atmosphere for November were the 5th or 3rd warmest on record, according to Remote Sensing Systems and the University of Alabama Huntsville (UAH), respectively. UAH rates the year-to-date period, January-November, as the 2nd warmest such period in the satellite data record, behind 1998. The record or near-record November global warmth is remarkable, given that we are in the midst of a moderate strength La Niña episode in the Eastern Pacific. The large amount of cold water that upwells to the surface during a La Niña typically causes a substantial cool-down in global temperatures, making a monthly temperature record difficult to set. November 2010 is the only "warmest month on record" as rated by NASA to occur during La Niña conditions. The November temperature record is all the more remarkable since we are near the minimum of the 11-year solar sunspot cycle. Global temperatures are cooler by about 0.1°C for the two years following a solar minimum, compared to global temperatures two years after solar maximum. Our current minimum in solar energy makes it much more difficult to set monthly global temperature records.

An average November for the U.S.
For the contiguous U.S., November was near-average in temperature, ranking as the 46th warmest November in the 116-year record, according to the National Climatic Data Center. The year-to-date period, January to November, was the 19th warmest such period on record. No states had a top-ten warmest or coldest November on record. November 2010 precipitation was also near average. Only Montana had a top-ten wettest November on record, and no states had top-ten driest November.

La Niña in the "moderate" category
The equatorial Eastern Pacific Ocean is currently experiencing moderate La Niña conditions. Sea surface temperatures (SSTs) over the tropical Eastern Pacific in the area 5°N - 5°S, 120°W - 170°W, also called the "Niña 3.4 region", were 1.4°C below average as of December 20, according to NOAA. The Australian Bureau of Meteorology put this number at 1.29°C below average (as of December 19.) Moderate La Niña conditions are defined as occurring when this number is 1.0°C - 1.5°C below average. Temperatures colder than 1.5°C below average qualify as strong La Niña conditions. NOAA is maintaining its La Niña advisory, and expects La Niña conditions to last through the coming winter into spring.

Both El Niño and La Niña events have major impacts on regional and global weather patterns. La Niña typically causes warm, dry winters over the southern portion of the U.S., with cooler and wetter than average conditions over the Pacific Northwest. The Ohio and Mississippi Valleys states typically have wetter winters than usual during La Niña events.

November 2010 Arctic sea ice extent 2nd lowest on record
Northern Hemisphere sea ice extent in November 2010 was the 2nd lowest in the 31-year satellite record behind 2006, according to the National Snow and Ice Data Center. As of December 24, ice extent was the lowest on record for this time of year. Ice volume in November was the lowest on record, according to University of Washington Polar Ice Center.


Figure 1. Sea ice extent in the Arctic as measured by satellites. Beginning in mid-December, ice extent was at record low levels for this time of year. Image credit: University of Bremen.

Major atmospheric pattern shift coming
The unseasonably cold weather over Europe and the Eastern U.S. is due to break between Christmas and New Year's, as the atmosphere undergoes a major shift in its circulation. The very unusual high pressure region over the Arctic is forecast to break down and be replaced by the typical low pressure region we expect to see in winter. After recording some of its coldest temperatures in 17 years this week, the UK may well see record highs on New Year's Eve as a result of the pattern shift. The pattern shift should bring the Eastern U.S. above-normal temperatures during the last few days of 2010, and a major New Year's Eve snowstorm to Iowa, Minnesota, and Wisconsin.

The ZombieSat saga ends?
Last week, I blogged about ZombieSat, the rogue Galaxy-15 communications satellite that failed during a solar storm. ZombieSat has been spewing noise in the C-band microwave region that has been interfering with broadcasts from satellites in its path, including the key SES-1 satellite that relays most of the weather data wunderground and the National Weather Service uses. Within the next week, ZombieSat will close in on its sister satellite, Galaxy-16, which hosts the Public Radio Satellite Service (PRSS) feeds, among others. A few weeks ago, PRSS warned its customers (who include commercial stations as well as the nation's public broadcasters) that there would be a possibility of disruption to its services on or about December 26. But on Friday December 17, Intelsat announced that ZombieSat had lost its "lock" on Earth, resulting in a loss of power that caused the satellite's main interfering transponders to shut down. So it appears the ZombieSat saga is over, and a whole bunch of engineers and operations directors can enjoy Christmas weekend without worrying about a zombie satellite hanging 23,000 miles over their heads.

