NOAA: June 2010 the globe's 4th consecutive warmest month on record

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 3:02 PM GMT on July 16, 2010

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June 2010 was the warmest June since record keeping began in 1880, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA's) National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), and was the fourth consecutive warmest month on record. NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies rated June 2010 the third warmest June on record, behind June 1998 and June 2009. Both NOAA and NASA rated the year-to-date period, January - June, as the warmest such period on record. June 2010 global ocean temperatures were the fourth warmest on record, while land temperatures were the warmest on record. Global satellite-measured temperatures for the lowest 8 km of the atmosphere were the 2nd warmest on record in June, according to both the University of Alabama Huntsville (UAH) and Remote Sensing Systems (RSS) groups. The record warmest temperatures in the lower atmosphere were recorded in 1998.

For those interested, NCDC has a page of notable weather highlights from June 2010.


Figure 1. Departure of temperature from average for June 2010. Image credit: National Climatic Data Center (NCDC).

June 2010 features an unprecedented heat wave in Asia and North Africa
A withering heat wave of unprecedented intensity brought the hottest temperatures in recorded history to six nations in Asia and Africa, plus the Asian portion of Russia, in June 2010. At least two other Middle East nations came within a degree of their hottest temperatures ever in June.

The heat was the most intense in Kuwait, which recorded its hottest temperature in history on June 15 in Abdaly, according to the Kuwait Met office. The mercury hit 52.6°C (126.7°F). Kuwait's previous all-time hottest temperature was 51.9°C (125.4°F), on July 27,2007, at Abdaly. Temperatures reached 51°C (123.8°F) in the capital of Kuwait City on June 15, 2010.

Iraq had its hottest day in history on June 14, 2010, when the mercury hit 52.0°C (125.6°F) in Basra. Iraq's previous record was 51.7°C (125.1°F) set August 8, 1937, in Ash Shu'aybah.

Saudi Arabia had its hottest temperature ever on June 22, 2010, with a reading of 52.0°C (125.6°F) in Jeddah, the second largest city in Saudi Arabia. The previous record was 51.7°C (125.1°F), at Abqaiq, date unknown. The record heat was accompanied by a sandstorm, which caused eight power plants to go offline, resulting in blackouts to several Saudi cities.

In Africa, Chad had its hottest day in history on June 22, 2010, when the temperature reached 47.6°C (117.7°F) at Faya. The previous record was 47.4°C (117.3°F) at Faya on June 3 and June 9, 1961.

Niger tied its record for hottest day in history on June 22, 2010, when the temperature reached 47.1°C (116.8°F) at Bilma. That record stood for just one day, as Bilma broke the record again on June 23, when the mercury topped out at 48.2°C (118.8°F). The previous record was 47.1°C on May 24, 1998, also at Bilma.

Sudan recorded its hottest temperature in its history on June 25 when the mercury rose to 49.6°C (121.3°F) at Dongola. The previous record was 49.5°C (121.1°F) set in July 1987 in Aba Hamed.

The Asian portion of Russia recorded its highest temperature in history on June 25, when the mercury hit 42.3°C (108.1°F) at Belogorsk, near the Amur River border with China. The previous record was 41.7°C (107.1°F) at nearby Aksha on July 21, 2004. (The record for European Russia is 43.8°C--110.8°F--set on August 6, 1940, at Alexandrov Gaj near the border with Kazakhstan.

Two other countries came within a degree of their all time hottest temperature on record during the heat wave. Bahrain had its hottest June temperature ever, 46.9°C, on June 20, missing the all-time record of 47.5°C (117.5°F), set July 14, 2000. Temperatures in Quatar reached 48.8°C (119.8°F) on June 20. Quatar's all-time record hottest temperature was 49.6°C (121.3°F) set on July 9, 2000. All of these records are unofficial, and will need to be verified by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO.) The source for the previous all-time records listed here is the book Extreme Weather by Chris Burt. According to Mr. Burt, the only other time as many as six nations set their all-time highest temperature marks in a single month was during the European heat wave of August 2003.


Figure 2. Dust storm over Iraq on June 23, 2010, the day after Iraq recorded its hottest temperature in its history. Image credit: NASA.

June 2010 Arctic sea ice extent lowest on record
Northern Hemisphere sea ice extent in June 2010 was the lowest in the 31-year satellite record, according to the National Snow and Ice Data Center. The rate of ice loss during June was the fastest on record, approximately 50% faster than average. Ice volume was also at a record low through the first half of June, according to University of Washington Polar Ice Center. The record ice loss in June was due in large part to the presence of strong high pressure north of Alaska, combined with strong low pressure over Siberia, which drove warm air from Asia over the pole. This pressure pattern, called the Arctic Dipole, was unknown until the 2000s, and may be the result of climate change.

