The United States of Snow

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 5:51 PM GMT on February 13, 2010

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We live in the United States of Snow. A rare Deep South heavy snowstorm whipped across the southern tier of states yesterday, dumping six-plus inches of snow over portions of Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina. Even Florida got into the act, with up to two inches recorded in the extreme northwestern Panhandle. The snowstorm left 49 of the 50 states with snow cover, according to an article by Associated Press. Hawaii was the lone hold-out. David Robinson, head of the Rutgers Global Snow Lab, said that 67.1% of the U.S. had snow cover on Friday morning, with the average depth a respectable 8 inches. Normally, the U.S. has about 40 - 50% snow coverage during the 2nd week of February. January had the 6th greatest snow cover in the 44-year record over the contiguous U.S., and December 2009 had the most snow cover of any December on record. The current pattern of record heavy snows over the the Eastern U.S. is primarily due to a natural oscillation in the Earth's climate system called the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO). (Some prefer to discuss this in terms of the Arctic Oscillation, which is as a close cousin of the NAO, and one can use either). I discussed the NAO's influence on winter weather in a post last month. Another contributing factor is probably the current moderate El Niño event.

An all-time record snow for Dallas
The most recent storm clobbered Dallas with 12.5" of snow, the heaviest snow on record for the Dallas-Fort Worth Airport. Dallas' previous record was 7.4", set on January 15 - 16, 1964. The 15.7" of snow that has now fallen on Dallas this winter eclipses the previous record seasonal snowfall for the city--14.1" during the winter of 1977 - 1978. The snowstorm dumped over a foot of snow along a narrow region just north of Dallas and Fort Worth, with the towns of Haslet and Duncanville receiving 14.2" and 14.9", respectively.


Figure 1. Dallas' all-time record snowfall made for an un-inviting swim at this pool in nearby Flower Mound. Image credit: wunderphotographer texasdog.

A few selected snow amounts from the storm, courtesy of the National Weather Service:

...NORTH CAROLINA ...
HARKERS ISLAND 3.2 NE 8.8
HAVELOCK 2.7 S 8.5
BEAUFORT 7.0
NEWPORT 7.0
SEA LEVEL 7.0
OUTLAND 4 S 6.8
WINTERVILLE 3.5 W 6.4
CAPE CARTERET 6.2
BETTIE 6.0
BURGAW 6.0
JACKSONVILLE 6.0
MOREHEAD CITY 6.0
GREENVILLE 5.8

...ALABAMA...
BELLEVILLE 6.0
BRANTLEY 5.0
EVERGREEN 5 N 5.0
THOMASVILLE 5.0
EUFAULA 4 S 4.5
LOTTIE 4.5
MONROEVILLE 0.6 SSW 4.1
ARITON 4.0
PINSON 4.0
RAMER 4.0
TROY 4.0
WARD 4.0

...ARKANSAS...
FOREMAN 4.0
TEXARKANA 1 N 4.0

...FLORIDA...
BERRYDALE 2.0
MUNSON 2.0
JAY 1.0

...GEORGIA...
LUMPKIN 6.0
WASHINGTON 1.9 NE 5.8
LOGANVILLE 4 SSE 5.3
NICHOLSON 4.9 SE 4.8
ATHENS 3.2 NW 4.6
LA GRANGE 10.6 ESE 4.5
WATKINSVILLE 1.6 ENE 4.4
ROCKMART 9.6 SSE 4.3
TALBOTTON 4.0
HAMILTON 5 W 3.5
VILLA RICA 3.5
SENOIA 2 N 3.0
DACULA 2.5
CUTHBERT 2.0
MACON 2.0
ROME 2.0

...LOUISIANA...
SHREVEPORT 9.1 SE 6.1
NATCHITOCHES 0.9 NE 6.0
SHONGALOO 5 N 6.0
SICILY ISLAND 3.3 WNW 6.0
GOLDONNA 8.8 SSW 5.6
MONROE 5.0
PLAIN DEALING 3.3 ESE 5.0
HOMER 1.2 N 3.7
WEST MONROE 6.1 WSW 3.5

