Stimulus bill includes big money for science

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 2:17 PM GMT on February 25, 2009

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The $789 billion stimulus package passed by Congress and signed into law on February 13 gives some $21.5 billion for scientific research and development across all agencies, according to the American Association for the Advancement of Science. "The stimulus package is a singular event in the history of science funding," said John Marburger, former presidential science adviser and head of the Office of Science and Technology Policy under George W. Bush. Indeed, the coming year will be a good year to be a graduate student. The extra $3 billion given to the National Science Foundation will go to fund a wide variety of scientific research at universities.

According to an article in last week's Nature magazine, here is a breakdown on who gets what among the government's scientific agencies:

National Science Foundation
Stimulus: $3 billion
2008 budget: $6.1 billion

Highlights: $2.5 billion will go towards external research grants, including $300 million for instrumentation. A separate allowance of $400 million will go to construction of major facilities.

Department of Energy
Stimulus: About $40 billion
2008 budget: $23.9 billion

Highlights: Includes $11 billion for the electric grid, $5 billion for weatherproofing homes, $3.4 billion for fossil energy R&D and $2 billion for battery research. The Office of Science, which funds basic research, receives $1.6 billion. A separate $400 million will kick-start the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy.

NASA
Stimulus: $1 billion
2008 budget: $17.2 billion

Highlights: $400 million for science. The joint House-Senate Conference report specifies that "Funding is included herein to accelerate the development of the tier 1 set of Earth science climate research missions recommended by the National Academies Decadal Survey and to increase the agency's supercomputing capabilities". Another $400 million could be spent on rocket development to shrink a "gap" in human spaceflight capability caused by retirement of the space shuttle.

The bill also specifies, "The conference agreement includes $50,000,000 for cross agency support. In allocating these funds, NASA shall give its highest priority to restore NASA-owned facilities damaged from hurricanes and other natural disasters occurring during calendar year 2008."

It is uncertain whether NASA will try to replace the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) satellite, which crashed into the ocean near Antarctica yesterday when the satellite failed to separate from its booster rocket. The Orbiting Carbon Observatory would have been a big help in determining how CO2 cycles between the atmosphere, ocean, and biosphere. Fortunately, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) successfully launched a related satellite, the Greenhouse Gases Observing Satellite IBUKI (GOSAT), on January 23. GOSAT focuses primarily on carbon dioxide and methane sources.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Stimulus: $830 million
2008 budget: $3.9 billion

Highlights:
The joint House-Senate Conference report specifies that "$600,000,000 should be spent for construction and repair of NOAA facilities, ships and equipment, to improve weather forecasting and to support satellite development. Of the amounts provided, $170,000,000 shall address critical gaps in climate modeling and establish climate data records for continuing research into the cause, effects and ways to mitigate climate change."

National Institutes of Health
Stimulus: $10 billion
2008 budget: $29.6 billion

National Institute of Standards and Technology
Stimulus: $580 million
2008 budget: $737 million

The money must be spent quickly
Agencies have 60 days to present spending plans to the White House. The money must be spent quickly, with most of the spending required to be completed by September 30, 2010. There is no money earmarked for hurricane science, but the $600 million in NOAA's slice of the pie to help support satellite development could go towards a new QuikSCAT satellite, which would be a big help for marine forecasts and our ability to detect developing tropical storms. The main area hurricane science could use some stimulus money is for basic research into the hurricane intensification problem. I hope NOAA, NASA, and NSF see fit to spend part of the windfall on the people and computers needed to tackle this vital need. I'll have more on the subject of hurricane research progress and needs next week, when I'll be blogging from the 63rd Interdepartmental Hurricane Conference in Tampa, Florida.

You can find the full text of the stimulus bill at the White House web site.

Jeff Masters

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Link

Here's your pencil...
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I need a pencil.

..anyone?


The NHC Knots to MPH chart,slide rule is available too.Link



Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 426 Comments: 129089
Presslord

This video tutorial series does not really focus on tropical weather.

This video series is about the rudiments of atmospheric baroclinity. To make sure that my audience comprehend, I divided the video series in to three primary parts

Planetary Scale Baroclinity
Synoptic scale Baroclinity
Mesoscale Scale Baroclinity

The next video will about atmospheric circulation (hadley cell, ferrell cell, polar cell..etc)

Nevertheless, thank you for your interest....for such support is kindle my will to stride and stride for more knowledge on atmospheric sciences.
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hear its been nice out there orca
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stir stir stir
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Quoting presslord:
futuremet....Why must you insist on trying to keep the blog focused on tropical weather?!?!?!?!?!


