Danielle a hurricane; TD 7 forming off coast of Africa

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 2:18 PM GMT on August 24, 2010

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Hurricane Danielle has stopped intensifying and is now looking a bit ragged this morning, but remains a respectable Category 1 hurricane with 80 mph winds. The intensity of Danielle's heavy thunderstorms has waned in the past few hours, and the organization of the storm is less impressive. This is probably due do strong upper-level winds out of the west that are creating a moderate 10 - 20 knots of wind shear, and injecting some of the dry air from the Saharan Air Layer (SAL) that surrounds Danielle. Danielle is over warm 28°C water, but is far from any land areas.


Figure 1. Morning satellite image of Tropical Storm Danielle (left side of image) and the forming Tropical Depression Seven (right side of image.)

Forecast for Danielle
A powerful trough of low pressure over the mid-Atlantic Ocean will begin to pull Danielle more to the northwest by Wednesday, keeping Danielle well to the east of Bermuda. Most of the models predict that this trough will be strong enough to fully recurve Danielle out to sea. It is possible that Danielle could eventually threaten Newfoundland, Canada, but it currently does not appear that any other land areas will be at risk from this storm. History suggests that a storm in Danielle's current location has only a 20% chance of making landfall on the U.S. East Coast. If Danielle passes east of Bermuda, as forecast, these percentages drop to less than 5%. As far as intensity goes, it is looking unlikely that Danielle will attain major hurricane status (115+ mph winds.) There is enough dry air and wind shear affecting the storm today that it will take several days for the storm to recover its strength, making it less likely the storm can hit Category 3.

The formation of Danielle is remarkable in this it was successfully forecast by the GFS model nearly two weeks in advance. The ECMWF and NOGAPS models also did a good job of predicting Danielle's formation a week in advance. The models are getting better and better each year at forecasting genesis of tropical cyclones, though a successful 1-week forecast of genesis is still a rarity. For example, none of the models foresaw the development of 96L until just 3 - 4 days ago.


Figure 2. Plot showing historically the percent chance of a tropical cyclone in a given location impacting the U.S. East Coast. For storms in Danielle's current position (orange hurricane symbol), about 20% of them go on to hit the U.S. East Coast. For storms in 96L's current location (red circle with a "?" in it), the odds are also 20%. Image credit: Bob Hart, Florida State University.

96L (soon to be Tropical Depression Seven)
Satellite images suggests that a tropical wave (96L) that emerged off the coast of Africa yesterday morning has developed a closed circulation, low-level spiral bands, and an increasing amount of heavy thunderstorms. While this morning's ASCAT pass does not show a clear closed circulation, satellite estimates of 96L's strength support calling this a 30 mph tropical depression. It is likely that this storm will be designated Tropical Depression Seven later today. 96L is already bringing heavy rain and strong, gusty winds to the southern Cape Verde Islands. Winds were sustained at 26 mph at Mindelo in the northwest Cape Verde Islands this morning, and 24 mph at Praia, the station closest to the center of 96L. Both stations were reporting widespread dust, due to strong winds blowing Saharan dust from the coast of Africa. However, water vapor satellite images show that only a modest amount of dry air is accompanying this dust, and dry air is currently not a major detriment to 96L. Wind shear is about 10 - 20 knots, and sea surface temperatures are warm, 28°C.

Forecast for 96L/Tropical Depression Seven
Wind shear is predicted to remain low, 5 - 10 knots, for the next four days. SSTs will cool a bit to 27°C by Thursday, but this is still above the 26.5°C threshold for hurricane development. Dry air will probably be the main inhibiting factor for 96L. Most of the intensity forecast models bring 96L to hurricane strength by four days from now, and this is a reasonable forecast. 96L should become Tropical Storm Earl later today or on Wednesday, and will probably bring sustained winds of 40 mph to the southernmost Cape Verdes Islands tonight and Wednesday.

The long range fate of 96L remains unclear. The storm is being steering by the same ridge of high pressure steering Danielle, and will initially follow a track similar to Danielle. 96L may encounter the cold waters stirred up by Danielle at times this week, inhibiting development. As 96L approaches the central Atlantic five days from now, the storm will encounter the same mid-Atlantic trough that will be steering Danielle, and 96L should turn more to the northwest. It is unclear at this point whether this trough will be strong enough to fully recurve 96L out to sea, east of Bermuda. This will, in part, depend upon how strong Danielle gets. A stronger Danielle is likely to create more of a break in the ridge of high pressure steering 96L, encouraging the storm to turn north and recurve out to sea. A weaker Danielle will make 96L more likely to miss recurvature, and follow a track to the west or west-northwest towards the U.S. East Coast early next week. History suggests that a storm in 96L's current location has only a 20% chance of making landfall on the U.S. East Coast.

