Hurricane Earl takes aim at Lesser Antilles; 5-year anniversary of Katrina

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 2:35 PM GMT on August 29, 2010

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Hurricane warnings are flying for the islands in the northern Lesser Antilles, as they hunker down a prepare for the arrival of the 3rd hurricane of the 2010 Atlantic hurricane season, Hurricane Earl. Earl, a classic Cape Verdes-type Atlantic hurricane, is a potentially dangerous storm for the islands in its path, should its eyewall pass directly overhead. Earl could intensify significantly as it moves through the islands late tonight and on Monday. An Air Force Hurricane Hunter aircraft found a central pressure of 978 mb at 1:21 pm EDT. This is a significant drop of 7 mb in four hours. Top surface winds were 75 mph, and they noted an eyewall open to the northwest. The incomplete eyewall can also be seen on Martinique radar (figure 1.) Recent visible satellite imagery shows the storm has continues to increase in organization this afternoon. The amount and intensity of Earl's heavy thunderstorms is increasing, low-level spiral bands are steadily building, and upper level outflow is becoming more established in all quadrants except the north. This lack of development on Earl's north side is due to strong upper level northerly winds from the outflow of Hurricane Danielle to the north. These winds are creating about 15 knots of wind shear over Earl, according to the wind shear analysis from the University of Wisconsin CIMSS group. Water vapor satellite images show a large region of dry air from the Sahara lies to the northwest of Earl, but Earl is successfully walling off this dry air with a solid circular region of heavy thunderstorms.


Figure 1. Radar image of Earl taken at 3:45 pm EDT. Image credit: Meteo France.

Intensity forecast for Earl
As Hurricane Danielle pulls away from Earl this afternoon and this evening, shear should fall to the low range, 5 - 10 knots, as predicted by the latest SHIPS model forecast. This should allow Earl to build a complete eyewall by tonight. Once a complete eyewall is in place, Earl will likely undergo a bout of rapid intensification, which could bring it to Category 3 or 4 strength by Tuesday morning. The ocean temperatures are at near record warmth, 30°C, and very warm waters extend to great depth, resulting in a total ocean heat content highly favorable for rapid intensification. Earl should be able to maintain major hurricane status through Thursday, when it will make its closest approach to North Carolina. Sea surface temperatures are very warm, 29°C, along the U.S. East Coast, and wind shear is expected to remain low through Thursday.

Track forecast for Earl
Earl is being steered to the west by the same ridge of high pressure that steered Danielle. Earl is now approaching a weakness in the ridge left behind by the passage of Danielle and the trough of low pressure that pulled Danielle to the north. Earl should move more to the west-northwest today, likely bringing the core of the storm over or just to the northeast of the islands of Barbuda, St. Barthelemy, Anguilla, and St. Maartin in the northernmost Lesser Antilles Islands tonight and Monday morning. NHC is giving its highest odds for hurricane-force winds to Barbuda and Saint Maarten--a 44% and 42% chance, respectively. These odds are 11% for St. Thomas in the Virgin Islands, and 4% for Puerto Rico.


Figure 2. Wundermap view of the Lesser Antilles showing the NHC 5am wind radius forecast for Earl. Tropical storm force winds (dark green colors) were predicted to affect much of the northern Lesser Antilles, with hurricane force winds (yellow colors) predicted to pass just to the north of the islands.

Once Earl passes the Lesser Antilles, steering currents favor a northwesterly course towards North Carolina. History suggests that a storm in Earl's current location has a 25% chance of making landfall on the U.S. East Coast, and Earl's chances of making a U.S. landfall are probably close to that. None of the computer models show Earl hitting the U.S., and the 12Z (8 am EDT) set of model runs have mostly pushed the storm farther from the U.S. East Coast. It is not unusual for the models to make substantial shifts in their 5-day forecasts, and it is still possible that Earl could make a direct hit on North Carolina as a major hurricane on Thursday or Friday. One should pay attention of the cone of uncertainty, and the Outer Banks of North Carolina are in the 5-day cone. NHC is giving Cape Hatteras a 6% chance of receiving hurricane force winds. The main determinant of whether Earl hits the U.S. or not is a strong trough of low pressure predicted to move off the U.S. East Coast Friday. This trough, if it develops as predicted, should be strong enough to recurve Earl out to sea late in the week, with the storm just missing landfall in the U.S., but possibly making landfall in Nova Scotia, Canada. However, five day forecasts can be off considerably on the timing and intensity of such features, and it is quite possible that the trough could be delayed or weaker than expected, resulting in Earl's landfall along the U.S. East Coast. The most likely landfall locations would be North Carolina on Thursday or Friday, or Massachusetts on Friday or Saturday. The GFS and ECMWF models predict that Earl will come close enough to North Carolina on Thursday to bring the storm's outer rain bands over the Cape Hatteras region. The other models put Earl farther offshore, but it currently appears that Earl will not pass close enough to Bermuda to bring tropical storm force winds to that island. It is possible that if 97L develops into Hurricane Fiona and moves quickly across the Atlantic, the two storms could interact and rotate counterclockwise around a common center. Predicting these sorts of interactions is difficult, and the long-term track forecast for Earl will be difficult if a storm-storm interaction with Fiona occurs.

