Russia's Pole of Cold hits -70°F: Europe's 2nd coldest reading of all-time

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 4:48 PM GMT on February 22, 2010

Share this Blog
7
+

The notorious Russian winter, bane of the armies of Napoleon and Hitler, has been in classic form during the winter of 2010 . Brutal cold has been the rule this winter in the European portion of Russia, and at 9am local time on Friday, February 19, the town of Hoseda-Hard, Russia hit a remarkable -70°F (-56.4°C)--the second coldest temperature ever measured in Europe. Hoseda-Hard is located in extreme northeastern Europe, 90 miles (145 km) south of the Arctic Ocean and about 150 miles (240 km) west of the Ural Mountains and the boundary of Asia. The town lies in a shallow river valley (elevation 84 meters) where cold air tends to pool. The surrounding region is known as Europe's "Pole of Cold". The coldest temperature ever recorded in Europe was an extraordinary -72.6°F (-58.1°C) in the Pole of Cold's Ust'Schugor (64.15°N 57.45°) on December 31, 1978. The nearby city of Pechora, the largest city in the region (population: 50,000), is also well-known for its extreme temperatures. Pechora boasts Europe's third coldest temperature, a -68.8°F (-56.0°C) reading observed on February 9, 1946. It is likely that Hoseda-Hard got a degree or two colder than the remarkable -70°F measured on Friday, since the station only reported temperatures once every three hours. The high temperature Friday in Hoseda-Hard was a not-so-balmy -49°F (-45°C)!


Figure 1. Departure of surface temperature from average for February 19, 2010. Temperatures at Europe's "Pole of Cold" (dark purple colors) were more than 40°F (22°C) below average. The white dot marks the location of Hoseda-Hard, Russia, which recorded a remarkable -70°F (-56.4°C) at 9am local time that day--the second coldest temperature ever measured in Europe. Image credit: NOAA/ESRL.


Figure 2. A monument in Europe's "Pole of Cold" near Hoseda-Hard, Russia, marking the location of the Arctic Circle. Image credit: Mactak.

Exceptional February heat in Africa
I credit weather historian and extreme weather expert Chris Burt, author of Extreme Weather, for pointing out the incredible cold in Russia on Friday. Chris also noted that on Saturday, February 20, the temperature in Birni-N'Konni, Niger hit 112°F (44.3°C). This is just 3°F (1.7°C) below the warmest temperature ever recorded in the Northern Hemisphere in February--the 115°F reading from Abeche, Chad (date unknown).

Next post
My next post will be Tuesday or Wednesday.

Jeff Masters

Reader Comments

Comments will take a few seconds to appear.

Post Your Comments

Please sign in to post comments.

or Join

Not only will you be able to leave comments on this blog, but you'll also have the ability to upload and share your photos in our Wunder Photos section.

Display: 0, 50, 100, 200 Sort: Newest First - Order Posted

Viewing: 855 - 805

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18Blog Index

Quoting newt3d:


New London, which I believe is nowhere near those two places :)

The good news is there will be a fresh layer of snow on Mt Sunapee when I get there.

Its actually not that far. Londonderry is right by Manchester (and actually where the Manchester airport is), and Windham is between Nashua, NH and Boston.
Member Since: August 3, 2008 Posts: 16 Comments: 5871
Storms are building off of St. Pete/Tampa area here...

Whoops here it is:

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Storms are starting to build off the coast of st. Pete here

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting jeffs713:

No worries. The storm will be hitting the NE hard tomorrow from what i've seen, so leaving Friday would likely be best. Check out the two blogs I mentioned, they can likely give better guidance. Also, what part of NH are you moving to? My best friend lives in Windham, and I have another good friend that lives in Londonderry.


New London, which I believe is nowhere near those two places :)

The good news is there will be a fresh layer of snow on Mt Sunapee when I get there.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting newt3d:


Flying would be nice, but then my car would be stuck down here w/o a home :)

It looks like you're right though, it's gonna be a nasty drive.

No worries. The storm will be hitting the NE hard tomorrow from what i've seen, so leaving Friday would likely be best. Check out the two blogs I mentioned, they can likely give better guidance. Also, what part of NH are you moving to? My best friend lives in Windham, and I have another good friend that lives in Londonderry.
Member Since: August 3, 2008 Posts: 16 Comments: 5871
Quoting jeffs713:

Umm... go the day you can get a flight. ;)


Flying would be nice, but then my car would be stuck down here w/o a home :)

It looks like you're right though, it's gonna be a nasty drive.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting newt3d:
I'm driving from Alabama to New Hampshire either Thursday, Friday, or Saturday ...