When will the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico get active?
The large scale atmospheric circulation over the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico currently features relatively dry, stable, sinking air. This is due, in part, to the Madden-Julian oscillation (MJO). The Madden-Julian oscillation is a pattern of enhanced rainfall that travels along the Equator from west to east. The pattern has a wet phase with large-scale rising air and enhanced thunderstorm activity, followed by a dry phase with large-scale sinking air and suppressed thunderstorm activity. Each cycle lasts approximately 30 - 60 days. When the Madden-Julian oscillation is in its wet phase over a hurricane-prone region, the chances for tropical storm activity are greatly increased. The latest MJO forecast from the GFS model calls for the wet phase of the MJO to move into the Caribbean during the first week of September. However, keep in mind that forecasts of MJO activity 1 - 2 weeks in advance are not very skillful. The GFS model forecast of MJO activity made two weeks ago did fairly well for the first week, but poorly for the second week of the forecast.

Tropical Storm Frank spares Mexico
Over in the Eastern Pacific, Tropical Storm Frank has moved away the coast far enough from the Mexican coast to no longer pose a heavy rainfall threat, and all tropical storm warnings have been dropped.

"Hurricane Haven" airing again this afternoon
Tune into another airing of my live Internet radio show, "Hurricane Haven", at 4pm EDT today. Listeners will be able to call in and ask questions. The call in number is 415-983-2634, or you can post a question in the comments area on my blog during the show. You can also email the questions to me today before the show: jmasters@wunderground.com. Be sure to include "Hurricane Haven question" in the subject line. I'll focus on Danielle, Earl, and Frank, and discuss the possibilities of a hyperactive Atlantic hurricane period coming during the first week of September.

Today's show will be 30 - 45 minutes, and you can tune in at http://www.wunderground.com/wxradio/wubroadcast.h tml. The show will be recorded and stored as a podcast.

Jeff Masters

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3399. HurricaneRoman
7:42 PM GMT on August 28, 2010
Hello everyone. It's been about a year since i've posted on here, i'm always lurkin tho :p
Found something interesting about Earl in area forecast discussion for south Florida:

"WE COULD SEE THIS SWELL
ARRIVING TO OUR NRN ATLANTIC WATERS EARLY WEDNESDAY MORNING AND
REACHING A PEAK OF 4-5 FEET BY THURSDAY AFTERNOON. HOWEVER...GFS
IS HINTING AT A POSSIBLE SLOW DOWN OR STALLING OF EARL OVER THE
NORTHWESTERN ATLANTIC WATERS."
Member Since: February 25, 2006 Posts: 2 Comments: 958
3398. RipplinH2O
2:12 PM GMT on August 28, 2010
Howdy all. I think we've received all of September's rain in the past 24 hours in Shalimar
Member Since: July 30, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 491
3397. Dakster
8:13 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
Quoting katrinakat5:
TWC just said all interests along the easy coast should keep a very close eye on danielle.they said that they can't rule out a direct strike on the east coast ealy next week..this is unusual for TWC to say this..


Where is the easy coast??


I know where the gold coast and ivory coast is, but not the easy one... I assume you mean east?
Member Since: March 10, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 10075
3396. jonelu
6:24 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
I guess I dont know how to post links
Member Since: October 31, 2007 Posts: 2 Comments: 882
3395. jonelu
6:23 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
whats the deal with these 2 tracks?

http://www.ssd.noaa.gov/goes/flt/t1/flash-ir4.html
Member Since: October 31, 2007 Posts: 2 Comments: 882
3394. jonelu
6:21 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
Quoting StormW:


I believe she should make the turn, but will have to be watched closely for when it happens.


She is definitely moving NW or 280 now. But when I pull up the Water Vapor loop or even IR and the hit Trop Pts square...its showing 2 tracks
both of which are to the left of her present track. Whats up with that?
Member Since: October 31, 2007 Posts: 2 Comments: 882
3393. Michfan
4:04 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
Quoting Floodman:


LMAO...well said, Michfan! How you been, by the way?


Been good. Im just lurking at the moment. Too many kiddies for my taste lately.
Member Since: September 7, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 1683
3392. barotropic
3:43 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
Quoting rwdobson:


Umm, if you can't spot troughs and ridges on a water vapor loop, then you need to stop commenting for a while until you get up to speed. Seriously.


Sounds like your a real nice guy Dobson.
Member Since: August 22, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 652
3390. FLPandhandleJG
3:26 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
Member Since: August 15, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 2133
3388. bird72
3:23 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
Quoting StormW:
Hot off the press!

