Great earthquake rocks Chile; NYC gets 4th greatest snow ever; Xynthia batters Europe

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 5:26 PM GMT on February 27, 2010

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A great earthquake with magnitude 8.8 rocked the coast of Chile at 6:34 GMT this morning, generating a potentially dangerous tsunami that is racing across the Pacific Ocean. The great quake is the 7th most powerful tremor in world history (Figure 1). Preliminary tsunami wave heights for the California coast near Santa Barbara are 2 - 2.5 feet. The wave is expected to arrive between 12:15 - 12:35 pm PST. The tsunami is expected to arrive in Hawaii between 11:05 - 11:42am HST, with a wave 8.2 feet high expected in Hilo, on the Big Island. A tsunami from the 9.5 Magnitude 1960 earthquake in Chile killed 61 people in Hilo. Today's quake was so strong, that it triggered a seiche in Lake Pontchartrain, Louisiana, over 4,500 miles (7,000 km) away. The lake sloshed back and forth, creating a wave 0.4 - 0.51 feet on either side of the lake.


Figure 1. Wikipedia's list of strongest earthquakes of all-time.

Preliminary tsunami amplitude forecasts:

La Jolla, CA 2.3 ft
Los Angeles, CA 2.0 ft
Malibu, CA 2.6 ft
Pt. San Luis, CA 2.3 ft
Half Moon Bay, CA 2.6 ft
Crescent City, CA 1.7 ft
Morro Bay, CA 2.2 ft
Santa Monica, CA 3.3 ft
San Francisco, CA 0.7 ft
Pismo Beach, CA 4.6 ft

Hilo, HI 8.2 feet 11:5am HST
Honolulu, HI 1.6 ft 11:37am HST
Kahului, HI 7.2 ft 11:26am HST
Nawiliwili, HI 3.0 ft 11:42am HST
Haleiwa 1.6 ft
Kawaihae 2.0 ft

Port Orford, OR 0.7 ft

Moclip, WA 1.3 ft

Seward, AK 1.3 ft
Stika, AK 1.3 ft
Kodiak, AK 2.3 ft

Tofino, British Columbia 1.7 ft

Today's great quake occurred at the boundary between the Nazca and South American plates about 325 km southwest of the capital Santiago (population 5.3 million). The depth was estimated at 35 km. At least four aftershocks of magnitude 6 or higher have occurred, the largest being a 6.9 aftershock. Fortunately, the area close to the epicenter is relatively sparsely populated, but there may be heavy damage in Concepción (est. pop. 300,000) and Chillan (est. pop. 170,000), which lie 115 km and 100 km to the south of the epicenter, respectively.


Figure 2. NOAA's preliminary forecast of tsunami wave energy for today's earthquake. Image credit: NOAA Tsunami Warning Center.

New York City slammed with its 4th largest snowstorm on record
The snow from the fourth extreme snowstorm to wallop the Northeast U.S. this winter dumped a remarkable 20.9" of snow on New York City's Central Park yesterday and Thursday. This is the 4th largest snowstorm for the city in recorded history. According to the National Weather Service, the top ten snowstorms on record for New York City's Central Park are:

26.9" Feb 11-12, 2006
26.4" Dec 26-27, 1947
21.0" Mar 12-14, 1888
20.9" Feb 25-26, 2010
20.2" Jan 7-8, 1996
19.8" Feb 16-17, 2003
18.1" Mar 7-8, 1941
17.7" Feb 5-7, 1978
17.6" Feb 11-12, 1983
17.5" Feb 4-7, 1920

The storm also helped New York City set a new all-time snowfall record for the most snow ever recorded in a month--36.9". The old record was 30.5", set in March 1896. However, the old Lower Manhattan WB Station recorded 37.9" in February 1894. Yesterday's snowstorm puts New York City's snow for the 2009 - 2010 season at 51.4", making it the 11th snowiest winter since 1869. Chris Burt, author of Extreme Weather, lists the city's all-time seasonal snowfall record at 81.5", set in the winter of 1867 - 1868. This measurement came before official records began in Central Park, and were done be the NY Park Commissioners (see "Annual Report NY Park Commissioners", 1868, by John B. Marie). The second snowiest winter in NYC occurred during the winter of 1995 - 1996, when 75.6" fell.

