Russia's Pole of Cold hits -70°F: Europe's 2nd coldest reading of all-time

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 4:48 PM GMT on February 22, 2010

Share this Blog
7
+

The notorious Russian winter, bane of the armies of Napoleon and Hitler, has been in classic form during the winter of 2010 . Brutal cold has been the rule this winter in the European portion of Russia, and at 9am local time on Friday, February 19, the town of Hoseda-Hard, Russia hit a remarkable -70°F (-56.4°C)--the second coldest temperature ever measured in Europe. Hoseda-Hard is located in extreme northeastern Europe, 90 miles (145 km) south of the Arctic Ocean and about 150 miles (240 km) west of the Ural Mountains and the boundary of Asia. The town lies in a shallow river valley (elevation 84 meters) where cold air tends to pool. The surrounding region is known as Europe's "Pole of Cold". The coldest temperature ever recorded in Europe was an extraordinary -72.6°F (-58.1°C) in the Pole of Cold's Ust'Schugor (64.15°N 57.45°) on December 31, 1978. The nearby city of Pechora, the largest city in the region (population: 50,000), is also well-known for its extreme temperatures. Pechora boasts Europe's third coldest temperature, a -68.8°F (-56.0°C) reading observed on February 9, 1946. It is likely that Hoseda-Hard got a degree or two colder than the remarkable -70°F measured on Friday, since the station only reported temperatures once every three hours. The high temperature Friday in Hoseda-Hard was a not-so-balmy -49°F (-45°C)!


Figure 1. Departure of surface temperature from average for February 19, 2010. Temperatures at Europe's "Pole of Cold" (dark purple colors) were more than 40°F (22°C) below average. The white dot marks the location of Hoseda-Hard, Russia, which recorded a remarkable -70°F (-56.4°C) at 9am local time that day--the second coldest temperature ever measured in Europe. Image credit: NOAA/ESRL.


Figure 2. A monument in Europe's "Pole of Cold" near Hoseda-Hard, Russia, marking the location of the Arctic Circle. Image credit: Mactak.

Exceptional February heat in Africa
I credit weather historian and extreme weather expert Chris Burt, author of Extreme Weather, for pointing out the incredible cold in Russia on Friday. Chris also noted that on Saturday, February 20, the temperature in Birni-N'Konni, Niger hit 112°F (44.3°C). This is just 3°F (1.7°C) below the warmest temperature ever recorded in the Northern Hemisphere in February--the 115°F reading from Abeche, Chad (date unknown).

Next post
My next post will be Tuesday or Wednesday.

Jeff Masters

Reader Comments

Comments will take a few seconds to appear.

Post Your Comments

Please sign in to post comments.

or Join

Not only will you be able to leave comments on this blog, but you'll also have the ability to upload and share your photos in our Wunder Photos section.

Display: 0, 50, 100, 200 Sort: Newest First - Order Posted

Viewing: 505 - 455

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18Blog Index

505. JRRP
Quoting Levi32:


That's one of the reasons I'm not so hot on 2008....but 1998 is a good analogue. This winter's El Nino is the 4th strongest SST-wise and 2nd strongest impact-wise since 1950. Link

The SST pattern in 1998 set up very similar to now, and the resulting hurricane season had 14 storms with a spray directed south and west towards the Caribbean and U.S., which is the fear for this season as well.

i think 1966 1995 and 1998 looks like analog year
Member Since: August 16, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 6154
Quoting MississippiBoy2:
With news of big hurricane season I'm stocking up the storm shelter.


I expect to be in Biloxi this year. Just a hunch, so don't panic.

Word of Warning: If I'm in your neighborhood during the summer...RUN!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Skepticall:


I used part of your name because you had commented on SSI's blog about how it was getting colder yet he put the warming begins or something and I used it last night and couldn't really remember your name. Idk if your talking about my post though.


No, I wasn't referring to your post, Skepticall (I didn't see it), but that's very decent of you to "come forward," lol!

Oh, you know what? My husband noticed a dove here was coo-ing its mating call...so maybe there is some hope for spring sometime afterall!
Member Since: August 19, 2008 Posts: 32 Comments: 1918
With news of big hurricane season I'm stocking up the storm shelter.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
UKMET 12Z



After that...

