Russia's Pole of Cold hits -70°F: Europe's 2nd coldest reading of all-time

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 4:48 PM GMT on February 22, 2010

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The notorious Russian winter, bane of the armies of Napoleon and Hitler, has been in classic form during the winter of 2010 . Brutal cold has been the rule this winter in the European portion of Russia, and at 9am local time on Friday, February 19, the town of Hoseda-Hard, Russia hit a remarkable -70°F (-56.4°C)--the second coldest temperature ever measured in Europe. Hoseda-Hard is located in extreme northeastern Europe, 90 miles (145 km) south of the Arctic Ocean and about 150 miles (240 km) west of the Ural Mountains and the boundary of Asia. The town lies in a shallow river valley (elevation 84 meters) where cold air tends to pool. The surrounding region is known as Europe's "Pole of Cold". The coldest temperature ever recorded in Europe was an extraordinary -72.6°F (-58.1°C) in the Pole of Cold's Ust'Schugor (64.15°N 57.45°) on December 31, 1978. The nearby city of Pechora, the largest city in the region (population: 50,000), is also well-known for its extreme temperatures. Pechora boasts Europe's third coldest temperature, a -68.8°F (-56.0°C) reading observed on February 9, 1946. It is likely that Hoseda-Hard got a degree or two colder than the remarkable -70°F measured on Friday, since the station only reported temperatures once every three hours. The high temperature Friday in Hoseda-Hard was a not-so-balmy -49°F (-45°C)!


Figure 1. Departure of surface temperature from average for February 19, 2010. Temperatures at Europe's "Pole of Cold" (dark purple colors) were more than 40°F (22°C) below average. The white dot marks the location of Hoseda-Hard, Russia, which recorded a remarkable -70°F (-56.4°C) at 9am local time that day--the second coldest temperature ever measured in Europe. Image credit: NOAA/ESRL.


Figure 2. A monument in Europe's "Pole of Cold" near Hoseda-Hard, Russia, marking the location of the Arctic Circle. Image credit: Mactak.

Exceptional February heat in Africa
I credit weather historian and extreme weather expert Chris Burt, author of Extreme Weather, for pointing out the incredible cold in Russia on Friday. Chris also noted that on Saturday, February 20, the temperature in Birni-N'Konni, Niger hit 112°F (44.3°C). This is just 3°F (1.7°C) below the warmest temperature ever recorded in the Northern Hemisphere in February--the 115°F reading from Abeche, Chad (date unknown).

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Jeff Masters

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Quoting Orcasystems:


Your not fooling me.. you just noticed the costumes... I figured you would be in love with Womans curling... Just with what the Skip is yelling :)


So you saw the blond from Norway in the skirt too, huh?
Member Since: August 22, 2008 Posts: 12 Comments: 6010
354. JRRP
Quoting Levi32:


A half degree difference in the cold anomalies in the GOM doesn't matter. The point is the profile of warm in the Atlantic south of 20N and cool to the north, a positive Atlantic dipole, which means net upward motion in the deep tropics. The La Nina didn't start until September/October of 2007. That's also not that big of a difference when you consider how fast the models are putting us down into neutral ENSO territory. The '06 nino peaked in November/December just like last year's. It's a very good analogue ocean-wise.

And yes there was a warm pool by west Africa.


near CV looks like 1998
Member Since: August 16, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 6213
353. HTV
Quoting 1900hurricane:

Can I join the "I live close to IAH" club? I hope ~15 miles is close enough to make the cut.

Why sure, in Texas terms your just across the street from IAH.
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Quoting 1900hurricane:

Can I join the "I live close to IAH" club? I hope ~15 miles is close enough to make the cut.


Quoting atmoaggie:

Well, can I join, too? I visited my mom quite a few times when she lived in Kingwood.


I think that is on Facebook and I'm sure someone will let you all join....

Taco :0)
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Ice dancing, that's a new one on me, sounds like fun though. Back when I played handball and racketball I thought tennis was a goofy sport until my 16 year old daughter crippled me in a little under 45 minutes! LOL
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Quoting Ossqss:


It is what some folks do while going to their mailbox in the winter :)



Is that a Fredericks of Hollywood Mailbox?
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Aussie, what happend to the area with the torrential rain a few days ago?

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Quoting 1900hurricane:

Can I join the "I live close to IAH" club? I hope ~15 miles is close enough to make the cut.

