Asia records its hottest temperature in history; Category 4 Phet threatens Oman

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 1:47 PM GMT on June 02, 2010

Share this Blog
4
+

A hellish heat wave hit Pakistan last week, sending the mercury to an astonishing 53.5°C (128.3°F) at the town of MohenjuDaro on Wednesday May 26, reported the Pakistani Meteorological Department. While this temperature reading must be reviewed by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) for authenticity, not only is the 128.3°F reading the hottest temperature ever recorded in Pakistan, it is the hottest reliably measured temperature ever recorded on the continent of Asia. This information comes to me courtesy of Chris Burt, the author of Extreme Weather, who is probably the world's foremost expert on extreme weather records. In a collaborative effort with weather record researchers Maximiliano Herrera and Howard Rainford, Mr. Burt has painstakingly researched the extreme weather records for every country on Earth. They list the previous reliable record high for Asia as the 52.7°C (127°F) temperature measured on June 12, 1919, in the Sindh province of Pakistan. Temperatures exceed 120°F in this region of Pakistan nearly every year, in the late May/early June time frame before the monsoon arrives. Last week's heat wave killed at least 18 Pakistanis, and temperatures in excess of 50°C (122°F) were recorded at nine Pakistani cities on May 26, including 53°C (127.4°F) at Sibi.

All-time hottest temperature for Southeast Asia this month
Record heat also hit Southeast Asia in May. According to the Myanmar Department of Meteorology and Hydrology, Myanmar (Burma) had its hottest temperature in its recorded history on May 12, when the mercury hit 47°C (116.6°F) in Myinmu. Myanmar's previous hottest temperature was 45.8°C (114.4°F) at Minbu, Magwe division on May 9, 1998. According to Mr. Burt, the 47°C (116.6°F) measured on May 12 this year is the hottest temperature measured in Southeast Asia in recorded history.

Bogus extreme temperature records
I'm pleased to say that Chris Burt will be joining wunderground.com as a featured blogger later this year to discuss his work. He's working on a great new website that features weather records for each country of the world, complete with footnotes on disputed records. For example, many record books list Israel as the site of Asia's all-time maximum temperature. Mr. Burt comments: "54°C (129.2°F) has widely been quoted as the highest temperature ever recorded in Israel (and Asia) but there exist serious issues with this record. The temperature was recorded on a thermograph at Tirat Zvi on 21 June 1942. Examination of a copy of this trace (see Bio-Climatic Atlas of Israel by Dr. D. Ashbel, Central Press, Jerusalem, 1950, p.125, Figure 1) actually shows a maximum temperature of 53°C (127.4°F). No explanation is known for this 1°C discrepancy. In comparison with surrounding stations, it is likely that the actual temperature recorded at Tirat Zvi on this data was probably no higher than 52°C (125.6°F), which would be a record high temperature for Israel. Temperatures have reached or exceeded 50°C (122°F) in Israel only during this one episode in 1942.


Figure 1. Temperature trace from Bio-Climatic Atlas of Israel by Dr. D. Ashbel, Central Press, Jerusalem, 1950, p.125 for Tirat Zvi, Israel, the week of June 21, 1942.


Figure 2. Zoom of temperature trace from Bio-Climatic Atlas of Israel by Dr. D. Ashbel, Central Press, Jerusalem, 1950, p.125, for Tirat Zvi, Israel, the week of June 21, 1942. The temperature clearly only reached 53°C, if one reads the graph properly. Thus the 54°C temperature labeled on the graph is not correct.

Mr. Burt comments in his Extreme Weather book that every temperature record for the planet in excess of 129°F can be disputed. All of these records, except for the 134°F recorded at Greenland Ranch in Death Valley, California, were made by French colonial era instruments which were found to be irregular as far as the exposure of the screens used to house the temperature instruments. In some cases, the temperature instrument was housed closer to the ground than it should have been. Mr. Burt will have an in-depth analysis of the evidence later this summer when he begins blogging for us.


