Potentially dangerous 92L steadily developing; Igor nears hurricane strength

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 3:04 PM GMT on September 11, 2010

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A tropical disturbance (92L) over the Eastern Caribbean, a few hundred miles south of Puerto Rico, is steadily organizing and appears likely to develop into a tropical depression by tonight or Sunday morning. Satellite loops show an impressive and expanding region of heavy thunderstorms, with good spiral banding and respectable upper-level outflow on all sides. Long range radar out of Puerto Rico shows that heavy rains are now affecting that island, but there is no rotation to the radar echoes evident. However, the rain bands are becoming more intense and more organized. San Juan, Puerto Rico reported a heavy rain squall at 8:44 am this morning, and radar estimates suggest two inches of rain fell in this squall just southeast of San Juan. Wind shear over 92L is low, 5 - 10 knots. The waters beneath are at near-record warmth, 30°C, and these warm waters extend to great depth. Water vapor satellite loops show a large area of dry air lies to the north and west of 92L, and this dry air could interfere with development at times over the next few days.


Figure 1. Morning satellite image of 92L.

Track forecast for 92L
The disturbance is moving west-northwest at 11 mph, and steering currents favor a continuation of this motion for the next three days. Model support for development is scattered. The GFS and NOGAPS models do not develop 92L. The GFDL and ECMWF models predict development, with a track taking 92L into Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula on Wednesday. The HWRF model has a more northwesterly track, taking 92L over the Dominican Republic, Haiti, and Cuba, but this model has been trending too far north in its tracks. I expect 92L will follow a path south of the islands, bringing it near or just south of Jamaica on Monday, then into the Yucatan Peninsula on Wednesday. On this track, the southern Dominican Republic can expect heavy rains of 3 - 6 inches tonight through Monday morning; southern Haiti can expect similar rains Sunday through Monday, and Jamaica and the Cayman Islands can expect heavier rains of 4 - 8 inches Monday and Tuesday. Eastern Cuba will probably escape 92L's heaviest rains in this scenario (Figure 2.)

Intensity forecast for 92L
I can't find any reason to doubt this will be a tropical storm by Sunday or Monday, and potentially a Category 1 or 2 hurricane by Wednesday, if 92L avoids passage over Hispaniola and Cuba. The SHIPS model predicts wind shear will remain low, 5 - 10 knots, through the period, and makes 92L a Category 1 hurricane by Monday night. Water temperatures are certainly warm enough to support development. The main detriment to intensification is likely to be dry air, and 92L could wrap in some of the dry air to its northwest at times, slowing down development. The first Air Force Hurricane Hunter mission into 92L is scheduled for Sunday afternoon, but there will be a research mission by the National Center for Atmospheric Research G-V jet today that will give us valuable information on 92L's large scale environment and potential for development.


Figure 2. Forecast rain amounts from 92L from the 2am EDT Saturday run of the GFDL model. This model predicts most of 92L's heaviest rains will miss Haiti, but will affect Jamaica, the Cayman Islands, and the Yucatan Peninsula. Image credit: Morris Bender, NOAA/GFDL.

Igor
Tropical Storm Igor is very close to hurricane strength, and appears destined to become a large and powerful major hurricane over the Central Atlantic in the days to come. Wind shear is moderate, 15 - 20 knots, waters are warm, 28°C, and Igor has moistened its environment enough to keep the dry air of the Saharan Air Layer (SAL) at bay. Igor will track west under the influence of a strong ridge of high pressure for the next three days, then turn more to the west-northwest in response to the steering influence of a broad trough of low pressure moving across the Western Atlantic on Tuesday and Wednesday. This should allow Igor to pass several hundred miles to the northeast of the Lesser Antilles. In the longer range, Igor may be a threat to Bermuda, and has a slight chance of making landfall on the U.S. East Coast or Canada. Climatology shows that about 10% of all tropical cyclones that have existed at Igor's current position have gone on to hit the U.S. East Coast; these odds are about 10% for Bermuda and 5% for Canada. The forecast steering pattern for the coming two weeks from the GFS model shows a continuation of the pattern we've seen all hurricane season, with regular strong troughs of low pressure moving off the U.S. East Coast. This pattern favors Igor eventually recurving out to sea without affecting any land areas. The odds of Igor hitting land in the U.S. or Canada are probably close to their climatological 10% and 5% probabilities, respectively.

Elsewhere in the tropics
A new tropical wave (Invest 93L) emerged from the coast of Africa yesterday, and is already showing signs of organization. Most of the models predict 93L will develop into a tropical depression 2 - 4 days from now, and NHC is giving 93L a 30% chance of developing by Monday.

Next post
This may be my only post today; I'll have a new post Sunday morning.

Jeff Masters

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122. BA
92L is potentially very dangerous
oh wait, 92L is not going to be much
oh wait, 92L could be dangerous

...one of those has to be right
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I see 92L is looking better today.... Is this still a possible MX or TX storm or just MX or just TX? What are models hinting at? Thanks!

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Quoting CybrTeddy:


Thank you-- I get them from here, NRL Tropical Cyclone Page

Thank you.
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116. Vero1


Member Since: July 21, 2008 Posts: 4 Comments: 2233
Good morning everyone..The Atlantic tropical basin are alive, with Igor, 92L and 93L.

