Storms of My Grandchildren by Dr. James Hansen

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 11:34 PM GMT on July 26, 2010

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"Storms of My Grandchildren: The Truth About the Coming Climate Catastrophe and Our Last Chance to Save Humanity" is NASA climate change scientist Dr. James Hansen's first book. Dr. Hansen is arguably the most visible and well-respected climate change scientist in the world, and has headed the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies in New York City since 1981. He is also an adjunct professor in the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences at Columbia University. Dr. Hansen greatly raised awareness of the threat of global warming during his Congressional testimony during the record hot summer of 1988, and issued one of the first-ever climate model predictions of global warming (see an analysis here to see how his 1988 prediction did.) In 2009, Dr. Hansen was awarded the Carl-Gustaf Rossby Research Medal, the highest honor bestowed by the American Meteorological Society, for his "outstanding contributions to climate modeling, understanding climate change forcings and sensitivity, and for clear communication of climate science in the public arena."

Storms of My Grandchildren focuses on the key concepts of the science of climate change, told through Hansen's personal experiences as a key player in field's scientific advancements and political dramas over the past 40 years. Dr. Hansen's writing style is very straight-forward and understandable, and he clearly explains the scientific concepts involved in a friendly way that anyone with a high school level science education can understand. I did not find any scientific errors in his book. However, some of his explanations are too long-winded, and the book is probably too long, at 274 pages. Nevertheless, Storms of My Grandchildren is a must-read, due to the importance of the subject matter and who is writing it. Hansen is not a fancy writer. He comes across as a plain Iowan who happened to stumble into the field of climate change and discovered things he had to speak out about. And he does plenty of speaking out in his book.

James Hansen vs. Richard Lindzen
Dr. Hansen's book opens with an interesting chapter on his participation in four meetings of Vice President Dick Cheney's cabinet-level Climate Task Force in 2001. It seems that the Bush Administration was prepared to let Dr. Hansen's views on climate change influence policy. However, Dr. Richard Lindzen, whom Hansen describes as "the dean of of global warming contrarians", was also present at the meetings. Dr.Lindzen was able to confuse the task force members enough so that they never took Dr. Hansen's views seriously. Hansen observes that "U.S. policies regarding carbon dioxide during the Bush-Cheney administration seem to have been based on, or at a minimum, congruent with, Lindzen's perspective." Hansen asserts that Lindzen was able to do this by acting more like a lawyer than a scientist: "He and other contrarians tend to act like lawyers defending a client, presenting only arguments that favor their client. This is in direct contradiction to...the scientific method." Hansen also comments that he asked Lindzen what he thought of the link between smoking and cancer, since Lindzen had been a witness for the tobacco industry decades earlier. Lindzen "began rattling off all the problems with the data relating smoking to health problems, which was closely analogous to his views of climate data."

Alarmism
Global warming contrarians often dismiss scientists such a Dr. Hansen as "alarmists" who concoct fearsome stories about climate change in order to get research funding. Dr. Lindzen made this accusation at Cheney's Climate Task Force in 2001. However, Dr. Hansen notes that "in 1981 I lost funding for research on the climate effects of carbon dioxide because the Energy Department was displeased with a paper, 'Climate Impact of Increasing Carbon Dioxide,' I had published in Science magazine. The paper made a number of predictions for the 21st century, including 'opening of the fabled Northwest Passage', which the Energy Department considered to be alarmist but which have since proven to be accurate." If you read Dr. Hansen's book and listen to his lectures, it is clear that he is not an alarmist out to get more research funding by hyping the dangers of global warming. Hansen says in his book that "my basic nature nature is very placid, even comfortably stolid", and that nature comes through very clearly in Storms of My Grandchildren. Hansen's writings express a quiet determination to plainly set forth the scientific truth on climate change. He has surprisingly few angry words towards the politicians, lobbyists, and scientists intent on distorting the scientific truth.