To confuse you old timers :)
Member Since: October 1, 2007 Posts: 81 Comments: 26511
Groups that helped after hurricane wait for pay Link

Associated Press - February 24, 2009 4:43 PM ET

AUSTIN, Texas (AP) - Six months after Hurricane Ike struck the Texas Gulf Coast, hundreds of small businesses that provided services like transportation and portable toilets are still waiting to be paid.

It's the result of a $134 million dispute between Texas and the federal government.

Because of the delay, small businesses in Texas and elsewhere are struggling. And many of them say the next time a hurricane threatens the region, they might be reluctant to help.

A California company called Central Coast Industries is owed nearly a million dollars for supplying water and portable showers after Ike and the smaller hurricanes Dolly and Gustav.

The president of the company says he's now operating off of his lines of credit. And he says he's glad he secured that credit before the financial crisis hit.

Texas Gov. Rick Perry blames the Federal Emergency Management Agency for the delay.

FEMA has said Texas should pay the businesses, and then seek reimbursement from the federal government.

Copyright 2009 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 426 Comments: 129089
futuremet....Why must you insist on trying to keep the blog focused on tropical weather?!?!?!?!?!
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The Fundamentals of Baroclinic zones part 1 HD 720p

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Quoting natrwalkn:


You must watch Fox News.


My thoughts exactly lmao
Member Since: August 12, 2007 Posts: 2 Comments: 2838
Quoting HTV:

It started to tank when it became evident Mr. Obama was going to be the Democratic nominee.JMHO


You must watch Fox News.
Member Since: August 14, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 67
when did this blog turn into a presidential debate lol j/k
Member Since: August 12, 2007 Posts: 2 Comments: 2838
41. HTV
Remember, it's been dropping for a while now and has done relatively little of that since he took office.
Yeah only about 1800 points.
40. HTV
Quoting Inyo:
Obama isn't perfect but blaming the stock market's decline on him is kind of silly. Remember, it's been dropping for a while now and has done relatively little of that since he took office. I just hope the stimulus stuff works! Meanwhile, money into science is always a good thing.

It started to tank when it became evident Mr. Obama was going to be the Democratic nominee.JMHO
Back to weather-interesting article
Oceanic seesaw links Northern and Southern hemisphere during abrupt climate change
February 25th, 2009 in Space & Earth science / Earth Sciences

Very large and abrupt changes in temperature recorded over Greenland and across the North Atlantic during the last Ice Age were actually global in extent, according to an international team of researchers led by Cardiff University.

New research, published in the journal Nature today, supports the idea that changes in ocean circulation within the Atlantic played a central role in abrupt climate change on a global scale.

Using a sediment core taken from the seafloor in the South Atlantic, the team were able to create a detailed reconstruction of ocean conditions in the South Atlantic during the final phases of the last ice age.

Dr Stephen Barker, Cardiff University's School of Earth and Ocean Sciences and lead author on the paper, said: "During this period very large and abrupt changes in temperature were observed across the North Atlantic region. However, evidence for the direct transmission of these shifts between the northern and southern hemispheres has so far been lacking".

The new study suggests that abrupt changes in the north were accompanied by equally abrupt but opposite changes in the south. It provides the first concrete evidence of an immediate seesaw connection between the North and South Atlantic. The data shows, for example, that an abrupt cooling in the north would be accompanied by a rapid southerly shift of ocean fronts in the Southern Ocean, followed by more gradual warming across the south.

Dr Barker explains: "The most intuitive way to explain these changes is by varying the strength of ocean circulation in the Atlantic. By weakening the circulation, the heat transported northwards would be retained in the south."

Climate physicist, Dr Gregor Knorr, co-author of the study and now based at the Alfred Wegener Institute in Germany, said: "Our new results agree with climate models that predict a rapid transmission of climate signals between the two hemispheres as a consequence of abrupt changes in ocean circulation."

The study has wide implications for our understanding of abrupt climate change. Dr Ian Hall, School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, said: "While it is unlikely that an abrupt change in climate, related to changes in ocean circulation, will occur in the near future, our results suggest that if such an extreme scenario did occur, its effects could be felt globally within years to decades."