Figure 3. Visible satellite image of Tropical Cyclone Phet on Wednesday, June 2, 2010.

Tropical Cyclone Phet the 2nd strongest Arabian Sea storm on record
The record heat over southern Asia in May has helped heat up the Arabian Sea to 2°C above normal. The exceptionally warm SSTs have helped fuel a rare major hurricane in the Arabian Sea today, as Tropical Cyclone Phet underwent an impressive bout of rapid intensification this morning to become a Category 4 storm with 145 mph winds. Phet is a Thai word pronounced as Pet, meaning "Diamond". Intense hurricanes are rare in the Arabian Sea, due to the basin's small size, the interference of the summer monsoon, and the frequent presence of dry air and dust from the Arabian Peninsula. Phet is now the second strongest tropical cyclone ever recorded in the Arabian Sea, behind Category 5 Cyclone Gonu of 2007, which devastated Oman. Third place is held by the 2001 India Cyclone 01A and Very Severe Cyclonic Storm ARB 01 (02A), which were Category 3 storms with 125 mph winds.

Phet is over some of the warmest ocean waters on the planet, 30 - 31°C (86 - 88°F), and warm waters in excess of 26.5°C (80°F) extend to a depth of at least 50 meters (165 feet), resulting in a Tropical Cyclone Heat Potential high enough to allow Phet to attain Category 5 status. Phet is under moderate wind shear of 10 - 20 knots. The Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) is forecasting Phet to become a Category 5 storm later today. The storm is moving slowly north-northwest towards Oman, and could ingest dry air from the Arabian Peninsula on Thursday, resulting in weakening. It now appears likely that Phet will make landfall in Oman before recurving to the northeast and hitting Pakistan. The region of Oman likely to get hit is sparsely populated, so wind and storm surge damage will not be the main concerns. Phet will spread heavy rains over the heavily populated northern regions of Oman, which will likely cause extreme flooding. Phet has the potential to be worse for Oman than Tropical Cyclone Gonu, which did $4.2 billion in damage and killed 50 people in June 2007.

Impact on Pakistan
Phet is on track to make landfall in Pakistan or Iran after hitting Oman. Phet will be much weakened by passage over Oman, and may only be a tropical storm after crossing the Gulf of Oman and arriving at the Iran/Pakistan coast. Still, Phet's rains could easily cause destructive floods in Iran and Pakistan.

The strongest tropical cyclone on record to hit Pakistan was Very Severe Cyclonic Storm ARB 01 (02A), which hit near Karachi on May 20, 1999, as a Category 3 storm with 125 mph winds. According to Wikipedia, 02A killed 700 people did $6 million in damage (1999 USD). I've also found references to a December 15, 1965 cyclone that killed 10,000 near Karachi, Pakistan.

Oil spill update
Moderate onshore winds of 10 - 20 knots out of the southeast to southwest are expected to blow over the northern Gulf of Mexico over most of the next week, resulting increased threats of oil to Alabama, Mississippi, and the Florida Panhandle, according to the latest trajectory forecasts from NOAA. These persistent southwesterly winds will likely bring oil as far east as Fort Walton Beach, Florida, by Monday.

Oil spill resources
My post, What a hurricane would do the Deepwater Horizon oil spill
My post Wednesday with answers to some of the common questions I get about the spill
My post on the Southwest Florida "Forbidden Zone" where surface oil will rarely go
My post on what oil might do to a hurricane
Gulf Oil Blog from the UGA Department of Marine Sciences
Oil Spill Academic Task Force
University of South Florida Ocean Circulation Group oil spill forecasts
ROFFS Deepwater Horizon page
Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imagery from the University of Miami

I'll be back Thursday with more on Phet and an analysis of the new Colorado State University hurricane forecast issued by Phil Klotzbach and Bill Gray issued today.

Jeff Masters

Reader Comments

Comments will take a few seconds to appear.