Well, can I join, too? I visited my mom quite a few times when she lived in Kingwood.
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Quoting pottery:
Actually, I think that Ice Dancing is better than Curling.
But then I also think that dominos is better than tiddlywinks.
No accounting for taste, I suppose.


Your not fooling me.. you just noticed the costumes... I figured you would be in love with Womans curling... Just with what the Skip is yelling :)
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Quoting Orcasystems:


Some of us... are just sitting hear quietly watching the blog... and trying to figure out WTH "Ice Dancing" is... its not hockey or curling... so whats the sport here???


It is what some folks do while going to the mailbox in the winter :)

Member Since: June 12, 2005 Posts: 6 Comments: 8188
Quoting HTV:

I have lived 10 miles east of IAH for 20 years. Being a avid weather observer I monitor the temp differences between IAH and my personal weather station. On average high readings during the summer are typically 1-2 degrees warmer than here, and in the winter the lows are 1-2 degrees cooler than here in Huffman. It has always been that way. True the area around IAH has urbanized, but not so much out here in the sticks. I've not seen any noticeable difference or evidence of urban heating at IAH.

Can I join the "I live close to IAH" club? I hope ~15 miles is close enough to make the cut.
Member Since: August 2, 2006 Posts: 47 Comments: 11709
Actually, I think that Ice Dancing is better than Curling.
But then I also think that dominos is better than tiddlywinks.
No accounting for taste, I suppose.
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Quoting doabarrelroll:
I am not supposed to do this but the public school system in Tampa needs help. This is what a Tampa resident said regarding the founding fathers origins. It is the single dumbest thing I have ever heard.

Whatever ........i think they came to America .......to become American and fought to be an American and defend America.....which is what i am doing unlike your very Liberal views.....sorry you have to see an American flag on some occasions.


Such an narrow mind....you must have......nice to post an email also.....
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Quoting RTLSNK:


You guys were having so much fun I just had to say Hi. :)


Some of us... are just sitting hear quietly watching the blog... and trying to figure out WTH "Ice Dancing" is... its not hockey or curling... so whats the sport here???
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Quoting Orcasystems:


Did you steal KEH's stick?


No, I just used a straw from a Vanilla Milk Shake! :)
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Quoting TampaSpin:


It all depends if you live in North Texas or South Texas.....Texas is so big doesn't it strech all the way to Canada.......LOL
Signed,
Archie Bunker


omg Tampa now could you leave my Uncle out of this.....
"LMAO" "ROFLMAO"

Taco :0)
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Quoting pottery:
OH NO Snake!!
Et tu??


You guys were having so much fun I just had to say Hi. :)
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337. HTV
Quoting Skepticall:


Apparently you haven't flown in the 1960 route or the flying over kuykendahl route. or haven't driven down 1960 the beltway or hardy toll road. lots and lots of concrete there.

I have lived 10 miles east of IAH for 20 years. Being a avid weather observer I monitor the temp differences between IAH and my personal weather station. On average high readings during the summer are typically 1-2 degrees warmer than here, and in the winter the lows are 1-2 degrees cooler than here in Huffman. It has always been that way. True the area around IAH has urbanized, but not so much out here in the sticks. I've not seen any noticeable difference or evidence of urban heating at IAH.
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Sorry to learn that you have been sick, Conando.
Get well soon.
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Quoting RTLSNK:
Hi Guys, hey, is this the blog where I can root for the Canadian Hockey Team? Great!

So, how is the weather in Texas? :)


Did you steal KEH's stick?
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Quoting RTLSNK:
Hi Guys, hey, is this the blog where I can root for the Canadian Hockey Team? Great!

So, how is the weather in Texas? :)


It all depends if you live in North Texas or South Texas.....Texas is so big doesn't it strech all the way to Canada.......LOL
Signed,
Archie Bunker
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thank pottery being sick stinks I have a light feeling in my head like being tipsy except i'm not having any fun :(.
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OH NO Snake!!
Et tu??
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Quoting RTLSNK:
Hi Guys, hey, is this the blog where I can root for the Canadian Hockey Team? Great!

So, how is the weather in Texas? :)


ok you got me on that one.... I hear Houston is getting hot right about now...
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Hi Guys, hey, is this the blog where I can root for the Canadian Hockey Team? Great!