...MISSISSIPPI...
DE KALB 8.0
BUDE 6.5
VICKSBURG 6.3
BROOKHAVEN 6.0
NATCHEZ 6.0
PETAL 6.0
BRANDON 5.0
CATAHOULA 5.0
MADISON 5.0
BRANDON 1.9 NE 4.6
MERIDIAN 4.5
MCCALL CREEK 5 W 4.0

...OKLAHOMA...
HAWORTH 4 SW 7.5
IDABEL 8 SE 7.5

...SOUTH CAROLINA...
SUMMERVILLE 3.8 NE 8.2
COLUMBIA 7.3
BAMBERG 7.0
BOWMAN 7.0
EVANS 1 SE 7.0
LEXINGTON 1.6 WNW 7.0
OAK GROVE 1 SE 7.0
OATLAND 8 N 7.0
SMOAKS 7.0
HEMINGWAY 6.8
SANGAREE 6.5
ORANGEBURG 6.0
DARLINGTON 5.0
BLYTHE 4.0
CHARLESTON 3.3
BEAUFORT 3.0

...TEXAS...
DUNCANVILLE 1.7 NNW 14.9
HASLET 14.2
FORT WORTH 12.6
DALLAS 12.5
MANSFIELD 2.6 NNE 12.2
BRIDGEPORT 12.0
ROYSE CITY 12.0
SANGER 1.8 WSW 12.0
MESQUITE 3.3 ESE 11.4
NORTH RICHLAND HILLS 1.9 NE 11.3

As we can see from a plot of the frequency of U.S. snowstorms between 1900 - 2001 (Figure 2), heavy snow events of 6+ inches occur about once every ten years for Dallas, and between once every ten years and once every 100 years for the portions of Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina that received 6+ inches of snow from this storm.


Figure 2. The annual average number of snowstorms with a 6 inch (15.2 cm) or greater accumulation, from the years 1901 - 2001. A value of 0.1 means an average of one 6+ inch snowstorm every ten years. Image credit: Changnon, S.A., D. Changnon, and T.R. Karl, 2006, Temporal and Spatial Characteristics of Snowstorms in the Contiguous United States, J. Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 45, 8, pp. 1141-1155, DOI: 10.1175/JAM2395.1.

More heavy snowstorms occur in warmer-than-average years
I made this point in yesterday's blog post, but it's worth repeating. Another interesting result from the Changnon et al. (2006) paper of Figure 2 is the relationship between heavy snowstorms and the average winter temperature. For the contiguous U.S. between 1900 - 2001, the authors found that 61% - 80% of all heavy snowstorms of 6+ inches occurred during winters with above normal temperatures. In other words, the old adage, "it's too cold to snow", has some truth to it. The authors also found that 61% - 85% of all heavy snowstorms of 6+ inches occurred during winters that were wetter than average. The authors conclude, "a future with wetter and warmer winters, which is one outcome expected (National Assessment Synthesis Team 2001), will bring more heavy snowstorms of 6+ inches than in 1901 - 2000. The authors found that over the U.S. as a whole, there had been a slight but significant increase in heavy snowstorms of 6+ inches than in 1901 - 2000. So, there is evidence that the average climate of the U.S. over the past 100 years is colder than optimal for heavy snow events to occur. If the climate continues to warm, we should expect an increase in heavy snow events for a few decades, until the climate grows so warm that we pass the point where winter temperatures are at the optimum for heavy snow events. However, a study by Houston and Changnon (2009) on the most severe types of snowstorms--the "top ten" heaviest snows on record for each of 121 major U.S. cities--shows no upward or downward trend in the very heaviest snowstorms for the contiguous U.S. between 1948 - 2001.

