November 2010 1st or 2nd warmest on record; ZombieSat saga ends

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 3:50 PM GMT on December 24, 2010

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November 2010 was the globe's second warmest November on record, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Climatic Data Center (NCDC). NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies rated November 2010 the warmest November on record. Both NOAA and NASA rated the year-to-date period, January - November, as the warmest such period on record. Global satellite-measured temperatures for the lowest 8 km of the atmosphere for November were the 5th or 3rd warmest on record, according to Remote Sensing Systems and the University of Alabama Huntsville (UAH), respectively. UAH rates the year-to-date period, January-November, as the 2nd warmest such period in the satellite data record, behind 1998. The record or near-record November global warmth is remarkable, given that we are in the midst of a moderate strength La Niña episode in the Eastern Pacific. The large amount of cold water that upwells to the surface during a La Niña typically causes a substantial cool-down in global temperatures, making a monthly temperature record difficult to set. November 2010 is the only "warmest month on record" as rated by NASA to occur during La Niña conditions. The November temperature record is all the more remarkable since we are near the minimum of the 11-year solar sunspot cycle. Global temperatures are cooler by about 0.1°C for the two years following a solar minimum, compared to global temperatures two years after solar maximum. Our current minimum in solar energy makes it much more difficult to set monthly global temperature records.

An average November for the U.S.
For the contiguous U.S., November was near-average in temperature, ranking as the 46th warmest November in the 116-year record, according to the National Climatic Data Center. The year-to-date period, January to November, was the 19th warmest such period on record. No states had a top-ten warmest or coldest November on record. November 2010 precipitation was also near average. Only Montana had a top-ten wettest November on record, and no states had top-ten driest November.

La Niña in the "moderate" category
The equatorial Eastern Pacific Ocean is currently experiencing moderate La Niña conditions. Sea surface temperatures (SSTs) over the tropical Eastern Pacific in the area 5°N - 5°S, 120°W - 170°W, also called the "Niña 3.4 region", were 1.4°C below average as of December 20, according to NOAA. The Australian Bureau of Meteorology put this number at 1.29°C below average (as of December 19.) Moderate La Niña conditions are defined as occurring when this number is 1.0°C - 1.5°C below average. Temperatures colder than 1.5°C below average qualify as strong La Niña conditions. NOAA is maintaining its La Niña advisory, and expects La Niña conditions to last through the coming winter into spring.

Both El Niño and La Niña events have major impacts on regional and global weather patterns. La Niña typically causes warm, dry winters over the southern portion of the U.S., with cooler and wetter than average conditions over the Pacific Northwest. The Ohio and Mississippi Valleys states typically have wetter winters than usual during La Niña events.

November 2010 Arctic sea ice extent 2nd lowest on record
Northern Hemisphere sea ice extent in November 2010 was the 2nd lowest in the 31-year satellite record behind 2006, according to the National Snow and Ice Data Center. As of December 24, ice extent was the lowest on record for this time of year. Ice volume in November was the lowest on record, according to University of Washington Polar Ice Center.


Figure 1. Sea ice extent in the Arctic as measured by satellites. Beginning in mid-December, ice extent was at record low levels for this time of year. Image credit: University of Bremen.

Major atmospheric pattern shift coming
The unseasonably cold weather over Europe and the Eastern U.S. is due to break between Christmas and New Year's, as the atmosphere undergoes a major shift in its circulation. The very unusual high pressure region over the Arctic is forecast to break down and be replaced by the typical low pressure region we expect to see in winter. After recording some of its coldest temperatures in 17 years this week, the UK may well see record highs on New Year's Eve as a result of the pattern shift. The pattern shift should bring the Eastern U.S. above-normal temperatures during the last few days of 2010, and a major New Year's Eve snowstorm to Iowa, Minnesota, and Wisconsin.