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Ossqss:
495,,,, Oz I found a side kick for you, just in case you need help :)





Oh geez man! Where do you find these hilarious pics! LOL! Another classic! :D
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Levi32:


That's one of the reasons I'm not so hot on 2008....but 1998 is a good analogue. This winter's El Nino is the 4th strongest SST-wise and 2nd strongest impact-wise since 1950. Link

The SST pattern in 1998 set up very similar to now, and the resulting hurricane season had 14 storms with a spray directed south and west towards the Caribbean and U.S., which is the fear for this season as well.

It's like you're in my head with me...at least I can tell folks that I was talking to Levi when I am mumbling and getting odd looks.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
495,,,, Oz I found a side kick for you, just in case you need help :)



Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting AwakeInMaryland:
TampaSpin -- the language is slanted in your poll.

Also I saw that part of my screen-name was used in infamy, LOL, i.e., "Maryland" -- so my apologies to MarylandGirl, who is another blogger!



I used part of your name because you had commented on SSI's blog about how it was getting colder yet he put the warming begins or something and I used it last night and couldn't really remember your name. Idk if your talking about my post though.
496. xcool
1998.good analog year!!!!! rigth now
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Today, I receive two GoPro Hero HD video cams for the upcoming hurricane season.

Consider these two scenarios in using the cameras:

1) With 170 degree wide-angle lens on both cams, I mount them back to back, giving 340 degrees of view. Example: Something big and nasty flys at the camera from the front, {edit}...and see it fly past to the back.

2) Mount both cameras on my helmet, one to each side. In Adobe Premiere, color shift one video to red, the other to blue, then combine both videos into one. Wahlah! 3D....

...Let the experiments begin! :)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting jeffs713:

Wasn't 2008 coming down from a La Nina?
And 1998 was coming down from an insanely strong El Nino...


That's one of the reasons I'm not so hot on 2008....but 1998 is a good analogue. This winter's El Nino is the 4th strongest SST-wise and 2nd strongest impact-wise since 1950. Link

The SST pattern in 1998 set up very similar to now, and the resulting hurricane season had 14 storms with a spray directed south and west towards the Caribbean and U.S., which is the fear for this season as well.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Hoping for a snow day tomorrow in central new york!

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
492. xcool
yep 2005
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting xcool:
nasty hurricane season by joe'b .1998 2008 2005 1964 analog year!!!!! new video.

Wasn't 2008 coming down from a La Nina?
And 1998 was coming down from an insanely strong El Nino...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
490. JRRP
Quoting xcool:
nasty hurricane season by joe'b .1998 2008 2005 1964 analog year!!!!! new video.

i agree with 1998 and 2008 but 2005 ???? omG!!!
Member Since: August 16, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 6154
Quoting GetReal:


There is no way to determine how much CO2 the Mars rover actually contributed to the Martian atmosphere. No matter, the bottom line is that man is also responsible for Martian "climate change" also!!!

Ummm, yes there is. We contributed none. CO2 created by high heat, rovers fully electronic.

And forget about burning anything on Mars unless you bring your own oxygen...0.13% oxygen will never support combustion.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting PensacolaDoug:
The models have a veritable parade of snowstorms across the south for the next week!!! I just luv a parade!


The Krewe of LaFoote O'Snow....
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting xcool:
nasty hurricane season by joe'b .1998 2008 2005 1964 analog year!!!!! new video.


He left out 1995 which is also in the analogue package for this year. I'm not sure I agree with him on 2008 so much, as I think 2007 is a better analogue, but he is right that despite no El Nino preceding 2008, some of the other conditions were in place similar to this year.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
486. IKE
Quoting swampdawg:


that would be my neck of the woods........what's up?


Not much.

Here's a view at 850mb's....

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
485. IKE
Quoting StormChaser81:


Is that 996mb?


Yup.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
TampaSpin -- the language is slanted in your poll.

Also I saw that part of my screen-name was used in infamy, LOL, i.e., "Maryland" -- so my apologies to MarylandGirl, who is another blogger!

Slanted language -- let's start with "yell against."

Who yelled against the USA hockey team? Not in my house.
Did I cheer both teams? Yes.
Was I sort of rooting for Canada? Yes.
Why? Because hubby was rooting for the USA, and a bit of rivalry is fun. Our marriage has not been damaged in the least.
Was I sad when the USA won? Not really; I was just a little sad for Canada.