A new snowstorm for the mid-Atlantic and New York City on Monday
The extreme amounts of snow on the ground in the Mid-Atlantic thanks to back-to-back blizzards over the past week will get a fresh layer on top Monday night, when a new snowstorm will probably dump another 3 - 6 inches of snow on Washington D.C., Baltimore, and Philadelphia. The new storm is called an "Alberta Clipper", due to its fast motion and genesis location in Canada's Alberta Province. These storms are relatively dry and tend to bring lighter, fluffier snow. Once the Clipper moves out over the Atlantic off the coast of Maryland, it will pick up some Atlantic moisture and bring some heavier snows to the New York City region, potentially 6 - 10 inches.

Media coverage by the Washington Post
I did a phone-in press call with 20 media outlets on Thursday, to discuss how record snowstorms do not imply that global warming is not occurring. Participating on the call with me was Dr. Joe Romm, who blogs on climate-related issues for climateprogress.org. The audio is posted there if you want to listen.

The Washington Post highlighted a portion of the call where I said, "there's a huge amount of natural variability in the climate system", not enough years of measurements to know exactly what's going on, and "Unfortunately we don't have that data so we are forced to make decisions based on inadequate data." The article said that my statements shot down the statement by Joe Romm that "the overwhelming weight of the scientific literature" points to human-caused warming and that doubters "don't understand the science." Let me clarify that there will always be considerable uncertainty in our understanding of a chaotic system like the atmosphere. We should not demand certainty where it cannot exist, always using uncertainty as an excuse for taking no action. Keep in mind that the uncertainty goes both ways--climate change could be far worse than the IPCC is predicting, and it would be wise to buy an intelligent amount of insurance to protect ourselves. I agree with Dr. Romm's statement, and the official Statement on Climate Change from the American Meteorological Society, "Despite the uncertainties...there is adequate evidence from observations and interpretations of climate simulations to conclude that the atmosphere, ocean, and land surface are warming; that humans have significantly contributed to this change; and that further climate change will continue to have important impacts on human societies, on economies, on ecosystems, and on wildlife through the 21st century and beyond." The official statement from the UK Royal Society and UK Met Office is also one I agree with, "The 2007 IPCC Assessment, the most comprehensive and respected analysis of climate change to date, states clearly that without substantial global reductions of greenhouse gas emissions we can likely expect a world of increasing droughts, floods and species loss, of rising seas and displaced human populations. However even since the 2007 IPCC Assessment the evidence for dangerous, long-term and potentially irreversible climate change has strengthened. The scientific evidence which underpins calls for action at Copenhagen is very strong. Without coordinated international action on greenhouse gas emissions, the impacts on climate and civilization could be severe.".

Next post
Looks like the winter onslaught will slow down for a day, so I'll be back Monday with a new post.

Jeff Masters

overton texas 2/12/10 (dinkasu)
Biggest snowman eastexas
overton texas 2/12/10
Snow - 2.13.10 Palm Trees (ruralart)
Palm trees in the snow, Cheraw, SC
Snow - 2.13.10 Palm Trees
Snowy Palms (nuq)
Snowy Palms

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I can't speak for Dr. Masters. He's an educated man and is entitled to his opinions.

Just as I'm an un-educated man and am entitled to my own.
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Quoting CaneHunter031472:
http://www.foxnews.com/scitech/2010/01/11/years-global-cooling-coming-say-leading-scientists/

Please read this article.

I did. While the northern hemisphere witness a shift from polar level atmosphere it is now considerable colder in our locations.
But if you look at the overall trend it becomes hotter.
January globaly was particular warm and currently we have heatwave in brazil or equador. In contrast US had a considerable cold december. Climate shifts from the NAO. Further the northern polar region is now significant warmer (Surface and ocean wise) - accelerating the thaw processes.

Looks to me, like we just witness an advanced global thaw process.
Member Since: September 22, 2005 Posts: 11 Comments: 2032
Quoting PensacolaDoug:
Dr Phil Jones from the Climate Research Unit at East Anglica Universtiy now admits he can't find his "data" because his "organisational skills" are crap. Also admits there has been no statistically significant warming of the earth since 1995! Also concedes that it was probably warme during the Medievil Warm Period. Circa 800 AD to 1300 AD. It was during that period that the Vikings had working farms in southern Greenland. Don't tell Grothar that, He's in denial. At the peak in Greenland there was an est 3000 to 5000 people living there before it got too cold again.