Happy holidays, everyone!

Jeff Masters

Reader Comments

Comments will take a few seconds to appear.

Post Your Comments

Please sign in to post comments.

or Join

Not only will you be able to leave comments on this blog, but you'll also have the ability to upload and share your photos in our Wunder Photos section.

Display: 0, 50, 100, 200 Sort: Newest First - Order Posted

Viewing: 464 - 414

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15Blog Index

global warming
climate change
climate instability

hard to hit a moving target....

seems the only thing really changing are the definitions as this thing does what it has done since the earth accreted from space dust...

anyone care to call it man induced ice age...soon coming to a theatre near you
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
The city afficials are over reacting here in D.C.We are hardly getting anything and they are cancelling flights in or out of D.C's Reagan national,and Dulles along with BWI.Now I understand if they were only cancelling flights to any where in the north east where the blizzard is,but thei cancelling flights to everywhere.Stupid.
Member Since: August 14, 2010 Posts: 10 Comments: 17095
Quoting Skyepony:

Most the world has..

The year of living dangerously. Masters: “The stunning extremes we witnessed gives me concern that our climate is showing the early signs of instability” - Munich Re: "The only plausible explanation for the rise in weather-related catastrophes is climate change" - A year of deadly record-smashing weather extremes from Nashville to Moscow, from the Amazon to Pakistan, ended with staggering deluges from California — “Rainfall records weren’t just broken, they were obliterated” — to Australia: More than a year’s rain fell in Carnarvon in just 24 hours this week.  A monsoonal low hovering over the Gascoyne dumped a 24-hour record 204.8mm, smashing the previous record of 119.4mm set on March 24, 1923. NASA reported that it was the hottest ‘meteorological year’ [December to November] on record and likely to be the hottest calendar year. Uber-meteorologist and former NOAA Hurricane hunter Dr. Jeff Masters of Weather Underground reported, “The year 2010 now has the most national extreme heat records for a single year–nineteen. These nations comprise 20% of the total land area of Earth. This is the largest area of Earth’s surface to experience all-time record high temperatures in any single year in the historical record.”

Amazing. It doesn't take a whole lot of imagination or scientific knowledge to realize there really isn't a mechanism other than man-made climate disruption that could be causing such a planet-wide bunch of atmospheric happenings. The only question that remains in my mind is this: just how many more such things will have to happen to convince people to take action?
Member Since: November 8, 2009 Posts: 4 Comments: 13568
461. beell
Google Trends/Hot Searches/Snow Cream Recipes
Peaked three hours ago.


google trends
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Skyepony:
More words from Masters on the past year from that link..

In my thirty years as a meteorologist, I’ve never seen global weather patterns as strange as those we had in 2010. The stunning extremes we witnessed gives me concern that our climate is showing the early signs of instability. Natural variability probably did play a significant role in the wild weather of 2010, and 2011 will likely not be nearly as extreme. However, I suspect that crazy weather years like 2010 will become the norm a decade from now, as the climate continues to adjust to the steady build-up of heat-trapping gases we are pumping into the air. Forty years from now, the crazy weather of 2010 will seem pretty tame. We’ve bequeathed to our children a future with a radically changed climate that will regularly bring unprecedented weather events–many of them extremely destructive–to every corner of the globe. This year’s wild ride was just the beginning.

of a new way of life
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Didn't notice when the snow first began here (20 mi N of Charleston proper), somewhere around 1 p.m. It's coming down nicely but the flakes are tiny dots, not big, fluffy ones. However, there are some signs of settling on dried leaves on the yard.

The forecast amount of snow accumulation has been reduced to 1". Drat! Probably won't be enough for even a snow baby.

