Storms of My Grandchildren by Dr. James Hansen

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 11:34 PM GMT on July 26, 2010

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"Storms of My Grandchildren: The Truth About the Coming Climate Catastrophe and Our Last Chance to Save Humanity" is NASA climate change scientist Dr. James Hansen's first book. Dr. Hansen is arguably the most visible and well-respected climate change scientist in the world, and has headed the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies in New York City since 1981. He is also an adjunct professor in the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences at Columbia University. Dr. Hansen greatly raised awareness of the threat of global warming during his Congressional testimony during the record hot summer of 1988, and issued one of the first-ever climate model predictions of global warming (see an analysis here to see how his 1988 prediction did.) In 2009, Dr. Hansen was awarded the Carl-Gustaf Rossby Research Medal, the highest honor bestowed by the American Meteorological Society, for his "outstanding contributions to climate modeling, understanding climate change forcings and sensitivity, and for clear communication of climate science in the public arena."

Storms of My Grandchildren focuses on the key concepts of the science of climate change, told through Hansen's personal experiences as a key player in field's scientific advancements and political dramas over the past 40 years. Dr. Hansen's writing style is very straight-forward and understandable, and he clearly explains the scientific concepts involved in a friendly way that anyone with a high school level science education can understand. I did not find any scientific errors in his book. However, some of his explanations are too long-winded, and the book is probably too long, at 274 pages. Nevertheless, Storms of My Grandchildren is a must-read, due to the importance of the subject matter and who is writing it. Hansen is not a fancy writer. He comes across as a plain Iowan who happened to stumble into the field of climate change and discovered things he had to speak out about. And he does plenty of speaking out in his book.

James Hansen vs. Richard Lindzen
Dr. Hansen's book opens with an interesting chapter on his participation in four meetings of Vice President Dick Cheney's cabinet-level Climate Task Force in 2001. It seems that the Bush Administration was prepared to let Dr. Hansen's views on climate change influence policy. However, Dr. Richard Lindzen, whom Hansen describes as "the dean of of global warming contrarians", was also present at the meetings. Dr.Lindzen was able to confuse the task force members enough so that they never took Dr. Hansen's views seriously. Hansen observes that "U.S. policies regarding carbon dioxide during the Bush-Cheney administration seem to have been based on, or at a minimum, congruent with, Lindzen's perspective." Hansen asserts that Lindzen was able to do this by acting more like a lawyer than a scientist: "He and other contrarians tend to act like lawyers defending a client, presenting only arguments that favor their client. This is in direct contradiction to...the scientific method." Hansen also comments that he asked Lindzen what he thought of the link between smoking and cancer, since Lindzen had been a witness for the tobacco industry decades earlier. Lindzen "began rattling off all the problems with the data relating smoking to health problems, which was closely analogous to his views of climate data."

Alarmism
Global warming contrarians often dismiss scientists such a Dr. Hansen as "alarmists" who concoct fearsome stories about climate change in order to get research funding. Dr. Lindzen made this accusation at Cheney's Climate Task Force in 2001. However, Dr. Hansen notes that "in 1981 I lost funding for research on the climate effects of carbon dioxide because the Energy Department was displeased with a paper, 'Climate Impact of Increasing Carbon Dioxide,' I had published in Science magazine. The paper made a number of predictions for the 21st century, including 'opening of the fabled Northwest Passage', which the Energy Department considered to be alarmist but which have since proven to be accurate." If you read Dr. Hansen's book and listen to his lectures, it is clear that he is not an alarmist out to get more research funding by hyping the dangers of global warming. Hansen says in his book that "my basic nature nature is very placid, even comfortably stolid", and that nature comes through very clearly in Storms of My Grandchildren. Hansen's writings express a quiet determination to plainly set forth the scientific truth on climate change. He has surprisingly few angry words towards the politicians, lobbyists, and scientists intent on distorting the scientific truth.

The science of climate change
The bulk of Storms of My Grandchildren is devoted to explanations of the science of climate change. Hansen's greatest concern is disintegration of the gerat ice sheets in Greenland and West Antarctica causing sea level rise: "Once the ice sheets begin to rapidly disintegrate, sea level would be continuously changing for centuries. Coastal cities would become impractical to maintain." Hansen is concerned that evidence from past climate periods show that the massive ice sheets that cover Greenland and Antarctica can melt quickly, with large changes within a century. For example, sea level at the end of the most recent Ice Age, 13,000 - 14,000 years ago, rose at a rate of 3 - 5 meters (10 - 17 feet) per century for several centuries. Hansen is convinced that just a 1.7 -2°C warming, which would likely result if we stabilize CO2 at 450 ppm, would be a "disaster scenario" that would trigger rapid disintegration of the ice sheets and disastrous rises in sea level. Hansen advocates stabilizing CO2 at 350 ppm (we are currently at 390 ppm, with a rate of increase of 2 ppm per year.)