Post Your Comments

Please sign in to post comments.

or Join

Not only will you be able to leave comments on this blog, but you'll also have the ability to upload and share your photos in our Wunder Photos section.

Display: 0, 50, 100, 200 Sort: Newest First - Order Posted

Viewing: 734 - 684

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35Blog Index

Any body remember lendeli? That time he got me LOL

Golfer POOF begone
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting CycloneOz:


Take door number one! Door Number ONE!!!! (Hit the APPLAUSE button) :D


You're not that lucky, dude...LOL
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting NRAamy:
StormTop??????


SHHHH...don't say his name...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting gator23:


roger that. I have fixed it. I am too valuable to this blog to allow myslef to get banned for such nonsense.
Not if you're a gator. LOL, J/K.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
More rain coming into all ready drenched West Palm Beach, yay(sarcastic yay)

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
StormTop??????
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Patrap:
I'd be a tad careful.

..as admin may be yanking some chains just to see who bounces on folks.




roger that. I have fixed it. I am too valuable to this blog to allow myslef to get banned for such nonsense.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
From the latest Meteosat - East Atlantic - Water Vapor Loop

http://www.ssd.noaa.gov/eumet/eatl/flash-wv.html


It looks like the weather leading the way for our "little" African wave is about to do two things that favor it.

1) The water vapor from it is being caught up by the dry air rotation and may be brought back over the top of the wave (to act as an insulator.)

2) It's "leading" the way for the wave to make that move to the WNW --> NW. That could happen within 24 hours.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Patrap:
I'd be a tad careful.

..as admin may be yanking some chains just to see who bounces on folks.


I'll try, hopefully it'll be a good season.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
I'd be a tad careful.

..as admin may be yanking some chains just to see who bounces on folks.


Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 426 Comments: 128645
.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Fresh ROFF'S..

Ummmm smell the crude,..



Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 426 Comments: 128645
Quoting StormTop5000:
indeed...
Oh no...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting NRAamy:
everyone loves you!

yeah, right....NOT!

Ok... I LOVE YOU!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting JamesSA:

Is there anything more up to date? Their plans seem to have had some unscheduled changes since Monday. They have been showing ROV video of an ROV that is doing basically nothing all afternoon, so not much help there.


Try the deepwater Horizon Site..lotsa BS there ,,thats where I got his Memorial Day Green screen thingee.

As A Vet I wasnt impressed with his Memorial Day Opening greeting at all.
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 426 Comments: 128645
everyone loves you!

yeah, right....NOT!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Hi,dozo

Konichi wa..


Oil-Zilla now sighted near Alabama!!!!
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 426 Comments: 128645
716. JLPR2
Quoting CycloneOz:


I could also expect to see it wain, but I've seen these types of waves before. We all have. They wain and look like they're almost down, but there's just enough left of them to blow up if the conditions get really favorable.

A true June CV that takes a classic path into the Caribbean would at the very least be one of the more interesting things we've seen in over a year out there!


definitely
it would be very interesting and scary
Member Since: September 4, 2007 Posts: 7 Comments: 8733
Quoting NRAamy:
but sometimes a good laugh can go a long way in keeping one's sanity intact.

and that's why junky loves me!

:)


everyone loves you!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
but it's back to normal now. I didn't adjust anything. So I'm thinking it must be a graphic on the previous page
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Patrap:



Kent Wells Technical Update - 31 May 2010

Is there anything more up to date? Their plans seem to have had some unscheduled changes since Monday. They have been showing ROV video of an ROV that is doing basically nothing all afternoon, so not much help there.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
702 I would have to agree with you
703 nope. No firefox.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
our 2 invests edit: oops, one is a Typhoon or whatever, lol

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Tornado warning up in central Maine
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
709. xcool
buzzz
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Hi I rarely post, just read on a daily basis.

Just thought this was kind of interesting:
TORNADO WARNING
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE CARIBOU ME
501 PM EDT WED JUN 2 2010

THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IN CARIBOU MAINE HAS ISSUED A

* TORNADO WARNING FOR...
NORTH CENTRAL PENOBSCOT COUNTY IN EAST CENTRAL MAINE...
SOUTH CENTRAL AROOSTOOK COUNTY IN NORTHERN MAINE...