I'm hearing various things about a noreaster and 1 foot + snowfalls along part of my path. Any thoughts on which day I should go?

Umm... go the day you can get a flight. ;)

Best place to check would be Blizzard 92's blog (covering the mid-Atlantic) or Sullivanweather's blog, covering the NE. Both stay very current, and I have found that both have excellent, easy-to-understand information.
Member Since: August 3, 2008 Posts: 16 Comments: 5871
Very Interesting Read from TIME that Sites Dr. Masters.

Another Blizzard: What Happened to Global Warming?
Member Since: August 11, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 2315
847. beell


DAY 1 CONVECTIVE OUTLOOK
NWS STORM PREDICTION CENTER NORMAN OK
0625 AM CST WED FEB 24 2010

VALID 241300Z - 251200Z

...THERE IS A SLGT RISK OF SVR TSTMS OVER SRN AND E CNTRL FL...

...SYNOPSIS...
IN RESPONSE TO CLOSED SYSTEM AMPLIFYING SEWD INTO THE OH VLY...
EXPECT POSITIVE-TILT TROUGH NOW OVER THE NW GULF OF MEXICO TO
ACCELERATE E ACROSS THE N CNTRL AND NE GULF LATER TODAY...BEFORE
CONTINUING NEWD OFF NC CST EARLY THU. AT THE SFC...WEAK WAVE NOW
EVOLVING ALONG STALLED/DISJOINTED FRONT W OF KEY WEST SHOULD MOVE
NEWD INTO S FL LATER TODAY. THE WAVE LIKELY WILL BE JOINED BY
ADDITIONAL SFC DEVELOPMENT FARTHER NE...ALONG FRONTAL SEGMENT N/E OF
LK OKEECHOBEE. THE LATER WAVE SHOULD BECOME DOMINANT BY EARLY
AFTERNOON...AND SHOULD ACCELERATE NEWD OFF THE CST LATE IN THE DAY.

...SRN/E CNTRL FL...
TSTMS HAVE FORMED OVERNIGHT IN ZONE OF STRENGTHENING WAA/MOISTURE
FLUX ALONG AND N OF STALLED FRONT S OF THE FL KEYS. THIS ACTIVITY
SHOULD INCREASE AND SPREAD NEWD AS WRN GULF UPR TROUGH CONTINUES
EWD. ADDITIONAL STORMS LIKELY WILL FORM LATER THIS MORNING THROUGH
EARLY AFTN INVOF AFOREMENTIONED SFC WAVE OVER SERN/E CNTRL FL...AND
PERHAPS SWD ALONG CSTL CONVERGENCE ZONE TO NEAR MIA....AS SWLY
LOW-LVL FLOW INCREASES TO A0A 30 KTS.

PROXIMITY OF 120+ KT ZONAL SUBTROPICAL JET...ASSOCIATED 60+ KT WLY
MID LVL FLOW...AND WEAK LOW-LVL LINEAR FORCING WILL FAVOR DISCRETE
OR SEMI-DISCRETE SUSTAINED STORMS/SUPERCELLS. COMBINATION OF SFC
DEWPOINTS IN THE MID TO UPR 60S F...PW AOA 1.25 IN...RESIDUAL EML
/PER 12Z MIA SOUNDING/...AND MODEST SFC HEATING SHOULD YIELD SBCAPE
OF 500-1000 J/KG BY EARLY AFTERNOON. THE STORMS MAY THEREFORE POSE
A THREAT FOR SVR HAIL...LOCALLY DMGG WIND...AND PERHAPS A TORNADO OR
TWO.
THE THREAT SHOULD END BY EARLY EVENING AS THE LOW-LVL FLOW
VEERS AND THE STRONGEST LOW-LVL CONVERGENCE SHIFTS OFFSHORE.

REFER TO MCD #144 THAT WILL BE ISSUED SHORTLY FOR MORE INFO ON
NEAR-TERM CONVECTIVE TRENDS.

MESOSCALE DISCUSSION 0144
NWS STORM PREDICTION CENTER NORMAN OK
0630 AM CST WED FEB 24 2010
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting PensacolaDoug:
Hey Brian!! Don't eat the yellow snow!!


Yeah...when Dakota paused facing the sunrise, she was taking care of business. LOL

But that shot she got shows how good the video is coming out of the camera.

The audio is another matter. I get poor audio when in the waterproof casing, with alot of popping sounds from the case. I was not able to use the live audio from the camera from Dakota's test.

