Russia's Pole of Cold hits -70°F: Europe's 2nd coldest reading of all-time

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 4:48 PM GMT on February 22, 2010

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The notorious Russian winter, bane of the armies of Napoleon and Hitler, has been in classic form during the winter of 2010 . Brutal cold has been the rule this winter in the European portion of Russia, and at 9am local time on Friday, February 19, the town of Hoseda-Hard, Russia hit a remarkable -70°F (-56.4°C)--the second coldest temperature ever measured in Europe. Hoseda-Hard is located in extreme northeastern Europe, 90 miles (145 km) south of the Arctic Ocean and about 150 miles (240 km) west of the Ural Mountains and the boundary of Asia. The town lies in a shallow river valley (elevation 84 meters) where cold air tends to pool. The surrounding region is known as Europe's "Pole of Cold". The coldest temperature ever recorded in Europe was an extraordinary -72.6°F (-58.1°C) in the Pole of Cold's Ust'Schugor (64.15°N 57.45°) on December 31, 1978. The nearby city of Pechora, the largest city in the region (population: 50,000), is also well-known for its extreme temperatures. Pechora boasts Europe's third coldest temperature, a -68.8°F (-56.0°C) reading observed on February 9, 1946. It is likely that Hoseda-Hard got a degree or two colder than the remarkable -70°F measured on Friday, since the station only reported temperatures once every three hours. The high temperature Friday in Hoseda-Hard was a not-so-balmy -49°F (-45°C)!


Figure 1. Departure of surface temperature from average for February 19, 2010. Temperatures at Europe's "Pole of Cold" (dark purple colors) were more than 40°F (22°C) below average. The white dot marks the location of Hoseda-Hard, Russia, which recorded a remarkable -70°F (-56.4°C) at 9am local time that day--the second coldest temperature ever measured in Europe. Image credit: NOAA/ESRL.


Figure 2. A monument in Europe's "Pole of Cold" near Hoseda-Hard, Russia, marking the location of the Arctic Circle. Image credit: Mactak.

Exceptional February heat in Africa
I credit weather historian and extreme weather expert Chris Burt, author of Extreme Weather, for pointing out the incredible cold in Russia on Friday. Chris also noted that on Saturday, February 20, the temperature in Birni-N'Konni, Niger hit 112°F (44.3°C). This is just 3°F (1.7°C) below the warmest temperature ever recorded in the Northern Hemisphere in February--the 115°F reading from Abeche, Chad (date unknown).

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Jeff Masters

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Quoting benirica:
I hate to get mixed up in these things... gotta know when to pick them, right?
But I'd just like to say, being patriotic does not mean always supporting your team or thinking everything and anything done by your country is the only truth... A true patriot can think for him/herself and call out the flaws he/she sees in the country. Someone who truly loves their country and feels like a part of it would want for it to move forward and know that when he/she leaves this world, their country is better then when they arrived to it.
You don't manage that by closing your eyes and singing your nation anthem as loud as you can.


Sensible, articulate, perfect.
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'Exceptionally dry' stretch could set record


The northern half of Western Australia is in the midst of a dry stretch that could set a record if it continues to the end of the month.

The Bureau of Meteorology says rainfall is well below average everywhere north of Exmouth and moderately below average in central parts of the state.

Broome has so far received just 2 per cent of its average monthly rainfall with only a week to go.

Forecaster Neil Bennett says low rainfall and high temperatures mean pastoralists will be doing it tough.

"Well it's been very unusual, the rainfall," Mr Bennett said.

"So far this month we've had very little in the way of any meaningful falls.

"Broome has only had five mills for example, when traditionally February is its wettest month with falls of up to 180 mills.

"Up into Kununurra as well, where falls are below 100 mills, which is well below their average. So it has been exceptionally dry."

- ABC
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Quoting benirica:
I hate to get mixed up in these things... gotta know when to pick them, right?
But I'd just like to say, being patriotic does not mean always supporting your team or thinking everything and anything done by your country is the only truth... A true patriot can think for him/herself and call out the flaws he/she sees in the country. Someone who truly loves their country and feels like a part of it would want for it to move forward and know that when he/she leaves this world, their country is better then when they arrived to it.
You don't manage that by closing your eyes and singing your nation anthem as loud as you can.