In any case, the U.S. East Coast can expect a long period of high waves from Earl beginning on Thursday. Significant beach erosion and dangerous rip current will be the rule, due to very high waves from Earl (Figure 3.)


Figure 3. Wave forecast for 8am Thursday, September 2, 2010, as produced by the 2am EDT August 29 run of NOAA's Wavewatch III model. The model is predicting waves of 4 - 5 meters (13 - 16 feet) in the offshore waters from Central Florida to Virginia.

Hurricane History for the northern Lesser Antilles
The last hurricane to pass through the northern Lesser Antilles Islands was Category 4 Hurricane Omar, on October 16, 2008. Omar's eyewall missed all of the islands, but the storm did $80 million in damage to the Caribbean, mainly on the islands of Antigua, Barbuda, Dominica, the SSS Islands (Saba, St. Eustatius, and St. Maarten), and the U.S. Virgin Islands. No direct deaths were attributed to Omar, and the name Omar was not retired from the 6-year rotating list of hurricane names.

Links to track Earl
Martinique radar
Wundermap of the northern Lesser Antilles Islands
Long range radar out of San Juan, Puerto Rico (current down for repair.)
Visible rapid scan satellite loop

97L
The tropical wave (Invest 97L) now midway between Africa and the Lesser Antilles Islands has developed a well-defined surface circulation, and appears destined to develop into a tropical storm and follow the path of Danielle and Earl. Satellite loops show the surface circulation clearly, but also reveal that there is not enough heavy thunderstorm activity associated with 97L for it to be called a tropical depression. The storm is experiencing low wind shear of 5 - 10 knots, is over warm 28°C waters, and is battling a region of dry air associated with the Saharan Air Layer (SAL) to its northwest. The latest SHIPS model forecast calls for shear to stay in the low range, 5 - 10 knots, through Wednesday, and this should allow 97L to organize into a tropical depression today or Monday. The storm will follow a track very similar to Danielle and Earl westward towards the Lesser Antilles Islands, and the storm should arrive near the northern Lesser Antilles Wednesday or Thursday. A more northwesterly path is likely for 97L as it approaches the Lesser Antilles, as the storm follows a break in the high pressure ridge steering it, created by Danielle and Earl. It currently appears that the Northern Lesser Antilles Islands may be at risk of at close brush or direct hit by 97L. If 97L moves relatively quickly, arriving at the Lesser Antilles on Wednesday, it is likely to be a weaker system, since it will have less time over water, and will be closer to big brother Earl. Earl is likely to be a large and powerful hurricane at that time, and the clockwise upper level outflow from Earl will bring strong upper-level northerly winds to the Lesser Antilles, creating high wind shear for 97L. However, if 97L moves relatively slowly, and arrives in the Lesser Antilles on Thursday, Earl will be farther away, the wind shear will be lessened, and 97L will have had enough time over water to potentially be a hurricane. Depending upon how fast they have 97L moving, the computer models have a wide variety of solutions for 97L, ranging from a making it a Category 1 hurricane five days from now (GFDL model) to a weak tropical storm five days from now (several models.) History suggests that a storm in 97L's current location has a 25% chance of making landfall on the U.S. East Coast. NHC is giving 97L a 80% chance of developing into a tropical depression by Tuesday.


Figure 4. Morning satellite image of 97L.

