Volcanic Winter

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 1:18 PM GMT on April 24, 2009

Share this Blog
7
+

"The sun was dark and its darkness lasted for eighteen months; each day it shone for about four hours; and still this light was only a feeble shadow; the fruits did not ripen and the wine tasted like sour grapes." As this Michael the Syrian quote regarding the weather of 536 A.D. demonstrates, a climate catastrophe that blots out the sun can really spoil your day. Procopius of Caesarea remarked: "During this year [536 A.D.] a most dread portent took place. For the sun gave forth its light without brightness. and it seemed exceedingly like the sun in eclipse, for the beams it shed were not clear." Many documents from 535 - 536 A.D.--the time of King Arthur in Britain--speak of the terrible "dry fog" or cloud of dust that obscured the sun, causing widespread crop failures in Europe, and summer frosts, drought, and famine in China. Tree ring studies in Europe confirm several years of very poor growth around that time, and ice cores from Greenland and Antarctica show highly elevated levels of atmospheric sulfuric acid dust existed.

Though some scientists believe the climate calamity of 535-536 A.D. was due to a comet or asteroid hitting the Earth, it is widely thought that the event was probably caused by the most massive volcanic eruption of the past 1500 years. This eruption threw so much sulfur dioxide (SO2) gas into the stratosphere that a "Volcanic Winter" resulted. Sulfur dioxide reacts with water to form sulfuric acid droplets (aerosol particles), which are highly reflective and reduce the amount of incoming sunlight. The potential eruption that led to the 535 - 536 A.D. climate calamity would have likely been a magnitude 7 event on the Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI)--a "super colossal" eruption that one can expect to occur only once every 1000 years. The Volcanic Explosivity Index is a logarithmic scale like the Richter scale used to rate earthquakes, so a magnitude 7 eruption would eject ten times more material than the two largest eruptions of the past century--the magnitude 6 eruptions of Mt. Pinatubo in the Philippines (1991) and Novarupta in Alaska (1912).


Figure 1. An 18 km-high volcanic plume from one of a series of explosive eruptions of Mount Pinatubo beginning on 12 June 1991, viewed from Clark Air Base (about 20 km east of the volcano). Three days later, the most powerful eruption produced a plume that rose nearly 40 km, penetrating well into the stratosphere. Pinatubo's sulfur emissions cooled the Earth by about 1°F (0.5°C) for 1 - 2 years. (Photograph by David H. Harlow, USGS.)

Super-colossal eruptions
There has been only one other magnitude 7 "super-colossal" eruption in the past 1500 years--the massive eruption of the Indonesian volcano Tambora in 1815. The sulfur pumped by this eruption into the stratosphere dimmed sunlight so extensively that global temperatures fell by about 2°F (1°C) for 1 - 2 years afterward. This triggered the famed Year Without a Summer in 1816. Killing frosts and snow storms in May and June 1816 in Eastern Canada and New England caused widespread crop failures, and lake and river ice were observed as far south as Pennsylvania in July and August. The Tambora eruption was about 40% smaller than the 535 - 536 A.D. event, as measured by the number of sulfur aerosol particles deposited in Greenland ice cores.

In an article published in 2008 in the American Geophysical Union journal EOS, Dr. Ken Verosub of the University of California, Davis Department of Geology estimated that future eruptions capable of causing "Volcanic Winter" effects severe enough to depress global temperatures by 2°F (1°C) and trigger widespread crop failures for 1 - 2 years afterwards should occur about once every 200 - 300 years. Even a magnitude 6 eruption, such as the 1600 eruption of the Peruvian volcano Huaynaputina, can cause climatic change capable of killing millions of people. The Huaynaputina eruption is blamed for the Russian famine of 1601-1603, which killed over half a million people and led to the overthrow of Tsar Boris Godunov. Thankfully, the climatic impacts of all of these historic magnitude 6 and 7 eruptions have been relatively short-lived. After about two years, the sulfuric acid aerosol particles have settled out of the stratosphere, returning the climate to its former state.