We have our future J and K storms up to bat!!That would be 11 TC's and it is on 9-11-2010..
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never short of dramatic actors here on the blog

*rolls eyes*
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Quoting CybrTeddy:
We have not gone one day since August 21st without a tropical cyclone and we're poised to have 3 named storms at once perhaps by tomorrow morning.

*Gulp*
Member Since: July 7, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 5519
112. 7544
Quoting Jeff9641:


NAM agrees as well. We will see as this one maybe a tricky one to forecast over the next several days.


got it ok thanks jeff9641 if it does take the hwrf path it will not be that strong for so fla as the cuba should keep it in check maybe a strong ts for fla then wathcing thanks again
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Quoting Jeff9641:


NAM agrees as well. We will see as this one maybe a tricky one to forecast over the next several days.

that's because those models keep the system weak.
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Quoting tornadolarkin:

On your blog, where did you get those satellite pics? Oh, and great post!!


Thank you-- I get them from here, NRL Tropical Cyclone Page
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Quoting KanKunKid:


I trust women's intuition. My wife said I'm a loser, sure enough, I'm a lose her.
LOL
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Quoting help4u:
Never answered the question.Pattern change that was suppose to happen weeks ago?No change, Why?everyone has been saying this,i do not see the change and i am a troll because i do not agree with the HYPE!


Time will tell. The storms do seem to be coming more westward but who knows? Meanwhile, speculation and discussion about it is what the board is for, right? You do realize you don't have to though, k?
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We have not gone one day since August 21st without a tropical cyclone and we're poised to have 3 named storms at once perhaps by tomorrow morning.
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102. MZT
Quoting PensacolaDoug:
"Gut" = wishcasting usually.
Developing systems have that "Rorsach test" quality, though. It's not like looking at the cone for something fully formed, and saying "my gut says it's gonna shift".
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Quoting 7544:
does anyone agree the hwrf for the path it takes for 92l it has been consistant tho what u think could 92l go further north ? tia

hwrf shows a weaker system.
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Quoting pipelines:
Seems Dr. Masters was also noting the lack of surface circulation at present. The radar out of PR would have some sort of cyclonic curvature to the rain bands moving through the area if a defined surface circulation was already formed.

Not to say one couldn't form at anytime, conditions are right for it to occur, there just isn't one at present.


Circulation on 92L is too far south to be seen on radar

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yes Igor will hit PR because TORMENTOSO83 comands it to LOL
Member Since: June 13, 2009 Posts: 2 Comments: 9548
Quoting CybrTeddy:


No problem!

On your blog, where did you get those satellite pics? Oh, and great post!!
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Never answered the question.Pattern change that was suppose to happen weeks ago?No change, Why?everyone has been saying this,i do not see the change and i am a troll because i do not agree with the HYPE!
Member Since: September 18, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 1256
94. 7544
does anyone agree the hwrf for the path it takes for 92l it has been consistant tho what u think could 92l go further north ? tia
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Quoting CybrTeddy:
Check out what is in 92L's path.

That is absoulutly scary.
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Quoting CybrTeddy:
Check out what is in 92L's path.

It's approaching or over the first blob of high TCHP. There are three.
Member Since: July 7, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 5519
Quoting originalLT:
Could easily see Jamaica get hurricane force winds in a couple of days.

If that happens that would be a disaster. We just finished paying for damages to the electricity grid from Ivan.
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Quoting CybrTeddy:
Check out what is in 92L's path.
She is headed for the Spa.LOL!!!!!!!
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"Gut" = wishcasting usually.
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Quoting mrsalagranny:
Thanks for the great info Cyber.


No problem!
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Quoting help4u:
Agree treasurecoastFl we are told evey week of pattern change and nothing happens but people keep following the leader over the cliff.HYPE PEOPLE UP BUT NOTHING HAPPENS THEN WHEN WE ARE REALLY IN DANGER NO ONE LISTENS.


Relax..You gotta realize it's a weather blog so all possibilities are talked about here whereas local forecasters and such give "the people" the most probable. I always see people in my area pay attention when any storm has a real threat of coming.
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Quoting KanKunKid:


Mine's been saying "No more hot peppers"!

LOL!
Member Since: July 7, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 5519
85. MZT
Quoting AGuyInAustin:
Anyone note the dry air weakening Igor?
The banding structure on Igor is quite good though. I agree with the NHC analysis that he will weather the dry air fine, and intensify tonight.
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Check out what is in 92L's path.
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Quoting CybrTeddy:
BLOG UPDATE
92L, 93L, Igor 9/11/10
Thanks for the great info Cyber.
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Quoting Stormchaser2007:
Are there any Recon planes or GRIP missions planned for 92L?


http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/reconlist.shtml
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StormW...Haven't been around for a few years...You might remember me as "Melly" Guess I lost that name and now am generic.. Anywho...Don't you ever have "Gut feelings" that totally go against all sane reasoning?? I do..Woman's intuition.. I mean regarding storms ???
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Anyone note the dry air weakening Igor?
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Could easily see Jamaica get hurricane force winds in a couple of days.
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Re: 64.

You don't give people enough credit.
What a load....
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TAFB was already at T2.0 for 92L at 11:45 UTC...so if the organization continues we should see a TD at 5pm AST.
Member Since: August 2, 2007 Posts: 19 Comments: 19234
Quoting CybrTeddy:
BLOG UPDATE
92L, 93L, Igor 9/11/10

Thanks.
Member Since: July 7, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 5519
BLOG UPDATE
92L, 93L, Igor 9/11/10
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About JeffMasters

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.