Russia's Pole of Cold hits -70°F: Europe's 2nd coldest reading of all-time

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 4:48 PM GMT on February 22, 2010

Share this Blog
7
+

The notorious Russian winter, bane of the armies of Napoleon and Hitler, has been in classic form during the winter of 2010 . Brutal cold has been the rule this winter in the European portion of Russia, and at 9am local time on Friday, February 19, the town of Hoseda-Hard, Russia hit a remarkable -70°F (-56.4°C)--the second coldest temperature ever measured in Europe. Hoseda-Hard is located in extreme northeastern Europe, 90 miles (145 km) south of the Arctic Ocean and about 150 miles (240 km) west of the Ural Mountains and the boundary of Asia. The town lies in a shallow river valley (elevation 84 meters) where cold air tends to pool. The surrounding region is known as Europe's "Pole of Cold". The coldest temperature ever recorded in Europe was an extraordinary -72.6°F (-58.1°C) in the Pole of Cold's Ust'Schugor (64.15°N 57.45°) on December 31, 1978. The nearby city of Pechora, the largest city in the region (population: 50,000), is also well-known for its extreme temperatures. Pechora boasts Europe's third coldest temperature, a -68.8°F (-56.0°C) reading observed on February 9, 1946. It is likely that Hoseda-Hard got a degree or two colder than the remarkable -70°F measured on Friday, since the station only reported temperatures once every three hours. The high temperature Friday in Hoseda-Hard was a not-so-balmy -49°F (-45°C)!


Figure 1. Departure of surface temperature from average for February 19, 2010. Temperatures at Europe's "Pole of Cold" (dark purple colors) were more than 40°F (22°C) below average. The white dot marks the location of Hoseda-Hard, Russia, which recorded a remarkable -70°F (-56.4°C) at 9am local time that day--the second coldest temperature ever measured in Europe. Image credit: NOAA/ESRL.


Figure 2. A monument in Europe's "Pole of Cold" near Hoseda-Hard, Russia, marking the location of the Arctic Circle. Image credit: Mactak.

Exceptional February heat in Africa
I credit weather historian and extreme weather expert Chris Burt, author of Extreme Weather, for pointing out the incredible cold in Russia on Friday. Chris also noted that on Saturday, February 20, the temperature in Birni-N'Konni, Niger hit 112°F (44.3°C). This is just 3°F (1.7°C) below the warmest temperature ever recorded in the Northern Hemisphere in February--the 115°F reading from Abeche, Chad (date unknown).

Next post
My next post will be Tuesday or Wednesday.

Jeff Masters

Reader Comments

Comments will take a few seconds to appear.

Post Your Comments

Please sign in to post comments.

or Join

Not only will you be able to leave comments on this blog, but you'll also have the ability to upload and share your photos in our Wunder Photos section.

Display: 0, 50, 100, 200 Sort: Newest First - Order Posted

Viewing: 255 - 205

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18Blog Index

Quoting StSimonsIslandGAGuy:
And you were the one who posted that Houston was 10 degrees below normal in January, comment 49 on the previous Dr. Master's blog entry.


If it was me I haven't looked to see if it was me but I still say that 2009 was 6-8 degrees warmer than 2010 which is a huge difference.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting StSimonsIslandGAGuy:
And you were the one who posted that Houston was 10 degrees below normal in January, comment 49 on the previous Dr. Master's blog entry.


Ok if it was me then I won't deny that.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting StSimonsIslandGAGuy:
I have the official data to back it up, right from the Houston weather office climate page.



PRELIMINARY LOCAL CLIMATOLOGICAL DATA (WS FORM: F-6) , PAGE 2

STATION: HOUSTON INTERCONTINENTAL
MONTH: JANUARY
YEAR: 2010
LATITUDE: 29 58 N
LONGITUDE: 95 21 W

[TEMPERATURE DATA] [PRECIPITATION DATA] SYMBOLS USED IN COLUMN 16

AVERAGE MONTHLY: 49.0 TOTAL FOR MONTH: 2.53 1 = FOG OR MIST
DPTR FM NORMAL: -2.8 DPTR FM NORMAL: -1.15 2 = FOG REDUCING VISIBILITY


So what does that mean for WU they are the site that I got from this information from? Or is your site flawed.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting GeoffreyWPB:
Tim...you did say if you were upset with the Americans victory over Canada in hockey...you were un-American. Yikes...save me here from the emails!!!!


Actually i was talking to Maryland.....and she said something to the affect that she hoped Canada did not get to upset .....and i said i don't care if they do get upset....Your not American if you don't want the US team to win.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting TampaSpin:


Sorry Dan but, i would respectfully have to disagree with you if you claim to be an American and your not for the US Hockey team........that is very un-American!!!!!


