Russia's Pole of Cold hits -70°F: Europe's 2nd coldest reading of all-time

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 4:48 PM GMT on February 22, 2010

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The notorious Russian winter, bane of the armies of Napoleon and Hitler, has been in classic form during the winter of 2010 . Brutal cold has been the rule this winter in the European portion of Russia, and at 9am local time on Friday, February 19, the town of Hoseda-Hard, Russia hit a remarkable -70°F (-56.4°C)--the second coldest temperature ever measured in Europe. Hoseda-Hard is located in extreme northeastern Europe, 90 miles (145 km) south of the Arctic Ocean and about 150 miles (240 km) west of the Ural Mountains and the boundary of Asia. The town lies in a shallow river valley (elevation 84 meters) where cold air tends to pool. The surrounding region is known as Europe's "Pole of Cold". The coldest temperature ever recorded in Europe was an extraordinary -72.6°F (-58.1°C) in the Pole of Cold's Ust'Schugor (64.15°N 57.45°) on December 31, 1978. The nearby city of Pechora, the largest city in the region (population: 50,000), is also well-known for its extreme temperatures. Pechora boasts Europe's third coldest temperature, a -68.8°F (-56.0°C) reading observed on February 9, 1946. It is likely that Hoseda-Hard got a degree or two colder than the remarkable -70°F measured on Friday, since the station only reported temperatures once every three hours. The high temperature Friday in Hoseda-Hard was a not-so-balmy -49°F (-45°C)!


Figure 1. Departure of surface temperature from average for February 19, 2010. Temperatures at Europe's "Pole of Cold" (dark purple colors) were more than 40°F (22°C) below average. The white dot marks the location of Hoseda-Hard, Russia, which recorded a remarkable -70°F (-56.4°C) at 9am local time that day--the second coldest temperature ever measured in Europe. Image credit: NOAA/ESRL.


Figure 2. A monument in Europe's "Pole of Cold" near Hoseda-Hard, Russia, marking the location of the Arctic Circle. Image credit: Mactak.

Exceptional February heat in Africa
I credit weather historian and extreme weather expert Chris Burt, author of Extreme Weather, for pointing out the incredible cold in Russia on Friday. Chris also noted that on Saturday, February 20, the temperature in Birni-N'Konni, Niger hit 112°F (44.3°C). This is just 3°F (1.7°C) below the warmest temperature ever recorded in the Northern Hemisphere in February--the 115°F reading from Abeche, Chad (date unknown).

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Jeff Masters

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Quoting wunderkidcayman:

hey kmanislander long time no see or hear
what new with you and yea the weather is nice I wish we get some, somewhat warm rain lots of rain


Nothing new, just quiet in the off season. I do have to sort out the load time problem with this site though. Very odd that it sometimes takes a minute or more to even refresh the blog.
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Quoting GeoffreyWPB:
Fox News wins again! Fair and balanced...like I have always said! And you all know Fox News has no horse in the political race. If you disagree...you are un-American! Just like Tim said earlier, root for the Canadians in hockey, you are un-American. Hope the US and Canada meet again! Prayers go out to the Cheney family.


You got that right. They are the only news station that is not bias. I seen some of the others and they are all in the tank for one side or the other.
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Quoting GeoffreyWPB:
Fox News wins again! Fair and balanced...like I have always said! And you all know Fox News has no horse in the political race. If you disagree...you are un-American! Just like Tim said earlier, root for the Canadians in hockey, you are un-American. Hope the US and Canada meet again! Prayers go out to the Cheney family.


Koodoo's Geoff....tell them buddy....Orca is correct tho...its all fair game on the ice tho.
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I can still see Tim's posts. I hope they don't delete them.
Member Since: September 10, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 11257
Quoting GeoffreyWPB:


I was just combining posts...The U.S. won the hockey game, as Tim posted, if you don't like it, you are un-American. Sure Fox News gets a lot of things wrong, but what news cable channel doesn't? Fox News is number one. So what they say is true. Case closed!