Low tonight forecast as 25 and, with the standing water from rain and wet surfaces generally, roads and bridges will be hazardous.
Member Since: July 16, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 41
458. Skyepony (Mod)
More words from Masters on the past year from that link..

In my thirty years as a meteorologist, I’ve never seen global weather patterns as strange as those we had in 2010. The stunning extremes we witnessed gives me concern that our climate is showing the early signs of instability. Natural variability probably did play a significant role in the wild weather of 2010, and 2011 will likely not be nearly as extreme. However, I suspect that crazy weather years like 2010 will become the norm a decade from now, as the climate continues to adjust to the steady build-up of heat-trapping gases we are pumping into the air. Forty years from now, the crazy weather of 2010 will seem pretty tame. We’ve bequeathed to our children a future with a radically changed climate that will regularly bring unprecedented weather events–many of them extremely destructive–to every corner of the globe. This year’s wild ride was just the beginning.
Member Since: August 10, 2005 Posts: 175 Comments: 38212
457. Skyepony (Mod)
Quoting BahaHurican:
Canada has had a really wild wx year....


Most the world has..



The
year of living dangerously. Masters: %u201CThe stunning extremes we
witnessed gives me concern that our climate is showing the early signs
of instability%u201D - Munich Re: "The only plausible explanation for the
rise in weather-related catastrophes is climate change"
 -
A year of deadly record-smashing weather extremes from Nashville to
Moscow, from the Amazon to Pakistan, ended with staggering deluges from
California %u2014 %u201CRainfall records weren%u2019t just broken, they were obliterated%u201D
%u2014 to Australia: More than a year%u2019s rain fell in Carnarvon in just 24 hours this week
A monsoonal low hovering over the Gascoyne dumped a 24-hour record
204.8mm, smashing the previous record of 119.4mm set on March 24, 1923. 
NASA reported that it was the hottest %u2018meteorological year%u2019 [December
to November] on record and likely to be the hottest calendar year.
Uber-meteorologist and former NOAA Hurricane hunter Dr. Jeff Masters of
Weather Underground reported, %u201CThe year 2010 now has the most national extreme heat records for a single year%u2013nineteen.
These nations comprise 20% of the total land area of Earth. This is the
largest area of Earth%u2019s surface to experience all-time record high
temperatures in any single year in the historical record.%u201D
Member Since: August 10, 2005 Posts: 175 Comments: 38212
Quoting Skyepony:
Grothar~ East coastal Canada is going to get so slammed by this. That last system was really bad. Early estimates like 10 million. The damage pics impressive. This round looks even worse.


Yes, looks like it. I still have a lot of family on Long Island and other parts up there. My brother on Long Island said it is just starting to come down heavily. Unusually early storm for this big. Very windy.
Member Since: July 17, 2009 Posts: 71 Comments: 26527
Quoting Skyepony:
Grothar~ East coastal Canada is going to get so slammed by this. That last system was really bad. Early estimates like 10 million. The damage pics impressive. This round looks even worse.
Canada has had a really wild wx year....
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Skyepony:


Don't forget the wind. I spotted a good sized dust devil filled with leaves in my front yard. Looks like a leaf devil had it's way out there.
Winds have been blowing 20/25 mph most of the day. Makes for a cozy day to relax with a good book or movie, cup of your fave hot toddy...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
L8R folks. I'm not afraid of bugs, I just find their presence distasteful, and their manner occasionally disgusting.

Stay safe in the cold, It's gonna be a strong one. I'll be back after admin does a little exterminating.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
451. Skyepony (Mod)
Grothar~ East coastal Canada is going to get so slammed by this. That last system was really bad. Early estimates like 10 million. The damage pics impressive. This round looks even worse.
Member Since: August 10, 2005 Posts: 175 Comments: 38212
450. Skyepony (Mod)
Mentionable hailstorm in United Arab Emirates. Part of Sweden was shut down by a snow storm. It is another wild weather day.
Member Since: August 10, 2005 Posts: 175 Comments: 38212
Member Since: July 17, 2009 Posts: 71 Comments: 26527
447. Skyepony (Mod)
TASHA remains is causing flooding/record rain events in an area that has too many the last few years...


