Poorly sited U.S. temperature instruments not responsible for artificial warming

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 5:57 PM GMT on January 25, 2010

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Former TV weatherman Anthony Watts, who runs the popular global warming contrarian website, "Watts Up With That", was convinced that many of the U.S. network of surface weather stations had serious flaws in their siting that was causing an artificial warm bias in the observed increase in U.S. temperatures of 1.1°F over the past century. To address this concern, Watts established the website surfacestations.org in 2007, which enlisted an army of volunteers to travel the U.S. to obtain photographic evidence of poor siting of weather stations. The goal was to document cases where "microclimate" influence was important, and could be contaminating temperature measurements. (Note that this is a separate issue from the Urban Heat Island, the phenomenon where a metropolitan area in general is warmer than surrounding rural areas). Watts' volunteers--650 strong--documented the siting of 865 of the 1,218 stations used in the National Climatic Data Center's U.S. Historical Climatology Network (USHCN) for tracking climate change. As reported in Watt's 2009 publication put out by the Heartland Institute, the volunteers "found stations located next to the exhaust fans of air conditioning units, surrounded by asphalt parking lots and roads, on blistering-hot rooftops, and near sidewalks and buildings that absorb and radiate heat." Watts surmised that these poorly-sited stations were responsible for much of the increase in U.S. temperatures over the past century, due to "a bias trend that likely results from the thermometers being closer to buildings, asphalt, etc." Watts concluded, "the U.S. temperature record is unreliable. And since the U.S. record is thought to be the best in the world, it follows that the global database is likely similarly compromised and unreliable".


Figure 1. A poorly sited temperature sensor in Marysville, California, used for the USHCN. The sensor is situation right next to an asphalt parking lot, instead in the middle of a grassy field, as it is supposed to be. The sensor is also adjacent to several several air conditioners that blow their exhaust into the air nearby. Image credit: surfacestation.org.

Analysis of the data disagrees with Watts' conclusion
While Watts' publication by the Heartland Institute is a valuable source of information on siting problems of the U.S. network of weather stations, the publication did not undergo peer-review--the process whereby three anonymous scientists who are experts in the field review a manuscript submitted for publication, and offer criticisms on the scientific validity of the results, resulting in revisions to the original paper or outright rejection. The Heartland Institute is an advocacy organization that accepts money from corporate benefactors such as the tobacco industry and fossil fuel industry, and publishes non-peer reviewed science that inevitably supports the interests of the groups paying for the studies. Watts did not actually analyze the data to see if taking out the poorly sited surface stations would have a significant impact on the observed 1.1°F increase in U.S. temperatures over the past century. His study would never have been publishable in a peer-reviewed scientific journal.


Figure 2. Annual average maximum and minimum unadjusted temperature change calculated using (c) maximum and (d) minimum temperatures from good and poor exposure sites (Menne 2010). Poor sites showed a cooler maximum temperature compared to good sites. For minimum temperature, the poor sites were slightly warmer. The net effect was a cool bias in poorly sited stations. The dashed lines are for stations ranked by NOAA, while the solid lines are for the stations ranked by surfacestations.org.

Fortunately, a proper analysis of the impact of these poorly-sited surface stations on the U.S. historical temperature record has now been done by Dr. Matthew Menne and co-authors at NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC). In a talk at last week's 90th Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society, Dr. Menne reported the results of their new paper just accepted for publication in the Journal of Geophysical Research titled, On the reliability of the U.S. Surface Temperature Record. Dr. Menne's study split the U.S. surface stations into two categories: good (rating 1 or 2) and bad (ratings 3, 4 or 5). They performed the analysis using both the rating provided by surfacestations.org, and from an independent rating provided by NOAA personnel. In general, the NOAA-provided ratings coincided with the ratings given by surfacestations.org. Of the NOAA-rated stations, only 71 stations fell into the "good" siting category, while 454 fell into the "bad" category. According to the authors, though, "the sites with good exposure, though small in number, are reasonably well distributed across the country and, as shown by Vose and Menne [2004], are of sufficient density to obtain a robust estimate of the CONUS average". Dr. Menne's study computed the average daily minimum and maximum temperatures from the good sites and poor sites. The results were surprising. While the poor sites had a slightly warmer average minimum temperature than the good sites (by 0.03°C), the average maximum temperature measured at the poor sites was significantly cooler (by 0.14°C) than the good sites. As a result, overall average temperatures measured at the poor sites were cooler than the good sites. This is the opposite of the conclusion reached by Anthony Watts in his 2009 Heartland Institute publication.

