Russia's Pole of Cold hits -70°F: Europe's 2nd coldest reading of all-time

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 4:48 PM GMT on February 22, 2010

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The notorious Russian winter, bane of the armies of Napoleon and Hitler, has been in classic form during the winter of 2010 . Brutal cold has been the rule this winter in the European portion of Russia, and at 9am local time on Friday, February 19, the town of Hoseda-Hard, Russia hit a remarkable -70°F (-56.4°C)--the second coldest temperature ever measured in Europe. Hoseda-Hard is located in extreme northeastern Europe, 90 miles (145 km) south of the Arctic Ocean and about 150 miles (240 km) west of the Ural Mountains and the boundary of Asia. The town lies in a shallow river valley (elevation 84 meters) where cold air tends to pool. The surrounding region is known as Europe's "Pole of Cold". The coldest temperature ever recorded in Europe was an extraordinary -72.6°F (-58.1°C) in the Pole of Cold's Ust'Schugor (64.15°N 57.45°) on December 31, 1978. The nearby city of Pechora, the largest city in the region (population: 50,000), is also well-known for its extreme temperatures. Pechora boasts Europe's third coldest temperature, a -68.8°F (-56.0°C) reading observed on February 9, 1946. It is likely that Hoseda-Hard got a degree or two colder than the remarkable -70°F measured on Friday, since the station only reported temperatures once every three hours. The high temperature Friday in Hoseda-Hard was a not-so-balmy -49°F (-45°C)!


Figure 1. Departure of surface temperature from average for February 19, 2010. Temperatures at Europe's "Pole of Cold" (dark purple colors) were more than 40°F (22°C) below average. The white dot marks the location of Hoseda-Hard, Russia, which recorded a remarkable -70°F (-56.4°C) at 9am local time that day--the second coldest temperature ever measured in Europe. Image credit: NOAA/ESRL.


Figure 2. A monument in Europe's "Pole of Cold" near Hoseda-Hard, Russia, marking the location of the Arctic Circle. Image credit: Mactak.

Exceptional February heat in Africa
I credit weather historian and extreme weather expert Chris Burt, author of Extreme Weather, for pointing out the incredible cold in Russia on Friday. Chris also noted that on Saturday, February 20, the temperature in Birni-N'Konni, Niger hit 112°F (44.3°C). This is just 3°F (1.7°C) below the warmest temperature ever recorded in the Northern Hemisphere in February--the 115°F reading from Abeche, Chad (date unknown).

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Jeff Masters

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NWS Indy

17 Consecutive Days with Snow on the Ground

February 22, 2010 marked the 17th consecutive day with at least an inch of snow on the ground. There was 2 inches on the ground at the National Weather Service Office as of 1 pm EST. Although the snow may seem like it has been around foreever...the current string only ranks 14th all time.



At Purdue, we have had snow on the ground for 23 consecutive days :p
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I don't get my NWS. How can it snow for 10 hour and only accumulate less than half an inch??? I know the warm ground will affect things somewhat (it was 78*F here yesterday), but eventually there will be accumulations, especially if it is of that duration or longer!

My forecast
Member Since: August 2, 2006 Posts: 47 Comments: 11694
Deleting a repost made due to an "Edit failed. Try again later." message
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Interesting, transitzone -- car racing is exactly what I brought up in the latest version of that 2-decades old argument I mentioned. I said is it a sport if a motorized vehicle is doing the bulk of the competition -- oh boy, did "he" ever give me a description of the human strength and abilities involved...

gordy -- I'm not sure why, but it's a much more enjoyable argument than GW! Way less nasty and cranky...more worthwhile, too, imo.
Member Since: August 19, 2008 Posts: 32 Comments: 1918
169 Ossqss "Rising Sea Level Claims Retracted"

As usual, the interesting stuff comes after the headline.
"The study published in 2009 in Nature Geoscience" by Mark Siddall et al "predicted that sea level would rise by between 7cm and 82cm by the end of the century." ie between ~2&3/4inches and ~2feet10inches by 2100.
"In the Nature Geoscience retraction, in which Siddall and his colleagues explain their errors, Vermeer and Rahmstorf are thanked for 'bringing these issues to our attention'."
Vermeer and Rahmstorf "published a study in December that projected a rise of 0.75m to 1.9m by 2100." ie between ~2&1/2 feet and ~6&1/4 feet by the end of the century.