Thats ridiculous.... thats like saying if your from Tampa... you have to be a Bucks fan... whats the difference?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Tim...you did say if you were upset with the Americans victory over Canada in hockey...you were un-American. Yikes...save me here from the emails!!!!
Member Since: September 10, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 11401
Quoting TampaSpin:


Sorry Dan but, i would respectfully have to disagree with you if you claim to be an American and your not for the US Hockey team........that is very un-American!!!!!


I think he is a sidney crosby fan.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting PcolaDan:


I can't tell in type how is was meant to come out. An un-American comment will set me on fire every time. I based my comments on what was written. American, is the right to decide for ones self what the decide to agree with and what to think.


Sorry Dan but, i would respectfully have to disagree with you if you claim to be an American and your not for the US Hockey team........that is very un-American!!!!!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Cyclones to become 'fewer but fiercer'

The author of a new study on the effects of climate change on tropical cyclones says Australia can expect more destructive storms before the end of the century.

That is despite the fact that the review of existing literature and computer modelling predicts a likelihood of fewer tropical cyclones in the same period.

Tom Knutson is the study's author and a research meteorologist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the United States.

"When we look at the different modelling work, modelling projections on hurricanes in a warmer climate, the thing that stands out is that the models typically are producing fewer tropical cyclones overall globally," Mr Knutson said.

"But of the ones that do occur they occur over a broader range of intensity ... some extend to a greater intensity than those in the present day climate. So it's sort of fewer but fiercer if you will."

John McBride, principal research scientist for the Bureau of Meteorology and also an author of the study which was published in Nature Geoscience, says one of the most consistent findings is that the southern hemisphere is likely to see a significant drop in the number of cyclones each year.

"That is a very consistent result coming out, that is that a decrease in the number in the southern hemisphere. It's possibly the most consistent result that's coming out from the studies on tropical cyclones," he said.

Mr McBride says in raw numerical terms, Australia might see nine cyclones every year instead of the current 10.

He says for most residents of tropical areas that will not be very noticeable.

Of more concern is the intensity of the storms.

Mr McBride says there may be fewer storms overall but the Australian coastline could be battered by twice as many category 5 cyclones by the end of the century.

"In the Australian region we get of the order of 10 a year at the moment. That's by the end of the century are dropping to nine a year," he said.

"You may think that's not so noticeable. A similar statement on the intensity though that they become more intense will be more noticeable because the average intensity is going to increase say once again by the order of 10 per cent. But the number of very intense should increase by a more noticeable number.

"So say the category 5 tropical cyclones for instance that we get at the moment are in the order of, I guess they're of the order of once every year but ... that can easily double say by the end of the century."

Mr Knutson says the most severe storms are likely to be more intense than those that currently hit the coastline.

"The change of intensity simulated by the models, latest set of models and theories is a range from about 2 to 11 per cent increase in intensity; that is increase in the maximum surface wind speeds of a tropical cyclone - 2 to 11 per cent by the end of the 21st century," he said.

That may not sound like much but Mr Knutson warns that even a relatively small increase in wind speed could result in significantly more destruction on the ground.

"The damage from hurricane winds goes up non-linearly with the increase in wind," Mr Knutson said.

"So even if you had just a 5 per cent increase in maximum wind speeds you would have a much larger fractional increase in the potential damage."

- ABC
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting StSimonsIslandGAGuy:
Hmmmm Levi I posted a link from a scientific publication, that's not bogus data. And.....I recall one poster here claiming that Houston was 10 degrees below normal in January when it was only 2.8 degrees below normal. That was bogus data.

Anyway, no one here explained how you can get a correlation of 0.42 between two sets of data points when one set of data was only available for 40% of the period claimed.


Now I live in Houston and I'm not sure if its the same person you asked if I knew but I got some pics here that says your 2.8 is wrong.

The first pic is Jan. 2009 and the second is Jan. 2010

Image and video hosting by TinyPic

Image and video hosting by TinyPic
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting TampaSpin:


Dan.....take a chill. I don't think he meant the way it came out.


I can't tell in type how is was meant to come out. An un-American comment will set me on fire every time. I based my comments on what was written. American, is the right to decide for ones self what the decide to agree with and what to think.
Member Since: August 22, 2008 Posts: 12 Comments: 6010
Quoting TampaSpin:
Ossqss and Skepticall
Both of your post are all being tagged to be hidden just to let you both know......UNREAL!


Really wow. What have I said that should make it be hidden??? Wow thanks Tampa!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Orcasystems:


Thats it.... your dead meat.
Umm whats the name of your pro football team again?


Right now it is the Yuccanners.......LOL
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting TampaSpin:
Is Canada going to make it to the Medal round....HEHEHEHE......J/K


Thats it.... your dead meat.
Umm whats the name of your pro football team again?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Ossqss and Skepticall
Both of your post are all being tagged to be hidden just to let you both know......UNREAL!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting TampaSpin:


Dan.....take a chill. I don't think he meant the way it came out.