Another delivery to my house is scheduled for today. It is a Minox DMP-3 Audio Recorder. Since it is USB powered, I will hook it directly to the "big batt" I use for the live web cam and stow it in the tupperware that holds the live web cam equipment. I'll have an audio cable come out of the tupperware to a shotgun microphone.

When I test this set up, my hope is that once it is powered on and recording, I can forget about it. The "big test" will be 12 hours of non-stop recording to a single file. I will then take the file and break it down into single hours.

The HD camera lets you set date and time. So the theory will be that if I write down when I start the audio, I'll be able to marry both audio and video using time.

That's the plan. My testing with the camera is very nearly over already. I'll work with mounting strategies and such a bit, but overall, I'm satisfied with my initial results from working with it.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
I'm driving from Alabama to New Hampshire either Thursday, Friday, or Saturday ...

I'm hearing various things about a noreaster and 1 foot + snowfalls along part of my path. Any thoughts on which day I should go?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Hey Brian!! Don't eat the yellow snow!!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting TampaTom:


Yeah, I'm kinda thinking that cat 4's aren't a day at the park...

Hugo (1989)
Donna (1960)
Charley (2004)
Lake Okeechobee storm of 1928
Fort Lauderdale storm of 1947
Carla (1964)
Ivan (2004)
Hazel (1954)
Audrey (1957)


Luckily... I have never been on Dry land for a Cat 1 or bigger. Most Navy's are smart that way... and run for deep water as quick as we can :)

That being said... they are not much fun in deep water either.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting leftovers:
twc was running a short story of the hurricane hunters down in sw florida they were lucky charlie further intensified into a cat 5.. they would of had nothing to hide behind.


Charley was only a Cat 4.

Hurricane Charley
Member Since: August 11, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 2315
Quoting Orcasystems:


If thats luck... you can have it :)


Yeah, I'm kinda thinking that cat 4's aren't a day at the park...

Hugo (1989)
Donna (1960)
Charley (2004)
Lake Okeechobee storm of 1928
Fort Lauderdale storm of 1947
Carla (1964)
Ivan (2004)
Hazel (1954)
Audrey (1957)
Member Since: June 20, 2005 Posts: 22 Comments: 1050
Quoting leftovers:
twc was running a short story of the hurricane hunters down in sw florida they were lucky charlie further intensified into a cat 5.. they would of had nothing to hide behind.


If thats luck... you can have it :)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
GoPro HD Hero Helmet Cam - "DakotaCam" 1st Test

Video quality will improve to HD. Wide-angle lens is working.

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Here's a great weather education site I just saw this morning:

Jetstream: An online school for weather


Wow, that's a great resource!
Member Since: June 20, 2005 Posts: 22 Comments: 1050
Quoting TampaSpin:


How is that statement so hard for you to understand......our Founding Fathers Came to this Land and established American beliefs as they fought for those beliefs and will defend the American idea they established for those beliefs.......Sorry i am so stupid and did not spell out the meaning much clearer....I have had many relatives that have lost their lives fighting for the Country that i love far more than most.....the idiots like some that have a difficult time understanding what a Patriot American some are, i am sorry to wave my Red, White, and Blue so proud. Sorry for Loving the Country i love so dearly and wish others just understood that!
Sorry if i have hurt Someones feelings and wrote what one says was a dumb statement .......i guess i am just a Dumb American and would happy to be labeled as such.


Is there any other country in the world where people are proud to be dumb? And we are supposed to be proud of that?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:


AOI

AOI

AOI

AOI

Humor in Comments
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting doabarrelroll:
1. They Did not come here. They were born here.
2. I Love this country too. It took my parents in from Cuba and allowed them to be successful and raise a family in a safe niegborhood. I resent the fact that you say its un american to question the authority of yoru country. I am patriotic too. And if they time came to die fo rthis country I would. So who are you to cast any judgement on ANYONE. You are under the false impression that liberals do not love america.
AIM is obviously not in yet or you both would be getting the "boys! play nice!" by now...
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
if anyone says this H season will be weak guess again ppl factors to watch did u remember in january th blow up of t storms near africa and the warm sea surface temp and d dying el nino and how about now just recently the model hints i had remember reading on a website that 2010 might be d last of active seasons to come and if this was to be the case i am sure it will be deeeevaaassttaating d sea surface temps are much warmer than 2005 and 2004 of course its not being supersticious but just lookin at d factors that contribute to hurricane formation
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
GoPro HD Hero Testing UPDATE:

Other than the two problems I mentioned in an earlier post, the cameras seem to be pretty awesome.

The wide angle lens is amazing. The mounts for the camera are strong, but I need to order mounts built for bikers so I can put the camera on my ATV.