The science of climate change
The bulk of Storms of My Grandchildren is devoted to explanations of the science of climate change. Hansen's greatest concern is disintegration of the gerat ice sheets in Greenland and West Antarctica causing sea level rise: "Once the ice sheets begin to rapidly disintegrate, sea level would be continuously changing for centuries. Coastal cities would become impractical to maintain." Hansen is concerned that evidence from past climate periods show that the massive ice sheets that cover Greenland and Antarctica can melt quickly, with large changes within a century. For example, sea level at the end of the most recent Ice Age, 13,000 - 14,000 years ago, rose at a rate of 3 - 5 meters (10 - 17 feet) per century for several centuries. Hansen is convinced that just a 1.7 -2°C warming, which would likely result if we stabilize CO2 at 450 ppm, would be a "disaster scenario" that would trigger rapid disintegration of the ice sheets and disastrous rises in sea level. Hansen advocates stabilizing CO2 at 350 ppm (we are currently at 390 ppm, with a rate of increase of 2 ppm per year.)

Another of Hansen's main concerns is the extinction of species. He notes that studies of more than 1,000 species of plants, animals, and insects have found an average migration rate towards the poles due to climate warming in the last half of the 20th century to be four miles per decade. "That is not fast enough. During the past thirty years the lines marking the regions in which a given average temperature prevails (isotherms) have been moving poleward at a rate of about thirty-five miles per decade. If greenhouse gases continue to increase at business-as-usual rates, then the rate of isotherm movement will double in this century to at least seventy miles per decade."

Hansen's other main concern is the release of large amounts of methane gas stored in sea-floor sediments in the form of methane hydrates. If ocean temperatures warm according to predictions, the higher temperatures at the sea floor may be enough to destabilize the methane hydrate sediments and release huge quantities of methane into the atmosphere. Methane is a greenhouse gas 20 - 25 times more potent than carbon dioxide.

Solutions to the climate change problem
Dr. Hansen is a controversial figure, since he has stepped outside his field of expertise and become an activist in promoting solutions to the climate change problem. He devotes a chapter called "An Honest, Effective Path" in the book to this. His main theme is that we need to tax fossil fuels using a "fee-and-dividend" approach. All of the tax money collected would be distributed uniformly to the public. This carbon tax would gradually rise, giving people time to adjust their lifestyle, choice of vehicle, home insulation, etc. Those who do better at reducing their fossil fuel use will receive more in the dividend than they will pay in the added costs of the products they buy. The approach is straightforward and does not require a large bureaucracy, but currently has little political support. Hansen is vehemently opposed to the approach that has the most political support, "Cap-and-trade": "Cap-and-trade is what governments and the people in alligator shoes (the lobbyists for special interests) are trying to foist on you. Whoops. As an objective scientist I should delete such personal opinions, to at least flag them. But I am sixty-eight years old, and I am fed up with the way things work in Washington." Hansen also promotes an overlooked type of nuclear power, "fast" reactors with liquid metal coolant that produce far less nuclear waste and are much more efficient than conventional nuclear reactors.

Quotes from the book
"Humanity treads today on a slippery slope. As we continue to pump greenhouse gases into the air, we move onto a steeper, even more slippery incline. We seem oblivious to the danger--unaware how close we may be to a situation in which a catastrophic slip becomes practically unavoidable, a slip where we suddenly lose all control and are pulled into a torrential stream that hurls us over a precipice to our demise."

"In order for a democracy to function well, the public needs to be honestly informed. But the undue influence of special interests and government greenwash pose formidable barriers to a well-informed public. Without a well-informed public, humanity itself and all species on the planet are threatened."

"Of course by 2005 I was well aware that the NASA Office of Public Affairs had become an office of propaganda. In 2004, I learned that NASA press releases related to global warming were sent to the White House, where they were edited to appear less serious or discarded entirely."

"If we let special interests rule, my grandchildren and yours will pay the price."

"The role of money in our capitals is the biggest problem for democracy and for the planet."

"The problem with asking people to pledge to reduce their fossil fuel use is that even if lots of people do, one effect is reduced demand for fossil fuel and thus a lower price--making it easier for someone else to burn...it is necessary for people to reduce their emissions, but it is not sufficient if the government does not adopt policies that cause much of the fossil fuels to be left in the ground permanently."

"I have argued that it is time to 'draw a line in the sand' and demand no new coal plants."