Why did the poorly sited stations measure cooler temperatures?
The reason why the poorly-sites stations measured cooler temperatures lies in the predominant types of thermometers used at the two types of sites. An electronic Maximum/Minimum Temperature System (MMTS) is used at 75% of the poor sites. These MMTS sensors are attached by cable to an indoor readout device, and are consequently limited by cable length as to how far they can be sited from the building housing the indoor readout device. As a result, they are often located close to heated buildings, paved surfaces, air conditioner exhausts, etc. It turns out that these MMTS thermometers have a flaw that causes them to measure minimum temperatures that are slightly too warm, and maximum temperatures that are considerably too cool, leading to an overall cool bias in measured average temperatures. In contrast, only 30% of the "good" sites used the MMTS sensors. The "good" sites predominantly used Liquid in Glass (LiG) thermometers housed in wooden shelters that were more easily located further from the buildings where the observers worked. Since the poorly-sites stations were dominantly equipped with MMTS thermometers, they tended to measure temperatures that were too cool, despite their poor siting.


Figure 3. Comparison of U.S. average annual (a) maximum and (b) minimum temperatures calculated using USHCN version 2 temperatures. Temperatures were adjusted to correct for changes in instrumentation, station relocations, and changes in the time of observation, making the trend from good sites show close agreement with poor sites. Good and poor site ratings are based on surfacestations.org. For comparison, the data between 2004 - 2008 taken by the new high-quality U.S. Climate Reference Network (USCRN, black dashed line) is shown, and displays excellent agreement for that time period. Image credit: Menne 2010.

Independent verification of recent USHCN annual temperatures
Clearly, the siting of many of the surface stations used to track climate change in the U.S. is not good. To address this issue, in 2004 NOAA created the U.S. Climate Reference Network, a collection of 114 stations in the continental United States for the express purpose of detecting the national signal of climate change. The stations were sited and instrumented with climate studies in mind, and can provide an extremely high-quality independent check on the old USHCN network. Each of 114 stations at 107 locations (some stations were installed as nearby pairs) is equipped with very accurate instruments in a triplicate configuration so that each measurement can be checked for internal consistency. As shown in Figure 3, the USCRN air temperature departures for 2004 - 2008 are extremely well aligned with those derived from the USHCN version 2 temperature data. For these five years, the the difference between the mean annual temperatures measured by the old USHCN compared to the new USCRN was just 0.03°C, with a mathematical correlation coefficient (r-squared) of 0.997. Menne et al. concluded, "This finding provides independent verification that the USHCN version 2 data are consistent with research-quality measurements taken at pristine locations and do not contain spurious trends during the recent past even if sampled exclusively at poorly sited stations. While admittedly this period of coincident observations between the networks is rather brief, the value of the USCRN as a benchmark for reducing the uncertainty of historic observations from the USHCN and other networks will only increase with time". The authors finally concluded, "we find no evidence that the CONUS temperature trends are inflated due to poor siting".

Crediting Anthony Watts
The surfacestations.org effort coordinated by Anthony Watts has made a valuable contribution to science, helping us better understand the nature of the errors in the U.S. historical temperature data set. In his talk last week at the AMS conference, and in the credits of his paper, Dr. Menne had some genuinely grateful comments on the efforts of Anthony Watts and the volunteers of surfacestations.org. However, as of this writing, Watts has made no mention on surfacestations.org or on wattsupwiththat.com of Dr. Menne's study.

I'll have a new post Wednesday or Thursday.

Jeff Masters

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Quoting usa777:
We just got hit by a nasty little hail storm just now here in Annapolis. Very strange weather for this time of the year here in maryland. Biggest stone I saw was about quarter sized.


Shoot -- you always get the good stuff. :)
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Quoting Skyepony:
OLGA


Ex-TC Olga on RADAR
Member Since: September 30, 2007 Posts: 9 Comments: 15962
Haiti: 11 Days After the Earthquake, Some Changes Visible

Tremors and fears persist while medical treatment enters new phaseThings are slowly changing. In fact, every day when I walk into our office and our hospitals there are small noticeable changes: supplies are finally piling up in our storage; there is some order to the madness. MSF’s program is also evolving. I was speaking to a mental health expert who was explaining that this phase of counseling is mostly about information sharing—making sure people know where to get health care, explaining what earthquakes are, etc. Only when people are ready will they begin to talk about what they’ve been through. Most have not fully absorbed the impact of what they have experienced. It may happen in a few days or a few weeks, when they realize what it means to lose their house, their family member, their belongings, their job, or all the references to their old life.