* UNTIL 530 PM EDT

* AT 456 PM EDT...NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE DOPPLER RADAR INDICATED A
SEVERE THUNDERSTORM CAPABLE OF PRODUCING A TORNADO 9 MILES WEST OF
SHIN POND...OR 15 MILES NORTHEAST OF BAXTER ST PARK...MOVING EAST
AT 35 MPH.

* THE TORNADO WILL BE NEAR...
SHIN POND BY 510 PM EDT...

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting hurricanejunky:
I'm just out for the day, not the season...LOL!


Okay then.

Sleep tight and don't let the bed bugs bite. ;)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
I'm just out for the day, not the season...LOL!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
indeed...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting hurricanejunky:
I'm out guys...have a great night...


Adios mi amigo! Have a Happy and Safe Hurricane Season! :)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
U dont have firefox maybe?
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 426 Comments: 128645
Quoting kimoskee:
Hi All,
The blog is stretched again. Why?


Gravity...(and old age.)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Hi All,
The blog is stretched again. Why?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting JLPR2:


Even if it is linked to the ITCZ, impressive for June, normal for mid-late August- September XD
I do hope to see it poof later today :S


I could also expect to see it wain, but I've seen these types of waves before. We all have. They wain and look like they're almost down, but there's just enough left of them to blow up if the conditions get really favorable.

A true June CV that takes a classic path into the Caribbean would at the very least be one of the more interesting things we've seen in over a year out there!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
I'm out guys...have a great night...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting TropicalWave:


scary.


You know...if it can break away sooner than later...and if it can go more NW than WNW earlier on, and if the jet over the Gulf relaxes in the next week or so...you might have to take cover (short of evacuation.)

Any ideas on where you might shelter? :D
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
but sometimes a good laugh can go a long way in keeping one's sanity intact.

and that's why junky loves me!

:)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting hurricanejunky:


I think the message here is calm down a little. It's like quicksand. You're making it worse by continuing to inject the angry theme into each of your posts. No one meant any disrespect to those who are experiencing what can only be deemed "horror". I grew up on the Gulf and love our environment so this is absolutely gut wrenching to hear about every day and night. There is nothing any of us can do about it right now which makes it worse. I feel your pain and so do many others on this blog but sometimes a good laugh can go a long way in keeping one's sanity intact.


Wow junky! Psyche 101 stuff! Nice! :)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
677. asgolfr999 8:47 PM GMT on June 02, 2010
Okay, well I guess I am not one of the priveleged few who can express them selves on an open forum without the clique ganging up and pushing a supposed outsider away, so back into the shadows I will slink.

Think about it though, I basically said "I am not amused" and the world got ugly.

Just where the hell am I???


please don't let anyone chase you away. i don;t know what you said but it couldn't of been all that bad. well it could of. still the point is that you said what you felt and if someone didn't agree:

SO WHAT. IT"S YOUR OPINION!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:



Kent Wells Technical Update - 31 May 2010
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 426 Comments: 128645
692. JLPR2
Quoting CycloneOz:


If it can break away from the ITCZ and go WNW --> NW and get into the Caribbean, all bets are off on this one, until of course it trys to get into the GoM.


Even if it is linked to the ITCZ, impressive for June, normal for mid-late August- September XD
I do hope to see it poof later today :S
Member Since: September 4, 2007 Posts: 7 Comments: 8733
Quoting asgolfr999:
Okay, well I guess I am not one of the priveleged few who can express them selves on an open forum without the clique ganging up and pushing a supposed outsider away, so back into the shadows I will slink.

Think about it though, I basically said "I am not amused" and the world got ugly.

Just where the hell am I???

Pat?