I am not American... and your Fox news is commonly referred to world wide as Faux news. Its done more damage to your reputation then any other American network.

Just my opinion :)
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Quoting Ossqss:


Can't say I have, but I just cleaned the registry out of this old laptop. I have noticed an abundance of tracking cookies from the blogs on this site however. Probably due mostly to the viewer monitors. I does help to clean those out if ya haven't. Just my take :)


Thanks. Will try that. Load times of a minute sometimes make for impossible blogging !!
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Quoting kmanislander:
Good evening folks

Very windy here all day out of the SW and still dry. Pressure a very low 1005.9 ahead of the front that is sliding this way.

I hope it brings some rain as Feb. had only .20 of an inch.

Hard to believe that we have only 3 months to the start of what looks like a season with possibly neutral ENSO conditions

hey kmanislander long time no see or hear
what new with you and yea the weather is nice I wish we get some, somewhat warm rain lots of rain
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Quoting Skepticall:
Wow tampa i could see your posts 3 minutes ago now i cant. wow dont "-" a guy because he disagrees with you


Its typical on this blog......No problem!
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Quoting kmanislander:
Quick question.

WU has been taking forever to load on my computer both at home and in the office. This includes a refresh of the blog. Anyone else having this issue ?


Can't say I have, but I just cleaned the registry out of this old laptop. I have noticed an abundance of tracking cookies from the blogs on this site however. Probably due mostly to the viewer monitors. It does help to clean those out if ya haven't. Just my take :)
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Quoting Orcasystems:


OK, now that I find offensive...
There is never any need to use Fox News..and Canadians... even on the same page.. more less the same remark.


I was just combining posts...The U.S. won the hockey game, as Tim posted, if you don't like it, you are un-American. Sure Fox News gets a lot of things wrong, but what news cable channel doesn't? Fox News is number one. So what they say is true. Case closed!
Member Since: September 10, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 11257
Quoting TampaSpin:


USA USA......Hehehehe......sorry Orca and Keeper


Alls fair in Hockey :)
We gonna kick your butt when it counts :)
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Quick question.

WU has been taking forever to load on my computer both at home and in the office. This includes a refresh of the blog. Anyone else having this issue ?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting GeoffreyWPB:
Fox News wins again! Fair and balanced...like I have always said! And you all know Fox News has no horse in the political race. If you disagree...you are un-American! Just like Tim said earlier, root for the Canadians in hockey, you are un-American. Hope the US and Canada meet again! Prayers go out to the Cheney family.


USA USA......Hehehehe......sorry Orca and Keeper
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Quoting StSimonsIslandGAGuy:
One thing I noticed in the debate--Bastardi said that CO2 was correlated to warming by 0.42 between 1880 and today. Charles Keeling didn't start precise measurements of CO2 until 1958--there were no accurate measurements of CO2 in the air before 1958. So that correlation claim is bogus--how can you measure a correlation--or lack of one--without data?

What's wild is that the period 1958 to 2010 is 40% of the period from 1880 until today--so the data fit implies a correlation of greater than 1 since CO2 measurements began, according to Bastardi. So Bastardi was obviously using bogus data.


The correlation of CO2 was just as low for 1998-2010, so it's obviously got merit. And you can't go hit on him for data from 100 years ago when people like Bill Nye try to tell us what was going on millions of years ago in the atmosphere.

Quoting PensacolaDoug:
JB did good! Bill Nye prolly hates him.


Dude you could totally tell Bill Nye thought pretty low of JB going into that interview. It was all over his tone of voice. He went in there thinking JB was some sort of kid that didn't know squat. He thought he was gonna blow him away with his cute little graphs on paper lol.
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Quoting StSimonsIslandGAGuy:
One thing I noticed in the debate--Bastardi said that CO2 was correlated to warming by 0.42 between 1880 and today. Charles Keeling didn't start precise measurements of CO2 until 1958--there were no accurate measurements of CO2 in the air before 1958. So that correlation claim is bogus--how can you measure a correlation--or lack of one--without data?

