Storms of My Grandchildren by Dr. James Hansen

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 11:34 PM GMT on July 26, 2010

Share this Blog
9
+

"Storms of My Grandchildren: The Truth About the Coming Climate Catastrophe and Our Last Chance to Save Humanity" is NASA climate change scientist Dr. James Hansen's first book. Dr. Hansen is arguably the most visible and well-respected climate change scientist in the world, and has headed the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies in New York City since 1981. He is also an adjunct professor in the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences at Columbia University. Dr. Hansen greatly raised awareness of the threat of global warming during his Congressional testimony during the record hot summer of 1988, and issued one of the first-ever climate model predictions of global warming (see an analysis here to see how his 1988 prediction did.) In 2009, Dr. Hansen was awarded the Carl-Gustaf Rossby Research Medal, the highest honor bestowed by the American Meteorological Society, for his "outstanding contributions to climate modeling, understanding climate change forcings and sensitivity, and for clear communication of climate science in the public arena."

Storms of My Grandchildren focuses on the key concepts of the science of climate change, told through Hansen's personal experiences as a key player in field's scientific advancements and political dramas over the past 40 years. Dr. Hansen's writing style is very straight-forward and understandable, and he clearly explains the scientific concepts involved in a friendly way that anyone with a high school level science education can understand. I did not find any scientific errors in his book. However, some of his explanations are too long-winded, and the book is probably too long, at 274 pages. Nevertheless, Storms of My Grandchildren is a must-read, due to the importance of the subject matter and who is writing it. Hansen is not a fancy writer. He comes across as a plain Iowan who happened to stumble into the field of climate change and discovered things he had to speak out about. And he does plenty of speaking out in his book.

James Hansen vs. Richard Lindzen
Dr. Hansen's book opens with an interesting chapter on his participation in four meetings of Vice President Dick Cheney's cabinet-level Climate Task Force in 2001. It seems that the Bush Administration was prepared to let Dr. Hansen's views on climate change influence policy. However, Dr. Richard Lindzen, whom Hansen describes as "the dean of of global warming contrarians", was also present at the meetings. Dr.Lindzen was able to confuse the task force members enough so that they never took Dr. Hansen's views seriously. Hansen observes that "U.S. policies regarding carbon dioxide during the Bush-Cheney administration seem to have been based on, or at a minimum, congruent with, Lindzen's perspective." Hansen asserts that Lindzen was able to do this by acting more like a lawyer than a scientist: "He and other contrarians tend to act like lawyers defending a client, presenting only arguments that favor their client. This is in direct contradiction to...the scientific method." Hansen also comments that he asked Lindzen what he thought of the link between smoking and cancer, since Lindzen had been a witness for the tobacco industry decades earlier. Lindzen "began rattling off all the problems with the data relating smoking to health problems, which was closely analogous to his views of climate data."

Alarmism
Global warming contrarians often dismiss scientists such a Dr. Hansen as "alarmists" who concoct fearsome stories about climate change in order to get research funding. Dr. Lindzen made this accusation at Cheney's Climate Task Force in 2001. However, Dr. Hansen notes that "in 1981 I lost funding for research on the climate effects of carbon dioxide because the Energy Department was displeased with a paper, 'Climate Impact of Increasing Carbon Dioxide,' I had published in Science magazine. The paper made a number of predictions for the 21st century, including 'opening of the fabled Northwest Passage', which the Energy Department considered to be alarmist but which have since proven to be accurate." If you read Dr. Hansen's book and listen to his lectures, it is clear that he is not an alarmist out to get more research funding by hyping the dangers of global warming. Hansen says in his book that "my basic nature nature is very placid, even comfortably stolid", and that nature comes through very clearly in Storms of My Grandchildren. Hansen's writings express a quiet determination to plainly set forth the scientific truth on climate change. He has surprisingly few angry words towards the politicians, lobbyists, and scientists intent on distorting the scientific truth.

The science of climate change
The bulk of Storms of My Grandchildren is devoted to explanations of the science of climate change. Hansen's greatest concern is disintegration of the gerat ice sheets in Greenland and West Antarctica causing sea level rise: "Once the ice sheets begin to rapidly disintegrate, sea level would be continuously changing for centuries. Coastal cities would become impractical to maintain." Hansen is concerned that evidence from past climate periods show that the massive ice sheets that cover Greenland and Antarctica can melt quickly, with large changes within a century. For example, sea level at the end of the most recent Ice Age, 13,000 - 14,000 years ago, rose at a rate of 3 - 5 meters (10 - 17 feet) per century for several centuries. Hansen is convinced that just a 1.7 -2°C warming, which would likely result if we stabilize CO2 at 450 ppm, would be a "disaster scenario" that would trigger rapid disintegration of the ice sheets and disastrous rises in sea level. Hansen advocates stabilizing CO2 at 350 ppm (we are currently at 390 ppm, with a rate of increase of 2 ppm per year.)