Another of Hansen's main concerns is the extinction of species. He notes that studies of more than 1,000 species of plants, animals, and insects have found an average migration rate towards the poles due to climate warming in the last half of the 20th century to be four miles per decade. "That is not fast enough. During the past thirty years the lines marking the regions in which a given average temperature prevails (isotherms) have been moving poleward at a rate of about thirty-five miles per decade. If greenhouse gases continue to increase at business-as-usual rates, then the rate of isotherm movement will double in this century to at least seventy miles per decade."

Hansen's other main concern is the release of large amounts of methane gas stored in sea-floor sediments in the form of methane hydrates. If ocean temperatures warm according to predictions, the higher temperatures at the sea floor may be enough to destabilize the methane hydrate sediments and release huge quantities of methane into the atmosphere. Methane is a greenhouse gas 20 - 25 times more potent than carbon dioxide.

Solutions to the climate change problem
Dr. Hansen is a controversial figure, since he has stepped outside his field of expertise and become an activist in promoting solutions to the climate change problem. He devotes a chapter called "An Honest, Effective Path" in the book to this. His main theme is that we need to tax fossil fuels using a "fee-and-dividend" approach. All of the tax money collected would be distributed uniformly to the public. This carbon tax would gradually rise, giving people time to adjust their lifestyle, choice of vehicle, home insulation, etc. Those who do better at reducing their fossil fuel use will receive more in the dividend than they will pay in the added costs of the products they buy. The approach is straightforward and does not require a large bureaucracy, but currently has little political support. Hansen is vehemently opposed to the approach that has the most political support, "Cap-and-trade": "Cap-and-trade is what governments and the people in alligator shoes (the lobbyists for special interests) are trying to foist on you. Whoops. As an objective scientist I should delete such personal opinions, to at least flag them. But I am sixty-eight years old, and I am fed up with the way things work in Washington." Hansen also promotes an overlooked type of nuclear power, "fast" reactors with liquid metal coolant that produce far less nuclear waste and are much more efficient than conventional nuclear reactors.

Quotes from the book
"Humanity treads today on a slippery slope. As we continue to pump greenhouse gases into the air, we move onto a steeper, even more slippery incline. We seem oblivious to the danger--unaware how close we may be to a situation in which a catastrophic slip becomes practically unavoidable, a slip where we suddenly lose all control and are pulled into a torrential stream that hurls us over a precipice to our demise."

"In order for a democracy to function well, the public needs to be honestly informed. But the undue influence of special interests and government greenwash pose formidable barriers to a well-informed public. Without a well-informed public, humanity itself and all species on the planet are threatened."

"Of course by 2005 I was well aware that the NASA Office of Public Affairs had become an office of propaganda. In 2004, I learned that NASA press releases related to global warming were sent to the White House, where they were edited to appear less serious or discarded entirely."

"If we let special interests rule, my grandchildren and yours will pay the price."

"The role of money in our capitals is the biggest problem for democracy and for the planet."

"The problem with asking people to pledge to reduce their fossil fuel use is that even if lots of people do, one effect is reduced demand for fossil fuel and thus a lower price--making it easier for someone else to burn...it is necessary for people to reduce their emissions, but it is not sufficient if the government does not adopt policies that cause much of the fossil fuels to be left in the ground permanently."

"I have argued that it is time to 'draw a line in the sand' and demand no new coal plants."

"The present situation is analogous to that faced by Lincoln with slavery and Churchill with Nazism--the time for compromises and appeasement is over."

"Humans are beginning to hammer the climate system with a forcing more than an order of magnitude more powerful than the forcings that nature employed."

"Once ice sheet disintegration begins in earnest, our grandchildren will live the rest of their lives in a chaotic transition period."

"After the ice is gone, would Earth proceed to the Venus syndrome, a runaway greenhouse effect that would destroy all life on the planet, perhaps permanently? While that is difficult to say based on present information, I've come to conclude that if we burn all reserves of oil, gas, and coal, there is a substantial chance we will initiate the runaway greenhouse. If we also burn the tar sands and tar shale, I believe the Venus syndrome is a dead certainty."

"One suggestion I have for now: Support Bill McKibben and his organization 350.org. It is the most effective and responsible leadership in the public struggle for climate justice."