Mega-colossal eruptions
Even more extreme eruptions have occurred in Earth's past--eruptions ten times more powerful than the Tambora eruption, earning a ranking of 8 out of 8 on the Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI). These "mega-colossal" eruptions occur only about once every 10,000 years, but have much longer-lasting climatic effects and thus are a more significant threat to human civilization. According to the Toba Catastrophe Theory, a mega-colossal eruption at Toba Caldera, Sumatra, about 74,000 years ago, was 3500 times greater than the Tambora eruption. According to model simulations, an eruption this large can pump so much sulfur dioxide gas into the stratosphere that the atmosphere does not have the capacity to oxidize all the SO2 to sulfuric acid aerosol. The atmosphere oxidizes as much SO2 as it can, leaving a huge reservoir of SO2 in the stratosphere. This SO2 gradually reacts to form sulfuric acid as the OH radicals needed for this reaction are gradually produced. The result is a much longer-lasting climate effect than the 1 - 2 years that the magnitude 6 and 7 events of 535, 1600, 1815, and 1991 lasted. A magnitude 8 eruption like the Toba event can cool the globe for 6 - 10 years (Figure 3), which may be long enough to trigger an ice age--if the climate is already on the verge of tipping into an ice age. Rampino and Self (1992) argued that the sulfur aerosol veil from Toba was thick and long-lasting enough to cool the globe by 3 - 5°C (5 - 9°F), pushing the climate--which was already cooling and perhaps headed towards an ice age--into a full-scale ice age. They suggested that the response of Canada to the volcano played a particularly important role, with their model predicting a 12°C (22°F) reduction in summer temperatures in Canada. This would have favored the growth of the Laurentide ice sheet, increasing the reflectivity (albedo) of the Earth, reflecting more sunlight and reducing temperatures further. The controversial Toba Catastrophe Theory asserts that the resulting sudden climate change reduced the Earth's population of humans to 1,000 - 10,000 breeding pairs. More recent research has shed considerable doubt on the idea that the Toba eruption pushed the climate into an ice age, though. Oppenheimer (2002) found evidence supporting only a 2°F (1.1°C) cooling of the globe, for the 1000 years after the Toba eruption. Zielinski et al. (1996) argued that the Toba eruption did not trigger a major ice age--the eruption merely pushed the globe into a cool period that lasted 200 years. Interestingly, a previous super-eruption of Toba, 788,000 years ago, coincided with a transition from an ice age to a warm period.


Figure 2. The 100x30 square kilometer Toba Caldera is situated in north-central Sumatra around 200 km north of the Equator. It is comprised of four overlapping calderas aligned with the Sumatran volcanic chain. Repeated volcanic cataclysms culminated in the stupendous expulsion of the Younger Toba Tuff around 74,000 years ago. The lake area is 100 square kilometers. Samosir Island formed as a result of subsequent uplift above the evacuated magma reservoir. Such resurgent domes are typically seen as the concluding phase of a large eruption. Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) browse images for path/row 128/58 (6 September 1999) and 129/58 (21 January 2001) from http://landsat7.usgs.gov/. Copyright USGS. Image source: Oppenheimer, C., 2002, "Limited global change due to the largest known Quaternary eruption, Toba 74 kyr BP?"Quaternary Science Reviews, 21, Issues 14-15, August 2002, Pages 1593-1609.


Figure 3. Total mass of sulfur dioxide and sulfate aerosol in the stratosphere (heavy solid and dotted lines, respectively) modeled for a 6 petagram stratospheric injection of SO2. Observed SO2 and aerosol mass for the 1991 Pinatubo eruption are shown for comparison. The much larger amount of SO2 in the Toba simulation soaks up all available oxidants in the stratosphere leading to a much longer lifetime of SO2 and, in turn, prolonging the manufacture of sulfate aerosol. Data from Read et al. (1993) and Bekki et al. (1996). Image source: Oppenheimer, C., 2002, "Limited global change due to the largest known Quaternary eruption, Toba 74 kyr BP?"Quaternary Science Reviews, 21, Issues 14-15, August 2002, Pages 1593-1609.

When can we expect the next mega-colossal eruption?
Given the observed frequency of one mega-colossal magnitude 8 volcanic eruption every 1.4 million years, the odds of another hitting in the next 100 years is about .014%, according to Mason et al., 2004. This works out to a 1% chance over the next 7200 years. Rampino (2002) puts the average frequency of such eruptions at once every 50,000 years--about double the frequency with which 1-km diameter comets or asteroids capable of causing a similar climatic effect hit the Earth. A likely location for the next mega-colossal eruption would be at the Yellowstone Caldera in Wyoming, which has had magnitude 7 or 8 eruptions as often as every 650,000 years. The last mega-colossal eruption there was about 640,000 years ago. But don't worry, the seismic activity under Yellowstone Lake earlier this year has died down, and the uplift of the ground over the Yellowstone caldera that was as large as 7 cm/yr (2.7 inches/yr) between 2004 - 2006 has now fallen to 4 cm/yr, according to the Yellowstone Volcano Observatory. The USGS states that "the Yellowstone volcanic system shows no signs that it is headed toward such an eruption. The probability of a large caldera-forming eruption within the next few thousand years is exceedingly low".