Destructive Winter Storm Xynthia battering Portugal and Spain
A powerful 969 mb low pressure system named "Xynthia" is rapidly intensifying of the coast of Spain, and stands poised to deliver a devastating blow to Portugal, Spain, and France today and tomorrow as it powers through Europe. Sustained winds of 60 mph (96 km/hr) were reported today at a Personal Weather Station in Costa del Morte, Spain. The pressure fell to 969 mb as Xynthia passed overhead. For comparison, Winter Storm Klaus had a minimum pressure of 967 mb. Klaus, which hit northern Spain and southwest France January 23 - 25, was Earth's most costly natural disaster of 2009, causing $5.1 billion in damage and killing 26. Models predict that Xynthia will continue to intensify today, reaching 962 mb as it moves into the west coast of France Sunday morning. Sustained winds of 50 - 65 mph (80 - 105 km/hr) with hurricane-force gusts up to 100 mph (160 km/hr) are possible along the north coast of Spain tonight and the west coast of France on Sunday as Xynthia barrels through. The storm is also bringing an exceptionally moist plume of tropical moisture ashore, as seen in precipitable water imagery from NOAA (Figure 4). This moisture is likely to cause moderate to severe flooding in portions of Europe over the weekend.


Figure 3. Visible satellite image at 12 GMT of Xynthia.


Figure 4. Satellite measurements show a region of extremely high atmospheric moisture is associated with Winter Storm Xynthia. This moisture will surge over Portugal and Spain today, potentially creating serious flooding. Image credit: Sheldon Kusselson, NOAA/NESDIS.

Links to follow:
Wundermap for Northwest Spain
Spanish radar
Meteo-France
Portugese radar

Jeff Masters

Central Park 26Feb10 (MickyDee)
the BIG one Taken in Manhattan
Central Park 26Feb10
Tree 1, House 0 (Backbaybob)
This cottage was no match for 65 mph wind and an old pine tree.
Tree 1, House 0

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816. Skyepony (Mod)
Ike~ your playing a suckers game with the leaves. It least you stopped buying bags to throw away your fertilizer but your still burning your fertilizer. Not that ashes aren't a good fertilizer (but alone won't complete feed your lawn), compost is a better & more expensive one & would end the lawn fertilizer cost. Pile & compost them or mow them & leave them.. If you leave them your lawn will eat them the 1st good rain, saving you the cost of fertilizer, not to mention your time raking, burning, fertilizing.

I live with alot of oaks~ I've watched my neighbors rake their lives away the last decade only to pay regularly for pesticides/herbicides & fertilizer to keep a grass alive that doesn't even like this soil or climate but is popular. Their lawn may look a little better a month out of the year but I have a life & an organic lawn.
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Quoting Patrap I just post um Doug,I dont write um..LOL

But I do agree with the article,accu has a edge for silliness and Hype.

Or the FOX syndrome as we call it here..

I hope the article didnt upset your Love for the accuweather site.

You can contact the writer and dish it to Him.

Im full.

LOL again.



Keep on watching MSNBC Pat. You'll hear about the stories that matter eventually.
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WOw strong gust coming in ...
Member Since: September 22, 2005 Posts: 11 Comments: 2032
Wind is picking up and i hear siren in the street...
Member Since: September 22, 2005 Posts: 11 Comments: 2032
Quoting IKE:


Sorry....I'm raking them into piles...taking them to my pit and burning them.

I use to buy bags and bag them. I put them by the road but the county will not pick them up.

I use to buy bags/bag them and take them to the landfill in my 99 Pontiac Sunfire. That's too expensive.

Oh...by the way...my neighbors on both sides of me....they burn their leaves too.

Sorry.