It's my opinion that Dr. Jone's admissions is more than another "nail in the coffin" of AGW debate. More like a "stake thru the heart"!


If this is true which I believe it is. Why is Dr. Masters as many others now blaming this winter to Global Warming? aren't they concerned about their credibility. I am using this site for Hurricane tracking only from now on Will not listen to him anymore since I know now he is biased.
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Quoting transitzone:

Also a guy that built a globe cement type house for a emergency like a tropical cyclone.. I really like that design of that globe house..

Dome houses are good. So are dome schools, churches, office and even shopping centers. Highly resistant to hurricanes, tornadoes and earthquakes. Very energy efficient because they enclose the maximum volume with minimum surface area and because they put the thermal mass on the inside and the insulation on the outside.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Dr Phil Jones from the Climate Research Unit at East Anglica Universtiy now admits he can't find his "data" because his "organisational skills" are crap. Also admits there has been no statistically significant warming of the earth since 1995! Also concedes that it was probably warme during the Medievil Warm Period. Circa 800 AD to 1300 AD. It was during that period that the Vikings had working farms in southern Greenland. Don't tell Grothar that, He's in denial. At the peak in Greenland there was an est 3000 to 5000 people living there before it got too cold again.

It's my opinion that Dr. Jone's admissions is more than another "nail in the coffin" of AGW debate. More like a "stake thru the heart"!
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Quoting transitzone:

Well, one can always use the highly scientific method that most of the broadcast weather guessing talking heads around here studiously avoid: open the door, walk outside, look around ;-) Yea, I know, takes one away from the computer and introduces the Real World. Ah well....


Lol can't argue that. I was telling my son last Friday there is no snow falling while looking at the radar and he told me oh yes there is snow, I argued my point and he pointed to the window when I looked outside it was snowing like crazy lol. Radar failed me on Friday.
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http://www.foxnews.com/scitech/2010/01/11/years-global-cooling-coming-say-leading-scientists/

Please read this article.
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i know Ike was all excited the last time.
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Well i hope you see more this time than the last time. LOL
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Quoting severstorm:
Hey Doug Its colder in Tampa than your place today 38.5


Sho 'nuff!
Won't be tonight tho.

Getting ripped on our "snow" forecast for the 3rd time thi season. Drag.
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Hey Doug Its colder in Tampa than your place today 38.5
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Yes, colder here than in Ga right now Crazy,
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46.2*F in Macon, Georgia this morning. No snow. Just rain again. :(
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Cold down There!
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Morning all, and had 26.4 yesterday Brrrrrr
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Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Motttt:
Does any body have the web site that debunked the weather temperature reading by the black top parking lots?

http://www.skepticalscience.com/surface-temperature-measurements.htm

Dr Jeff Masters had a blog on this
Poorly sited U.S. temperature instruments not responsible for artificial warming
http://www.wunderground.com/blog/JeffMasters/comment.html?entrynum=1419&tstamp=
Member Since: September 22, 2005 Posts: 11 Comments: 2032
Quoting EnergyMoron:
Jones recants

Link

I sent the follow to real climate; since I am not in the climate business maybe it will not be read.

Anyway, will the real scientists please stand up now?

***

I am very concerned about the climate. Sometimes I speak (for an oil and gas company) on energy efficiency in the deep south and do mention AGW and the last few months have been, well, your web page helped immensely to make sure . This entire climategate thing has been very damaging and is not good. The arctic ice melt is real and predicted by Arrhenius back around 1900; Fourier’s classic experiments in the early 1800’s are what they are. We don’t understand natural cycles.

Since Dr. McIntyre was the first to raise the issue of the sloppy science I think he should take the lead in giving the REAL AGW story.

The solution for right now?

Efficiency.