HURRICANE DANIELLE / TROPICAL DEPRESSION SEVEN SYNOPSIS AUG. 25, 2010


Great info. sir... I know is too early, but your thoughts about those new systems, can them affect the Antilles?
Member Since: August 5, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 389
3387. sebastianflorida
3:23 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
Quoting hoenn:
earl will be the most intense hurricane on record

mark my words

earl means business

reminds me of the kid in school that kicked your butt after school, and stole your lunch money.
Member Since: August 5, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 699
3386. crashingwaves
3:20 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
Quoting StormW:
Hot off the press!

HURRICANE DANIELLE / TROPICAL DEPRESSION SEVEN SYNOPSIS AUG. 25, 2010



Thanks for sharing Storm W. I know that Danielle is suppose to recurve out to sea but its not looking that way at the moment. Seeing shes moving wnw, her speed is still 17mph. I thought when a Storm/Hurricane is going to change track normally slows down or is their other senarios I don't know about. Also looking at TD 7/Earls 5 day forecasted track looks like trouble for someone. Like I said both storms do bare watching, until we have a better fix on them.
Member Since: July 8, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 158
3384. alaina1085
3:19 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
Good Update as usual Storm. Thanks sir :)
Member Since: August 2, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 1240
3383. Prgal
3:17 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
NEW BLOG
Member Since: September 7, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 920
3382. rwdobson
3:17 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
Quoting KanKunKid:


Ummm, that's a water vapor loop. I can't interpret isobars and baroclines very well from it. The overall presentation of the loop makes it appear that the trough is a ridge. But thanks anyway


Umm, if you can't spot troughs and ridges on a water vapor loop, then you need to stop commenting for a while until you get up to speed. Seriously.
Member Since: June 12, 2002 Posts: 0 Comments: 1589
3381. calder
3:17 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
Quoting NOLALawyer:
I said over the weekend that Danielle would hit the East Coast. I am sticking to it.


I'll munch on my hat if she hits the east coast. The models are fairly clustered, the trough that has been forecasted is clearly developing. Bermuda needs to pay attention, maybe NS but even that's v unlikely.
Member Since: July 26, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 416
3380. hulazigzag
3:16 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
Quoting hoenn:


me too

she will hit new york
Lol. you said she was going to the gom. at least get your nonsense straight before you spew it. lol
Member Since: July 24, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 240
3379. Prgal
3:16 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
New Blog!
Member Since: September 7, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 920
3377. HouGalv08
3:15 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
Ok boys and girls, while we're all concentrating on whats going on in the far eastern Atlantic, take a close look to home. Watch the satellite loop from NOAA over the G.O.M, and see whats starting to spin at about 25.5N and 93W.
Member Since: July 21, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 358
3376. sebastianflorida
3:14 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
Quoting katrinakat5:
TWC just said all interests along the easy coast should keep a very close eye on danielle.they said that they can't rule out a direct strike on the east coast ealy next week..this is unusual for TWC to say this..
I think I heard them say Cantore is on route to Fl as we speak; his live feeds start at 6 P.M., guess we are safe here then.
Member Since: August 5, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 699
3374. hurricanehanna
3:14 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
Quoting StormW:
Hot off the press!

HURRICANE DANIELLE / TROPICAL DEPRESSION SEVEN SYNOPSIS AUG. 25, 2010

Thanks as always Storm. This may be the pregame show....but let's hope we don't end up in overtime!
Member Since: September 5, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 3481
3371. reedzone
3:13 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
Quoting jason2010xxxx:
not good


That doesn't look fishy to me...
Member Since: July 1, 2008 Posts: 13 Comments: 7362
3369. NOLALawyer
3:13 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
I said over the weekend that Danielle would hit the East Coast. I am sticking to it.
Member Since: September 3, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 520
3368. o22sail
3:13 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
Quoting SFlKatCane5:
The blog has degraded into a hyperbolic hole that is so strong that rational thought cannot escape.


extreme density will do that for ya' and once the blog reaches critical mass...we SuperNoduh.
Member Since: August 27, 2005 Posts: 0 Comments: 122
3366. wxhatt
3:12 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
Quoting StormW:
Hot off the press!