Danielle
Hurricane Danielle blew past Bermuda late Saturday night, bringing one rain squall to the island that brought top winds of 26 mph, gusting to 39 mph. Danielle is now on its way out to sea, and will not trouble any more land areas. High surf will continue to affect Bermuda and the east coast of the U.S. and Canada's Maritime Provinces today. The latest near shore water forecast for Cape Hatteras calls for 6 - 8 foot waves today. These waves will gradually subside during the week, then ramp up to 6 - 8 feet again on Thursday, as Hurricane Earl's wave field begins to pound the U.S. East Coast.

Elsewhere in the Tropics
Tropical Storm Kompasu is headed for China, and is predicted to intensify into a Category 2 typhoon by Wednesday and potentially threaten China's largest city, Shanghai. Over 16 million people live in the city, many of them in low-lying areas, and the Chinese will need to take this storm very seriously. In the South China Sea, the fearsome sounding Tropical Storm Lionrock is forecast to hit the Chinese coast near Hong Kong on Tuesday, but is not predicted to develop into a typhoon.

Katrina, five years later
It hardly seems possible that five years have elapsed since that cruel day in 2005 when the world changed forever for so many people in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama. Recovery from the great hurricane is nowhere near complete--the destruction wrought by Katrina still scars the land terribly, and the proud people of the Gulf Coast still suffer tremendously in the aftermath of the disaster. The scale and intensity of the destruction the hurricane brought is truly breathtaking, and can best be appreciated by viewing two of the best chronicles of Katrina's record storm surge--Margie Kieper's remarkable city-by-city aerial tour of the destruction, and extreme weather photographer Mike Thiess' 13-minute video of his storm surge experience in Gulfport, Mississippi. Katrina did do some good, though--it taught us that our nation can unite in the face of an overwhelming challenge to help our fellow citizens in need, and taught us not to be complacent about living in the realm where great hurricanes come.


Figure 5. A man wearing a tiny life jacket and clutching a neon green noodle and a pet dog floats on the remains of a house in Waveland, MS, during Hurricane Katrina. The photo was taken from the second floor window of a home, and the water is close to the roof line of the first floor. The home was at an elevation of about 17 feet, and the surge is close to ten feet deep here. There are electric lines running down from a pole to a home from left to right. In the distance on the right is a home with water up to the roof line. The eye is probably overhead, as the water is relatively calm and there appears to be little wind or rain, even though the pine trees are bent from the recent force of the eyewall winds. The photo was taken by Judith Bradford. Her husband, Bill Bradford, swam out and rescued the man and his dog, and two other people who floated by. He reported that the water was nothing like white water, but was a gentle, continuous flow. He was lucky. In the nearby Porteaux Bay area, a woman watched her fiance get pulled from a tree by the force of the current. The man was washed out into the Gulf and drowned. The image above is described in more detail in Part 9 of Margie Kieper's Katrina storm surge web page.

I'll share with you my personal story of blogging about Katrina. I starting writing blogs during the spring of 2005. For the first few months of this effort, it was a slow time for interesting weather events, and I had trouble finding things to write about. I was relieved when June of 2005 brought me two Atlantic tropical storms to discuss. But as July wore on, and the bombardment of the great Hurricane Season of 2005 began--a record five named storms, three hurricanes, and two major hurricanes, Dennis and Emily, both the strongest hurricanes ever recorded so early in the season--I was ready for less to write about! History was in the making, and the peak part of hurricane season was still a month away. I managed to take advantage of a slight break in the action in mid-August to travel for vacation and business, and the day Katrina was named found me in New York City. I was attending meetings with the Associated Press, who had just signed up to use Weather Underground as the weather provider for their 5000 newspapers. I wasn't able to follow the storm very closely that day, due to the all the meetings. Still, I had a very uneasy feeling about this storm. When one of the AP staff members made the remark, "It sure has been a slow summer for news. We need a big story!" I looked at her hard and thought, "Be careful what you wish for--you might get it!"