My family’s carbon footprint is less than 10 tonnes per year (family of 5). We have a hybrid SUV, for example. 35 MPG. 34 PMG on my old 1998 Escort. Poured in $30,000 into house; reduced energy costs by $1,500 a year, slam dunk 20 year payout. And then I have a roof that I don’t have to replace come 20 years. Fantastic. Helping the planet is economically fine. Don’t mind paying a few pennies extra for wind energy either.

What is not going to payout and indeed is increasing my carbon footprint right now owing to a bad installation? Solar hot water. Cost $10,000.

It could be worse…. Folks who have an electric backup for solar water…. Let’s see…. Peaking electricity is from old coal plants working at 30% efficiency, natural gas burns 2.25 times cleaner than coal on a carbon basis (not to mention other nasties), assume solar works 2/3 of the time, and I can generate heat at 83% efficiency by burning natural gas. Solar with an electric backup, except in a rare case where the backup electric power is off-grid (not the case at my home!), actually increases carbon emissions by a factor of 2 over just having a plain natural gas system with efficient insulation.

Yah, future research is very important; I work from time-to-time on carbon sequestration projects. But these are not ready for prime time.

The message has to be stop wasting energy America. Heck, independent of climate change concerns, we can focus on the ½ of the abatement curve (Pacala and Socolow) that actually MAKES money!

Since Dr. McIntyre was the initial whistle-blower (been there, done that, and I have an US SEC judgment in the matter hanging on my door at work as a trophy), I think he is in a unique position to bring to the public the REAL story about AGW.

There is a solution for energy load balancing.
Almost no more power outages, once everyone advanced.

Denmark to test wind powered cars in smart grid experiment
Cars could fill gaps in Denmark’s renewable energy supply if an experiment is successful. In a new vehicle-to-grid (V2G) experiment, Denmark will use batteries contained within electric cars to store excess wind power that will be fed back into the power grid when the wind isn’t blowing.

To be conducted on the island of Bornholm, parked electric cars will store excess energy that is generated when the wind is blowing particularly hard. When the wind isn’t blowing, the cars will feed electricity back into the power grid.

The venture-backed firm, launched in 2007 and based in Palo Alto, Calif., aims to create networks of electric cars worldwide. Deals have been announced in other densely packed "transportation islands," as Agassi calls them, in Denmark, Australia, San Francisco, Hawaii, the west coast of Canada, along with a small taxi scheme in Japan.
http://www.smartmeters.com/the-news/560-denmark-to-test-wind-powered-cars-in-smart-grid-experiment. html

San Francisco Joins "Better Place" Electric Car Project
http://solveclimate.com/blog/20081121/san-francisco-joins-better-place-electric-car-project

Better Place Takes Big Leap Forward with Israel Electric-Car Pilot

"Israel is detaching itself from oil," said Shai Agassi (photo), the 41-year-old, Israeli-born founder of the company. The government "really wants this to happen," he said. "It is a national project."

Even if the cars run off coal, "the emissions impact is the difference between a full glass of water on oil and a drop of water on battery," said Shai Agassi. Citing a study by the Israel Electric Corporation, the Better Place head said the nation could switch all of its cars to electric without requiring any new generation.

The reason is the company's so-called "smart batteries." The giant, 550-pound power packs will contain "bi-directional" charging that will allow parked cars to feed power back to the grid, turning them into petite power plants.

The technology, known as vehicle to grid, or V2G, is still in its infancy. Tal Agassi said that between 2013 to 2015, when large amounts of cars are running, the company will be able to deploy it but not before. Theoretically, he said, a half a million electric vehicles could send one gigawatt of power back to the grid — equivalent to about 10 percent of Israel's electricity consumption in a single day.
http://solveclimate.com/blog/20100209/better-place-takes-big-leap-forward-israel-electric-car-pilot
Member Since: September 22, 2005 Posts: 11 Comments: 2032
Quoting FLPandhandleJG:
on the weather channel..