"The present situation is analogous to that faced by Lincoln with slavery and Churchill with Nazism--the time for compromises and appeasement is over."

"Humans are beginning to hammer the climate system with a forcing more than an order of magnitude more powerful than the forcings that nature employed."

"Once ice sheet disintegration begins in earnest, our grandchildren will live the rest of their lives in a chaotic transition period."

"After the ice is gone, would Earth proceed to the Venus syndrome, a runaway greenhouse effect that would destroy all life on the planet, perhaps permanently? While that is difficult to say based on present information, I've come to conclude that if we burn all reserves of oil, gas, and coal, there is a substantial chance we will initiate the runaway greenhouse. If we also burn the tar sands and tar shale, I believe the Venus syndrome is a dead certainty."

"One suggestion I have for now: Support Bill McKibben and his organization 350.org. It is the most effective and responsible leadership in the public struggle for climate justice."

Commentary
James Hansen understands the Earth's climate as well as any person alive, and his concern about where our climate is headed makes Storms of My Grandchildren a must-read for everyone who cares about the world their grandchildren will inherit. Storms of My Grandchildren retails for $16.50 at Amazon.com. Dr. Hansen's web site is http://www.columbia.edu/~jeh1/.

Jeff Masters

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Quoting hydrus:
I was in Port Charlotte when Charley hit. I dont think I need to tell you about that one. Was in Desoto county when Jeanne hit, 14 hours of hell. Coincidentally. we were in the Keys in 1980 when the other Jeanne gave some wind and a lot of rain.


Frances was a very long duration event too, as it just sat there and spun off the East Central Florida coast... I hate those types, if one is coming in, lets just get it done and over with quick.
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people should'nt sleep on that stalled out front off GA/SC, sometimes when old fronts linger they can translate into tropical wx...
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Quoting MississippiWx:


Seems like all of our systems want to develop slowly this year...


And given the right conditions once they organize, watch out.
Member Since: July 8, 2005 Posts: 259 Comments: 24199
What downward motion?

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Quoting CybrTeddy:
Looks like the WPAC may be on the verge of their most inactive season in recorded history.


I am all for a quiet Pacific...especially Central!!!!!!! ALOHA
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Quoting CybrTeddy:
Looks like the WPAC may be on the verge of their most inactive season in recorded history.


Not really a good thing for us...lol.
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6673. hydrus
Quoting MississippiWx:


There is an upper-level low in that area. It's moving off to the west in tandem with a tropical wave in the area. Won't be favorable for development there. The upper-level low is actually part of the TUTT, which has broken apart into individual upper-level lows. The TUTT is about to be a non-factor.
Looks impressive.
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Looks like the WPAC may be on the verge of their most inactive season in recorded history.
Member Since: July 8, 2005 Posts: 259 Comments: 24199
6671. hydrus
Quoting ecflweatherfan:


Space Coast, Brevard County... all but one of them passed within 60 miles of my location. Erin the closest (passed right overhead), Wilma the farthest (over 100 miles south) but gave us 13" of rain and 92 mph wind gusts. Then there was Frances and Jeanne... Charley barely clipped us with the edge of its eyewall as it moved NE across the state.
I was in Port Charlotte when Charley hit. I dont think I need to tell you about that one. Was in Desoto county when Jeanne hit, 14 hours of hell. Coincidentally. we were in the Keys in 1980 when the other Jeanne gave some wind and a lot of rain.
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Quoting hydrus:
If you look closely, you can see a cyclonic spin right off the Nicaraguan/Guatemalan border. It could be another invest soon.jmoLink.


There is an upper-level low in that area. It's moving off to the west in tandem with a tropical wave in the area. Won't be favorable for development there. The upper-level low is actually part of the TUTT, which has broken apart into individual upper-level lows. The TUTT is about to be a non-factor.
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Is it just me or does the 2010 E Pacific hurricane season seem a lot like the 1997 Atlantic hurricane season? The reason why is that 1997, like 2010, began very active during the first month or so but then just quieted down out of nowhere.
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Doc's on vacation everyone went to sleep except the pro and con gwer's. And mother nature said no so fast there my little blogger's you want some come and get it. Give everyone, a little chance to come up with there blog it's all brewing so to speak.
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6666. Becca36
Quoting sammywammybamy:





*Shudders* Bad memories...We lost a sliding glass door during the second half of that one and I was pregnant...very terrifying.
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Quoting DestinJeff:


OOH OOH.. I love Wheel of Fortune!



lol
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6663. Jax82
Lets compare

7/28/2009


7/28/2010
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6662. xcool
angiest .yea .just first run
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6661. angiest
Quoting DestinJeff:


Did I hear someone mention Peak of Season?