HURRICANE DANIELLE / TROPICAL DEPRESSION SEVEN SYNOPSIS AUG. 25, 2010


Thank You for the detailed Synopsis Storm.
Member Since: October 5, 2005 Posts: 2 Comments: 904
3365. NASA101
3:12 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
Quoting thewindman:
2010 Fish Storms... all models predict all storms to be fish storms


Another Irrelevant blogger! LMAO
Member Since: August 16, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 276
3364. Thundercloud01221991
3:12 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
UW - CIMSS
ADVANCED DVORAK TECHNIQUE
ADT-Version 8.1.1
Tropical Cyclone Intensity Algorithm

----- Current Analysis -----
Date : 25 AUG 2010 Time : 144500 UTC
Lat : 14:17:25 N Lon : 30:44:29 W


CI# /Pressure/ Vmax
2.0 /1009.0mb/ 30.0kt


Final T# Adj T# Raw T#
2.0 2.0 2.0

Latitude bias adjustment to MSLP : +0.0mb

Center Temp : -17.8C Cloud Region Temp : -48.7C

Scene Type : USER DEFINED INITIAL CLASSIFICATION

Positioning Method : FORECAST INTERPOLATION

Ocean Basin : ATLANTIC
Dvorak CI > MSLP Conversion Used : ATLANTIC

Tno/CI Rules : Constraint Limits : NO LIMIT
Weakening Flag : OFF
Rapid Dissipation Flag : OFF





UW - CIMSS
ADVANCED DVORAK TECHNIQUE
ADT-Version 8.1.1
Tropical Cyclone Intensity Algorithm

----- Current Analysis -----
Date : 25 AUG 2010 Time : 141500 UTC
Lat : 19:31:00 N Lon : 52:09:12 W


CI# /Pressure/ Vmax
4.3 / 983.6mb/ 72.2kt


Final T# Adj T# Raw T#
3.8 3.9 3.9

Latitude bias adjustment to MSLP : +1.4mb

Center Temp : -71.5C Cloud Region Temp : -68.2C

Scene Type : UNIFORM CDO CLOUD REGION

Positioning Method : FORECAST INTERPOLATION

Ocean Basin : ATLANTIC
Dvorak CI > MSLP Conversion Used : ATLANTIC

Tno/CI Rules : Constraint Limits : NO LIMIT
Weakening Flag : ON
Rapid Dissipation Flag : OFF

****************************************************


Member Since: August 1, 2006 Posts: 28 Comments: 3716
3363. Engine2
3:11 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
Great job Storm! Do you think she will make the turn out to sea after the potential Bermuda strike or could she cause concern for the NE like the GFS said on the 18z yesterday?
Member Since: February 27, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 482
3361. thewindman
3:10 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
2010 Fish Storms... all models predict all storms to be fish storms
Member Since: August 21, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 143
3360. reedzone
3:10 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
TD7 could be an issue for the CONUS, too early to tell but you know models will shift left with Cape Verde Storms. Happened with Dean (2007), Bill (2009), and Danielle (2010). We need to see how things evolve when TD7 comes closer the islands.
Member Since: July 1, 2008 Posts: 13 Comments: 7362
3358. nrtiwlnvragn
3:10 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
3337. DestinJeff

Whats the over/under on Earl?
Member Since: September 23, 2005 Posts: 14 Comments: 11074
3357. LongIslandXpress38
3:10 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
Quoting hoenn:
earl is going to be a monster


Time to begin large scale evacuations from New Foundland to Havana...
Member Since: August 4, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 166
3356. hulazigzag
3:09 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
Quoting StormW:
Hot off the press!

HURRICANE DANIELLE / TROPICAL DEPRESSION SEVEN SYNOPSIS AUG. 25, 2010
Thanks for the update. Great info.
Member Since: July 24, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 240
3355. K8eCane
3:09 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
TY StormW...I always take your synopsis to heart even more so than i do the NHC
Member Since: April 26, 2006 Posts: 5 Comments: 3098
3354. Floodman
3:08 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
Quoting Michfan:


There are no facts here. Only hyperbole. LOL.


LMAO...well said, Michfan! How you been, by the way?
Member Since: August 2, 2006 Posts: 10 Comments: 9922
3353. calder
3:07 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
Quoting hulazigzag:
Bermuda is in the cone of error. When danielle was at TD7's position it was forecast to move past bermuda hundreds of miles to the east.


The models have done a pretty good job on the unusually strong trough forming and for them to be only a couple hundred miles out from when Danielle was a TD is pretty good methinks. Hopefully she'll stay on the forecast track and pass east of bermuda still.
Member Since: July 26, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 416
3352. mydiapersarefull
3:07 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
take long range swell forecasts with an extra grain of salt...especially magic seaweed...but
possible east coast combo swell brewing?
Combo Swell???
Member Since: August 16, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 73
3350. Melagoo
3:06 PM GMT on August 25, 2010


Shows the various fronts moving through ... steering Danielle north and out to sea ... Earl would be more puzzling to predict
Member Since: July 31, 2006 Posts: 19 Comments: 1561
3349. FLPandhandleJG
3:06 PM GMT on August 25, 2010
Quoting StormW:
Hot off the press!

HURRICANE DANIELLE / TROPICAL DEPRESSION SEVEN SYNOPSIS AUG. 25, 2010


Thx for the update StormW.. Appreciate!
Member Since: August 15, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 2133

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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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