Eighth warmest June on record for the U.S.
For the contiguous U.S., it was the 8th warmest June in the 116-year record, according to the National Climatic Data Center. Three states had their warmest June on record: Delaware, New Jersey, and North Carolina. Seventeen states had a top-ten warmest June, with five of these recording their second warmest June ever (Maryland, Virginia, South Carolina, Florida, and Louisiana.) No state recorded a top-ten coldest June.

U.S. precipitation
For the contiguous U.S., June 2010 ranked as the 17th wettest June in the 116-year record. June precipitation was the wettest on record for Michigan. Several other states were also anomalously wet, including: Iowa (2nd wettest), Nebraska and Illinois (3rd wettest), Indiana (4th wettest), Wisconsin (5th wettest), Oregon (6th wettest), and Ohio (10th wettest). Maryland (6th driest) was the only state that experienced a top-ten driest June.

U.S. Climate Extremes Index
NCDC's Climate Extremes Index (CEI) for January - June was about 6 percent higher than average. The CEI measures the prevalence of several types of climate extremes (like record or near-record warmth, dry spells, or rainy periods). Factors contributing to the elevated 2010 value were large footprints of: extreme wetness (more than three times the average footprint), warm minimum temperatures ("warm overnight lows"), and areas experiencing heavy 1-day precipitation events.

U.S. tornadoes
According to NOAA's Storm Prediction Center, there were 387 preliminary tornado reports during June. If confirmed, this will be the second most active June on record, behind 1992. Minnesota had a particularly busy month with 67 preliminary tornado reports, besting the previous record of 35 tornadoes during June 2005.

The tropics are quiet
None of the reliable computer models is calling for tropical cyclone development over the next seven days. There is an area of disturbed weather off the coast of Costa Rica that is generating some heavy thunderstorm activity over the extreme Southwest Caribbean. This disturbance should move westward over Nicaragua and Honduras over the weekend, bringing heavy rains to Central America. NHC is giving this disturbance a 10% chance of developing into a tropical depression by Sunday.


Figure 3. My neighbor Tom Vance works to clear a fallen tree from the road so we can get out of our subdivision.

Next post
I'll have a new post on Monday at the latest. I may have trouble posting much this weekend, as a severe thunderstorm knocked out power to my neighborhood last night. I was watching the storm from my porch when the winds suddenly began gusting to 60 - 70 mph, and figured I'd better hustle inside when the huge black walnut tree in front of my house began thrashing like the Hogwarts whomping willow! Two neighbors had trees crash through their roofs, and downed power lines started several small fires.

Jeff Masters

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Quoting Jeff9641:


It so dry there right now it might as well be a desert. Coast has been dry for a long time.


We had some heavy rains yesterday, even in Flagler Beach. La Nina is keeping us fairly dry this summer.
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Wow, the 80 degree line goes just north of X-TD6 for the Eastern Pacific. I believe the season there comes to a close while a few more storms is possible, La Nina shuts it down. However, temps warm up in the Atlantic and shear decreases in a few weeks. This is where the hyper-active season comes into play... 18/9/5
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Quoting Skyepony:
Hope Masters gets his electricity back soon..

Conson center is over land so there is no ADT # at thr moment..
Do you live in Melbourne Fl.? I was born and lived there until I was 10. My Dad still lives there. I still love Its beautiful beaches.
Member Since: June 13, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 6961
Quoting DVG:


What???? Is the truth somewhere between a flat earth and a globe?

There is no room for ideology and science.
( I didn't say religion. )


Look up the difference in meaning between 'most' and 'all'. This information will give you the insight to interpret my comment correctly.
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Wow!
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Quoting Neapolitan:


Ummmm...haven't you heard?


1st-Thanks for your selective quoting of my comment.

2nd-Would you also care to link to the scientific peer-reviewing process involved in wiki entries?
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238. Skyepony (Mod)
Hope Masters gets his electricity back soon..

Conson center is over land so there is no ADT # at thr moment..
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Whenever I wonder why we don't have the flying cars and self-cleaning houses we were supposed to get by the year 2000, I just scroll through some of the AGW debates here and find all the answers I need. Frankly I'm just thankful we still have reasonable control of fire.
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Quoting SeALWx:

Are you a 'denier' of the climategate and data falsification/'misinterpretations' coming from the pro-AGW camp? Be careful pointing fingers, because there are usually some pointing back at you also.