Now we are beginning to see cases where the injured who have not gotten care yet are entering a critical phase of septicemia (life-threatening infection), while those who have received treatment must be followed up with fresh wound dressings and bandages. The teams are still working hard to treat as many as possible, always trying to save what they can from so many injured bodies. The decision to amputate a limb is never easy. Our doctors prefer to save limbs whenever possible and will treat the patient first to do this. But gangrenous tissue puts the patient’s life at risk, as the infection spreads to the rest of the body. Amputations can be a shock for our patients. But the decision, as difficult as it, is always done to ultimately save their life. A doctor told me yesterday, that despite the decision to amputate a young boy’s foot, the youngster sought her out to thank her for helping him.

Fortunately, there are more and more organizations setting up activities, mostly in the southwestern region of Haiti around the epicenter. It may cause some confusion in the distribution of aid, for example, when two or three hospitals are set up in the same small community. Ultimately, if people can get the immediate care they need, this is all that matters.

I visited a phenomenal structure today—MSF’s inflatable hospital, located in a football field behind a school in downtown Port-au-Prince. It’s an ideal structure in a setting where people are too afraid to work in buildings. There is a pharmacy, two operating theatres, an in-patient and an out-patient department, and many other services. It is so new, it smells exactly like a brand new dingy or inflatable boat. In this 100-bed hospital we will be able to treat more patients faster without the fear of the walls or roof falling on patients. Our national staff has also started coming back to work. They too will feel safer in such a structure, after the horrific experience of MSF’s Trinité hospital crashing in on their heads.
http://doctorswithoutborders.org/news/article.cfm?id=4226&cat=voice-from-the-field&ref=home-sidebar -right
Member Since: September 22, 2005 Posts: 11 Comments: 2032
We just got hit by a nasty little hail storm just now here in Annapolis. Very strange weather for this time of the year here in maryland. Biggest stone I saw was about quarter sized.
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175. xcool
hey ALL
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Quoting jackzig:


You may not like one politician or another, you may be a republican or a democrat or an independent, but you just can't deny the simple scientific facts. The world is getting warmer. It's comforting to believe it's not, but sooner or later you have to face the facts. You can't just bury your head in the sand.


See what I mean?

I've been on WU since day one and am fairly in tune with the subject.

Signed,
Joe The Plumber

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170. PcolaDan 11:19 PM GMT on January 25, 2010
Quoting Clickerous:
can someone mail me please to where I can donate a few recipes to the cookbook :)

WUmail sent


THANK YOU BOTH!

Saints Fans: Please send RMM___ all those fantastic N.O. Creole and Cajun recipes!

Colts Fans: Corn on the Cob, Corn off the Cob, Corn Chowder, Corn Dogs, Creamed (Yuck) Corn...that's all I've got.

Also, WU-ers, please remember to put your birthday on BarnDweller's Blog. The Geminis always post twice.
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i'am hoping she choses to be as gentle as we have been
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Quoting CycloneOz:


So what if the Earth is getting warmer?

What's going to stop it from doing whatever it wants to do, anyway?

Try these other fun and expensive science fair projects on for size:

1) Stop the sun from shining.
2) Make it rain.
3) Move a Low Pressure system.
4) Create a High pressure system.
5) Stop all earthquakes!
6) Lower the dewpoint!
7) Adjust the migration of whales.
8) Get a hunting dog to use a litter box.

You might as well bark at the moon...that's how looney GW, CC, & Cap/Trade is.
mother earth got a plan for all of the above my friend
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Quoting Clickerous:
can someone mail me please to where I can donate a few recipes to the cookbook :)


WUmail sent
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Quoting jackzig:


You may not like one politician or another, you may be a republican or a democrat or an independent, but you just can't deny the simple scientific facts. The world is getting warmer. It's comforting to believe it's not, but sooner or later you have to face the facts. You can't just bury your head in the sand.


So what if the Earth is getting warmer?