Weather forecasters have warned torrential rain that lashed north Queensland yesterday is bearing down on the state's south-east. Bureau of Meteorology senior forecaster Bryan Rolstone said a deep rain band is set to dump between 50 and 100 millimetres of rain in Brisbane overnight and possibly more on the Sunshine Coast. The heavy rain is expected to cause flash flooding across the already waterlogged city. ''It's the remains of the monsoonal low that was over northern Queensland,'' Mr Rolstone said. ''The heavy rain is all sinking down to the south.'' The rain band however has separated from the tropical low, which battered the far north coast yesterday, cutting power to 7000 properties and ripping a roof off a house at Mission Beach. ''The rain has actually dissociated from the tropical low and is moving independently, sliding down towards the south-east,'' Mr Rolstone said. ''We'll cop it tonight and into the morning.'' However the flooding rains will not last long into the Christmas public holiday, Mr Rolstone said. ''During tomorrow our heaviest rain will move back up north towards the Fraser Coast,'' he said. ''At the moment the band is extending north and south, but by Tuesday it will concentrate in a belt from east to west across central Queensland, from Longreach to Fraser Island.'' With the additional rain looming Brisbane is set to record nearly three times its monthly rainfall average of 133 millimetres. In the past 24 hours Brisbane's southern suburbs received the heaviest falls, with Carindale recording 33 millimetres and Greenslopes 42 millimetres. The city has already received 384.6 millimetres this December, with 115 millimetres falling in the first five days of the month. The rain gauge topped 266 millimetres last Sunday, exactly double the December average. Meanwhile north Queensland will be afforded a brief reprieve from torrential rain this evening, as the rain band tracks south. Seasonal thunderstorms will remain about and continue to cause minor flooding across the northern region.
Member Since: August 10, 2005 Posts: 175 Comments: 38212
445. Skyepony (Mod)
A powerline failure shut down Moscow's largest airport today as unseasonably warm weather produced hail storms that wreaked havoc with the city's traffic and left shoppers slipping on ice. Domodedovo International Airport, which handles a daily average of more than 55,000 travellers, reported a total power outage at 8.00am (6pm AEDT) today. An emergency power supply unit allowed the airport to receive the approaching traffic, but all arrivals and departures were ended two hours later. About 16,000 people were left stranded at the facility, with no immediate information about when power supplies might resume. Various news reports said similar outages had affected some 150 settlements around the city, with more than 100,000 people without electricity by midday. Temperatures in Russia's capital hovered around freezing point on both days of the weekend, producing unseasonable showers that turned the city into what one television station described as a "concrete skating rink".
Member Since: August 10, 2005 Posts: 175 Comments: 38212
443. Skyepony (Mod)
Quoting BahaHurican:
Currently 70 degrees, and starting to get overcast. Looking for the rain soon, and then the temp drop to be rapid....



Don't forget the wind. I spotted a good sized dust devil filled with leaves in my front yard. Looks like a leaf devil had it's way out there.
Member Since: August 10, 2005 Posts: 175 Comments: 38212
Quoting Chicklit:
It's going to be nasty in NYC and Long Island, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Connecticut.
Quoting Chicklit:
It's going to be nasty in NYC and Long Island, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Connecticut.


Stay warm, and keep that puppy inside with you. Do you have enough supplies?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
439. beell
NWS State Information - National
CT DE MA MD NC
NH NJ PA RI VT
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
How hard can it be to ignore the stupid posters? that's going to be a nice blizzard up there in the ne! :)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
We now have light showers at my location, with winds backing around to the NW...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
KOTG, what, r u 2 trying to inflate/boost/pad the winter blog #s with these posts???

LOL that is about as much as they r worth....