No need to apologize to me, I live far, far away. Luckily, where I live, it's illegal to either dump yard waste into landfills or to burn it. Composting is the only way to go - you may want to check into it. And before someone throws a hissy fit, yes I know that composting will still result in the release of CO2 but it sure cuts down on the release of particulates and carcinogens.

I am curious, any children in your neighborhood? The incidence of childhood asthma has been rising and environmental pollutants - especially airporne particulates - are a significant contributor. Just something to think about.

--- I should add that I just leave the leaves in place then run my mulching mower over them before the first snow falls. Come spring, you can't even tell they were ever there.
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Quoting IKE:


Sorry....I'm raking them into piles...taking them to my pit and burning them.

I use to buy bags and bag them. I put them by the road but the county will not pick them up.

I use to buy bags/bag them and take them to the landfill in my 99 Pontiac Sunfire. That's too expensive.

Oh...by the way...my neighbors on both sides of me....they burn their leaves too.

Sorry.



Member Since: September 22, 2005 Posts: 11 Comments: 2032
Quoting CycloneOz:


Dolly did rapidly intensify before landfall. I was expecting a Cat 1 out of her at the most when I bedded down the evening of 7/22/2008.

I think Dolly was a cat 1 at landfall after re-analysis
I was at camp the week dolly made landfall, that was the wrong week to miss
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Quoting CycloneOz:


Dolly did rapidly intensify before landfall. I was expecting a Cat 1 out of her at the most when I bedded down the evening of 7/22/2008.
I mean Cat-3 or better Oz.
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The BBC has just reported over 50 folk were killed by Xynthia, and over one million homes are without power.
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Quoting CycloneOz:


Dolly did rapidly intensify before landfall. I was expecting a Cat 1 out of her at the most when I bedded down the evening of 7/22/2008.


whats up Oz?
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Quoting bappit:
I thought this was an interesting post over on Slashdot.

How Slums Can Save the Planet


Re:Am I alone or (Score:5, Insightful)
If the predominant lesson learned from Slums is not how to prevent them then I think we are missing something . . .

;)

Btwyesterday the CNN reporter in chile interviewed sleeping people in the park. They are afraid of the aftershocks and their damaged homes. And now it looks like they have to sleep in slum like conditions.
Member Since: September 22, 2005 Posts: 11 Comments: 2032
804. IKE
Quoting misanthrope:

It amazes me how "in your face" some of the folks that post here are. But, forget about that and forget about global warming; how about local air quality or maybe the local kid with asthma? This is from Burning Issues:

"Biomass Burning is a problem of long standing. Huge amounts of air pollution are produced worldwide by the annual burning of 3 billion metric tons of biomass such as wood, leaves, trees, grass and trash (Abelson). Biomass burning represents the largest source of air pollution in many rural areas of the developed and developing world. Biomass burning is used create heat, to clear forests, to dispose of leaves, crop stubble, trash and wood. Globally, biomass burning is estimated to produce 40 percent of the carbon dioxide, 32 percent of the carbon monoxide, 20 percent of the particulates, and 50 percent of the highly carcinogenic poly-aromatic hydrocarbons produced by all sources (Levine).

The ill-health effects of biomass burning are well-established. Smoke from biomass burning is particularly dangerous since most of the particulates are smaller than 10 microns in size (PM10) and are easily able to travel deep into the lungs. Numerous studies have noted that increasing levels of PM10 (even if below the US EPA standard of 50 micrograms PM10 per cubic meter of air) can significantly increase levels of respiratory and heart problems (Morris, Schwela) [and are linked with a sudden death rate of approximately 5 percent at that level. ed]. About 95 percent of this burning is set by people, although lightning sometimes ignites fields and forests (Levine)."




Sorry....I'm raking them into piles...taking them to my pit and burning them.

I use to buy bags and bag them. I put them by the road but the county will not pick them up.

I use to buy bags/bag them and take them to the landfill in my 99 Pontiac Sunfire. That's too expensive.