What's going to stop it from doing whatever it wants to do, anyway?

Try these other fun and expensive science fair projects on for size:

1) Stop the sun from shining.
2) Make it rain.
3) Move a Low Pressure system.
4) Create a High pressure system.
5) Stop all earthquakes!
6) Lower the dewpoint!
7) Adjust the migration of whales.
8) Get a hunting dog to use a litter box.

You might as well bark at the moon...that's how looney GW, CC, & Cap/Trade is.
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Dr. Masters, you say the electronic MMTS temperature sensors are flawed. What do you mean by that? I thought electronic temperature sensors were pretty much cut-and-dried - and the MMTS in the picture looks like a Vaisala, which is by no means cheap, and which (if I recall correctly) is used by NOAA. Does an old-fashioned glass thermometer show slightly lesser extremes just due to an inertia or hysteresis of some sort, or is it more complicated than that?
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Quoting goodbi99:
It's obvious that "global warming" is more of a POLITICAL issue than scientific fact.

Many expert scientists differ on the data, not to mention what may be "causing" any supposed harming.

Politicians like Gore and Obama can not be swayed with ANY scientific data or theory that differs.

"Cap And Trade" is another tax to be used to "spread the wealth around".

Like Joe the plumber, if you ask the wrong question you will be made fun of and dismissed.

Have you noticed the "G77" are all fully convinced of the theory of "man made global warming"?









You may not like one politician or another, you may be a republican or a democrat or an independent, but you just can't deny the simple scientific facts. The world is getting warmer. It's comforting to believe it's not, but sooner or later you have to face the facts. You can't just bury your head in the sand.
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FRIDAY NIGHTS MODEL SOUNDINGS FOR GREENSBORO FROM THE GFS DEPICT A
MASSIVE SUBFREEZING COLD LAYER STRETCHING UPWARD TO 5000 FEET...
TOPPED BY A LAYER OF AS WARM AS 41 DEGREES. THIS IS HIGHLY
UNLIKELY AND WOULD PERHAPS BE SEEN ONCE IN A GENERATION. will some one tell me what this could do,, very curios about,, tia, gregg
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can someone mail me please to where I can donate a few recipes to the cookbook :)
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164. IKE
Quoting CaneWarning:


No, my house was built about 3 years ago or so and it has top of the line insulation and weather proofing. I have a good feeling a good bit of the bill is our outside lighting. I'm not exactly sure where we waste electricity. There are only two of us living here.


$1,000 to $1,200 a month in the summer? WTH?
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It's obvious that "global warming" is more of a POLITICAL issue than scientific fact.

Many expert scientists differ on the data, not to mention what may be "causing" any supposed harming.

Politicians like Gore and Obama can not be swayed with ANY scientific data or theory that differs.

"Cap And Trade" is another tax to be used to "spread the wealth around".

Like Joe the plumber, if you ask the wrong question you will be made fun of and dismissed.

Have you noticed the "G77" are all fully convinced of the theory of "man made global warming"?







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Quoting atmoaggie:

Besides insulation, it is amazing how porous most houses are...when you can tell the wind is blowing out there, or hear a moderate rain from inside, that is a sign that you have holes. Don't feel bad, most houses do.

Mine is odd, though. Not sure what the builder did different, but from within my little 1400 sqft single story, if I sat there with the blinds closed, I would need radar to know it is raining outside...even when we have severe WX. I hear nothing in my house with the windows closed. Ever. (except rumbles from close lightning strikes)

And my power bill maxes out at about $175 for the hottest of months...

BTW: Cane, do you happen to run a laundromat out of your house, or what?


No, my house was built about 3 years ago or so and it has top of the line insulation and weather proofing. I have a good feeling a good bit of the bill is our outside lighting. I'm not exactly sure where we waste electricity. There are only two of us living here.
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Quoting CaneWarning:
My bill last month was all the way down to $350. Most months in the summer it runs around $1000-$1200.


Screw the amount...I want his/her job to be able to pay those bills!
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Quoting PcolaDan:


Tell them she should be easy to find. She will look like this.


I think I saw that picture on the wall of the post office j/k
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Quoting GeoffreyWPB:


After my townhouse was rebuilt after Wilma, I insisted on good insulation. During this month’s cold snap, it never went below 68 in the house, and that's without the heat on. For curiosity sake, I did turn on the heat to check it out, blew a breaker and it cost me over $200 to have it fixed. The good and the bad.