Commentary
James Hansen understands the Earth's climate as well as any person alive, and his concern about where our climate is headed makes Storms of My Grandchildren a must-read for everyone who cares about the world their grandchildren will inherit. Storms of My Grandchildren retails for $16.50 at Amazon.com. Dr. Hansen's web site is http://www.columbia.edu/~jeh1/.

Jeff Masters

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Quoting gator23:

Mr. Plow that's my name that name again is Mr. Plow.

ROTFL!!!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
4983. flsky
Quoting futuremet:
CyberTeddy,

Despite the fact that the ECMWF is a revered model, I disagree with its forecast this afternoon. I think something will likely form within the next six days.
Quoting futuremet:
CyberTeddy,

Despite the fact that the ECMWF is a revered model, I disagree with its forecast this afternoon. I think something will likely form within the next six days.

Futurenet, I always take notice of your postings. You are very knowledgeable. Can you give me an idea of why you think something will develop w/in the next 6 days?
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4982. gator23
Quoting Bordonaro:

They do not work very well with 14" of wet, heavy snow:0)

Mr. Plow that's my name that name again is Mr. Plow.
Member Since: August 26, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 2162
Quoting Bordonaro:

We had a total of almost 18" of snow in the DFW area, which was close to a new record!
id try to sell snow blowers there but yall would probly try to mow your lawn with them
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Quoting floridaT:
see ya did need a snow blower

They do not work very well with 14" of wet, heavy snow:0)
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Quoting CyclonicVoyage:
With the ITCZ being up around 10N, Coriolis effect is much greater within. Ivan was a spawn of the ITCZ.


According to the NHC post-storm report:

http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2004ivan.shtml?

Ivan was born from an African tropical wave.
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Quoting JLPR2:


Looking healthy still

hey, JLPR2!! yeah it does, What's your guess on this one, I'm taking a wild guess, TD by Sunday!
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4976. gator23
Quoting Bordonaro:

Please, I live in the Dallas-Ft Worth, TX area, we had 14" on snow in 2-2010. We probably will never see that much snow in 50 yrs!!

Did you hire Mr. Plow or Plow King?
Member Since: August 26, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 2162
Quoting angiest:


I'm from SW Dallas originally. Twice visiting family (Christmas and first day of spring) up there we saw accumulations of snow. Add in one accumulation of snow in December down here plus a couple of other times when we had light dustings and I have never seen so much snow in my life. What a wild winter.

We had a total of almost 18" of snow in the DFW area, which was close to a new record!
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4974. JLPR2
Quoting CyclonicVoyage:


Not really relevant, a wave isn't going to pop out of the sky, it's PURELY an ITCZ disturbance.


A lot can happen in 10 hours and this isn't just an ITCZ disturbance, this piece of energy moved off from Africa along with a weak spin.
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Quoting ElConando:


That darn Drak with his fancy words and magic carpets.


LOL
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4972. angiest
Quoting Bordonaro:

Please, I live in the Dallas-Ft Worth, TX area, we had 14" on snow in 2-2010. We probably will never see that much snow in 50 yrs!!


I'm from SW Dallas originally. Twice visiting family (Christmas and first day of spring) up there we saw accumulations of snow. Add in one accumulation of snow in December down here plus a couple of other times when we had light dustings and I have never seen so much snow in my life. What a wild winter.
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Quoting Bordonaro:

Please, I live in the Dallas-Ft Worth, TX area, we had 14" on snow in 2-2010. We probably will never see that much snow in 50 yrs!!
see ya did need a snow blower
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Quoting JLPR2:


Very old...


Not really relevant, a wave isn't going to pop out of the sky, it's PURELY an ITCZ disturbance.
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Quoting KoritheMan:


It's just a fancy term for a disturbance.


That darn Drak with his fancy words and magic carpets.
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Quoting CybrTeddy:
What's wrong with StSimons's picture?
its too sexy and he is causing hot flashes and rubber necking:)

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Quoting CyclonicVoyage:
No wave, just ITCZ convection ATM.



Old run.
Member Since: July 8, 2005 Posts: 259 Comments: 23012
Quoting NCHurricane2009:
http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/text/refresh/MIATWDAT+shtml/282345.shtml?

LOL, National Hurricane Center isn't talking about that nice looking 25-30W blob we are seeing. What are they doing over there?


Because it isn't a tropical wave. It's a perturbation in the ITCZ.
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4948

I am used to removing viruses. I must say this is toughest malware I ever dealt with because nothing could detect it, not even highly remute anti-malware tools. I had to manually remove it myself.