Hey Jeff, where did you find that? Need to bookmark it.
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Quoting extreme236:
Organization within the ITCZ can occur, it is just a much slower process usually.


Seems like all of our systems want to develop slowly this year...
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6659. hydrus
Quoting Tazmanian:



yup


looke like we may see C D and E in the 1st week of AUG
If you look closely, you can see a cyclonic spin right off the Nicaraguan/Guatemalan border. It could be another invest soon.jmoLink.
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any mode runs picking up on 91L or 92L yet


all so 236 you have mail
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6655. angiest
Quoting xcool:


kaboom


Impressive, but that is based off the first run, correct?
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MH09, when and if do you think 90L will detach itself from the ITCZ?
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Quoting hydrus:
Where are you located? You went through a lot of storms...


Space Coast, Brevard County... all but one of them passed within 60 miles of my location. Erin the closest (passed right overhead), Wilma the farthest (over 100 miles south) but gave us 13" of rain and 92 mph wind gusts. Then there was Frances and Jeanne... Charley barely clipped us with the edge of its eyewall as it moved NE across the state. Andrew was a non-issue here, sunny all day and breezy, but it safely passed 200 miles south.
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Quoting xcool:
Seflhurricane huh .make 2
sorry guys had a retard moment
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Organization within the ITCZ can occur, it is just a much slower process usually.
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Sure looks like the cmc 12z picks up on 90L
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6649. xcool
Seflhurricane huh .make 2
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Quoting weathermancer:


Looks like a string of pearls now is setting up in the Atl.
I can possibly even see the N Car. low develop into a tropical storm.



yup


looke like we may see C D and E in the 1st week of AUG
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Quoting xcool:


kaboom
As soon as it detaches itself from the ITCZ is when organization will occur. After that, if it develops I could easily see it reach hurricane status as conditions are forecasted to be very favorable.
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Quoting Tazmanian:



you mean 2nd hurricane
sorry yes i forgot about alex
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Quoting aspectre:
aspectre "Hokay, who called 90L? Cuz the NavyNRL ain't got an Atlantic Invest, and neither does the NHC."
6379 Levi32 "Navy has it....so does ATCF."
6381 CybrTeddy "ATCF did, and models are showing 90L too, and its on WU."

Thanks. Didn't realise that either FleetNumericalMeteorology&OceanographyCenter or AutomatedTropicalCycloneForecastingSystem were authorized to initialize Invests.
Got 'em bookmarked now.
Still don't see it on ATCF. Woulda thought initialization would have to be approved by people first. So FNMOC called it?


It is on the ATCF site. Under the tcweb file. They call invests.
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Quoting DestinJeff:


Did I hear someone mention Peak of Season?



Lol. I'm going to have dreams about that graph.
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Quoting Seflhurricane:
looks like we may have our first hurricane lets see if we will have consistency



you mean 2nd hurricane
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Quoting Tazmanian:
that mass in the N Caribbean Sea seem too be geting its act togeter


Looks like a string of pearls now is setting up in the Atl.
I can possibly even see the N Car. low develop into a tropical storm.
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Quoting Seflhurricane:
god forbid a tropical storm in the carribean with that fuel it will explode rapidly like hurricane wilma


Especially if it was moving 7-10 mph. It would take advantage of all that fuel and like you said turn into a BEAST...
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Quoting xcool:


kaboom
looks like we may have our first hurricane lets see if we will have consistency
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Quoting StSimonsIslandGAGuy:
A hazy shade of summer: a potent mix of heat, haze, alcohol and corruption


EXCELLENT article, thanks for sharing.
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.