Besides insulation, it is amazing how porous most houses are...when you can tell the wind is blowing out there, or hear a moderate rain from inside, that is a sign that you have holes. Don't feel bad, most houses do.

Mine is odd, though. Not sure what the builder did different, but from within my little 1400 sqft single story, if I sat there with the blinds closed, I would need radar to know it is raining outside...even when we have severe WX. I hear nothing in my house with the windows closed. Ever. (except rumbles from close lightning strikes)

And my power bill maxes out at about $175 for the hottest of months...

BTW: Cane, do you happen to run a laundromat out of your house, or what?
Member Since: August 16, 2007 Posts: 6 Comments: 12463

Child Abduction Emergency

TXC001-027-035-085-093-097-099-113-119-121-133-139-143-145-147-
161-181-193-213-217-221-223-231-237-251-257-277-281-289-293-309-
331-333-337-349-363-367-379-395-397-425-429-439-467-497-503-
252315-

BULLETIN - EAS ACTIVATION REQUESTED
CHILD ABDUCTION EMERGENCY
TEXAS DIVISION OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT
RELAYED BY NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE FORT WORTH TX
410 PM CST MON JAN 25 2010

THE FOLLOWING MESSAGE IS TRANSMITTED AT THE REQUEST OF THE TEXAS
EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY.

THE OKLAHOMA FBI IS SEARCHING FOR AJA DANIELLE JOHNSON...
WHITE...FEMALE...7 YEAR OLD...BORN JANUARY 5...2003.HEIGHT...4
FEET 0 INCHES. HER WEIGHT IS 65 LBS...BROWN HAIR...BROWN EYES AND
OTHER UNKNOWN MEDICAL PROBLEMS.

POLICE ARE LOOKING FOR LESTER WILLIAM HOBBS...WHITE...MALE...46
YEARS OLD...BORN FEBRUARY 20...1963. HIS HEIGHT IS 6 FEET 1
INCH...190 LBS...BROWN HAIR...GREEN EYES AND RECEDING HAIRLINE.
HE HAS A POSSIBLE MUSTACHE AND GOATEE. HE HAS SEVERAL
TATOOS...INCLUDING...TONY ON HIS LEFT FOREARM AND WINGS ON HIS
CHEST. HE IS POSSIBLY EN ROUTE TO ROCKPORT TEXAS WITH AJA
DANIELLE JOHNSON.

THE SUSPECT IS DRIVING A WHITE...1995 TOYOTA PASEO WITH AN
OKLAHOMA LICENSE PLATE NUMBER OF 5 7 7 B P W. THE SUSPECT WAS LAST
HEARD FROM IN GERONIMO OKLAHOMA.

LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICIALS BELIEVE THIS CHILD TO BE IN GRAVE OR IMMEDIATE
DANGER.

IF YOU HAVE ANY INFORMATION REGARDING THIS ABDUCTION...CALL THE
OKLAHOMA FBI.

NEWS MEDIA POINT OF CONTACT IS OKLAHOMA FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION
AT 1 8 0 0 5 2 2 8 0 1 7.

$$







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Quoting GeoffreyWPB:
For the past few days some bloggers have suggested that another "Artic Blast" will affect so. Fla. the beginning of Feb. Do the long range models show this?


Lafayette, Purdue University Airport
Lat: 40.43 Lon: -86.93 Elev: 623
Last Update on Jan 25, 4:54 pm EST

Light Snow

32 °F
(0 °C)
Humidity: 75 %
Wind Speed: W 15 G 23 MPH
Barometer: 29.44" (997.4 mb)
Dewpoint: 25 °F (-4 °C)
Wind Chill: 22 °F (-6 °C)
Visibility: 3.00 mi.

does this work :P
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For the past few days some bloggers have suggested that another "Artic Blast" will affect so. Fla. the beginning of Feb. Do the long range models show this?
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AOI

AOI

AOI

AOI

Humor in Comments
Member Since: October 1, 2007 Posts: 81 Comments: 26511
CaneWarning: You spend more in a month for electricity than I spend in a year. I live in FL because I like hot. If I liked cool, I'd live in Port Angeles. 10 months of the year, my electric bill is between $25 and $35. The months I want to heat run $100 to $200.
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Quoting BahaHurican:
I'd love a $58 electric bill any time of the year.... haven't seen that small a bill since 1992...