Precisely how does a projected sea level rise of 2feet6inches up to 6feet3inches instead of less than 3inches up to 2feet10inches provide comfort to you?
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NWS Indy

17 Consecutive Days with Snow on the Ground

February 22, 2010 marked the 17th consecutive day with at least an inch of snow on the ground. There was 2 inches on the ground at the National Weather Service Office as of 1 pm EST. Although the snow may seem like it has been around foreever...the current string only ranks 14th all time.



At Purdue, we have had snow on the ground for 23 consecutive days :p
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Quoting gordydunnot:
I think I am going to Webster's but anybody that can define what is or isn't a sport could probably answer the GW debate.

I could, but not out here ;-)
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Quoting AwakeInMaryland:
Dan! Thanks, I think -- A fan is like a parent, who loves you even when you stink.!

Dude -- glad to hear you're alive, and gainfully(?) involved.


haha yeah, just been busy I suppose
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Quoting Orcasystems:


Not sure if I am addicted... (denial is a sign I think) I just wanted to see how long it took me to beat it... day 12 and I am at level 34 (35 in about an hour)



haha can one beat farmville?
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Quoting AwakeInMaryland:

It always comes to a dead end when he says, "but is it a SPORT?" Thing is, I don't really care if it's a sport. I do know Extreme Pain and discipline are involved! :)


Ain't a sport unless it can kill ya, right then, right there. Car racing comes to mind. I've got NARRA and their Vipers coming to town this weekend, ground off track really soft, good for generating balls of tin foil when least expected

Unfrozen precip about at the track right now, snow appears to be a bit over a county away from it. Could sure use a miss and some hot sun this week, ain't gonna happen
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Dan! Thanks, I think -- A fan is like a parent, who loves you even when you stink.!

Dude -- glad to hear you're alive, and gainfully(?) involved.
Member Since: August 19, 2008 Posts: 32 Comments: 1918
Quoting Orcasystems:


Not sure if I am addicted... (denial is a sign I think) I just wanted to see how long it took me to beat it... day 12 and I am at level 34 (35 in about an hour)


It's Mafia Wars and Band of Heroes for me. All seems kind of silly actually.
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I think I am going to Webster's but anybody that can define what is or isn't a sport could probably answer the GW debate.
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Quoting tornadodude:


:O oh no! I used to be addicted to that, finally quit haha


Not sure if I am addicted... (denial is a sign I think) I just wanted to see how long it took me to beat it... day 12 and I am at level 34 (35 in about an hour)
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Quoting AwakeInMaryland:


379. Hilarious. Are there Canadians attending FSU? Seriously, I have no idea! Those guys singing kind of look like grizzlies.


The Animals of Section B from Florida State baseball.

Section B song book

From the section b web page.

"'O Canada' has become the rally song of the fifth inning, sung whenever Florida State bats in the fifth. There are many, many rumors as to how this tradition was started, so it just depends on whom you ask. A Canadian flag was added to the Animals in 1991, and is now raised whenever the anthem is sung. We even sing "O Canada" in French from time to time if the mood hits us just right. It's become such a well-known tradition that even the organist at the ACC Tournament when it's in Durham, NC plays the anthem whenever FSU bats in the 5th inning."
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Quoting Orcasystems:
I think its official... AwakeInMaryland is right ... we have lost it :(

I now have to go and check out my new addiction... farmville on facebook... I need professional help :(


:O oh no! I used to be addicted to that, finally quit haha
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Quoting AwakeInMaryland:


Did I see T-Dude pop in for 3 words? He's been too quiet lately...wonder what he's plotting...going to Fox, too?


hey there! and no, not fox, school, girl, work etc haha
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FARMVILLE???!!! NO NO NO. Orca, don't go to that dark side.