Let's take it further with another hypothetical situation. Actually, it's not hypothetical, it happens all the time.
I'm a Terp. Duke creams the Terps in basketball.
Am I sad, irritated, frustrated? Well yeah, no duh.

Does that make me anti-Duke? Only when they play Maryland!
Duke has a great team and coach. I respect and admire them. I will cheer for them when they are NOT playing Maryland.

Life is WAY more complicated and there are many more shades of grey that bringing it down to being "American" or "Un-American" when cheering for an Olympics team!

I have a friend who has dual-citizenship, as I'm sure many of us do. If it is the USA vs. the other citizenship, wouldn't it be more fun if we each took a country and rooted for them?

I think you took this American and anti-American way too far -- I thought you were kidding me -- I thought it was a jest when you said I was anti-American for rooting for Canada in hockey. Even though we've disagreed on some issues I thought our conversations had always been friendly -- gosh, somehow saying I hoped Canada wouldn't hold the loss against us REALLY tripped your trigger!

You seem to be serious! That is downright frightening to me. I'd be insulted, too, if it was worth being insulted, but it's not.

Also, and now I'm serious and I'm not intending to be mean or sarcastic... if you are going to design a poll, ask an expert how to design one without inflammatory language.

I think, although I'm not an expert, the second question should read something like:
"You are not a bad American if you root for another country's sports' team."

Sorry, your poll (below) is just NOT a good, fair, well-structured or well-written poll!

Thank you for voting!
It Is UN-American to yell Against the USA Team 43% (3 votes)
It is American to yell Against the USA Team 57% (4 votes)
Total Votes: 7
Member Since: August 19, 2008 Posts: 32 Comments: 1918
Quoting IKE:
Heads up...12Z GFS @ 168 hours....huge storm in the NE GOM...



that would be my neck of the woods........what's up?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting IKE:
Heads up...12Z GFS @ 168 hours....huge storm in the NE GOM...



Yeah, we just experienced it ourselves. You're gonna love it!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
481. xcool
not goodLink

go here
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
480. xcool
nasty hurricane season by joe'b .1998 2008 2005 1964 analog year!!!!! new video.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting torreoviedo:
Spain and Portugal, at weekend





Amazing!!

We didn't have as powerful extratropical cyclone since January 2009

OW. *that* is going to leave a mark.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting IKE:
Heads up...12Z GFS @ 168 hours....huge storm in the NE GOM...



Is that 996mb?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Spain and Portugal, at weekend





Amazing!!

We didn't have as powerful extratropical cyclone since January 2009
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Still rain here in College Station. It looks like the rain/snow line has almost dropped to Hearne, which is only one county north of me.
Member Since: August 2, 2006 Posts: 46 Comments: 11683
475. IKE
Heads up...12Z GFS @ 168 hours....huge storm in the NE GOM...

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Bordonaro:


Good morning. The cutoff line for the snow is through the middle of DFW, TX. The DFW AP is on the NORTH end, where almost no snow had fallen. I live in SE Arlington, TX. We have light/moderate snow which will probably only provide us with a dusting at the most.

Central TX near Waco/Killeen/Temple, TX should receive about 3-6" of wet, heavy snow!

and... the northern side of Houston should get some snow, too. (that makes 3 times in one year, for those keeping score at home)

My blog, giving some idea of what to expect for the Houston area
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Bordonaro:


Good morning. The cutoff line for the snow is through the middle of DFW, TX. The DFW AP is on the NORTH end, where almost no snow had fallen. I live in SE Arlington, TX. We have light/moderate snow which will probably only provide us with a dusting at the most.

Central TX near Waco/Killeen/Temple, TX should receive about 3-6" of wet, heavy snow!


Yeah that's a bummer. The snow is gaining on them and pushing a little further north to the west of them though so hopefully they get some.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Levi32:
Good morning all. Looks like Dallas is indeed getting the northern edge of the snow. Hopefully they hit the 2 inches needed to break their all-time record.


Good morning. The cutoff line for the snow is through the middle of DFW, TX. The DFW AP is on the NORTH end, where almost no snow had fallen. I live in SE Arlington, TX. We have light/moderate snow which will probably only provide us with a dusting at the most.

Central TX near Waco/Killeen/Temple, TX should receive about 3-6" of wet, heavy snow!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Floodman:


That news should provide comfort to no one..."unknowns" are the scariest...
You are correct Sir (that was my point)...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Good morning all. Looks like Dallas is indeed getting the northern edge of the snow. Hopefully they hit the 2 inches needed to break their all-time record.