After my townhouse was rebuilt after Wilma, I insisted on good insulation. During this month’s cold snap, it never went below 68 in the house, and that's without the heat on. For curiosity sake, I did turn on the heat to check it out, blew a breaker and it cost me over $200 to have it fixed. The good and the bad.
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Quoting belizeit:
This does not prove global warming but north poletic warming .


Yup, I'm blaming the diversion of the Gulf Stream toward Jakobshavn Isbrae which drains 6.5% of the Greenland Ice Sheet:



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Hey, Cane doesn't live in Davis Island - More like the Bahama Islands..... my one big pet peeve about living here is that everything essential is remarkably expensive....
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Quoting NRAamy:
eyes....you would be correct....if you hear about a hippo in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, that would be me.....


Tell them she should be easy to find. She will look like this.


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Quoting CaneWarning:
My bill last month was all the way down to $350. Most months in the summer it runs around $1000-$1200.
This sounds more like a "21st century electric bill".....
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Quoting SWFLgazer:
The gist of what I read is that siting issues are a non-issue because the instruments themselves are inaccurate. Therefore trust us that the numbers given to the public are accurate, even though we can explain how we got those numbers.
So my two qtns are:

1. Why r we relying on inaccurate instruments?
and
2. Why r we putting them in places where readings will by definition be wrong?

Nothing wrong with the science of the study, or IMO the findings themselves. Something definitely off with the rationale behind the original placement....
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Quoting tornadodude:


pretty sure my parents would love a $58 electric bill in the winter! :P
I'd love a $58 electric bill any time of the year.... haven't seen that small a bill since 1992...
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Quoting NRAamy:
eyes....you would be correct....if you hear about a hippo in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, that would be me.....
I have alerted the Coast Guard. Will be monitoring rader for such an event myself also. Hence...eyesonweather :))
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Quoting NRAamy:
eyes....yes, Portlight trumps Al any day of the week.....

:)
Reminder: Please get recipes together for "portlight cookbook" I just looked into RMM34667 blog and found where she says Recipes slowly coming in. Any guys out there with great BBQ/smoker recipe's? Get together with friends, neighbors and get them together. I am attempting a school-wide recipe drive. Let's see what we can do on this so it can a spectacular cookbook and continue to line the coffers of "Portlight" cause we all know there will be more disasters.
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eyes....you would be correct....if you hear about a hippo in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, that would be me.....
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Quoting NRAamy:
and that's his water bill?????

Yikes!!!!!!!!!
Speaking of water, I hear there is more headed your way later this week.
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electric bill??? that's even worse!!!

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eyes....yes, Portlight trumps Al any day of the week.....

:)
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Quoting NRAamy:
and that's his water bill?????

Yikes!!!!!!!!!



No, that's my electricity bill.
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Quoting CaneWarning:
I really have a feeling much of it is the accent lighting, maybe the pool, the a/c, etc. It adds up quickly.


Ya the accent lighting cost a lot, I would switch them to power savers, there not cheap for those style of lights but it will pay for itself pretty quick.
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and that's his water bill?????

Yikes!!!!!!!!!
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Quoting NRAamy:
what are we talking about now? are we still on GW? is it time for an Al Gore moment?

;)
I'm fixin to repost for a "Portlight" Cause, you wanna talk bout it first
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I really have a feeling much of it is the accent lighting, maybe the pool, the a/c, etc. It adds up quickly.
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My smart house must be a stupid house. LOL
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Quoting CaneWarning:
I didn't realize my bill was that out of the ordinary.


Oh it is, I would die having a $300 dollar bill. The worst I get in the summer is $160.
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Quoting GeoffreyWPB:



That is a Prairie Dog not a Chipmunk.
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I didn't realize my bill was that out of the ordinary.
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Quoting CaneWarning:
I live on Davis Islands, so maybe my proximity to water causes me to use more electricity.


I think your house is Davis Island with that power bill. You must keep the a/c on 60 degrees even then im not sure you could rack up that much.
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Quoting KEEPEROFTHEGATE:
are ya runnin the ac 24 7 or something went it gets warm


Yes. It's probably running now. My house isn't that big. Certainly not like the one Derek Jeter is building up the road. His is about 30,000 sq ft. I wonder what his bill would be?

Link
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say what????? what planet does he live on?
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.