As much as I hate to, I have to go with Dr. Phil on this one!

There is NO farm; there are NO crops -- It ISN'T REAL!

Member Since: August 19, 2008 Posts: 32 Comments: 1918
383 Orcasystems "I would says its the equivalent to that silly summer one with the ribbon swirling and tossing."
384 PcolaDan "Wait, just exactly what are you saying???? Have you ever tried to catch a flying, swirling ribbon???? Just wait 'til Canada wins a medal, then let's see what you think!!!"

Too late. They tossed rhythm gymnastics outta the SummerOlympics along with with women's softball.
Shoulda got rid of the boring stuff instead, like men's track&field and men's swimming.
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Quoting Orcasystems:


I would says its the equivalent to that silly summer one with the ribbon swirling and tossing.


Were you in marching band? (Just kidding.)

379. Hilarious. Are there Canadians attending FSU? Seriously, I have no idea! Those guys singing kind of look like grizzlies.

Speaking of grizzly, Conan O'Brien has grown a beard again...and is considering going to Fox...could be scary.

Did I see T-Dude pop in for 3 words? He's been too quiet lately...wonder what he's plotting...going to Fox, too?
Member Since: August 19, 2008 Posts: 32 Comments: 1918
I think its official... AwakeInMaryland is right ... we have lost it :(

I now have to go and check out my new addiction... farmville on facebook... I need professional help :(
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Quoting Orcasystems:


I would says its the equivalent to that silly summer one with the ribbon swirling and tossing.


Wait, just exactly what are you saying???? Have you ever tried to catch a flying, swirling ribbon???? Just wait 'til Canada wins a medal, then let's see what you think!!!








JUST KIDDING PEOPLE!!!!! :)
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Quoting AwakeInMaryland:


Definitely "wrecked!"

Tonight's past discussion seems to have gone from silly to stupid to surreal (the surreal part: the men of the blog discussing the merits, or lack of, regarding ice dancing. LOL!

I've been having the same argument regarding strength, technique and athleticism in ballet, dance, and ice skating for 2 decades. It always comes to a dead end when he says, "but is it a SPORT?" Thing is, I don't really care if it's a sport. I do know Extreme Pain and discipline are involved! :)


I would says its the equivalent to that silly summer one with the ribbon swirling and tossing.
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Quoting Orcasystems:


Come on now.. we have to draw the line somewhere... Irish (shipwrecked Scotsman)?


Definitely "wrecked!"

Tonight's past discussion seems to have gone from silly to stupid to surreal (the surreal part: the men of the blog discussing the merits, or lack of, regarding ice dancing. LOL!

I've been having the same argument regarding strength, technique and athleticism in ballet, dance, and ice skating for 2 decades. It always comes to a dead end when he says, "but is it a SPORT?" Thing is, I don't really care if it's a sport. I do know Extreme Pain and discipline are involved! :)
Member Since: August 19, 2008 Posts: 32 Comments: 1918
Quoting AwakeInMaryland:
Looking over some earlier posts.

If I want to cheer for Outer Mongolia or Borneo, that doesn't make me any less of an American.

And anyone who wants to be is Irish on St. Patrick's Day, too. Even Canadians. :)


Come on now.. we have to draw the line somewhere... Irish (shipwrecked Scotsman)?
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"Ice Dancing" ??
No throws.. no jumps?
Sort of reminds you of Friday night teen skating... umm I think that might be ageing me...
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Looking over some earlier posts.

If I want to cheer for Outer Mongolia or Borneo, that doesn't make me any less of an American.