What would happen if a magnitude 8 mega-colossal eruption were to occur today?
If a mega-colossal eruption were to occur today, it would probably not be able to push Earth into an ice age, according to a modeling study done by Jones et al. (2005). They found that an eruption like Toba would cool the Earth by about 17°F (9.4°C) after the first year (Figure 3), and the temperature would gradually recover to 3°F (1.8°C) below normal ten years after the eruption. They found that the eruption would reduce rainfall by 50% globally for the first two years, and up to 90% over the Amazon, Southeast Asia, and central Africa. This would obviously be very bad for human civilization, with the cold and lack of sunshine causing widespread crop failures and starvation of millions of people. Furthermore, the eruption would lead to a partial loss of Earth's protective ozone layer, allowing highly damaging levels of ultraviolet light to penetrate to the surface.

Not even a mega-colossal eruption of this magnitude would stop global warming, though. The level of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere would not be affected by the volcanic eruption, and warming would resume where it left off once the stratospheric dust settled out in a decade. With civilization crippled by the disaster, greenhouse gas emissions would be substantially reduced, though (small solace!) If we really want to say goodbye to civilization, a repeat of the only magnitude 9 eruption in recorded history should do the trick--the magnitude 9.2 La Garita, Colorado blast of 27.8 million years ago (Mason et al., 2004).


Figure 4. Annual near-surface temperature anomalies for the year following a mega-colossal volcanic eruption like the Toba eruption of 74,000 years ago, if it were to occur today. Most land areas cool by 22°F (12°C) compared to average. Some areas, like Africa, cool by 29°F (16°C). Image credit: Jones, G.S., et al., 2005, "An AOGCM simulation of the climate response to a volcanic super-eruption", Climate Dynamics, 25, Numbers 7-8, pp 725-738, December, 2005.

What would happen if a magnitude 7 super-colossal eruption were to occur today?
An eruption today like the magnitude 7 events of 535 A.D. or 1815 would cause cause wide-spread crop failures for 1 - 2 years after the eruption. With food supplies in the world already stretched thin by rising population, decreased water availability, and conversion of cropland to grow biofuels, a major volcanic eruption would probably create widespread famine, threatening the lives of millions of people. Wars over scarce resources might result. However, society's vulnerability to major volcanic eruptions is less than it was, since the globe has warmed significantly in the past 200 years. The famines from the eruptions of 1600 and 1815 both occurred during the Little Ice Age, when global temperatures were about 1.4°F (0.8°C) cooler than today. Crop failures would not be as wide-spread with today's global temperatures, if a suer-colossal eruption were to occur. Fifty years from now, when global temperatures are expected to be at least 1°C warmer, a magnitude 7 eruption should only be able to cool the climate down to year 2009 levels.

Volcanoes also warm the climate
While volcanoes cool the climate on time scales of 1 - 2 years, they act to warm the climate over longer time scales, since they are an important source of natural CO2 to the atmosphere. Volcanoes add 0.1 - 0.3 gigatons (Gt) of carbon to the atmosphere each year, which is about 1 - 3% of what human carbon emissions to the atmosphere were in 2007, according to the Global Carbon Project. In fact, volcanoes are largely responsible for the natural CO2 in the atmosphere, and helped make life possible on Earth. Why, then, haven't CO2 levels continuously risen over geologic time, turning Earth into a steamy hothouse? In fact, CO2 levels have fallen considerably since the time of the dinosaurs--how can this be? Well, volcano-emitted CO2 is removed from the atmosphere by chemical weathering. This occurs when rain and snow fall on rocks containing silicates. The moisture and silicates react with CO2, pulling it out of the air. The carbon removed from the air is then washed into the sea, where it ends up in ocean sediments that gradually harden into rock. Rates of chemical weathering on Earth have accelerated since the time of the dinosaurs, largely due to the recent uplift of the Himalaya Mountains and Tibetan Plateau. These highlands undergo a tremendous amount of weathering, thanks to their lofty heights and the rains of the Asian Monsoon that they capture. Unfortunately, chemical weathering cannot help us with our current high levels of greenhouse gases, since chemical weathering takes thousands of years to remove significant amounts of CO2 from the atmosphere. It takes about 100,000 years for silicate weathering to remove 63% of the CO2 in the atmosphere. Thus, climate models predict that chemical weathering will solve our greenhouse gas problem in about 100,000 - 200,000 years.