Oh...by the way...my neighbors on both sides of me....they burn their leaves too.

Sorry.
Member Since: June 9, 2005 Posts: 23 Comments: 37858
Quoting hydrus:
If Dolly was a slower moving storm, I believe she would have rapidly intensified before landfall. It was bad, but could have been much worse.jmo


Dolly did rapidly intensify before landfall. I was expecting a Cat 1 out of her at the most when I bedded down the evening of 7/22/2008.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
I thought this was an interesting post over on Slashdot.

How Slums Can Save the Planet
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800. xcool
gomx start too heat uppp
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Quoting KEEPEROFTHEGATE:
good day all

lots of pissing in the wind going on here i see be careful wind can blow that stuff all over ya if ya don't do it right
Some dig it. :)
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Quoting Patrap:
See some of the photos of the earthquake in Chile that have been shared via Twitter below.

There have been around 80 aftershaocks above 4.9M. so far. This can go on for a few weeks.
Member Since: September 22, 2005 Posts: 11 Comments: 2032
Quoting KEEPEROFTHEGATE:

ya spring is coming 21 days away now
winter is on the way out
what ever we get now will melt fast
getting to warm been above freezing since midnight sat morn till now snow that fell is melting very fast sign that it won't last as spring comes to pass

All snow has melt here since monday.
Member Since: September 22, 2005 Posts: 11 Comments: 2032
Quoting drg0dOwnCountry:

There was just a wind gust i think maybe 50. But now calm again. Yes very warm, 12c is spring weather.

ya spring is coming 21 days away now
winter is on the way out
what ever we get now will melt fast
getting too warm been above freezing since midnight sat morn till now snow that fell is melting very fast sign that it won't last as spring comes to pass
Member Since: July 15, 2006 Posts: 169 Comments: 53296

Chile Earthquake PICTURES: Twitter Photos Record The Wreckage In Chile (PHOTOS)


Pictures of the Chile earthquake that hit yesterday are streaming in--from news organizations, reporters on the ground, and from citizens in Chile hit by the disaster.

In the aftermath of the magnitude-8.8 quake, Twitter has become a prime outlet for people hit by the Chile earthquake to share pictures of the wreckage, as well as information and updates about relief efforts, destruction, and developments.

Amateur photographers have taken to the streets to show the world, via Twitter. what they are witnessing. Earthquake pictures posted by Twitter users in Chile record apartment buildings split in half, crumbling churches, and freeways ripped apart by the force of the earthquake.

See some of the photos of the earthquake in Chile that have been shared via Twitter below.
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 421 Comments: 127566
794. Ighuc
Quoting all4hurricanes:

Anyway I heard Xynthia has an "eye" does someone have a decent picture of that (all the satellite pics are dark)


I had been looking for a radar loop in lieu of satetlite and this is the best one I could come up with:

http://www.sat24.com/

Does anyone else have better?
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Member Since: September 22, 2005 Posts: 11 Comments: 2032
Quoting all4hurricanes:

Anyway I heard Xynthia has an "eye" does someone have a decent picture of that (all the satellite pics are dark)


Best I can find.

Link

Link

Link
Member Since: August 22, 2008 Posts: 12 Comments: 6010
Quoting KEEPEROFTHEGATE:
little windy there today huh warm at 12c today

There was just a wind gust i think maybe 50. But now calm again. Yes very warm, 12c is spring weather.
Member Since: September 22, 2005 Posts: 11 Comments: 2032
Quoting drg0dOwnCountry:
Berlin
Wind Speed: 23.0 kts.
Wind Gust: 72 km/h / 20.1 m/s
Pressure: 985 hPa (Falling)
12 °C

little windy there today huh warm at 12c today
Member Since: July 15, 2006 Posts: 169 Comments: 53296
may the best team win
Member Since: July 15, 2006 Posts: 169 Comments: 53296
Quoting gordydunnot:
I am never one to start anything, but does anyone think there will be a sequel to the movie (there will be blood) at tonight s Gold metal game.I hope not, but there will surely be some hitting, not for the faint of heart.