I actually read it the same way Dan did.. thats why I threw in my two cents.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Is Canada going to make it to the Medal round....HEHEHEHE......J/K
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting pottery:
LOL, what an intriguing discussion on the pro's and con's of FOX/CNN.
Just goes to show (as ALL of those channels very well know) that you have to broadcast what your audience wants to hear/see.
Ah! The Power of the Media.
Ah! The Gullibility of the Consumer.
I love it.


ROFLMAO... I will stick with CBC or BBC thank you :)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting PcolaDan:


How presumptuous of you to make the decisions of who is American and who is un-American. How many in your family have been have served in our Armed Forces? How many have put their lives on the line for this country? Just because someone may not agree that Fox has "no horse in the political race" makes them un-American? How DARE you!!!


Dan.....take a chill. I don't think he meant the way it came out.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Orcasystems:




He should have been in net the last game.. Marty should have been pulled after the first 2 American goals he assisted on.

OK, no more hockey chat... just makes me mad at the coach.


The same coach that coaches the red wings and they have been having a rough year. grrr
Member Since: Posts: Comments:

Quoting Ossqss:


Then I know you will be happy about this :)

Luongo to start for Canada against Germany



He should have been in net the last game.. Marty should have been pulled after the first 2 American goals he assisted on.

OK, no more hockey chat... just makes me mad at the coach.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting PcolaDan:


How presumptuous of you to make the decisions of who is American and who is un-American. How many in your family have been have served in our Armed Forces? How many have put their lives on the line for this country? Just because someone may not agree that Fox has "no horse in the political race" makes them un-American? How DARE you!!!


I was agreeing with Tim's comment earlier in the day. I support our troops and veterans.
Member Since: September 10, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 11401
LOL, what an intriguing discussion on the pro's and con's of FOX/CNN.
Just goes to show (as ALL of those channels very well know) that you have to broadcast what your audience wants to hear/see.
Ah! The Power of the Media.
Ah! The Gullibility of the Consumer.
I love it.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Orcasystems:


If it was not for him.. you would have lost by a landslide. Did you even look at the SOG numbers?


I know. But I just can't stand watching goalies leave the net like that. He did win it for us but grrr I hate it stay in the NET!!!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Skepticall:


I couldn't stand watching him it was like watching osgood or hasek in net. He kept coming out. Just like when he tried to clear it down the boards and they scored because of it. He needs to stay in the net more.


If it was not for him.. you would have lost by a landslide. Did you even look at the SOG numbers?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting GeoffreyWPB:
Fox News wins again! Fair and balanced...like I have always said! And you all know Fox News has no horse in the political race. If you disagree...you are un-American! Just like Tim said earlier, root for the Canadians in hockey, you are un-American. Hope the US and Canada meet again! Prayers go out to the Cheney family.


How presumptuous of you to make the decisions of who is American and who is un-American. How many in your family have been have served in our Armed Forces? How many have put their lives on the line for this country? Just because someone may not agree that Fox has "no horse in the political race" makes them un-American? How DARE you!!!
Member Since: August 22, 2008 Posts: 12 Comments: 6010
Quoting Orcasystems:


I will have to agree on one point... the Canadian Team lost... but it was the American goalie who won it... not the US team. the goalie stood on his head and deserves MVP.. it was an awesome display.


That last 3 minutes was unreal how much pressure Canada was putting on the Goalie.....WoW was they bringing the heat.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting kmanislander:


Nothing new, just quiet in the off season. I do have to sort out the load time problem with this site though. Very odd that it sometimes takes a minute or more to even refresh the blog.

yea it happens to me sometimes
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Orcasystems:


I will have to agree on one point... the Canadian Team lost... but it was the American goalie who won it... not the US team. the goalie stood on his head and deserves MVP.. it was an awesome display.


Then I know you will be happy about this :)

Luongo to start for Canada against Germany
Member Since: June 12, 2005 Posts: 6 Comments: 8186
Quoting PcolaDan:

If that's not the most ignorant statement I've ever seen here I don't know what is. You're basing their truthfulness on ratings? Really? So I guess Archie Bunker was a genius after all.


You mean Archie was not a genius.....geesh...i guess he was on TV so long for being so dumb then.....LOL....what a show!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Orcasystems:


I will have to agree on one point... the Canadian Team lost... but it was the American goalie who won it... not the US team. the goalie stood on his head and deserves MVP.. it was an awesome display.


I couldn't stand watching him it was like watching osgood or hasek in net. He kept coming out. Just like when he tried to clear it down the boards and they scored because of it. He needs to stay in the net more.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Ossqss:


LoL --- USA 5 - Canada 3 as an example?