For further information
PBS TV special on the 535-536 A.D. disaster.
Newspaper articles on the 535-536 A.D. disaster.
Volcanic winter article from wikipedia.
Realclimate.org has a nice article that goes into the volcano-climate connection in greater detail.

References
Bekki, S., J.A. Pyle, W. Zhong, R. Toumi, J.D. Haigh and D.M. Pyle, 1996, "The role of microphysical and chemical processes in prolonging the climate forcing of the Toba eruption", Geophysical Research Letters 23 (1996), pp. 2669-2672.

Jones, G.S., et al., 2005, "An AOGCM simulation of the climate response to a volcanic super-eruption", Climate Dynamics, 25, Numbers 7-8, pp 725-738, December, 2005.

Rampino, M.R., and S. Self, 1993, "Climate-volcanism feedback and the Toba eruption of 74,000 years ago", Quaternary Research 40 (1993), pp. 269-280.

Mason, B.G., D.M. Pyle, and C. Oppenheimer, 2004, "The size and frequency of the largest observed explosive eruptions on Earth", Bulletin of Volcanology" 66, Number 8, December 2004, pp 735-748.

Oppenheimer, C., 2002, "Limited global change due to the largest known Quaternary eruption, Toba 74 kyr BP?"Quaternary Science Reviews, 21, Issues 14-15, August 2002, Pages 1593-1609.

Rampino, M.R., 2002, "Supereruptions as a Threat to Civilizations on Earth-like Planets", Icarus, 156, Issue 2, April 2002, Pages 562-569.

Read, W.G., L. Froidevaux and J.W. Waters, 1993, "Microwave Limb Sounder measurements of stratospheric SO2 from the Mt. Pinatubo eruption", Geophysical Research Letters 20 (1993), pp. 1299-1302.

Verosub, K.L., and J. Lippman, 2008, "Global Impacts of the 1600 Eruption of Peru's Huaynaputina Volcano", EOS 89, 15, 8 April 2008, pp 141-142.

Zielinski, G.A. et al., 1996, "Potential Atmospheric Impact of the Toba Mega-Eruption 71,000 Years Ago", Geophysical Research Letters, 23, 8, pp. 837-840, 1996.

Portlight moves to provide relief for South Carolina wildfires
South Carolina's biggest wildfire in more than three decades --a blaze four miles wide--destroyed dozens of homes near Myrtle Beach yesterday. Portlight Strategies, Inc. is preparing to respond to this disaster, focusing on providing drinks and sanitary products to firefighters, particularly to rural volunteer fire departments and other first responders which do not have the same resources as some of the larger paid departments. To help out, visit the Portlight South Carolina fire relief web page. Thanks!

Jeff Masters

Reader Comments

Comments will take a few seconds to appear.

Post Your Comments

Please sign in to post comments.

or Join

Not only will you be able to leave comments on this blog, but you'll also have the ability to upload and share your photos in our Wunder Photos section.

Display: 0, 50, 100, 200 Sort: Newest First - Order Posted

Viewing: 234 - 184

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46Blog Index

Blog Refresh
Mirror Site

Daily Area of Interest
Click to enlarge
Member Since: October 1, 2007 Posts: 81 Comments: 26511
Morning all!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Wow, did not see this on the news. Still shakin today out there also. Albeit, I was lookin at the back of my eyelids for the last half day.
Magnitude Location Time
4.7 Jan Mayen Island region 35 minutes ago Map
4.0 Greater Los Angeles area, California Yesterday Map
3.8 Greater Los Angeles area, California Yesterday Map

Link
Member Since: June 12, 2005 Posts: 6 Comments: 8186
Quoting surfmom:
the night birds were VERY funny last night - hilarious.... better then the cartoons to read this AM


Wish you were here last night surfmom! It was probably the best time I've had on here in a long time...everyone was HILARIOUS...
Member Since: June 28, 2006 Posts: 12 Comments: 1837
219. That's a very controversial topic among a bunch of my friends, cot. Build an industrial canal through the middle of a city (I'm not talking about drainage canals, just the ones built to transport cargo more efficiently,) then suggest that entire communities need to be relocated because the levee system can't protect them.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
sarasota&bradenton:today and tomorrow is "siesta fiesta" a local event w/music,food,arts and crafts and lots of fun stuff to do!!!,Today should be a bit summerlike,w/a bit less humidity...in other words its going to be a beutiful day!!!!,anyways,I live only 2 blocks from the village and can provide a few parking spots(parking can be very hard to find),just send me a message!!!