Another of Hansen's main concerns is the extinction of species. He notes that studies of more than 1,000 species of plants, animals, and insects have found an average migration rate towards the poles due to climate warming in the last half of the 20th century to be four miles per decade. "That is not fast enough. During the past thirty years the lines marking the regions in which a given average temperature prevails (isotherms) have been moving poleward at a rate of about thirty-five miles per decade. If greenhouse gases continue to increase at business-as-usual rates, then the rate of isotherm movement will double in this century to at least seventy miles per decade."

Hansen's other main concern is the release of large amounts of methane gas stored in sea-floor sediments in the form of methane hydrates. If ocean temperatures warm according to predictions, the higher temperatures at the sea floor may be enough to destabilize the methane hydrate sediments and release huge quantities of methane into the atmosphere. Methane is a greenhouse gas 20 - 25 times more potent than carbon dioxide.

Solutions to the climate change problem
Dr. Hansen is a controversial figure, since he has stepped outside his field of expertise and become an activist in promoting solutions to the climate change problem. He devotes a chapter called "An Honest, Effective Path" in the book to this. His main theme is that we need to tax fossil fuels using a "fee-and-dividend" approach. All of the tax money collected would be distributed uniformly to the public. This carbon tax would gradually rise, giving people time to adjust their lifestyle, choice of vehicle, home insulation, etc. Those who do better at reducing their fossil fuel use will receive more in the dividend than they will pay in the added costs of the products they buy. The approach is straightforward and does not require a large bureaucracy, but currently has little political support. Hansen is vehemently opposed to the approach that has the most political support, "Cap-and-trade": "Cap-and-trade is what governments and the people in alligator shoes (the lobbyists for special interests) are trying to foist on you. Whoops. As an objective scientist I should delete such personal opinions, to at least flag them. But I am sixty-eight years old, and I am fed up with the way things work in Washington." Hansen also promotes an overlooked type of nuclear power, "fast" reactors with liquid metal coolant that produce far less nuclear waste and are much more efficient than conventional nuclear reactors.

Quotes from the book
"Humanity treads today on a slippery slope. As we continue to pump greenhouse gases into the air, we move onto a steeper, even more slippery incline. We seem oblivious to the danger--unaware how close we may be to a situation in which a catastrophic slip becomes practically unavoidable, a slip where we suddenly lose all control and are pulled into a torrential stream that hurls us over a precipice to our demise."

"In order for a democracy to function well, the public needs to be honestly informed. But the undue influence of special interests and government greenwash pose formidable barriers to a well-informed public. Without a well-informed public, humanity itself and all species on the planet are threatened."

"Of course by 2005 I was well aware that the NASA Office of Public Affairs had become an office of propaganda. In 2004, I learned that NASA press releases related to global warming were sent to the White House, where they were edited to appear less serious or discarded entirely."

"If we let special interests rule, my grandchildren and yours will pay the price."

"The role of money in our capitals is the biggest problem for democracy and for the planet."

"The problem with asking people to pledge to reduce their fossil fuel use is that even if lots of people do, one effect is reduced demand for fossil fuel and thus a lower price--making it easier for someone else to burn...it is necessary for people to reduce their emissions, but it is not sufficient if the government does not adopt policies that cause much of the fossil fuels to be left in the ground permanently."

"I have argued that it is time to 'draw a line in the sand' and demand no new coal plants."

"The present situation is analogous to that faced by Lincoln with slavery and Churchill with Nazism--the time for compromises and appeasement is over."

"Humans are beginning to hammer the climate system with a forcing more than an order of magnitude more powerful than the forcings that nature employed."

"Once ice sheet disintegration begins in earnest, our grandchildren will live the rest of their lives in a chaotic transition period."

"After the ice is gone, would Earth proceed to the Venus syndrome, a runaway greenhouse effect that would destroy all life on the planet, perhaps permanently? While that is difficult to say based on present information, I've come to conclude that if we burn all reserves of oil, gas, and coal, there is a substantial chance we will initiate the runaway greenhouse. If we also burn the tar sands and tar shale, I believe the Venus syndrome is a dead certainty."

"One suggestion I have for now: Support Bill McKibben and his organization 350.org. It is the most effective and responsible leadership in the public struggle for climate justice."