Well said.. bravo... now stand by to get flamed :)
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Quoting jeffs713:

sorry, my bad. ;)


Its a bad sign when a grown man has to watch "Ice Dancing", hoping to win a gold medal :(
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I hate to get mixed up in these things... gotta know when to pick them, right?
But I'd just like to say, being patriotic does not mean always supporting your team or thinking everything and anything done by your country is the only truth... A true patriot can think for him/herself and call out the flaws he/she sees in the country. Someone who truly loves their country and feels like a part of it would want for it to move forward and know that when he/she leaves this world, their country is better then when they arrived to it.
You don't manage that by closing your eyes and singing your nation anthem as loud as you can.
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Quoting pottery:
293, Now Now Jeffs! This is no place to talk about the weather.

sorry, my bad. ;)
Member Since: August 3, 2008 Posts: 16 Comments: 5792
Quoting pottery:
293, Now Now Jeffs! This is no place to talk about the weather.

LMFAO!
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293, Now Now Jeffs! This is no place to talk about the weather.
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284 - you found the solution :)

Member Since: June 12, 2005 Posts: 6 Comments: 8183
#260

Corollaries:

Never argue with an idiot. People watching may not be able to tell who is the idiot.

Never argue with an idiot. They drag you down to their level and beat you with experience.
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Quoting TampaSpin:
YOU gotta love the liberal left that want to try to persuade others it is not American to shout it is un-American to not support our Hockey team.......you gotta love the Liberal Left.


HUH?
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Quoting StSimonsIslandGAGuy:
Houston International Airport is 20 miles north of Houston, not in a built up area. And....according to the National Weather Service, it was 2.8 degrees Fahrenheit below normal. Period.

Houston International Airport is not near downtown. And it not affected by the urban heat island.

I live 14 miles from IAH, and I agree with this. IAH is not any more surrounded by concrete than any other airport... and it has the added benefit of being surrounded by trees. (fly into IAH, you will see what I mean... you SWEAR you are about to crash into the trees)

Other airports are much more vulnerable to the heat island effect, such as DFW, Atlanta-Hartsfield airport, and all of the NYC-area airports.
Member Since: August 3, 2008 Posts: 16 Comments: 5792
Quoting jaxairportman:
Thank you Canada. For without you coming here in the winter our shattered state would be even worse. This state has to get it together.


Miami is doing pretty well.
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YOU gotta love the liberal left that want to try to persuade others it is not American to shout it is un-American to not support our Hockey team.......you gotta love the Liberal Left.
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Thank you Canada. For without you coming here in the winter our shattered state would be even worse. This state has to get it together.
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I'd rather bask in the heat then live in cold, no life making weather. 112f bring it on
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Quoting AussieStorm:
Cyclones to become 'fewer but fiercer'

The author of a new study on the effects of climate change on tropical cyclones says Australia can expect more destructive storms before the end of the century.

That is despite the fact that the review of existing literature and computer modelling predicts a likelihood of fewer tropical cyclones in the same period.

Tom Knutson is the study's author and a research meteorologist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the United States.

"When we look at the different modelling work, modelling projections on hurricanes in a warmer climate, the thing that stands out is that the models typically are producing fewer tropical cyclones overall globally," Mr Knutson said.

"But of the ones that do occur they occur over a broader range of intensity ... some extend to a greater intensity than those in the present day climate. So it's sort of fewer but fiercer if you will."

John McBride, principal research scientist for the Bureau of Meteorology and also an author of the study which was published in Nature Geoscience, says one of the most consistent findings is that the southern hemisphere is likely to see a significant drop in the number of cyclones each year.

"That is a very consistent result coming out, that is that a decrease in the number in the southern hemisphere. It's possibly the most consistent result that's coming out from the studies on tropical cyclones," he said.

Mr McBride says in raw numerical terms, Australia might see nine cyclones every year instead of the current 10.

He says for most residents of tropical areas that will not be very noticeable.

Of more concern is the intensity of the storms.