Still looking for our first invest possible next weekend/begining of next week,either in the western carib or western GOM....
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Are the models coming to any consensus on the position of the high in the Atlantic. We saw one posted yesterday for June, how do the others fall into place with respect to that one?

Additionally, how unusual is it to have this many cold fronts this far south this time of year? What impact does that potentially have on the high's position moving forward?
Member Since: June 12, 2005 Posts: 6 Comments: 8186
The GFS has been pretty consistent with this...

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Interesting blog topic, Dr Masters. I remember the after affects of Pinatubo's eruption in 1991 on our weather here in 1992 very well. We referred to it as the summer that wasn't. My youngest daughter was born in the spring of '92 but it was more like winter. Even in May and June the sunshine was hazy and dull. Temps were depressed throughout the summer. Things returned to normal the following year after the dust settled but the world-wide impact of a large eruption is still clear in my memory.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
This area has some of the features that would classify it an African Easterly Wave but not all of the the features that would sufficiently confirm it.

Member Since: July 24, 2005 Posts: 407 Comments: 19076
When will the new blog be?????
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
the night birds were VERY funny last night - hilarious.... better then the cartoons to read this AM
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Good Morning!! Still pitch black - waiting on dawn for my run.....63 degrees, clear, wind from the East -- Good for running, lousy for waves here in SWFL/gomex.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
'Levees cannot save New Orleans'

Building bigger, stronger levees in New Orleans will not be enough to save the US city from another Hurricane Katrina, a report has said.

The risks of severe flooding in the city could "never be fully eliminated", said an independent panel of experts.

The report said the authorities should consider raising the level of buildings and even abandoning flood-prone areas.

More than 1,800 people died in the devastating 2005 hurricane, and about 80% of the city was flooded.

New Orleans has about 563 km (350 miles) of barriers, levees and other structures intended to protect the city.

But in August 2005, large sections of this system failed and much of the city was inundated by the storm surges brought by Katrina.

The report, from the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) and the National Research Council (NRC), said the disaster had exposed the "many weaknesses in the hurricane protection and preparedness systems" for New Orleans and surrounding areas.

It said there had been "undue optimism" about the ability of the protection systems to withstand the impact of a storm on the scale of Katrina.

The report said improvements made to the flood protection system since Katrina had "reduced some vulnerabilities".

But, it said that "the risks of inundation and flooding never can be fully eliminated by protective structures, no matter how large or sturdy those structures may be".

The authors advised that as there can be no absolute protection against storm surges and flooding, the authorities should consider encouraging people to move away from areas at risk.

Where this is not possible, "significant improvements in flood-proofing measures will be essential".

This would include raising the standard height for ground floors of properties, strengthening critical infrastructure such as power and telecommunications and improving evacuation plans.

The report also found that there had been "limited understanding and appreciation of the risks of living behind levees".

It advised that these risks needed to be communicated more clearly and consistently to those in affected areas.

Hurricane Katrina was the deadliest storm in US history, causing billions of dollar of damage and leaving tens of thousands of people homeless.

The US government was heavily criticised for the extent of the damage and for what was perceived to be a slow response to the disaster.

..Link

(Sorry if something of this nature has already been linked.)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
.."anyone one have a link to the models?"




Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 426 Comments: 129093
Sorry Orca - Got distracted with supper and a hasty toilet rebuild. So I "drifted" down to HD to get the floatie thing that goes inside the tank. So yeah, we "drifted" West already and will fly up Sunday for the week, then off to see the Shuttle launch in mid May, after that then the "drifting" down to PR to set some anchors commences. I'll use my carbon footprint on Jet Blue to begin the drift but I'll finish with an epic eco-paddle from the dock to the mooring ball.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Orcasystems we got vary hot waters and deep waters in the Caribbean right and the water in the Caribbean is cooking right pot of water
Member Since: May 21, 2006 Posts: 5091 Comments: 115362
Night all.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Tazmanian:
hi KoritheMan IM me thanks


I'm about to head off to bed, or I would.