And wow I had forgotten how bad this storm is going to be for New England. All 3 branches of the jetstream cutting off into an upper low that stalls over the northeast! This is going to be epic for some places, and a historic blizzard for northwest New England. NYC may get hammered more than they bargained for too, with up to a foot or more in the metro area.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
the British Met offices says we need a "do over" on global warming with:

--"verifiable datasets starting from a common databank of unrestricted data"
--"methods that are fully documented in the peer reviewed literature and open to scrutiny;"
--"a set of independent assessments of surface temperature produced by independent groups using independent methods,"
--"comprehensive audit trails to deliver confidence in the results;"
--"robust assessment of uncertainties associated with observational error, temporal and geographical in homogeneities."

sounds good to me.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting TampaSpin:


Thanks Dr. Masters! That will be one very interesting Topic. Can't wait to hear your analysis and insight about the Sun and its affect on Global Warming.


Tim, I have read dozens of peer reviewed papers on this subject and they are all over the place with respect to Solar forcing. The base of any pyramid has to be built first. In this case, can we trust the temperature records used in any analysis? If not, our conclusions with respect to the Sun, tilt, and gravitational effects on climate change would be tainted. Just my take.

I read this item recently and found the comments section at the bottom quite entertaining. It does contain references for several related papers. Back to work :(

Solar activity & climate: is the sun causing global warming?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting NttyGrtty:
Keep reading. The basis of the article is :In a statement the authors of the paper said: "Since publication of our paper we have become aware of two mistakes which impact the detailed estimation of future sea level rise. This means that we can no longer draw firm conclusions regarding 21st century sea level rise from this study without further work.

"One mistake was a miscalculation; the other was not to allow fully for temperature change over the past 2,000 years. Because of these issues we have retracted the paper and will now invest in the further work needed to correct these mistakes."

Precisely how does that provide comfort to you? They don't know! and neither do you so let's all have some coffee and keep looking for the knowns...



That news should provide comfort to no one..."unknowns" are the scariest...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting jeffs713:


That actually covers the NAO. I'm wondering about the Arctic Ocillation myself... never seen a good graphic to explain it, honestly.



This page might help.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting jeffs713:


That actually covers the NAO. I'm wondering about the Arctic Ocillation myself... never seen a good graphic to explain it, honestly.



Ooops... Try this for the Arctic Oscillation..
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
You guys down there have had more mention of snow then us here in Boston
Member Since: Posts: Comments:


MESOSCALE DISCUSSION 0140
NWS STORM PREDICTION CENTER NORMAN OK
0638 AM CST TUE FEB 23 2010

AREAS AFFECTED...PORTIONS CENTRAL/N-CENTRAL/SW TX.

CONCERNING...HEAVY SNOW

VALID 231238Z - 231815Z

ALTHOUGH HEAVIEST PRECIP WILL REMAIN AS RAIN IN AREAS OF
SUPERFREEZING SFC AIR...SNOW IS EXPECTED ACROSS PORTIONS
CENTRAL/N-CENTRAL TX THROUGH 18Z. WITHIN BROADER AREA OF MDT
SNOW...EPISODIC/CONVECTIVELY DERIVED BURSTS OF HEAVY SNOW ARE
LIKELY...THE LATTER OFFERING SNOWFALL RATES 1-2 INCH/HOUR.

MOISTURE CHANNEL IMAGERY AND AVAILABLE RAOB DATA INDICATE
POSITIVELY-TILTED SHORTWAVE TROUGH OVER PORTIONS SRN NM...FAR W TX
AND NRN CHIHUAHUA. THIS PERTURBATION...AND FOREGOING FIELD OF
MID-UPPER LEVEL DPVA/ASCENT...WILL SHIFT ESEWD THROUGH REMAINDER
MORNING...ERN EDGE OF MID-UPPER LIFT BEING JUXTAPOSED WITH WRN PART
OF PLUME OF LOW LEVEL WAA. RELATED STEEPENING OF LOW-MIDLEVEL LAPSE
RATES...ATOP ROUGHLY 3 KM DEEP STABLE LAYER...WILL RESULT IN WEAK
ELEVATED BUOYANCY IN SOME LOCALES...UP TO ABOUT 100 /KG. THIS WILL
SUPPORT EMBEDDED CONVECTIVE ENHANCEMENT TO PRECIP...AND ISOLATED
THUNDER. STRONGEST LIFT IS EXPECTED ALONG AND N OF QUASISTATIONARY
850 MB FRONTAL/CONFLUENCE ZONE...EVIDENT IN 12Z RAOB/VWP/PROFILER
DATA FROM BIG BEND AREA ENEWD TOWARD CLL.