I really really liked their talking heads a week ago. Quote of the weekend at the races concerned fog elsewhere: "zero visibility, usually under a quarter mile". Duh!
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on the weather channel.. they got a story about hurricane Ivan when it hit pensacola, FL.. and covering a family that rode it out and Navarre.. Also a guy that built a globe cement type house for a emergency like a tropical cyclone.. I really like that design of that globe house..
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Quoting beell:
I do wish we had a more reliable way for us amateurs to determine if snow was making it to the ground.

Well, one can always use the highly scientific method that most of the broadcast weather guessing talking heads around here studiously avoid: open the door, walk outside, look around ;-) Yea, I know, takes one away from the computer and introduces the Real World. Ah well....
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If so would you please WU mail it to me
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Does any body have the web site that debunked the weather temperature reading by the black top parking lots?
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Haha, it was so insignificant that I probably would have missed if my friend didn't call me to tell me that there were miniature snowflakes.
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315. beell
I do wish we had a more reliable way for us amateurs to determine if snow was making it to the ground.

And 1900 is just making that stuff up to be difficult!

(j/k)
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Quoting beell:
Well, you were the one that said it was snowing!


That is true lol! I guess I shouldn't have trusted the algorithm on the radar. I didn't even look at the surface observations. Amateur mistake.
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313. beell
Well, you were the one that said it was snowing!
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Jones recants

Link

I sent the follow to real climate; since I am not in the climate business maybe it will not be read.

Anyway, will the real scientists please stand up now?

***

I am very concerned about the climate. Sometimes I speak (for an oil and gas company) on energy efficiency in the deep south and do mention AGW and the last few months have been, well, your web page helped immensely to make sure . This entire climategate thing has been very damaging and is not good. The arctic ice melt is real and predicted by Arrhenius back around 1900; Fourier’s classic experiments in the early 1800’s are what they are. We don’t understand natural cycles.

Since Dr. McIntyre was the first to raise the issue of the sloppy science I think he should take the lead in giving the REAL AGW story.

The solution for right now?

Efficiency.

My family’s carbon footprint is less than 10 tonnes per year (family of 5). We have a hybrid SUV, for example. 35 MPG. 34 PMG on my old 1998 Escort. Poured in $30,000 into house; reduced energy costs by $1,500 a year, slam dunk 20 year payout. And then I have a roof that I don’t have to replace come 20 years. Fantastic. Helping the planet is economically fine. Don’t mind paying a few pennies extra for wind energy either.

What is not going to payout and indeed is increasing my carbon footprint right now owing to a bad installation? Solar hot water. Cost $10,000.

It could be worse…. Folks who have an electric backup for solar water…. Let’s see…. Peaking electricity is from old coal plants working at 30% efficiency, natural gas burns 2.25 times cleaner than coal on a carbon basis (not to mention other nasties), assume solar works 2/3 of the time, and I can generate heat at 83% efficiency by burning natural gas. Solar with an electric backup, except in a rare case where the backup electric power is off-grid (not the case at my home!), actually increases carbon emissions by a factor of 2 over just having a plain natural gas system with efficient insulation.

Yah, future research is very important; I work from time-to-time on carbon sequestration projects. But these are not ready for prime time.

The message has to be stop wasting energy America. Heck, independent of climate change concerns, we can focus on the ½ of the abatement curve (Pacala and Socolow) that actually MAKES money!

Since Dr. McIntyre was the initial whistle-blower (been there, done that, and I have an US SEC judgment in the matter hanging on my door at work as a trophy), I think he is in a unique position to bring to the public the REAL story about AGW.
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Quoting beell:
It is the dry subsident nature of the CAA coming on the NW flow and behind the front that is squelching water vapor.


And dry air on the skew-t can be shown through the dewpoint depression as well as include an inversion. The Bufkit shows near saturation in the mid levels and then a deviation in the lower levels currently as the low level cold air advection slides eastward.
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Also another look at the moisture to the north this system has to tape into.
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Storm is really starting to ramp it up a bit. Could be a big snow event for the northeast as long as it tracks north-northeast.
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308. beell
It is the dry subsident nature of the CAA coming on the NW flow behind the front that is squelching water vapor.