I will tomorrow.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Tazmanian:
i think this year will see a cat 5 where you think the Caribbean


Taz, I always find you questions extremely thought provoking, usually requiring me to read them numerous times to understand the depth of your request.
Member Since: October 1, 2007 Posts: 81 Comments: 26511
hi KoritheMan IM me thanks
Member Since: May 21, 2006 Posts: 5091 Comments: 115362
i think this year will see a cat 5 where you think the Caribbean
Member Since: May 21, 2006 Posts: 5091 Comments: 115362
210. BtnTx
Quoting KoritheMan:


Most famous answer: "It's going to hit NOLA"


KoritheMan You Win!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting BtnTx:


Most Famous answer "It's headed West"


Most famous answer: "It's going to hit NOLA"
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
208. BtnTx
Quoting hahaguy:
The most famous question " Where is it going?"


Most Famous answer "It's headed West"
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
The most famous question " Where is it going?"
Member Since: August 12, 2007 Posts: 2 Comments: 2838
That Red blob is pretty persistent


Daily Area of Interest
Member Since: October 1, 2007 Posts: 81 Comments: 26511
205. GBlet
"I concur Sir"..hehehe..
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
It only takes one storm
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting melwerle:
I agree Orca - let's keep that in mind when the season hits... :)
we got 36 days of fun left then its hurry up and wait
Member Since: July 15, 2006 Posts: 175 Comments: 54858
I agree Orca - let's keep that in mind when the season hits... :)
Member Since: June 28, 2006 Posts: 12 Comments: 1837
"what time does recon go out ?"
"what are the sst's in that area?"
and you'll probably hear this phrase at least once or twice from local media outlets as a storm is hitting:"just hunker down"
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
oh paLEASE...already did the whole suck-up to stormW this week...I almost threw up...

"oh storm, master of the universe..."
Member Since: June 28, 2006 Posts: 12 Comments: 1837
This is the most fun I have had on here in weeks
Member Since: October 1, 2007 Posts: 81 Comments: 26511
Quoting Orcasystems:


See 176, you missed a few more of his :)


I thought I missed a few. lol
Member Since: August 12, 2007 Posts: 2 Comments: 2838
Quoting hahaguy:
We better get prepared for "hello sir" "What's your opinion sir" and " where is it going sir".


See 176, you missed a few more of his :)
Member Since: October 1, 2007 Posts: 81 Comments: 26511
We better get prepared for "hello sir" "What's your opinion sir" and " where is it going sir".
Member Since: August 12, 2007 Posts: 2 Comments: 2838
Quoting JRRP:

jajajajaja


a few more:

"will have to wait until DMAX, DMIN"

"if it jogs to the left (or right) a little more, this will not be a good thing for"(insert state here).

"its going poof!"


Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting DestinJeff:
Hey, everybody... just dusted off the Wunderblog login info.

It will be interesting to see what the most commonly used expressions/words are for 2009 season. Any guesses?
i bet on jun 2nd someone says this season is a bust
Member Since: July 15, 2006 Posts: 175 Comments: 54858
Good series on 'Mega Structures" tonight.
Mega Rigs, Super Oil rigs for the gulf
Member Since: October 1, 2007 Posts: 81 Comments: 26511
oh...and the best part....a lot of bloggers are waiting for the Discussions to come out...having their fingers ready for Ctrl C and Ctrl V...who can post it first????
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Patrap:


,,"looks to be drifting "WEST"


LOL
Member Since: August 12, 2007 Posts: 2 Comments: 2838
Listen to Horry County Fire & Rescue dispatch. From the Myrtle Beach Fires.

Never knew this existed. And apparently you can get it in other areas as well.

Pretty cool
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
189. JRRP
Quoting Littleninjagrl:


I'll take a stab at it:

"it will be named at the next advisory"

"This will be a hurricane by 11pm"

"Look out Florida, Texas & Louisiana"


jajajajaja
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
hilarious - i can tell who everyone is talking about - we have sammy, jfv, et al
Member Since: June 28, 2006 Posts: 12 Comments: 1837
i'm having fun here tonight...might be a different situation in a month or so.

Oh wait..."IS IT GOING TO HIT MIAMI?"
Member Since: June 28, 2006 Posts: 12 Comments: 1837
Very good responses! How about...
When will they put up storm warnings for me?
When are they going to cancel school?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Oh oh oh ....
The CMC is crap/on drugs... makes something out of nothing all of the time

WISHCASTER
Member Since: October 1, 2007 Posts: 81 Comments: 26511
Destin jeff:
I'll take a couple stabs at your question!!!

"they should call it un-accuweather"
"is it going to hit my house?"(jfv)
"whats the sheer over that area?"
Member Since: Posts: Comments:

Viewing: 234 - 184

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46Blog Index

Top of Page

About

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

Local Weather

Overcast
62 °F
Overcast