J/K, really J/K (☼¿☼)


I will have to agree on one point... the Canadian Team lost... but it was the American goalie who won it... not the US team. the goalie stood on his head and deserves MVP.. it was an awesome display.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Ossqss:


LoL --- USA 5 - Canada 3 as an example?

J/K, really J/K (☼¿☼)



ROFLMAO.......too funny.....we need to shut up tho....Canada will probably kick our butts when the time comes.......LOL
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Archie came around and made peace with his demons.
Member Since: September 10, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 11401
Quoting PcolaDan:

If that's not the most ignorant statement I've ever seen here I don't know what is. You're basing their truthfulness on ratings? Really? So I guess Archie Bunker was a genius after all.


I was going to use that old time Chinese saying when he first posted that.. but I left it alone.. it would have ruined my nice guy image :)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Orcasystems:


ROFLMAO, your always tweaking something. Normally its someone on the Blog :)


LoL --- USA 5 - Canada 3 as an example?

J/K, really J/K (☼¿☼)
Member Since: June 12, 2005 Posts: 6 Comments: 8186
Quoting Ossqss:
If anyone is interested in tweak testing their PC, here ya go.

http://www.dslreports.com/tools

I just did DRTCP from here again (after the tweak test), and have on dozens of PC's, and gained about 30%.

You gotta read the directions when using it, and I don't think they have it for windows7 yet, focus on the MTU (varies dependent upon your connection type) and receive window settings. Ensure, if you use the download, you make sure you change the settings on the right adapter selected in the drop down :)


ROFLMAO, your always tweaking something. Normally its someone on the Blog :)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting GeoffreyWPB:


Fox News is number one. So what they say is true. Case closed!

If that's not the most ignorant statement I've ever seen here I don't know what is. You're basing their truthfulness on ratings? Really? So I guess Archie Bunker was a genius after all.
Member Since: August 22, 2008 Posts: 12 Comments: 6010
Quoting Orcasystems:


Actually... I don't watch any American news channels anymore. When the most important thing in the whole American news world is what Paris is or isn't wearing .... or who is doing who with tiger... it quit being a news network and became the national Inquirer on steroids.


I agree with ya.....many stations just chase headlines instead of current important news.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
StSimons....I'm not accusing you of anything but I am going to point out what I was talking about when you said JB was using bogus data. This is something you posted 2 nights ago when we were all debating Global Warming:



My point is if you want to cite supposed data from millions of years ago, and trust people that think they know what happened before humans knew that the earth had an atmosphere, then how can you bad-talk Joe Bastardi for using some data from the late 19th century.

Don't you think the validity of "data" from millions of years ago is more questionable than from the 1890s?
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

I'm out going to see Sherlock Holmes at the theater tonight. I'll see ya'll later.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
If anyone is interested in tweak testing their PC, here ya go.

http://www.dslreports.com/tools

I just did DRTCP from here again (after the tweak test), and have on dozens of PC's, and gained about 30%.

You gotta read the directions when using it, and I don't think they have it for windows7 yet, focus on the MTU (varies dependent upon your connection type) and receive window settings. Ensure, if you use the download, you make sure you change the settings on the right adapter selected in the drop down :)
Member Since: June 12, 2005 Posts: 6 Comments: 8186
I am just stating my Honest Opinon but, anyone that thinks that Fox News is not the most balanced News station in the US has to be a very liberal person. I tend to think that Fox does tend to lean sometimes to the right more so than left sometimes. While the other stations are so far left they can't see right. I wonder why the current adminstration wanted nothing to do with Fox?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting TampaSpin:


You really don't mean that i hope. I guess you watch CNN.......Certainly NOT NEWS


Actually... I don't watch any American news channels anymore. When the most important thing in the whole American news world is what Paris is or isn't wearing .... or who is doing who with tiger... it quit being a news network and became the national Inquirer on steroids.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Just think if the US and Canada meet again in the finals for the Gold. Wow! I hope for that outcome! On a weather topic, and I know it's early, but do you see this Hurricane season more active than last year...and possibly some Florida strikes?
Member Since: September 10, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 11401
Quoting TampaSpin:


You really don't mean that i hope. I guess you watch CNN.......Certainly NOT NEWS


communist news network
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Orcasystems:


I am not American... and your Fox news is commonly referred to world wide as Faux news. Its done more damage to your reputation then any other American network.

Just my opinion :)


You really don't mean that i hope. I guess you watch CNN.......Certainly NOT NEWS
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting wunderkidcayman:

hey kmanislander long time no see or hear
what new with you and yea the weather is nice I wish we get some, somewhat warm rain lots of rain


Nothing new, just quiet in the off season. I do have to sort out the load time problem with this site though. Very odd that it sometimes takes a minute or more to even refresh the blog.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:

Viewing: 255 - 205

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18Blog Index

Top of Page

About

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

Local Weather

Overcast
45 °F
Overcast