I think the message here is calm down a little. It's like quicksand. You're making it worse by continuing to inject the angry theme into each of your posts. No one meant any disrespect to those who are experiencing what can only be deemed "horror". I grew up on the Gulf and love our environment so this is absolutely gut wrenching to hear about every day and night. There is nothing any of us can do about it right now which makes it worse. I feel your pain and so do many others on this blog but sometimes a good laugh can go a long way in keeping one's sanity intact.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
DATE: June 02, 2010 15:27:07 CST
Press Briefing by National Incident Commander June 2, 2010

Key contact numbers

* Report oiled shoreline or request volunteer information: (866) 448-5816
* Submit alternative response technology, services or products: (281) 366-5511
* Submit your vessel for the Vessel of Opportunity Program: (281) 366-5511

* Submit a claim for damages: (800) 440-0858

* Report oiled wildlife: (866) 557-1401



Deepwater Horizon Incident
Joint Information Center

Phone: (985) 902-5231
(985) 902-5240

NEW ORLEANS, La. - Adm. Thad Allen, national incident commander for Deepwater BP oil spill response, and Dr. Jane Lubchenco, the NOAA administrator, provided an update on ongoing Deepwater BP oil spill response efforts in the BP Training Facility (Unified Incident Command Houma) in Schriever, La. at 8:30 a.m. CDT.

Click here to listen to the audio file.

Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 426 Comments: 128645
Quoting IKE:
The closed
area encompasses federal waters seaward of portions of Louisiana...
Mississippi and Florida state waters to just east of East Bay in the
Florida Panhandle
and southeast to the federal state water line at
the Dry Tortugas Florida.


Wow..that means Bayou Grande, Pensacola Bay, and "The Pass" are closed to fishing.

This has never before happened in my lifetime. The only reason that ever existed before for not fishing these waters was strictly weather related only!

These are some of the finest inland fisheries in America.

Very sad. :(
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Multiplatform Tropical Cyclone MSLP and Maximum Winds

Tropical Cyclone PHET




Multi platform Tropical Cyclone MSLP and Maximum Winds

Minimum Sea Level Pressure is calculated directly from the azimuthally averaged gradient level tangential winds produced by the multi platform tropical cyclone wind analysis. The circular domain for the numerical integration has a 600km radius. The pressure deficit resulting from the integration is then added to an environmental pressure. The environmental pressure (Penv) is interpolated from NCEP analyses in a circle 600 km from the cyclone center. The maximum surface winds produced by the analysis are also shown.
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 426 Comments: 128645
686. HadesGodWyvern (Mod)
FKIN20 VIDP 022030
TC ADVISORY
DTG: 20100602/1800Z
TCAC: NEW DELHI
TC: PHET
NR: 7
PSN: N1830 E06000
MOV: NW 6 KT
C: 970 HPA
MAX WIND: 80KT

---
18:00 PM and still T4.5 (>.>)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
685. IKE
Public Information Statement

Statement as of 2:38 PM EDT on June 2, 2010

The National marine fisheries service announces a revised closed
area for all commercial and recreational fisheries in the portion
of the Gulf of Mexico affected by the Deepwater horizon oil spill.
This revised closure is effective June 2 2010 at 6 PM eastern time
and supersedes the closed area announced on June 1 2010. The closed
area encompasses federal waters seaward of portions of Louisiana...
Mississippi and Florida state waters to just east of East Bay in the
Florida Panhandle and southeast to the federal state water line at
the Dry Tortugas Florida. For exact coordinates of the closed
area... listen to NOAA Weather Radio or go to the website:
sero.Nmfs.NOAA.Gov. The National marine fisheries service will
continue to evaluate the need for fisheries closures and will
re-open the fisheries or extend the closed area as appropriate.
Questions should be directed to the National marine fisheries
service at 727-824-5305.
Member Since: June 9, 2005 Posts: 23 Comments: 37858
Maybe I should have added that the link was in reference to the oil reaching the Keys.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:

Viewing: 734 - 684

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35Blog Index

Top of Page

About

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.