Ummmm...haven't you heard?
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65 StSimonsIslandGAGuy "...how much longer the denier crowd will be screeching, ' But global warming stopped in 1998! ' "

Given that some of our bloggers are under 20, another hundred years or so... maybe...
Still lots and lots of folks who are proud of being a part of the Confederacy, and the last CivilWar veteran died 54 years ago.
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Quoting btwntx08:
ummm since the nhc highlighted the aoi in the gulf then we need to it too as well as the carribean aoi
We just went thru some pretty strong thunderstorms here in Mobile Al. in the last couple of hours.
Member Since: June 13, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 6961
I wonder if the yellow circle in the N GOM will last a while.
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Quoting HurricaneNewbie:
For the anit-GW crowd. I remember studying about an ice age, without warming it would still be pretty cold outside. For the GW crowd, I do believe that before the ice age we had a tropical climate for most of the earth. Somebody 100,000 years from now will figure out which side was right and the the arguing over what direction the climate is heading will spin up again.


According to Dr. Masters, in 10-15 years we will have a definative answer.
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Quoting rwdobson:


Gravitational attatraction is a function of the distance between the two objects, not just their masses. So if the distance between you and the center of the earth's mass increases, your weight will decrease.
Not if the reason the distance increased is expansion of the earth's mass, in which case your weight would increase. Then again, if the earth did expand but maintains rotation time, centrifical force would increase thus decreasing your weight. All of this measured in miligrams so end result: negligible
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230. DVG
Quoting SeALWx:

Are you a 'denier' of the climategate and data falsification/'misinterpretations' coming from the pro-AGW camp? Be careful pointing fingers, because there are usually some pointing back at you also.

As with most things in life...the truth usually lies somewhere between two ideological extremes. The question truly is who is MORE right, because as you and I have both stated, each group has shown their true colors through actions, not merely words.


What???? Is the truth somewhere between a flat earth and a globe?

There is no room for ideology and science.
( I didn't say religion. )
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Quoting NeverPanic:
mediamatters.org

WSJ on "Climategate" -- It's a conspiracy about a conspiracy
July 13, 2010 1:44 pm ET by Eric Boehlert

Or something.

No wonder it's been nearly a week and most conservative media voices have remained mum about their once-beloved "Climategate" story. Turns out the trumped-up "Climategate" allegations were themselves a fraud, not the work produced by scientists and administrators who had their emails apparently stolen from the UK's Climate Research Unit (CRU). After the theft late last year, `wingers accused scientists of trying to dupe the public and hide the real facts about global warming.

But last week brought word of the latest independent review of the email 'scandal'; a review that also concluded the players involved did nothing dishonest or corrupt with their email exchanges or their research.

Writing recently on the WSJ's opinion page today, Patrick Michaels, a CATO Institute partisan, finally fashioned a defense of "Climategate" in hopes of keeping the non-story alive. And guess what? There's been cover-up. (Surprise!) In other words, the independent review that disproved the "Climategate" conspiracy is, in itself, a conspiracy.

Talk about a house of mirrors.

Nonetheless, Michaels is sure there's a conspiracy afoot to cover-up the "Climategate" conspiracy. But what about the previous independent reviews of "Climategate" which came to the same no-foul conclusion? You guessed it, they're also part of the conspiracy to cover-up the "Climategate" conspiracy.

Whatever you say Patrick. But if this is the best conservatives can do, I'd say you can stick a fork in "Climategate" -- it's done.


Oh, the WSJ...most assuredly the most unbiased of the media outlets...Keep on drinking the Kool-Aid. Cheers!
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Ive read and heard with the high pressure system so strong on the USA East Coast this season, that the Western and N Western Gulf Coast are going to have a long season of TCs!
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active around gulf with storms in nc gulf and a south florida swirl. watch them areas!
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Quoting wxvoyeur:


Four independent reviews have exonerated the scientists involved:

http://www.wri.org/stories/2010/07/summarizing-investigations-climate-science

But really, the question is less whether the climate is changing than an issue of what, if anything "we" are going to do about it.


Independent of each other, yes. Removed from the bureaucracy of which they are 'reviewing', not so much.

The number one mission of bureaucracy is the continuation of the bureaucracy's existence.
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Quoting mcluvincane:


Very moist I must say!!!
It looks good right now, but time will tell!
Member Since: June 13, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 6961
mediamatters.org

WSJ on "Climategate" -- It's a conspiracy about a conspiracy
July 13, 2010 1:44 pm ET by Eric Boehlert

Or something.

No wonder it's been nearly a week and most conservative media voices have remained mum about their once-beloved "Climategate" story. Turns out the trumped-up "Climategate" allegations were themselves a fraud, not the work produced by scientists and administrators who had their emails apparently stolen from the UK's Climate Research Unit (CRU). After the theft late last year, `wingers accused scientists of trying to dupe the public and hide the real facts about global warming.

But last week brought word of the latest independent review of the email 'scandal'; a review that also concluded the players involved did nothing dishonest or corrupt with their email exchanges or their research.