See post 202 if you want.
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upper mobile county under a winter advisory. possible snow tonight.
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Quoting beell:
An inversion is temperature related. Not related to the moisture(or lack of) present.



Inversion layer is stable and acts to suppress water vapor. The large dewpoint depression is an indication of dry air in the lower levels.
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We actually just had a few snowflakes in College Station, although very small ones and not many more than can be counted on my fingers.
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304. beell
An inversion is temperature related. Not related to the moisture(or lack of) present.

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The NAM 00z Bufkit for the Shreveport area showed an inversion layer between 950mb-850mb with a dewpoint depression of 9C near 900mb. Anything falling from the cloud is evaporating in the low level dry air.
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302. beell


Mesoscale Discussion 0129
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301. xcool
analog year!!!!! any one know for upcoming hurricane se????
Member Since: September 26, 2009 Posts: 2 Comments: 15684
More on the Phil Jones BBC interview.

On volcanic and solar effects:

However, Jones also noted that volcanoes should have produced cooling (and did) in the early 1980s and 1990s. He said the solar was flat. Here, it actually depends on what and whose measure of solar output you use.

Some, like Judith Lean, show flat solar output, but others like Hoyt/Schatten/Willson show an increase in line with recent decadal warming. Also, the other solar factors like ultraviolet (Shindell and Labitzke) and geomagnetic (Svensmark, Friis-Christensen), which can influence Earth’s temperature through ozone chemistry or cosmic ray cloud cover variations, were ignored by Lean and the IPCC (though they were discussed at some length in the IPCC science chapters). Scafetta and West have shown that, depending on which reconstruction is used and assuming that they are proxies for the total solar effect, you can explain up to 69% of the government (inflated) warming since 1900.


On the MWP (links removed):


The Idsos at CO2 Science have done a very thorough job documenting, using the peer review literature, the existence of a global MWP. They have found data published by 804 individual scientists from 476 separate research institutions in 43 different countries supporting the global Medieval Warm Period.
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Quoting beell:
Light snow with a temp of 36° at 6PM in El Dorado, AR (S central, AR)
No snow in the obs at Shreveport or Monroe.

El Dorado, AR
Shreveport, LA
Monroe, LA

From NWS Jackson, MS:



Probably Virga snow
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298. xcool



ouch sst
Member Since: September 26, 2009 Posts: 2 Comments: 15684
297. beell
Light snow with a temp of 36° at 6PM in El Dorado, AR (S central, AR)
No snow in the obs at Shreveport or Monroe.

El Dorado, AR
Shreveport, LA
Monroe, LA

From NWS Jackson, MS:

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Quoting Chucktown:
Aussie, how did you find that Charleston radar - Thats the radar I use on air which is where I work at WCSC. We're the CBS affiliate here in Charleston, SC.

That's the site my cam is on. was just doing a bit of lurking.

Off to work now, enjoy my cam.
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Member Since: July 15, 2006 Posts: 178 Comments: 56141
Aussie, how did you find that Charleston radar - Thats the radar I use on air which is where I work at WCSC. We're the CBS affiliate here in Charleston, SC.
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Snow moving into northern Louisiana:

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Quoting Ossqss:


Nope, it is Valentines Day here in the states. The day the price of roses goes up 1000 percent. I know, I had to buy some! LoL

Have a happy, out>>>>>>

oh don't start me on Valentines Day.
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Quoting AussieStorm:

Holiday??? do you mean the holiday i had over christmas.


Nope, it is Valentines Day here in the states. The day the price of roses goes up 1000 percent. I know, I had to buy some! LoL

Have a happy, out>>>>>>
Member Since: June 12, 2005 Posts: 6 Comments: 8188
Wahoo looks like the northeast might finally get some much needed snow. Hope this storm tracks north to give us more snow. Any updates on how intense this storm is going to be?
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

JeffMasters's Recent Photos

Lake Effort Snow Shower Over Windsor, Ontario
Sunset on Dunham Lake
Pictured Rocks Sunset
Sunset on Lake Huron