Low light functionality is tolerable. Batt charge rate is tolerable. File size created in 1280 X 720 HD is tolerable.

As soon as I can, I'm hooking it up to my German shorthaired pointer and let her run.

If the camera doesn't bounce much, I should get some neat footage. The dog is fast!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting atmoaggie:
802: Methinks you got the wrong impression of that blogger. Overly liberal, he is not. Patriotic, I am under the impression that he is quite so.


Thank You very much. At least someone understands! Liberal i am not and yes Patriotic i am. Thanks!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting doabarrelroll:


Led me shed some light on this. I recieced in email form TampaSpin where he explained to me in his yoda-ish way why it is "un-american" to root for "against your home country" I explained to him that it is more American to protest. At which point I used our nations founding fathers as an example fighting or "rooting against" their home country of Great Britain. Which prompted him to say this,

Whatever ........i think they came to America .......to become American and fought to be an American and defend America.....which is what i am doing unlike your very Liberal views.....sorry you have to see an American flag on some occasions.

Which is the dumbest thing I ever heard



How is that statement so hard for you to understand......our Founding Fathers Came to this Land and established American beliefs as they fought for those beliefs and will defend the American idea they established for those beliefs.......Sorry i am so stupid and did not spell out the meaning much clearer....I have had many relatives that have lost their lives fighting for the Country that i love far more than most.....the idiots like some that have a difficult time understanding what a Patriot American some are, i am sorry to wave my Red, White, and Blue so proud. Sorry for Loving the Country i love so dearly and wish others just understood that!
Sorry if i have hurt Someones feelings and wrote what one says was a dumb statement .......i guess i am just a Dumb American and would happy to be labeled as such.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting StormW:
Here are some common abbreviations and acronyms you will see in my hurricane forecasts, and on WU in general. Figured I'd post them in case anyone wnats to copy them down:

AMO: Atlantic Multidecadal Osillation
ATCF: Automated Tropical Cyclone Forecasting system
BOC: Bay Of Campeche
CATL: Central Atlantic
CARCAH: Chief, Aerial Reconnaissance Coordination, All Hurricanes
CDO: Central Dense Overcast
CFS: Coupled Forecast System & Climate Forecast System
CISK: Conditional Instability of the Second Kind
CMC: Canadian Meteorological Center
CONUS: CONtinental United States
DOMREP: DOMinican REPublic
EATL: East Atlantic
ECMWF: European Center for Medium range Weather
Forecasting
ENSO: El Nino/Southern Oscillation
EWRC: EyeWall Replacement Cycle
FROPA: FROntal PAssage
GANTSEC: Greater ANtilles SECtion
GFDL: Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory
GFS: Global Forecast System
GOMEX: Gulf Of MEXico
HWRF: Hurricane and Weather Research Forecasting
IRT: In Reference or In Rgeard To
ITCZ: InterTropical Convergence Zone
IVO: In the Vicinity Of
LLC: Low Level Circulation
MCC: Mesoscale Covective Complex
MJO: Madden Julian Oscillation
MM5: FSU Mesoscale Model
MSLP: Mean Sea Level Pressure
MEI: Multivariate ENSO Index
NAM: North American Mesoscale Model
NAO: North Atlantic Oscillation
NCATL: North Central Atlantic
NEWD: Northeastward
NHC: National Hurricane Center
NOGAPS: Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction
System
NWD: Northward
OBX: Outer Banks (N.C.)
ONI: Oceanic Nino Index
QBO: Quasi Biennial Oscillation
PDO: Pacific Decadal Oscillation
SAL: Saharan Air Layer
SEUS: SouthEast U.S.
SLOSH: Sea, Lake, and Overland Surge due to Hurricanes
SOI: Southern Oscillation Index
SPC: Storm Prediction Center
SSD: Satellite Services Division
SWEAT: Severe WEAther Threat
SWWD: Southwestward
TCPOD: Tropical Cyclone Plan Of the Day
THCP: Tropical Cyclone Heat Potential
TUTT: Tropical Upper Tropospheric Trof
UKMET: United Kingdom METeorological office
ULL: Upper Level Low
WW3: Wave Watch 3 model.
UTC: Universal Time Coordinated (also known as Zulu time)
XTRP: Not a model. Short for Extrapolation. Dead reckoning plot of a storm if it kept in a straight line, with no other forces acting upon it


Thanks StormW. Very helpful info.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
22/02/2009