I drink your milkshake!!!
I never saw the movie but I know that quote
Anyway I heard Xynthia has an "eye" does someone have a decent picture of that (all the satellite pics are dark)
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.
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Quoting Patrap:


Thats why Jim gets the Big Bucks,..he's wise nuff to stay out the way.

LOL
If Dolly was a slower moving storm, I believe she would have rapidly intensified before landfall. It was bad, but could have been much worse.jmo
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Berlin
Wind Speed: 23.0 kts.
Wind Gust: 72 km/h / 20.1 m/s
Pressure: 985 hPa (Falling)
12 °C

Member Since: September 22, 2005 Posts: 11 Comments: 2032
.
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Quoting atmoaggie:

Yeah, and filling our landfills with yard debris and letting the plastics run out to sea to spin around for decades in a gyre is smart.

Plus, CO2 from burning leaves was going to be released anyway. Could have released some extra by trucking it to a landfill and all of the heavy equipment used there...burning it really is better on the CO2 emissions front. Also better to burn it than letting it get in a waterway, thereby depleting oxygen there.

Pretty in your face about a guy burning leaves in a rural area, yourself, at that.


Hmm, ever hear of composting and recycling? And as I said, it's not about the CO2, it's about the air pollution in general.

I guess if you're used to breathing the stuff you may not mind so much but you might want to think about your children.

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Quoting CycloneOz:


8:00 AM? The eyewall of Dolly was still 4 hours out. I assure you, Cantore was inside during the eyewall. We stayed at the same hotel.


Thats why Jim gets the Big Bucks,..he's wise nuff to stay out the way.

LOL
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 421 Comments: 127566
Dunno gordy,but even China Backed out on Buying Hummer.

Dat says a lot in my book.

As we build um here in N. Louisiana.
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 421 Comments: 127566
Quoting gordydunnot:
Hey Pat where did the caveman park his hummer. Oh never mind.


Goodbye, Hummer
The world might be saved: It looks as if the Hummer is destined for the junkyard.
Member Since: September 22, 2005 Posts: 11 Comments: 2032
Quoting Patrap:
Yeah,,smoke um if ya got um.

LOL
just did that o well i'll have another
Member Since: July 15, 2006 Posts: 169 Comments: 53296
Hey Pat where did the caveman park his hummer. Oh never mind.
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Yeah,smoke if ya got um My Senior D.I. always said.


Im gonna go contribute by lighting my BBQ pit cuz I want to cook some Thick Steaks and some Canadian Bacon as we got a Hockey Gold Medal to collect this afternoon.

LOL

Go USA..!!!!!!!!!!

Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 421 Comments: 127566
And we all contribute every time we buy a gallon of Fuel too.

But those Co2 and Methane Pixies and Fairies still come out every night,Wave dem magic Harry Potter Wands and make the Atmosphere "sparkle" Like a Gum commercial.


WUnderful cycle we have going 24/7/365 globally.

Im so relieved.

Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 421 Comments: 127566
Quoting misanthrope:

It amazes me how "in your face" some of the folks that post here are. But, forget about that and forget about global warming; how about local air quality or maybe the local kid with asthma? This is from Burning Issues:

"Biomass Burning is a problem of long standing. Huge amounts of air pollution are produced worldwide by the annual burning of 3 billion metric tons of biomass such as wood, leaves, trees, grass and trash (Abelson). Biomass burning represents the largest source of air pollution in many rural areas of the developed and developing world. Biomass burning is used create heat, to clear forests, to dispose of leaves, crop stubble, trash and wood. Globally, biomass burning is estimated to produce 40 percent of the carbon dioxide, 32 percent of the carbon monoxide, 20 percent of the particulates, and 50 percent of the highly carcinogenic poly-aromatic hydrocarbons produced by all sources (Levine).