Commentary
James Hansen understands the Earth's climate as well as any person alive, and his concern about where our climate is headed makes Storms of My Grandchildren a must-read for everyone who cares about the world their grandchildren will inherit. Storms of My Grandchildren retails for $16.50 at Amazon.com. Dr. Hansen's web site is http://www.columbia.edu/~jeh1/.

Jeff Masters

Reader Comments

Comments will take a few seconds to appear.

Post Your Comments

Please sign in to post comments.

or Join

Not only will you be able to leave comments on this blog, but you'll also have the ability to upload and share your photos in our Wunder Photos section.

Display: 0, 50, 100, 200 Sort: Newest First - Order Posted

Viewing: 1484 - 1434

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75 | 76 | 77 | 78 | 79 | 80 | 81 | 82 | 83 | 84 | 85 | 86 | 87 | 88 | 89 | 90 | 91 | 92 | 93 | 94 | 95 | 96 | 97 | 98 | 99 | 100 | 101 | 102 | 103 | 104 | 105 | 106 | 107 | 108 | 109 | 110 | 111 | 112 | 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 | 141 | 142 | 143 | 144 | 145 | 146 | 147Blog Index

Quoting CybrTeddy:


Collapsing thunderstorms.
Correct! CybrTeddy winds a CybrCookie! Sorry I can't post one, got banned last time for doing so.
Member Since: September 2, 2009 Posts: 130 Comments: 21032
Quoting MiamiHurricanes09:
Note the low level outflow (arc clouds) in the southern quadrant. First person to tell me what this means gets a cyber-cookie.

tail end of a front? (guess)
Member Since: August 16, 2007 Posts: 1 Comments: 2314
473. muddertracker 4:30 PM GMT on July 27, 2010
"Peer reviewed" articles are only as good as the "peers" who review them...and yes, we do have access to "peer reviewed" articles in Texas :)


HAHAHA!!!! I forgot to respond to that one...

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting MiamiHurricanes09:
Note the low level outflow (arc clouds) in the southern quadrant. First person to tell me what this means gets a cyber-cookie.



Collapsing thunderstorms.
Member Since: July 8, 2005 Posts: 259 Comments: 23011
Quoting FLdewey:
It's where I keep all my things. Get a lot of compliments on this. Plus it's not a purse, it's called a satchel. Indiana Jones wears one.


Heh.. someone's been watching a certain movie have they?
Member Since: July 8, 2005 Posts: 259 Comments: 23011
Note the low level outflow (arc clouds) in the southern quadrant. First person to tell me what this means gets a cyber-cookie.

Member Since: September 2, 2009 Posts: 130 Comments: 21032
Quoting sailingallover:

Ok wanna buy a solar energy system for your house? I am in the business solar panels st Thomas.
Initial cost installed is about $5 Watt.
Depending on where you live you will get between 2-5 Watt Hours per day out of it.
Lets say 3.
So for you to get a Kilo Watt Hour will take about a year.
If you are paying $.10 per KWH it will take 50 years to pay for itself.
The Fed Gov gives you a 30% tax credit so everyone can pays for $2 per watt of your system but wait we ALL need systems so where does everyone get the $2 per Watt?
You need about 10KW of panels to run your house assuming 30KWH per day usage( go look at your electric bill) so about $50,0000 dollars...
Ready to stop burning oil now? Tax CO2 emmisions and use the money to pay for solar?




SO how does it work then? I see solar panels going up all over the place both the water ehating and the electric kind. I see private windmills and so on. The government subsidy may help but surely it isn't enough to make them pay off. So how does your business work? (I'm genuinely curious, not trying to argue.)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Hurricanes12:
I think that JFLorida or whatever his name is should start his own personal blog. There, he can bring along his peers (and people who don't agree) with him and they can talk all day about this lovely issue! Anyone agree?


Member Since: Posts: Comments:
"Peer reviewed" articles are only as good as the "peers" who review them...
Member Since: August 16, 2007 Posts: 1 Comments: 2314
Quoting angiest:


What area(s) of earth are likely to warm the most and fastest?
Glaciers?
Member Since: September 2, 2009 Posts: 130 Comments: 21032
Let it go, PD; try to twist and warp what I said into something else if you wish,


Now Nea...What exactly did I "twist and warp"?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
This disturbance is drifting off towards the SSW, might bring a rainy and gusty day to Florida if it doesn't stall and rush off towards the east.