What's wild is that the period 1958 to 2010 is 40% of the period from 1880 until today--so the data fit implies a correlation of greater than 1 since CO2 measurements began, according to Bastardi. So Bastardi was obviously using bogus data.


MY first.......LOL
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Quoting GeoffreyWPB:
Fox News wins again! Fair and balanced...like I have always said! And you all know Fox News has no horse in the political race. If you disagree...you are un-American! Just like Tim said earlier, root for the Canadians in hockey, you are un-American. Hope the US and Canada meet again! Prayers go out to the Cheney family.


OK, now that I find offensive...
There is never any need to use Fox News..and Canadians... even on the same page.. more less the same remark.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Good evening folks

Very windy here all day out of the SW and still dry. Pressure a very low 1005.9 ahead of the front that is sliding this way.

I hope it brings some rain as Feb. had only .20 of an inch.

Hard to believe that we have only 3 months to the start of what looks like a season with possibly neutral ENSO conditions
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Nye gave nothing to convince one for his cause. He may have even made many turn the other way.
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Fox News wins again! Fair and balanced...like I have always said! And you all know Fox News has no horse in the political race. If you disagree...you are un-American! Just like Tim said earlier, root for the Canadians in hockey, you are un-American. Hope the US and Canada meet again! Prayers go out to the Cheney family.
Member Since: September 10, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 11257
Quoting TampaSpin:
Joe B. just killed the Nye...just killed him in open debate....I can't wait to see who defends Nye.....that will be real laugh!


Yes "Indeed" (real Laugh)

But I have to say that was the best I have seen
on "O'Reilly in a long time.....

Taco :0)
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JB did good! Bill Nye prolly hates him.
Member Since: July 25, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 568



AOI

AOI

AOI

AOI

Humor in Comments
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Quoting Skepticall:


This isn't the blog to debate it they have one for us to debate it on. But Joe B. did win that argument very easily.


Sorry but this is a blog to debate....Dr. Masters brings the topic into play all the time.........ITS ALL ABOUT THE SUN.......its that simple as i have said many times.
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Quoting Skepticall:
Wow apparently bill nye didn't get the memo you can't use ipcc information


You mean because of stuff like this?

Rising Sea Level Claims Retracted

No, I am not going there, just thought it related :)
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Joe B. just killed the Nye...just killed him in open debate....I can't wait to see who defends Nye.....that will be real laugh!
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Wow that was awesome. Bastardi brought up what I said a few days ago about the PDO, and also some great points about SO2, sun cycles, and "what you have to believe on this matter to believe in co2... is that combined effects of the sun, oceans, volcanoes, and natural variability have less to the do with the climate than the yearly input equal to the width of a human hair on a 1km bridge of a trace gas needed for life." (paraphrased)

Bill Nye was just repeating the same things we've been hearing for years, that just simply aren't true.
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Ok I think Joe B won that debate. Not saying hes right.
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Quoting Skepticall:
Wow apparently bill nye didn't get the memo you can't use ipcc information


Now that is "Funny"....

Well it has not changed my mind yet and
I also will not debate it....

Taco :0)
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Post 152: hey Doug,

I think I will wait just a little longer too..
But from what I'm seeing from the GFS it sure looks
like it could happen.... Drak has also commented on this too.....
All I can say is "Wow"....

Taco :0)
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Quoting GeoffreyWPB:
Bastardi will kick Nye’s arse! Look at the proof! Record snow fall in the U.S. What more proof do you need? As the superpower U.S, goes, so goes the world. That’s common knowledge.


The snowfall was the result of a jet stream pattern enforced by the El Nino and AO. Parts of Texas got more snow than Ontario.
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Quoting Skepticall:


I have yet to see something saying this debate will happen tonight


www.billoreilly.com advertises it on tonight's show.

He also just now mentioned it before the commercial break.
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Hi guys what up
what the models are saying
what new about the ideas on 2010 hurricane season
we need rain bad and happy if this will gives us some rain
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Newt Gindrich...a good and fair and balanced guest.
Member Since: September 10, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 11257

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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.