The ill-health effects of biomass burning are well-established. Smoke from biomass burning is particularly dangerous since most of the particulates are smaller than 10 microns in size (PM10) and are easily able to travel deep into the lungs. Numerous studies have noted that increasing levels of PM10 (even if below the US EPA standard of 50 micrograms PM10 per cubic meter of air) can significantly increase levels of respiratory and heart problems (Morris, Schwela) [and are linked with a sudden death rate of approximately 5 percent at that level. ed]. About 95 percent of this burning is set by people, although lightning sometimes ignites fields and forests (Levine)."



Yeah, and filling our landfills with yard debris and letting the plastics run out to sea to spin around for decades in a gyre is smart.

Plus, CO2 from burning leaves was going to be released anyway. Could have released some extra by trucking it to a landfill and all of the heavy equipment used there...burning it really is better on the CO2 emissions front. Also better to burn it than letting it get in a waterway, thereby depleting oxygen there.

Pretty in your face about a guy burning leaves in a rural area, yourself, at that.
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Quoting misanthrope:

I've heard that all of that cane smoke down in Louisiana is part of what makes you Cajun types so tough. Any truth to the rumor?




No..its the carcinogens from the Catcrackers that make crude into Unleaded,ethylene Plants,..and the other Outgassing that occurs between Baton Rouge and the Mouth of the River.

Cancer Alley, Louisiana



Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 421 Comments: 127566
Time to start watching the ants and Squirrels almost.

so, what do I look for? bushy tails?..lol
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I am never one to start anything, but does anyone think there will be a sequel to the movie (there will be blood) at tonight s Gold metal game.I hope not, but there will surely be some hitting, not for the faint of heart.
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771. JRRP
analog years
1998

1995

1966

1958


muchos ciclones tropicales logran alcanzar los 55w o 60w sin llegar los 20n

Many tropical cyclones manage to reach 55w or 60w without coming 20n
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Quoting Patrap:
Darn the EPA,full throttle ahead..!!,let dere be Fire..!!!

And Smoke too..!!

LOL

I've heard that all of that cane smoke down in Louisiana is part of what makes you Cajun types so tough. Any truth to the rumor?
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Quoting btwntx08:

Link
i see cantore in dolly om someone was wrong :o


8:00 AM? The eyewall of Dolly was still 4 hours out. I assure you, Cantore was inside during the eyewall. We stayed at the same hotel.
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AOI

AOI

AOI

AOI

Humor in Comments
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Darn the EPA,full throttle ahead..!!,let dere be Fire..!!!




Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 421 Comments: 127566
Quoting IKE:
IKE reporting in for a post before I head to Wal-Mart.

I just finished burning leaves and branches for 3 1/2 hours...contributing to Global Warming. WOOHOO!

It amazes me how "in your face" some of the folks that post here are. But, forget about that and forget about global warming; how about local air quality or maybe the local kid with asthma? This is from Burning Issues:

"Biomass Burning is a problem of long standing. Huge amounts of air pollution are produced worldwide by the annual burning of 3 billion metric tons of biomass such as wood, leaves, trees, grass and trash (Abelson). Biomass burning represents the largest source of air pollution in many rural areas of the developed and developing world. Biomass burning is used create heat, to clear forests, to dispose of leaves, crop stubble, trash and wood. Globally, biomass burning is estimated to produce 40 percent of the carbon dioxide, 32 percent of the carbon monoxide, 20 percent of the particulates, and 50 percent of the highly carcinogenic poly-aromatic hydrocarbons produced by all sources (Levine).

The ill-health effects of biomass burning are well-established. Smoke from biomass burning is particularly dangerous since most of the particulates are smaller than 10 microns in size (PM10) and are easily able to travel deep into the lungs. Numerous studies have noted that increasing levels of PM10 (even if below the US EPA standard of 50 micrograms PM10 per cubic meter of air) can significantly increase levels of respiratory and heart problems (Morris, Schwela) [and are linked with a sudden death rate of approximately 5 percent at that level. ed]. About 95 percent of this burning is set by people, although lightning sometimes ignites fields and forests (Levine)."


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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.