12Z SFC ANALYSIS INDICATES WAVY FREEZING LINE...GENERALLY FROM SWRN
AR NWWD TO S-CENTRAL OK THEN SWWD ACROSS WRN PORTIONS N-CENTRAL TX
TO EDWARDS PLATEAU AND BIG BEND. FREEZING LINE IS EXPECTED TO
UNDERGO NET SEWD MOTION ACROSS THIS REGION AS LOW LEVEL CAA AND
EVAPORATIONAL/SUBLIMATIONAL COOLING OFFSET SECOND-ORDER EFFECT OF
VERY WEAK DIABATIC HEATING. SNOW IS LIKELY BEHIND AND WITHIN ABOUT
50-75 NM AHEAD OF FREEZING LINE...GIVEN MODIFIED RAOBS AND RUC
SOUNDINGS INDICATING COMBINATION OF MOSTLY BELOW-FREEZING THERMAL
PROFILES ALOFT AND HIGH RH/UVV WITHIN DENDRITIC GROWTH ZONE.
HOWEVER...NARROW AND SHORT-LIVED CORRIDOR OF FREEZING RAIN...LOCALLY
MIXED WITH SLEET...ALSO IS POSSIBLE ALONG AND WITHIN 20-30 NM N OF
SFC FREEZING LINE. THIS ZONE WILL MIGRATE SEWD WITH FREEZING LINE
DURING REMAINDER MORNING.

..EDWARDS.. 02/23/2010


...NOTICE...
SPC WINTER WEATHER MESOSCALE DISCUSSIONS WILL BE ISSUED ON A
SCHEDULED BASIS FROM DECEMBER 1 THROUGH FEBRUARY 28...FOUR
TIMES A DAY...AROUND 00 UTC...06 UTC...12 UTC...AND 18 UTC
FOR SIGNIFICANT SHORT RANGE WINTER WEATHER EVENTS.
Member Since: August 2, 2006 Posts: 46 Comments: 11683
Quoting TampaTom:


Here's a pretty good primer with some great graphics...


That actually covers the NAO. I'm wondering about the Arctic Ocillation myself... never seen a good graphic to explain it, honestly.

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Artic Blast coming South Again Next WEEK in March!
Member Since: September 2, 2007 Posts: 179 Comments: 20448
460. JRRP
Quoting TampaTom:


Here's a pretty good primer with some great graphics...

thanks
Member Since: August 16, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 6154
Quoting CaneHunter031472:
http://www.space.com/scienceastronomy/mars_ice-age_031208.html

Read this article it explains how Mars also experienced warming. I wonde maybe either the Martians have too many SUVs around or we created it by the out of control use of rovers over there. Dirty Humans....


There is no way to determine how much CO2 the Mars rover actually contributed to the Martian atmosphere. No matter, the bottom line is that man is also responsible for Martian "climate change" also!!!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting JRRP:

Excuseme Sir but what means positive AO ???


Here's a pretty good primer with some great graphics...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
457. JRRP
Quoting StormW:


Especially as this winter has been colder.

Excuseme Sir but what means positive AO ???
Member Since: August 16, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 6154
Quoting JeffMasters:


This is worthy of a long dedicated post, and I have one the works for sometime in the next month or two.

Jeff Masters


Thanks Dr. Masters! That will be one very interesting Topic. Can't wait to hear your analysis and insight about the Sun and its affect on Global Warming.
Member Since: September 2, 2007 Posts: 179 Comments: 20448
Quoting PensacolaDoug:
The models have a veritable parade of snowstorms across the south for the next week!!! I just luv a parade!


Hey Doug, when are you moving back to Florida. Didn't you know the North is cold and snowy......LOL
Member Since: September 2, 2007 Posts: 179 Comments: 20448

Viewing: 505 - 455

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18Blog Index

Top of Page

About

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

Local Weather

Overcast
55 °F
Overcast