Writing recently on the WSJ's opinion page today, Patrick Michaels, a CATO Institute partisan, finally fashioned a defense of "Climategate" in hopes of keeping the non-story alive. And guess what? There's been cover-up. (Surprise!) In other words, the independent review that disproved the "Climategate" conspiracy is, in itself, a conspiracy.

Talk about a house of mirrors.

Nonetheless, Michaels is sure there's a conspiracy afoot to cover-up the "Climategate" conspiracy. But what about the previous independent reviews of "Climategate" which came to the same no-foul conclusion? You guessed it, they're also part of the conspiracy to cover-up the "Climategate" conspiracy.

Whatever you say Patrick. But if this is the best conservatives can do, I'd say you can stick a fork in "Climategate" -- it's done.
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Quoting weathermanwannabe:


Not at the moment (the paper is at the house) but I'll try to post the info over the weekend if I remember.


The paper was by Klotzbach in one of the recent journal articles but I don't recall the month and journal right now......
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Does it look moist enough yet for the new wave exiting Africa?
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Quoting Talleck:


I thought your weight was determined by the mass of the earth. Global warming would not effect the mass of the earth, so I doubt it would effect your weight. An expanding earth is an interesting thought though.


Gravitational attatraction is a function of the distance between the two objects, not just their masses. So if the distance between you and the center of the earth's mass increases, your weight will decrease.
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Quoting SeALWx:

Are you a 'denier' of the climategate and data falsification/'misinterpretations' coming from the pro-AGW camp? Be careful pointing fingers, because there are usually some pointing back at you also.

As with most things in life...the truth usually lies somewhere between two ideological extremes. The question truly is who is MORE right, because as you and I have both stated, each group has shown their true colors through actions, not merely words.


Four independent reviews have exonerated the scientists involved:

http://www.wri.org/stories/2010/07/summarizing-investigations-climate-science

But really, the question is less whether the climate is changing than an issue of what, if anything "we" are going to do about it.
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Quoting Drakoen:


That's interesting. Do you have a link by any chance?


Not at the moment (the paper is at the house) but I'll try to post the info over the weekend if I remember.
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Quoting btwntx08:
om 10% in the northern gom wow didnt expect that





I posted a pic of that exact area about 45min ago,no one was paying attention,I'm not suprised at all w/the nhc mentioning it!!!,to much blah,blah,blah going on around here lately IMO....
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For the anit-GW crowd. I remember studying about an ice age, without warming it would still be pretty cold outside. For the GW crowd, I do believe that before the ice age we had a tropical climate for most of the earth. Somebody 100,000 years from now will figure out which side was right and the the arguing over what direction the climate is heading will spin up again.
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Quoting weathermanwannabe:
200. Drakoen 1:44 PM EDT on July 16, 2010

I've read a recent paper on the issue of a "time lag" of about 2 days after the MJO passes through which then creates a favorable post-passage sheer environment....Given that logic, the next 3-5 days should be an interesting watch in the Caribbean/Gulf and then further out in the Atlantic in about a week if any viable waves emerge around the same time.


That's interesting. Do you have a link by any chance?
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Conson is now very near the coast of Hainan Island.
TYPHOON CONSON Storm Tracker
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They really moved the Caribbean AOI S.
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200. Drakoen 1:44 PM EDT on July 16, 2010

I've read a recent paper on the issue of a "time lag" of about 2 days after the MJO passes through which then creates a favorable post-passage sheer environment....Given that logic, the next 3-5 days should be an interesting watch in the Caribbean/Gulf and then further out in the Atlantic in about a week if any viable waves emerge around the same time.
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South wind is honking. Killing the somewhat clean waist-high swell we had earlier.

90% chance of Bells Oberon at 5pm.
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I knew it was hot here in NC! Thanks for confirming Dr.
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Quoting Neapolitan:
My last comment on the subject today (well, probably): in the face of overwhelming evidence, the deniers come up with A) ad hominem and unsubstantiated attacks on certain AGW believers from supermarket tabloids, B) non-scientific articles from conspiracy-loving talk radio hosts, and C) weak rehashes of long-ago-refuted "evidence".

I'm at a loss here; to which side of the argumnet should we give more credence?

Are you a 'denier' of the climategate and data falsification/'misinterpretations' coming from the pro-AGW camp? Be careful pointing fingers, because there are usually some pointing back at you also.

As with most things in life...the truth usually lies somewhere between two ideological extremes. The question truly is who is MORE right, because as you and I have both stated, each group has shown their true colors through actions, not merely words.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:

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Dr. Masters co-founded wunderground in 1995. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990. Co-blogging with him: Bob Henson, @bhensonweather

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