The ZombieSat saga ends?
Last week, I blogged about ZombieSat, the rogue Galaxy-15 communications satellite that failed during a solar storm. ZombieSat has been spewing noise in the C-band microwave region that has been interfering with broadcasts from satellites in its path, including the key SES-1 satellite that relays most of the weather data wunderground and the National Weather Service uses. Within the next week, ZombieSat will close in on its sister satellite, Galaxy-16, which hosts the Public Radio Satellite Service (PRSS) feeds, among others. A few weeks ago, PRSS warned its customers (who include commercial stations as well as the nation's public broadcasters) that there would be a possibility of disruption to its services on or about December 26. But on Friday December 17, Intelsat announced that ZombieSat had lost its "lock" on Earth, resulting in a loss of power that caused the satellite's main interfering transponders to shut down. So it appears the ZombieSat saga is over, and a whole bunch of engineers and operations directors can enjoy Christmas weekend without worrying about a zombie satellite hanging 23,000 miles over their heads.

Happy holidays, everyone!

Jeff Masters

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Raining here now and very windy! Crazy storm. I want to see Thundersnow!!
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Quoting washingtonian115:
You don't have to say it.Just press the magical sign and all will be whisped away.



good thinking
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Quoting SpiderTrolls:


Report this:


and by the way:




I feel sorry for you
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Good Evening, Hope you all had a great Christmas including those family members who received snow in Goose Creek SC and across North Carolina. Currently 32F with windchill of 22F in Crestview Fl. winds are from the NW at 13. Forecast low of 20F tonight and a hard freeze warning out. High Monday of 49F with tomorrow nights low forecasted at 19F. Had to check my address and yep, I live in Florida!
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Quoting Tazmanian:



you have been re ported
You don't have to say it.Just press the magical sign and all will be whisped away.
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Quoting KEEPEROFTHEGATE:


NJ 21 at 3rd Ave., Newark




what a mass
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NJ 21 at 3rd Ave., Newark
Member Since: July 15, 2006 Posts: 171 Comments: 53835
this is a troll free site
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will the admins plzs banned the troll from dr m blog
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take that down
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And to all the southern floridians "Enjoy the 50's,becuase it's the only 50's you got".I think people would know where I got that one from.....
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Quoting GeoffreyWPB:
46 here now, but with the wind chill…Wow! Good luck to our friends up north.
When the wind blows it feels like 6 degress outside.And I had to go oputside in those conditions to scrap the ice off of my windsheild outside.The ice had covered the window from top to bottom,side to side.So yeah It's brutal out there.
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Here in South Shore MA. Expecting 18 inches of snow. 75 MPH wind gusts tonight between Midnight to 3pm. Storm still deepening. Good news is there is no work tomorrow.
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This is for New York (Manhattan)
Forecasts for New York — Return to U.S. Severe Weather Current Severe Weather

Blizzard Warning
Statement as of 4:32 PM EST on December 26, 2010

... Blizzard Warning remains in effect until 6 PM EST Monday...

* Hazards... heavy snow and strong winds... with considerable blowing and drifting of snow with near zero visibility at times.

* Accumulations... 15 to 20 inches... with locally higher amounts up to 2 feet possible.

* Impacts... extremely dangerous travel conditions due to significant snow accumulations... and strong winds causing considerable blowing and drifting of snow. Visibilities will be near zero at times... with whiteout conditions expected. Strong winds may also down some power lines... tree limbs... and Christmas decorations.

* Timing... snow will be heavy at times tonight... with possible rumbles of thunder. The snow will taper off from west to east Monday morning. Strong northwest winds will persist through Monday afternoon.

* Winds... .during the height of the storm tonight... north winds will increase to 25 to 40 mph with gusts of 45 to 60 mph.

Precautionary/preparedness actions...

A Blizzard Warning means severe winter weather conditions are expected or occurring. Falling and blowing snow with strong winds and poor visibilities are likely. This will lead to whiteout conditions... making travel extremely dangerous. Do not travel. If you must travel... have a winter survival kit with you. If you get stranded... stay with your vehicle.