Member Since: September 2, 2009 Posts: 130 Comments: 21032
Quoting StormW:


Still gonna need oil.
YEP..
Well kind of actually most plastics. fuels etc have biological substitutes but it's so energy cost inefficient as to make it currently impractical..
I remember working with a scientist at VA Tech who made plastic from the steam explosion of wood chips that extracted the cellulouse and lignin. Oil is a product of organic matter and energy. It is just a matter of replicating that.
I did calulate one time if we covered the entire island of Hispanola with African Oil palms we could produce enough biofuel to supply the US with car fuel..start with the assumption of 700Gal per acre per year..
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
I think that JFLorida or whatever his name is should start his own personal blog. There, he can bring along his peers (and people who don't agree) with him and they can talk all day about this lovely issue! Anyone agree?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1462. angiest
Quoting MiamiHurricanes09:
LOL. Ok...wouldn't warming help a system (warmer SSTs)?


What area(s) of earth are likely to warm the most and fastest?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Very interesting article. I just wanted to add my 2 cents here and then I'll be quiet. Is Global Warming happening?? Yes, without question it is. Is it all because of mankind? I would have to say emphatically NO. Look at the Greenland and Antarctic ice cores folks. We are almost exactly where we should be. Are we helping to exacorbate warming? Yes, I believe we are. We need to find alternative power supplies. If you read geologic history, the time period we are in now is called an 'interglacial' period. It's called that for a reason folks. We are in a small warm period in between ice ages. Thats just how it works. It's been doing this for hundreds of thousands of years.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1460. KEEPEROFTHEGATE (Mod)

NMFC Norfolk Tropical Feed
No Active Tropical Warnings in the Atlantic, Caribbean, or Gulf of Mexico
By Maritime.CDO@navy.mil (NMFC CDO) from Naval Maritime Forecast Center Norfolk Virginia. Published on .

As of Tue 27 Jul 2010 16:00:01Z


2010 Storms
All Active Year


Atlantic

East Pacific

Central Pacific

West Pacific
92W.INVEST
Indian Ocean

Southern Hemisphere
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1459. Bayside
I bet Dr. Masters is laughing his butt off right about now after posting this. Well played sir, well played!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1458. angiest
Quoting StormW:


Thanks...but it's more like fact. Ya can't change the facts, but ya can make statistics say whatever ya want.


"There are three kinds of lies: lies, damned lies, and statistics." attributed to many. Real author unknown.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting angiest:


I'll take a contrary position. Global warming would lead to fewer tropical cyclones.


Chew on that one for awhile.


:D
LOL. Ok...wouldn't warming help a system (warmer SSTs)?
Member Since: September 2, 2009 Posts: 130 Comments: 21032
1456. CJ5
Quoting Patrap:
Its the intellectual lazy that concern me the most.

When you give up your thinkage for a party Line of Insanity.

Then insanity rules..


were seeing that inversely today as they come out the woodwork like Munchkins after the House landed.


Again, you seem to be the one holding a party line. I asked you to produce something in favor of your postion that has not be scientifically questioned. am still waiting.

Your condecension makes for good fodder with your like minded peeps but it really doesn't add to the dicussion.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting StormW:
TROPICAL WEATHER SYNOPSIS JULY 27, 2010 ISSUED 12:05 P.M.

Thanks Storm! I forgot about the African easterly waves.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
True enough Storm...true enough..facts it is

Quoting StormW:


Thanks...but it's more like fact. Ya can't change the facts, but ya can make statistics say whatever ya want.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1453. angiest
Quoting MiamiHurricanes09:
You would think that those disturbances would like global warming...but then again the comments were written on WU...everything on WU is overdone and scary when talking about GW...


I'll take a contrary position. Global warming would lead to fewer tropical cyclones.


Chew on that one for awhile.


:D
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting SAINTHURRIFAN:
folks jf is a troll he only comes on here and posts when gw topic is posted.He is like stormtop he is here to antagonize, and be complete opposite.My dear mother always said instead of arguing with them or taking thier abuse simply just tell them i will pray for you.And maybe masters gets a rise at posting this crap just to see the arguments it will cause lol.If he does it works.


You know, people that say stuff like this confuse me...if you dislike his opinions so much, why do you keep reading them? I mean, don't get me wrong, I disagree with the doc from time to time but at least I recognize the fact that entries like this one are a reflection of his beliefs and opinions based on the science...Crap? Really?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting StormW:


Still gonna need oil.


You know I respect you as a meteorologist, Strom, so believe me when I say I ask this in hopes of seeking a solid answer: you've posted the very same four-word response--"Still gonna need oil"--a number of times today. Is it your beliefe, then, that we should do nothing, and instead sit idly by while the BPs and Halliburtons of the world engorge themselves at everyone's expense? Or do you believe the smart course of action might be to at least consider alternatives?
Member Since: November 8, 2009 Posts: 4 Comments: 13256
Its called peer review - it that available in texas?