I flew home that Thursday afternoon, then made the decision Friday to drive up north with my family and spend a 4-day weekend at my father's house. The Hurricane Season of 2005 had kept me so busy that I hadn't made it up north to see him that summer, and this was my last chance. High speed Internet was not available in his small town of Topinabee on beautiful Mullet Lake, so I knew I'd be spending some slow hours blogging on his dial-up connection. Still, I figured Katrina would quickly recurve to the north and hit the Florida Panhandle before it had a chance to become a major hurricane. It wasn't like this storm would be worst disaster in American history or anything! Wrong. I spent virtually the entire weekend holed upstairs in the computer room, writing increasingly worried and strident blogs, exhorting people in New Orleans and Mississippi to evacuate. Every now and then, I'd emerge downstairs and say hi to everyone, then head back up to my cell to watch really slowly loading pages and write new blogs. Finally, I couldn't take it any more, and talked my family into returning home a day early. My wife couldn't fully understand why I was so agitated--wasn't this just another hurricane like Frances, Jeanne, Charlie, Dennis, or Emily? But, she agreed that we'd better go home that Sunday night before Katrina hit, since I was such a basket case. The next day, when Katrina hit and the full magnitude of the greatest disaster in American history unfolded, she understood. Indeed, three weeks later my wife headed down to the Louisiana disaster zone as a Red Cross volunteer, and she REALLY got an appreciation of why I had been so agitated in the days before Katrina hit.

It is difficult for me to read my Katrina blog posts again, as I relive those days and remember the terrible suffering this storm brought to so many. Let us not forget the people affected by Katrina, and the lessons the great storm taught. My thoughts and prayers are with all of Katrina's survivors on this fifth anniversary of the storm.

Next update
I may be able to post a quick update on Earl late this afternoon or early this evening.

Jeff Masters

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Quoting FLWeatherFreak91:
I don't think you should be giving your chances of hurricane force winds out to the public right now...

On this blog during times when a system is affecting land, we need to stop our amateur forecasting and solely make observations and relay gov info.
I'm pretty sure he is relying on the NHC and NWS. Anyhow, I told him to prepare for hurricane conditions, which is decent information. I also gave him my opinion, which he asked for.
Member Since: September 2, 2009 Posts: 130 Comments: 21194
Quoting luigi18:
The think it is moving between due West and Wnw..

What is that then north od due west and south of WNW
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2483. SQUAWK
Quoting MiamiHurricanes09:
Anyone using Google Earth know if the NOAA P-3 aircraft is heading back towards the circulation?


Headed home.
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It gets very very tiresome seeing this bickering here and anytime someone sees evidence of a westward movement they are called westcasters, ridiculous



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I sure feel sorry for those in the northern Leewards, looks like they are in for direct hit from a major hurricane, the biggest mistake people in PR can assume this hurricane will move N of them, we were in the same position/situation with Ivan here in 2004, good thing nearly everyone on the Island here in GRand Cayman were well prepared despite what even our local mets were telling us or for sure despite the devastaion,more than only 2 deaths would have occurred as the officiial total as the results of Ivan.
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Quoting MZV:
Still just a pretty sunset at St.John's in the US Virgin Islands:



That's beautiful.
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Anyone using Google Earth know if the NOAA P-3 aircraft is heading back towards the circulation?
Member Since: September 2, 2009 Posts: 130 Comments: 21194
2477. MZV
Still just a pretty sunset at St.John's in the US Virgin Islands:

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Quoting rareaire:
I'm no expert but Earl is staying further south and still going west! The ridge is building back and its late to the party. I am very concerned this is going to be way west of there projections. I'm not being trite or looking for a blog fight. I just see Earl staying west of every point yet they keep saying its a curve out. Its really getting close to the point of no return!! Am I alone in seeing this?
Been watching the same thing all day someone in for a world of trouble conus hit more likely each hour IMO
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Quoting MiamiHurricanes09:
At the current, I advise you to prepare for hurricane conditions as it is possible that the system could go further south than currently anticipated. Although I advise you to prepare for a hurricane, I give Puerto Rico a 20-30% chance of receiving hurricane conditions, which is relatively low. It's always better to be safe than sorry in my mind.
I don't think you should be giving your chances of hurricane force winds out to the public right now...

On this blog during times when a system is affecting land, we need to stop our amateur forecasting and solely make observations and relay gov info.
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Quoting jonelu:


They already are getting some strong winds and rain...
Quoting MZV:
Anguilla and St Maarten are gonna get whollaped by this storm, if does not begin the shift to the north ... very soon.



Too Late now for a real turn



.
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Quoting ElConando:



I thought Hurricanes have ears?

lol
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2472. luigi18
Quoting Skyepony:
Earl on MIMICote>

looking due west
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Quoting katrinakat5:
EARL IS MOVING WEST NOW NOT OUT OF POSSIBILITY EARL MOVES

Quoting katrinakat5:
EARL IS MOVING WEST NOW NOT OUT OF POSSIBILITY EARL MOVES MORE WSW...


what exactly do all the westcasters see? its moving WNW and should spare all the islands a direct hit
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Thanks MiamiHurricanes09 for the info. My thoughts are that if it gets to 65W and is below 20N we might be in for a closer brush with it here. Would you agree?
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Ditto here..you are not alone...after a while it becomes obvious what's happening...