I remember this blog was hacked by malware this time last year. Hopefully this malware will not infiltrate this blog.
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4963. JLPR2
Quoting CyclonicVoyage:
No wave, just ITCZ convection ATM.



Very old...
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With the ITCZ being up around 10N, Coriolis effect is much greater within. Ivan was a spawn of the ITCZ.
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Is the TAFB 00z surface analysis out?
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Quoting gator23:

getting excited over the Dolphins/Heat


ROFL
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4959. JLPR2
This isnt your everyday blob
seems its trying to do something, not much yet but if it persists for another day, maybe...
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Quoting ElConando:
Can anyone care to explain what a perturbation is meteorologically speaking?


It's just a fancy term for a disturbance.
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Quoting floridaT:
ya need a pic of ya driving that snow blower

Please, I live in the Dallas-Ft Worth, TX area, we had 14" on snow in 2-2010. We probably will never see that much snow in 50 yrs!!
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Can anyone care to explain what a perturbation is meteorologically speaking?
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4955. jeebsa
Quoting gator23:

getting excited over the Dolphins/Heat
I sure am
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Quoting JLPR2:


So far nothing is analyzed there, so its just a pretty blob to watch and analyze XD


Sometimes, the National Hurricane Center doesn't add an eastern Atlantic tropical wave in its anlaysis right away. We'll see.
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.
Member Since: July 8, 2005 Posts: 259 Comments: 23012
4952. gator23
Quoting NCHurricane2009:
http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/text/refresh/MIATWDAT+shtml/282345.shtml?

LOL, National Hurricane Center isn't talking about that nice looking 25-30W blob we are seeing. What are they doing over there?

getting excited over the Dolphins/Heat
Member Since: August 26, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 2162
No wave, just ITCZ convection ATM.

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Quoting sebastianflorida:
the wave at 30 will be a TD within 30 hours, that is a sure thing.
put it down sabastion said it first
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the wave at 30 will be a TD within 30 hours, that is a sure thing.
Member Since: August 5, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 670
4948. angiest
4916 - Don't run Windows and you won't get that problem. :)
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http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/text/refresh/MIATWDAT+shtml/282345.shtml?

LOL, National Hurricane Center isn't talking about that nice looking 25-30W blob we are seeing. What are they doing over there?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
4946. JLPR2
Quoting Bordonaro:

4922) That TW is singing < "how do I look, how do I looks, as the NHC has ignored it health over the last 2 TWO!!


So far nothing is analyzed there, so its just a pretty blob to watch and analyze XD
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4945. angiest
Quoting ElConando:
The blob will not likely develop, it is more likely in the end that the wave behind it will absorb its energy.


I don't know if it is that one or not, but I am inclined to think it is.... one of the models, I think it is the CMC, develops two systems in the E Atl, they do a little Fujiwhara and then the one to the west absorbs the one to the east.
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Quoting Bordonaro:

I tried putting a summer picture, without any success..
ya need a pic of ya driving that snow blower
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4916

I did not see that. I just logged in here. My PC was hacked by a nasty malware - the Whistler bootkit. This malware is new and no antivirus programs (Malwarebytes, Superantispyware, Avira Antivir, etc) can detect it, except rootkit scanners. I think I removed it by restoring the Windows' Master Boot Record (MBR), which is where the malware conceals itself. I advise you all to be careful when surfing the Web.

Back on topic...

The ECMWF shows weak cut-off low in the GOM. It does not seem to be a TS.

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4942. 7544
Quoting JLPR2:
look at that its closing in on the CATL view



yep thats one im talking about coming into view on the rainbow could be our next invest real soon thanks
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Quoting JLPR2:


Looking healthy still

4922) That TW is singing , "How do I look, how do I looks", as the NHC has ignored it healthy appearence over the last 2 TWO!!
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Quoting StSimonsIslandGAGuy:
4925, no I don't.
it is a bit well i wont say
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So what will be the door prize for the one who posts the 5,000th comment?
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Quoting JLPR2:


Looking healthy still


http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/tafb/ATSA_18Z.gif

That NHC surface analysis doesn't show a tropical wave coniciding with that storm cluster so far. Is that a tropical wave or what?

Shear looks low, but I am not confident about saying anything about this one till the hurricane center calls this a tropical wave.
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The blob will not likely develop, it is more likely in the end that the wave behind it will absorb its energy.
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4935. JLPR2
Quoting hurricane556:


do have the link to that? thanks


sorry, I usually get those images playing around with the URL
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What's wrong with StSimons's picture?
Member Since: July 8, 2005 Posts: 259 Comments: 23012

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About JeffMasters

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.