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541. Skyepony (Mod)
Quoting KEEPEROFTHEGATE:
i have been in a few snownados or what i believe could pass for one its a sudden spinup or turning of snow with strong winds and line of sight 0 mile they can last 3 to 5 minutes may see lightening or hear thunder and accum. can be in excess of 3 to 5 inches


I wouldn't be surprised by one south of Boston tonight the way all those mesocyclones are coming in.
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540. Skyepony (Mod)
Quoting KEEPEROFTHEGATE:
thay wuz out smokin the weed lookin for a cheap trill


lol


Oh we could wish. Palm Bay has been plagued with people trying to burn it down for decades. The new trend seems to be to try & burn it down on a holiday. Someone burnt a bunch of houses last Mother's Day or the one before.
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LOL, take it as you may. This has many ironic, tentacle type associations to this thread :)



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Quoting Skyepony:


Made me check them out on YouTube. Look fun to play & ski through. Most were Snow Devils.

i have been in a few snownados or what i believe could pass for one its a sudden spinup or turning of snow with strong winds and line of sight 0 mile they can last 3 to 5 minutes may see lightening or hear thunder and accum. can be in excess of 3 to 5 inches
Member Since: July 15, 2006 Posts: 171 Comments: 53835
For Nea: Skye quoted Jeff Masters on the last page: "More words from Masters on the past year from that link..

In my thirty years as a meteorologist, I’ve never seen global weather patterns as strange as those we had in 2010."

Adding to the discussion on Dr. Grey from last week, does that change your opinion on meteorologists vs. climate scientist opinions? (Honest question, not poking the bear)
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46 here now, but with the wind chill…Wow! Good luck to our friends up north.
Member Since: September 10, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 11153
Quoting Skyepony:
Pretty good fire in SW Brevard county tonight. Wind needs to lay down.

Dang Palm Bay firebug is suspected to have lit 3 on Christmas Day.
thay wuz out smokin the weed lookin for a cheap trill


lol
Member Since: July 15, 2006 Posts: 171 Comments: 53835
534. Skyepony (Mod)
Quoting KEEPEROFTHEGATE:
snownado there real been in im


Made me check them out on YouTube. Look fun to play & ski through. Most were Snow Devils.

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532. Skyepony (Mod)
Pretty good fire in SW Brevard county tonight. Wind needs to lay down.

Dang Palm Bay firebug is suspected to have lit 3 on Christmas Day.
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530. Skyepony (Mod)
Outside chance of a 95L reprise..front is feeding it.

Click for loop
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Quoting Skyepony:
Mesocyclones in the blizzard
snownado there real been in im
Member Since: July 15, 2006 Posts: 171 Comments: 53835
Mount Washington (local Ski Hill) has set a record... 3 meters of snow in 4 days.

3 meters = 9.8 feet.
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525. Skyepony (Mod)
Mesocyclones in the blizzard
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Complete Update






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507:


Yawn, and burr :)

http://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pr/ourlakes/background.html

Seems this site prohibits the display, via posting, of the imagery contained on this NOAA site. LOL ~ go figure, so here is the link and a quote from the NOAA site .....

"The Laurentian Great Lakes were formed nearly 20,000 years ago when the earth's climate warmed and the last glacial continental ice sheet retreated. The glacier, up to 2 miles thick, was so heavy and powerful it gouged out the earth's surface to create the lake basins. Meltwater from the retreating glacier filled the newly created basins. Approximately 3,500-4,000 years ago, the Great Lakes attained their modern levels and area."
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520. Skyepony (Mod)
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IMO the interesting thing for next year will be if and how soon we see an El Nino onset. No el nino will have some interesting implications for tracks, based on location / strength of highs....
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snow in North Florida today! Woo Hoo!

yes I know folks elsewhere are not happy about the "s" word. Not trying to offend the masses, just enjoying seeing white stuff falling thru the palm trees.....
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.