Quoting StormGoddess:

You are not alone. Just still hoping that he will make the turn soon. And he doesn't necessarily have to go NW, just straight north is fine with me! :)
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Quoting MiamiHurricanes09:
Lol, you can't determine whether the eye has collapsed or not on satellite. The eye still remains well-defined on radar though.


It accually appears to have become better defined.
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Quoting Hurricanes101:
eye has collapsed some?

what eye? lol



I thought Hurricanes have ears?
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Ok looking at the water vapor imagery. Do they truly expect this trof to pick up Earl?
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2464. luigi18
Quoting Skyepony:
Earl on MIMIC
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Quoting Hurricanes101:
actually after looking at all the observations (gee imagine that)

Earl looks to be moving just north of due west over the last few hours; however is overall motion is WNW

he is NOT north of the forecast points and is right on track


+1
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Eye is beginning to show as it aproaches 60W, 17.9 north , moving almost due west at the moment.Link
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2461. jonelu
Quoting MZV:
Anguilla and St Maarten are gonna get whollaped by this storm, if does not begin the shift to the north ... very soon.


They already are getting some strong winds and rain...
Member Since: October 31, 2007 Posts: 2 Comments: 884
Quoting Hurricanes101:
eye has collapsed some?

what eye? lol


lol

Member Since: May 27, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 4438
actually after looking at all the observations (gee imagine that)

Earl looks to be moving just north of due west over the last few hours; however his overall motion is WNW

he is NOT north of the forecast points and is right on track
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The conditions for Rapid development are perfect will be very interested in the pressure reading of the latest Hurricane Hunter Mission.

Also Earl is growing in size as it intensifies and therefore the area affected grows accordingly.

Cat 3/4 as an educated guess right now with sustained winds of 110-120kt.and a pressure of 940-950mB.

Eye development suggest a storm with almost perfect symmetry.

This is explosive development of a storm that was 12 hrs ago struggling to maintain itself.
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Quoting Hurricanes101:
eye has collapsed some?

what eye? lol
Lol, you can't determine whether the eye has collapsed or not on satellite. The eye still remains well-defined on radar though.

Member Since: September 2, 2009 Posts: 130 Comments: 21194
i have a question in regard to the Heber Box. It says that most of the hurricanes of 110 mph or greater that hit florida pass through this box. it does not however say that most storms that pass through this box hit florida. Is that a fair assumption?
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eye has collapsed some?

what eye? lol
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Not wishing anything on anyone. Just sitting here in FL thinking how ironic it would be if Earl continued west enought to hit my sister in St. Thomas, then continued on up the east coast to effect my three brothers in Boston. Strangest thing of all right now is that seems slightly possible.
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Absolutely I care about the islands! I am just asking an opinion of what it may do after where it is right now. I hope that it stays out to sea as much as possible and no threat to anything.
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Quoting leo305:


the hurricane hunter fixes do not show a WNW movement


actually you are right

I find it funny then when people say westcasters when you guys are following the recon center estimates

but they just like calling people out and is the only reason they are on this blog
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Quoting BobinTampa:



Only 'deadly' if u go swimming.


Very true, but you know people will. I think a guy on the east coast died this weekend due to the rip currents from Danielle.
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2450. redUK
That radar is bogus as it only shows 3 frames, with no lat/lon.

On the rapidfire server, as of 15 minutes ago it looks mostly WNW and a EWRC may be taking place, or the eye has collapsed some.

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Quoting rareaire:
I'm no expert but Earl is staying further south and still going west! The ridge is building back and its late to the party. I am very concerned this is going to be way west of there projections. I'm not being trite or looking for a blog fight. I just see Earl staying west of every point yet they keep saying its a curve out. Its really getting close to the point of no return!! Am I alone in seeing this?

You are not alone. Just still hoping that he will make the turn soon. And he doesn't necessarily have to go NW, just straight north is fine with me! :)
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Quoting Skyepony:
Earl on MIMIC
That would suggest WNW motion with a turn towards the west towards the end.
Member Since: September 2, 2009 Posts: 130 Comments: 21194
Quoting CaneWarning:
Even if Earl does not make landfall on the east coast, he will produce deadly rip currents and waves.