And anyone who wants to be is Irish on St. Patrick's Day, too. Even Canadians. :)
Member Since: August 19, 2008 Posts: 32 Comments: 1918
Quoting Orcasystems:
Gold Medal Canada.... "Ice Dancing"

That just sounds wrong


That's what you get for being so "friendly". :)
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Quoting Orcasystems:
Gold Medal Canada.... "Ice Dancing"

That just sounds wrong



does it? haha ;)
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Gold Medal Canada.... "Ice Dancing"

That just sounds wrong
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Quoting RTLSNK:
Yeah, me too Pottery, I think its time for a nice cup of hot tea and some crumpets before bed.

snort, snorkel, snart

sorry, had a small sinus problem there. :)


I just read Barbi's post 1750.... I love it.. I wonder if she wrote it?
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Quoting ElConando:


Apparently I can only go 1 min into the future so no :P.


I'll call you Sat night at 9:59 your time then. :)
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Yeah, me too Pottery, I think its time for a nice cup of hot tea and some crumpets before bed.

snort, snorkel, snart

sorry, had a small sinus problem there. :)
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Quoting taco2me61:




I think that is on Facebook and I'm sure someone will let you all join....

Taco :0)

Unfortunately, I was unable to find it. This leaves me with only one option: I must make it myself! XD
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Quoting PcolaDan:


Conando, do you have this weeks lotto numbers? :)


Apparently I can only go 1 min into the future so no :P.
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Quoting pottery:
Right! It's Tuesday here.
I'm gone.............


G'nite. Glad we were able to entertain you. :)
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Yea I'm out for the night..... Thanks for the Laugh I really needed it tonight....

Play nice and have a Good Night.

Taco :0)
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Quoting Orcasystems:


I only play Gentle mans sports now adays... like yourself... I am past my prime :).

Hockey, Racketball, Golf, and all Bar sports :)

Oh yes..when the kids let me.. road hockey :)


Can't swing a golf club, can't swing a baseball bat, racquetball, hah, Can't body surf, can't do any of it any more. For someone who grew up playing sports all the time, it took a while to come to grips with only watching now. Funny thing is, it's old sports injuries that keep me from playing sports. Don't you just love irony? :)

(On a side note, I just realized how many songs on the ice dancing are on my iPod. Not sure what that says.) :)
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Right! It's Tuesday here.
I'm gone.............
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Quoting PcolaDan:


So you saw the blond from Norway in the skirt too, huh?


I also saw the one who looked like she should have been on a NOLA float for Mardi Gras. nice :)
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Quoting pottery:
Post 332 and 336.
How come Conando answered me before I asked the Question.
What are you taking for your illness, Conando??
I want some.


Conando, do you have this weeks lotto numbers? :)
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Good nite everyone! Sorry to offend anyone that says it is American to live in America and yell against the US hockey team. I doubt our founding Fathers would agree with that thinking also but, who knows maybe they would be yelling for the British team. Ya think!
Member Since: September 2, 2007 Posts: 179 Comments: 20448
Quoting PcolaDan:


So you saw the blond from Norway in the skirt too, huh?


Thats who I would like to see in a Hockey Jersey..... Just a "Hockey Jersey" if you know what i mean.....

Taco :0)
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Quoting RTLSNK:
Ice dancing, that's a new one on me, sounds like fun though. Back when I played handball and racketball I thought tennis was a goofy sport until my 16 year old daughter crippled me in a little under 45 minutes! LOL


I only play Gentle mans sports now adays... like yourself... I am past my prime :).

Hockey, Racketball, Golf, and all Bar sports :)

Oh yes..when the kids let me.. road hockey :)
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Post 332 and 336.
How come Conando answered me before I asked the Question.
What are you taking for your illness, Conando??
I want some.
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Quoting Orcasystems:


Your not fooling me.. you just noticed the costumes... I figured you would be in love with Womans curling... Just with what the Skip is yelling :)


So you saw the blond from Norway in the skirt too, huh?
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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