So, how is the weather in Texas? :)
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Quoting jeffs713:

I live 14 miles from IAH, and I agree with this. IAH is not any more surrounded by concrete than any other airport... and it has the added benefit of being surrounded by trees. (fly into IAH, you will see what I mean... you SWEAR you are about to crash into the trees)

Other airports are much more vulnerable to the heat island effect, such as DFW, Atlanta-Hartsfield airport, and all of the NYC-area airports.

That depend on exactly where the ASOS is...not readily finding that at the moment.
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Quoting Orcasystems:


Mind you.. some of the womans outfits... much nicer looking then a Hockey Jersey.


I don't know about that.... I like "Hockey Jersey" if thats all she is warring....

Taco :0)
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Quoting StSimonsIslandGAGuy:
Tornadodude, check this out ;) Link


Lol that's too funny (;

thanks!
Member Since: June 28, 2006 Posts: 25 Comments: 8360
Quoting Orcasystems:


Mind you.. some of the womans outfits... much nicer looking then a Hockey Jersey.


I just watch it for the music...the articles... oh never mind.
Member Since: August 22, 2008 Posts: 12 Comments: 6010
Quoting PcolaDan:


Y s, s m l nd d n my k yb rd. :(


ROFLMAO.. we're even.. I was drinking when I read that.... or saw it..
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317, LOLOL
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Quoting PcolaDan:


Y s, s m l nd d n my k yb rd. :(


Okay got it cleaned, vowels working now. :)
Member Since: August 22, 2008 Posts: 12 Comments: 6010
Interesting description of snow formation from the Lake Charles discussion.

By Tuesday evening...the ongoing rain will wet-bulb cool the surface
layer...initiating a transition over to snow. A critical variable
examined in assessing the likelihood of snow is the strength of the
ice multiplication (or splintering) process.


The splintering zone (a saturated layer with wet bulbs around minus
4 degree c...plus/minus 3 c deg) is best revealed in the saturated
850-700 partial thickness layer. Mesoscale-synoptic lift (attending the
Grand-Canyon shortwave) will greatly aid in the ice multiplication
process. Rising super-cooled liquid water drops will collide with
riming ice habits which free fall through a subfreezing atmosphere
.And splinter. The number of ice particles greatly increases...its
chances of reaching the near freezing ground increases as well.


The GFS suggests that the snow may reach all the way to the coast.
At present...believe that the significant snowfall amounts will be
limited to the Piney Hills of central Louisiana and the lakes region
of southeast Texas.


However...remain uncertain about the snow amounts along and south of
the I-10 corridor...especially between Beaumont and Lake Charles.

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316, Yes, there is that.
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Quoting Orcasystems:


I hope some landed on your keyboard :)


Y s, s m l nd d n my k yb rd. :(
Member Since: August 22, 2008 Posts: 12 Comments: 6010
Quoting pottery:
I feel for you Orca.
Ice Dancing should be banned, anyway. But good luck.


Mind you.. some of the womans outfits... much nicer looking then a Hockey Jersey.
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good evening all,


been a little while ha

I had to laugh when I saw the ad at the side of the page "Find Your Russian Beauty Today, russianeuro.com"
Member Since: June 28, 2006 Posts: 25 Comments: 8360
Sorry Aussie..Warm weather just a fluke...As you have said in the past...GW/CC is not real.
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LOL I've said my part. Let whomever knock their socks off. I'm out of u
here. Goodnight all!
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Quoting PcolaDan:

I should NOT have been reading that with a soda bottle to my mouth. LMAO


I hope some landed on your keyboard :)
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I feel for you Orca.
Ice Dancing should be banned, anyway. But good luck.
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YOu all gotta hear this.....I was talking to a lawyer that was in court for a client and two Spanish desent guys was fined $250 plus court cost wish is another $250 each.

They was arrested for picking up Snook out of season along a bank that washed up ashore dying because of the extreme cold weather. The fish was almost dead and was out of the water completely. You gotta be kidding me to arrest someone for that. He said he sat there and heard the story and his mouth just flew open!
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Good post Benirica. But you gonna get slammed......
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Quoting Orcasystems:


Its a bad sign when a grown man has to watch "Ice Dancing", hoping to win a gold medal :(

I should NOT have been reading that with a soda bottle to my mouth. LMAO
Member Since: August 22, 2008 Posts: 12 Comments: 6010

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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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