Mr McBride says there may be fewer storms overall but the Australian coastline could be battered by twice as many category 5 cyclones by the end of the century.

"In the Australian region we get of the order of 10 a year at the moment. That's by the end of the century are dropping to nine a year," he said.

"You may think that's not so noticeable. A similar statement on the intensity though that they become more intense will be more noticeable because the average intensity is going to increase say once again by the order of 10 per cent. But the number of very intense should increase by a more noticeable number.

"So say the category 5 tropical cyclones for instance that we get at the moment are in the order of, I guess they're of the order of once every year but ... that can easily double say by the end of the century."

Mr Knutson says the most severe storms are likely to be more intense than those that currently hit the coastline.

"The change of intensity simulated by the models, latest set of models and theories is a range from about 2 to 11 per cent increase in intensity; that is increase in the maximum surface wind speeds of a tropical cyclone - 2 to 11 per cent by the end of the 21st century," he said.

That may not sound like much but Mr Knutson warns that even a relatively small increase in wind speed could result in significantly more destruction on the ground.

"The damage from hurricane winds goes up non-linearly with the increase in wind," Mr Knutson said.

"So even if you had just a 5 per cent increase in maximum wind speeds you would have a much larger fractional increase in the potential damage."

- ABC
Quoting AussieStorm:
Cyclones to become 'fewer but fiercer'

The author of a new study on the effects of climate change on tropical cyclones says Australia can expect more destructive storms before the end of the century.

That is despite the fact that the review of existing literature and computer modelling predicts a likelihood of fewer tropical cyclones in the same period.

Tom Knutson is the study's author and a research meteorologist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the United States.

"When we look at the different modelling work, modelling projections on hurricanes in a warmer climate, the thing that stands out is that the models typically are producing fewer tropical cyclones overall globally," Mr Knutson said.

"But of the ones that do occur they occur over a broader range of intensity ... some extend to a greater intensity than those in the present day climate. So it's sort of fewer but fiercer if you will."

John McBride, principal research scientist for the Bureau of Meteorology and also an author of the study which was published in Nature Geoscience, says one of the most consistent findings is that the southern hemisphere is likely to see a significant drop in the number of cyclones each year.

"That is a very consistent result coming out, that is that a decrease in the number in the southern hemisphere. It's possibly the most consistent result that's coming out from the studies on tropical cyclones," he said.

Mr McBride says in raw numerical terms, Australia might see nine cyclones every year instead of the current 10.

He says for most residents of tropical areas that will not be very noticeable.

Of more concern is the intensity of the storms.

Mr McBride says there may be fewer storms overall but the Australian coastline could be battered by twice as many category 5 cyclones by the end of the century.

"In the Australian region we get of the order of 10 a year at the moment. That's by the end of the century are dropping to nine a year," he said.

"You may think that's not so noticeable. A similar statement on the intensity though that they become more intense will be more noticeable because the average intensity is going to increase say once again by the order of 10 per cent. But the number of very intense should increase by a more noticeable number.

"So say the category 5 tropical cyclones for instance that we get at the moment are in the order of, I guess they're of the order of once every year but ... that can easily double say by the end of the century."

Mr Knutson says the most severe storms are likely to be more intense than those that currently hit the coastline.

"The change of intensity simulated by the models, latest set of models and theories is a range from about 2 to 11 per cent increase in intensity; that is increase in the maximum surface wind speeds of a tropical cyclone - 2 to 11 per cent by the end of the 21st century," he said.

That may not sound like much but Mr Knutson warns that even a relatively small increase in wind speed could result in significantly more destruction on the ground.

"The damage from hurricane winds goes up non-linearly with the increase in wind," Mr Knutson said.

"So even if you had just a 5 per cent increase in maximum wind speeds you would have a much larger fractional increase in the potential damage."

- ABC
This was the first time there was a consensus how global warming will affect cyclones.
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-70f in wherever the place is....thats global warming causing that
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Quoting PcolaDan:

If you aren't the ultimate hypocrite. Here in the "land of the free", if we don't agree with your perception of what is "American", your response is "i welcome you to move" (sic)? And others wonder what has happened to this country? They need look no further than you. And don't worry, us Americans will stay to make sure we remain free instead of following small thinkers into the depths of mediocrity or worse that you appear to be trying to drag us.