22/02/2010


2010 very warm it start

What we will have in this huracanes season is big!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
BRRRRRRRRRRRRR....................
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
I have a feeling places like NYC will possibly top their all-time daily record snowfall thurs-fri.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
815. Prgal
Thanks!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Prgal:
Hi everybody. I need an opinion and I know you guys here are amazing at forcasting. I need to fly out of Pittsburgh. There are a couple of systems in play. What would be the worse/best time to leave between Thursday and Friday? TIA


You might want to try Blizzard92's blog for an answer to this. The winter folks hang there quite a bit, although it is getting late, but worth a shot.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
813. Prgal
Hi everybody. I need an opinion and I know you guys here are amazing at forcasting. I need to fly out of Pittsburgh. There are a couple of systems in play. What would be the worse/best time to leave between Thursday and Friday? TIA
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Please forgive my indulgence on this topic, but I would like to share a personal real-life scenario (I used to have another regarding dental, but this is my new favorite).

Wife needs an MRI every year. Were I simply paying a co-pay I would not care, but I shop insurance (iirc, 3 years is the most I've had the same carrier).

Claustrophobia not an issue in this scenario.

Open MRI = $1200.

Closed MRI = $900.

Call the open MRI place and, imagine that, owner agrees to $800.

See that happen with co-pays and/or govt run. Not going to happen.

Competition is the key to highest quality at lowest cost. Take that out and you pay $1 per minute to make a phone call from NY to CA, as it used to be.
Member Since: September 9, 2008 Posts: 6 Comments: 3414
Oh, and Bordonaro, CCR wins by a landslide. ;)
Member Since: September 9, 2008 Posts: 6 Comments: 3414
Quoting Skyepony:
Insurance cover for coconut palms


I apologize in advance for way, way off topic and political in nature, although not in reality.

This is too coincidental. I was just thinking about health care and the increase in CA that is being jumped on.

Actuarial science hasn't changed in forever. Reason being is it is rock-solid math. Book I learned from in college was 50 years old.

Insurance is completely based on it. Bad actuarial scientists, you fail. (no, I do not do that for a living, although I could).

Too many feel they get screwed, but in reality (prefaced on no govt involvement), the numbers are the numbers. 2+2=4 or it doesn't.

Without actual analysis of the numbers, if young people are dropping due to the economy, the affect on the math is huge. And completely valid.

Here is my big beef, given the math, I have (or my parents have) been paying in since I was born.

Why should someone be able to not pay in for 40-50 years and then when there is a problem, all of a sudden get the same benefits as me?

It's insanity, mathematically speaking.

Why wouldn't everyone just wait until there was a problem?

I would have if that were the system and will advise my children of the same if it is the case. Don't get it until you're at least 30 (rough... I'll do the math before advising my children).
Member Since: September 9, 2008 Posts: 6 Comments: 3414
Quoting CycloneOz:
GoPro HD Hero Camera Setup UPDATE:

Testing the camera tonight has shown two real issues:

1) The patch to set the camera upside down but record right side up is not yet available. That means I have to rotate the video manually in my editor. HASSLE!

2) The camera records MPG4. Adobe Premiere can't read MPG4! That means I have to convert the MPG4 to .AVI before I can edit. HASSLE!

Other than that so far...pretty cool gadget!


This sounds vaguely familiar, something my daughter was doing. I think she found a fix for it. I googled "adobe premiere mpeg4" and saw a couple of things. Give it a look.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting CycloneOz:
GoPro HD Hero Camera Setup UPDATE:

Testing the camera tonight has shown two real issues:

1) The patch to set the camera upside down but record right side up is not yet available. That means I have to rotate the video manually in my editor. HASSLE!

2) The camera records MPG4. Adobe Premiere can't read MPG4! That means I have to convert the MPG4 to .AVI before I can edit. HASSLE!

Other than that so far...pretty cool gadget!


Oz, see strap set up for the FiDo cam in post 785. MPEG4 is a better compression than AVI, just my take. All the professional surveillance stuff I provide is based on H.264 right now.

Ya may want to upgrade your software :)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
GoPro HD Hero Camera Setup UPDATE:

Testing the camera tonight has shown two real issues:

1) The patch to set the camera upside down but record right side up is not yet available. That means I have to rotate the video manually in my editor. HASSLE!

2) The camera records MPG4. Adobe Premiere can't read MPG4! That means I have to convert the MPG4 to .AVI before I can edit. HASSLE!

Other than that so far...pretty cool gadget!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
802: Methinks you got the wrong impression of that blogger. Overly liberal, he is not. Patriotic, I am under the impression that he is quite so.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
805. Skyepony (Mod)
Insurance cover for coconut palms
Member Since: Posts: Comments:

Viewing: 855 - 805

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18Blog Index

Top of Page

About

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.