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting SpiderTrolls:


We cross?

that is by your own hand
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
It's going to be nasty in NYC and Long Island, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Connecticut.
Member Since: July 11, 2006 Posts: 14 Comments: 11356
Hmmm. Some NC dwelling friends of mine are confirming the 6+ inches between Greensboro and Raleigh/Durham...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Blizzard Warning
Statement as of 12:40 PM EST on December 26, 2010
... Blizzard Warning remains in effect until 6 PM EST Monday...

* Hazards... heavy snow and strong winds... with considerable blowing and drifting of snow with near zero visibility at times.

* Accumulations... 15 to 20 inches... with locally higher amounts up to 2 feet possible.

* Impacts... extremely dangerous travel conditions developing this afternoon into the evening due to significant snow accumulations... and strong winds causing considerable blowing and drifting of snow. Visibilities will be near zero at times... with whiteout conditions expected.

Strong winds may also down some power lines... tree limbs... and Christmas decorations.

* Timing... snow will become heavy at times this afternoon into much of tonight. The snow will taper off from west to east Monday morning... but strong northwest winds will persist through the afternoon.

* Winds... .during the height of the storm tonight... north winds will increase to 25 to 35 mph with gusts of 40 to 60 mph. Isolated higher gusts are possible across Long Island.

Precautionary/preparedness actions...

A Blizzard Warning means severe winter weather conditions are expected or occurring. Falling and blowing snow with strong winds and poor visibilities are likely. This will lead to whiteout conditions... making travel extremely dangerous. Do not travel. If you must travel... have a winter survival kit with you. If you get stranded... stay with your vehicle.

Public Information Statement
Statement as of 1:06 PM EST on December 26, 2010

... Blizzard preparedness information...

A Blizzard Warning is in effect for all of southeast New York... northeast New Jersey... and southern Connecticut. This means hazardous winter weather conditions... such as heavy snow... winds of 35 mph or higher with snow and blowing snow reducing visibility to less than 1/4 mile for at least 3 hours... will affect the area in the next 24 to 48 hours.

All preparedness activities should be rushed to completion if outdoor conditions still permit... as snow and wind will increase
in intensity this afternoon. The following items should be available...

* flashlights and extra batteries.

* Canned food and a manual opener... bottled water and essential
medications.

* A first aid kit.

* Sufficient heating fuel.

* A working fire extinguisher and smoke alarm.

* Salt and sand.

* A battery powered radio.

Make sure your pets have plenty of food... water and shelter.

Make sure your vehicle is fully checked and winterized. Carry a winter storm survival kit including blankets... cell phone... a flashlight with extra batteries... a shovel and a map.

If you become stranded in your vehicle... ensure the tail pipe is clear... then stay inside... run the engine 10 minutes each hour for heat... keep your window open to avoid Carbon monoxide poisoning... and from time to time exercise body parts to keep blood circulating and to keep warm. Tie a colored cloth to your vehicle.

If caught outside... try to stay dry and cover exposed body parts.

For additional information on preparing for winter storms... please visit http://weather.Gov/NYC/winterweather.Html


Member Since: July 11, 2006 Posts: 14 Comments: 11356
Currently 70 degrees, and starting to get overcast. Looking for the rain soon, and then the temp drop to be rapid....

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
They just updated the warnings here.

Blizzard warnings now in effect for New York all the way up through the eastern Mid Hudson Valley, and all of Connecticut.
Member Since: May 2, 2008 Posts: 12 Comments: 1340
Even in post season.. idiots are abundant.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting MechEngMet:
Anyone seen that can of 'Raid'? There's a minor pest issue in the room this AM.

Hello Admin?
flag im as fast as they post after ten flags the post is blocked
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Link

Blizzard update.. or Metro-Blizzard as Henry wants to call it. A Superstorm as predicted by Jeff9641.

*Would like to say that the criteria for a Superstorm in my opinion is when the pressure is under 980 mlb. Which is forecast to deepen to about 970-975 mlb.*
Member Since: July 1, 2008 Posts: 13 Comments: 7396
414. beell
works great when the time is right.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:

Viewing: 464 - 414

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15Blog Index

Top of Page

About

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

Local Weather

Partly Cloudy
38 °F
Partly Cloudy