Your calling me a hypocrite! YOu need to look at yourself in the mirror first...NIce way of trying to make yourself into what you want this country try to be.....Whatever!
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Quoting AstroHurricane001:


Are we forgetting that global average temperatures rose 0.43C between December 2009 and January 2010?

A single month trend?!?

Ohhh, wait until the temp goes down from one month to the next. Then we can extrapolate and figure how long until absolute zero.
Member Since: August 16, 2007 Posts: 6 Comments: 12461
Quoting TampaSpin:


Dan i welcome you to move if you like...i hope us Americans don't constrain you to do as you wish.......LOL!

If you aren't the ultimate hypocrite. Here in the "land of the free", if we don't agree with your perception of what is "American", your response is "i welcome you to move" (sic)? And others wonder what has happened to this country? They need look no further than you. And don't worry, us Americans will stay to make sure we remain free instead of following small thinkers into the depths of mediocrity or worse that you appear to be trying to drag us in to.
Member Since: August 22, 2008 Posts: 12 Comments: 6010
I see the Obamanizers are out in full force tonite still wishing for more change! They have done a good job of bringing out the real truth about GW...good job!.......ROFLMAO I believe there is only about 40% still left......LOL

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Today's SST anomalies:

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Quoting Orcasystems:


ROFLMAO... I will stick with CBC or BBC thank you :)


CBC = Conservative Broadcasting Corporation. :P
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Quoting TampaSpin:


Dan i welcome you to move if you like...i hope us Americans don't constrain you to do as you wish.......LOL!


Ahh the good old "My way or the Highway" response
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Quoting Orcasystems:
I miss JFV and STL now



mmmmmm Very interesting indeed
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Quoting PcolaDan:


So being American has mandatory requirements that aren't specifically laws? Do tell, what other "follow like lambs to slaughter" or be considered un-American tidbits do you have?


Dan i welcome you to move if you like...i hope us Americans don't constrain you to do as you wish.......LOL!
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I miss JFV and STL now
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Quoting pottery:
263, now this IS getting interesting.


It is fun to watch isn't it :)
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Quoting Levi32:


The correlation of CO2 was just as low for 1998-2010, so it's obviously got merit. And you can't go hit on him for data from 100 years ago when people like Bill Nye try to tell us what was going on millions of years ago in the atmosphere.



Dude you could totally tell Bill Nye thought pretty low of JB going into that interview. It was all over his tone of voice. He went in there thinking JB was some sort of kid that didn't know squat. He thought he was gonna blow him away with his cute little graphs on paper lol.


Are we forgetting that global average temperatures rose 0.43C between December 2009 and January 2010?

Quoting TampaSpin:


USA USA......Hehehehe......sorry Orca and Keeper


You forgot about Astro (ME!).
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263, now this IS getting interesting.
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Quoting Skepticall:


If it was me I haven't looked to see if it was me but I still say that 2009 was 6-8 degrees warmer than 2010 which is a huge difference.


It would only be fair to ask Simon (which one of the 2 people that use the handle, I don't know) what sites were used for the numbers and details of any homogenization and extrapolation. Just sayin,,, as I exit >>> :) and gone__
Member Since: June 12, 2005 Posts: 6 Comments: 8183
Orca, hahahahah
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Quoting TampaSpin:


Sorry Dan but, i would respectfully have to disagree with you if you claim to be an American and your not for the US Hockey team........that is very un-American!!!!!


So being American has mandatory requirements that aren't specifically laws? Do tell, what other "follow like lambs to slaughter" or be considered un-American tidbits do you have?
Member Since: August 22, 2008 Posts: 12 Comments: 6010
Thought for the night :)

"It is better to have someone think you are a fool...
Then to post something and prove it :)"
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Quoting Skepticall:


If it was me I haven't looked to see if it was me but I still say that 2009 was 6-8 degrees warmer than 2010 which is a huge difference.


Is he looking at Celic or Fern. Temp......i bet its Celcius....
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About JeffMasters

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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