Only 'deadly' if u go swimming.
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Quoting Hurricanes101:
lol all of this its going south, its north of the forecast points stuff is hilarious

no no

Earl is current right on the progjected path the NHC has for him, and is moving WNW

Really? Looks west to me on radar. Could be a wobble though since the loop is only 3 images long.
Member Since: September 2, 2009 Posts: 130 Comments: 21194
2443. leo305
Quoting atmosweather:


Shear associated with the mid lattitude trough will not affect Earl until Tuesday night at the earliest. 48 hours is more than enough time for Earl to become a Category 4 or 5 storm due to the conditions it will experience between now and then.


there's shear plowing into the north eastern side of the system right now though
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2442. luigi18
Quoting btwntx08:
2419:repectfully disagree its west...radar loop concurs as well


me too look at the radar
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2441. Skyepony (Mod)
Earl on MIMIC
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Earl has been slowly but surely gaining latitude over time.

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Quoting Hurricanes101:
lol all of this its going south, its north of the forecast points stuff is hilarious

no no

Earl is current right on the progjected path the NHC has for him, and is moving WNW



I agree, certainly WNW, regardless of any little wobbles.
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Quoting leo305:


shear wont allow it to reach CAT 5 intensity in the near future


Shear associated with the mid lattitude trough will not affect Earl until Tuesday night at the earliest. 48 hours is more than enough time for Earl to become a Category 4 or 5 storm due to the conditions it will experience between now and then.
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Quoting xcool:


call hebert box


you bring up an excellent point... but i find it highly unlikely that Earl will hit Florida
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2436. leo305
Quoting Hurricanes101:
lol all of this its going south, its north of the forecast points stuff is hilarious

no no

Earl is current right on the progjected path the NHC has for him, and is moving WNW



the hurricane hunter fixes do not show a WNW movement
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Quoting Hhunter:
SUNDAY NOON

WHY EARL HAS BEEN CORRECTING WESTWARD.

You may have noticed I have always been further west with Earl than the forecasts from other sources. In fact even now, I am about 100 miles west of where the consensus seems to be and I am more worried about more correction west than east.. and a storm of this magnitude hitting Hatteras ( which would be 100 west of my forecast idea currently) and then continuing on the path I have, only 100 miles further west, would have major impact even into coastal southeast New England. Obviously 150 miles further west and its the worst mid atlantic hurricane since Isabel and impacts even further north.

But the reason a storm like this is more likely to correct west than east is because of inherent model weaknesses with handling the heat of the tropics. Remember the water is uncommonly warm, and when not being put to "use" via tropical cyclones, the water is warming the air above it, which in turns continues to warm all the way up to well over 20k, by as much as a degree C a day. If one watches 500 mb temps at this time of the year in the mid latitude, one can see the balloon effect. In fact, I will show it today on the Long Ranger for you, where the runs are cooler in relation to normal for 12z than they are for 00z over N America.

But once into the tropics, the ridges are more likely to be stronger than weaker..and think what a 10 meter error per day would mean as far as the storm goes. First of all, we have an "eddy" being created between the departing Danielle and Earl, which is holding it on the west course enough where the 3 day error is 120 miles. further south. This already means the initial point is south enough to correct even further west. In addition the GFS is notorious for glaring feedback errors with all storms.. collapsing ridges too fast and handing off heat from storms and feeding back into the westerlies. So the bottom line here is that I do have an impact event predicted for the east coast, with highest impacts of perhaps minimal hurricane force on the outer banks and cape cod and the islands. But that is assuming, in spite of being furthest west, this does not correct more. If it does, and I am more worried about that right now than having to correct further east, then we are looking a double hurricane on the east coast, one Carolinas north, the other more to the south, in a 5 day stretch after a big heat wave and around the time of a major summer holiday.. almost the summer season equal of the way the winter turned in Feb. Amazing symmetry. The GFS, even correcting a bit west, has not "corrected"nearly as much as the 12z WRF and UKMET have, and they are usually better tropical models once a storm is established since they tend to bundle energy rather than allow it to escape. But even the GFS looks to be getting in further west with time.

I will have a video later today.. ciao for now *****
Joe Bastardi


Very interesting.
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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