You dont even know what that article is talking aouut - neither does the writer so its fitting I guess.

Facebook is where your looking to be friend and is more your technical speed.


Get a life, are you serious???? I never asked how the system quantified flags, since I am a web-designer I believe I am familiar with this.

Thank you very much but I do not even have a Facebook account nor do I need one.

I am definetly not asking to be your friend either. I am just noting how amazing you are by being such a whiney baby to flag post that you do not agree with.

I am sure you will flag this one too!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1448. CJ5
Quoting JFLORIDA:


an 1983 paper referenced by an article in the Canada free press???


A scientific study the draws debunks scientific studies that are being used to prop up CO2 levels and GW. That is one of many scientific studies available. How about find a source that debunks this scientific study?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Storm,

I am really glad you could put into words and statistics what the rest of us who are interested and study suspect about the condition of our hurricane season....(so many are "downcasting" without any knowledge of climatology, conditions, or what is evolving in the tropics)..Thanks!

Quoting StormW:
Hot off the press!
Tropical Weather! (Go figure).

TROPICAL WEATHER SYNOPSIS JULY 27, 2010 ISSUED 12:05 P.M.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting 7544:
island blob just might be the next invest


I sure hope so...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting StormW:


It got disturbed by the GW debate...and left!
You would think that those disturbances would like global warming...but then again the comments were written on WU...everything on WU is overdone and scary when talking about GW...
Member Since: September 2, 2009 Posts: 130 Comments: 21032
1443. 7544
island blob just might be the next invest
Member Since: May 6, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 6617
Quoting StormW:


It got disturbed by the GW debate...and left!


One of the most reasonable posts here today!! Way to go Senior Chief!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Neapolitan:


Let it go, PD; try to twist and warp what I said into something else if you wish, but the intelligent posters here--and there are some, I assure you--know darn good and well that I was merely wishing the "pollution is good for us!" crowd had a planet of their own to screw up so they'd stop endangering ours. So, absent any further fruitless ad hominem attacks, have you anything substantive to say about the issue of AGW?


ok.. I get GW.. what is AGW? sorry.. I accientally burnt down my mobile home last night while cooking possum inside and I think did some climate damage..
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
1439. ACEhigh
Quoting sailingallover:

When I was little I wanted to be a scientist...
In college I was a physics/engineering major and took ALL the bio,chem,geo, and of course physics required courses through the first two years...

Then I saw how little money real scientist who did original research made and the kind of jobs they got. This was right before Carl Sagan( who is still wrong about everything) started making the doomsday scientist/politician a viable option for a "science" career...
Now I don't trust any "scientist" who publishes anything on controversial subjects which must have money thrown at them for grants or the earth is going to end......

Look at the title to the Book the blog is about..
Does that sound like a balanced impartial scientist talking?


Carl Sagan is "wrong about everything"?! Gee, here I was under the impression that he was one of the most respected astrophysicists of all time, and a man who has done more to raise the public understanding of science than perhaps any other person in history.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting PensacolaDoug:
Hey Nea you might want to get a new handle and staret over as you have no credibility here. You're comment about wanting to ship all of us off who don't agree with you shows you for the kind of person you truly are.


Let it go, PD; try to twist and warp what I said into something else if you wish, but the intelligent posters here--and there are some, I assure you--know darn good and well that I was merely wishing the "pollution is good for us!" crowd had a planet of their own to screw up so they'd stop endangering ours. So, absent any further fruitless ad hominem attacks, have you anything substantive to say about the issue of AGW?
Member Since: November 8, 2009 Posts: 4 Comments: 13256
The usual convective burst that always scares everyone because they look at the vorticity maps and surface analysis graphs and see an area of low pressure (when it truly is the Columbian low) is back!

Member Since: September 2, 2009 Posts: 130 Comments: 21032

Viewing: 1484 - 1434

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75 | 76 | 77 | 78 | 79 | 80 | 81 | 82 | 83 | 84 | 85 | 86 | 87 | 88 | 89 | 90 | 91 | 92 | 93 | 94 | 95 | 96 | 97 | 98 | 99 | 100 | 101 | 102 | 103 | 104 | 105 | 106 | 107 | 108 | 109 | 110 | 111 | 112 | 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 | 141 | 142 | 143 | 144 | 145 | 146 | 147Blog Index

Top of Page

About JeffMasters

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.