More information: 'Interhemispheric Atlantic seesaw response during the last deglaciation' is published in Nature on 26 February 2009.

Source: Cardiff University
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Quoting presslord:
these sorts of natural disasters frequently have a positive economic impact...I know it's counter-intuitive...but a strong argument can be made .....


Forces insurance companies to stimulate the economy?
Member Since: August 14, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 67
actually...post 32 is a perfect example...the cow dies, get ground into hamburger...McDonald's sells it...everyone wins...except the cow....
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Quoting presslord:
these sorts of natural disasters frequently have a positive economic impact...I know it's counter-intuitive...but a strong argument can be made .....


Press, I hope your not talking about the pic on post 32. lol
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35. Inyo
Obama isn't perfect but blaming the stock market's decline on him is kind of silly. Remember, it's been dropping for a while now and has done relatively little of that since he took office. I just hope the stimulus stuff works! Meanwhile, money into science is always a good thing.
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There should be a rule.. if a Weather Man says the F or S word near the end of Feb, you should be allowed to shot him.

Complete Blog Refresh
Mirror Site



I am also trying something new with these link
Display Current
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these sorts of natural disasters frequently have a positive economic impact...I know it's counter-intuitive...but a strong argument can be made .....
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I will leave you all with this --- CUL8R ª¿ª
Member Since: June 12, 2005 Posts: 6 Comments: 8186



Hurricane Preparation Entry...Link
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Quoting natrwalkn:
What happens to our economy should we have a huge natural disaster this year? (Cat4 hits major city, long-awaited SoCal earthquake, etc.) Our economy already seems to be teetering on collapse. How could we absorb the destruction of a major disaster?


Lets just hope it doesn't happen.

Member Since: June 12, 2005 Posts: 6 Comments: 8186
What happens to our economy should we have a huge natural disaster this year? (Cat4 hits major city, long-awaited SoCal earthquake, etc.) Our economy already seems to be teetering on collapse. How could we absorb the destruction of a major disaster?
Member Since: August 14, 2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 67
Member Since: June 12, 2005 Posts: 6 Comments: 8186
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 426 Comments: 129089
Quoting Chicklit:
About 90 days to the start of hurricane season. My friend is working now on surveys for another evacuation route for SW Florida.
I would imagine more dollars will be earmarked for such projects, particularly aimed toward economically depressed South Florida, in the near future.
Puzzled that the Republican rebuttal focused on Katrina failures...excuse me, but wasn't that a Republican administration?
Anyway, see you all in a few more months!


I-75 is slated to go to 10 lanes in the near future from 275 south. I sat in on some of the meetings and things look like a go. That would mean folks could safely exceed 100 mph and still negotiate around the older folks doing 20 in the fast lane.
Member Since: June 12, 2005 Posts: 6 Comments: 8186
About 90 days to the start of hurricane season. My friend is working now on surveys for another evacuation route for SW Florida.
I would imagine more dollars will be earmarked for such projects, particularly aimed toward economically depressed South Florida, in the near future.
Puzzled that the Republican rebuttal focused on Katrina failures...excuse me, but wasn't that a Republican administration?
Anyway, see you all in a few more months!
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Think about this---- \

We as Americans want it cheap and consistent as far as products go. We as stock holders want more return on our investment. We as employees want higher pay and benefits. These thing oppose each other in the world of basic economics. Hence why jobs have moved elsewhere and unions are on the brink of extinction. Change is what we need for sure, but it is still missing in action. We as voters need to push the ones we elected to do the right thing and not foster the ongoing folly of politically motivated spending. Lets hope MR. Geithner has some good words for us right now as I type. We will never give up but may look much different in the future.
Member Since: June 12, 2005 Posts: 6 Comments: 8186
Quoting Ossqss:


Obviously some of us heard different things from the speach last night. The math does not add up and the markets are responding to the math and lack of detail. Several items went under the radar to most Americans. Carbon cap/tax would create huge issues for Americans and our industries. Halfing the deficite with tax cuts, just does not add up, in particular with a contracting GDP. A $1,000 electric bill from $200 is not for me. We still toy with the DOW at 6k and that is scary. Check your pensions and 401k plans and see how it likes what is happening. The help we need is green and monetary not punative..
I am the choir you are preaching to here....I know my 401's are pretty much worthless right now. :)
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Quoting conchygirl:

DJIA
-151.57
-2.06%


Obviously some of us heard different things from the speach last night. The math does not add up and the markets are responding to the math and lack of detail. Several items went under the radar to most Americans. Carbon cap/tax would create huge issues for Americans and our industries. Halfing the deficite with tax cuts, just does not add up, in particular with a contracting GDP. A $1,000 electric bill from $200 is not for me. We still toy with the DOW at 6k and that is scary. Check your pensions and 401k plans and see how it likes what is happening. The help we need is green and monetary not punative..
Member Since: June 12, 2005 Posts: 6 Comments: 8186
Quoting stillwaiting:
This will be one of the best adminastrations for science based research and america will lead the world ONCE MORE!!!!,I'll be looking for a 500 point gain ATLEAST today from the dow!!!what a speach last night,lets see how much was just talk,we need action...

DJIA
-151.57
-2.06%
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Vort -- so I am filled with wishful thinking?
Member Since: July 18, 2007 Posts: 30 Comments: 26536
Agencies have 60 days to present spending plans to the White House


I am hopeful the plans are scrutinized thoroughly so as not have the wasteful spending as we have seen in the past. It is our money, or debt, they are spending.
Member Since: June 12, 2005 Posts: 6 Comments: 8186
What the $600m is going to be spent on is fairly straightforward. The $170m for modeling and gathering data is hazy though. That is a lot of money to be spending to figure out how many ways we can measure that coal fired power plants are the primary human contributor to global warming.

Just for reference though, the price tag on most powerful computer in the world right now stands about $100m, and costs tens of millions a year to run in just electricity...would be a bit ironic if they hooked some new supercomputer up to a grid powered by a coal plant wouldn't it?

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Quoting captainhunter:


I see this as partial vindication of the former NHC director.


me too! now let's hope we get a quick scat out of this.

Glad to see support of NASA,Dept of Energy & NOAA -- I have a future engineer in the house.... full of bright, fresh new ideas and a quest for new knowledge......... full of hope,positive thinking, and BRAINS for a better future and a desire to help our planet.

Investing in these programs will give the students of today motivation to pursue their dreams and aspirations to help make our planet a better, cleaner, safer place to live.



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National Hurricane Operations Plan

PDF:Link
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63rd Interdepartmental Hurricane Conference ,Tampa ,Fla.Link



About the Conference


The Office of the Federal Coordinator for Meteorological Services and Supporting Research (OFCM) annually hosts the Interdepartmental Hurricane Conference (IHC) to educate attendees on the status and future plans of the Nations hurricane forecast and warning program. Additionally, the IHC provides a forum for the responsible Federal agencies, together with representatives of the user communities such as emergency management, to review the Nation's hurricane forecast and warning program and to make recommendations on how to improve the program in the future. The major objective is to plan and prepare for the upcoming hurricane season. New procedures, procedural changes, and agreements, which are approved at the conference and are directly related to the provision of tropical cyclone forecast and warning services, are then documented for implementation in the National Hurricane Operations Plan, which is published annually.

Conference Format
The conference will be held at the Hilton St. Petersburg Bayfront, St. Petersburg, Florida, from Monday, March 2, through Thursday, March 5, 2009. The theme for this years conference is Focusing Tropical Cyclone Research on Operations. The following provides an initial look at the planned activities for the week:

Monday morning, the Working Group for Hurricane and Winter Storm Operations will meet to work IHC action items and changes to the National Hurricane Operations Plan (NHOP).

The conference officially begins Monday afternoon. The afternoons agenda will include a keynote address; a panel discussion of senior leaders providing their perspective on tropical cyclone research priorities; the introduction of the federal agency lead representatives; and a review of the 2008 hurricane/typhoon season from both an operations and reconnaissance perspective.
Member Since: July 3, 2005 Posts: 426 Comments: 129089
Where in the heck has stormW been???????
Member Since: October 5, 2007 Posts: 20 Comments: 4970
If your reading Doc,There are alot of people on here from SWFL and I would like to know when and where(exact location) is the conference,I would love to attend!!!Is it open to the public???and if not,any way of getting me a ticket,I'd surely meet up with you and I would really enjoy the experience for sure!!!PLEASE LET ME KNOW!!,thanks as always doc.....I wonder who'll play the joker this year in the tropics????...lol...
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Quoting vortfix:
The Quikscat replacement satellite plan could be off and running quickly once submitted.

I believe the program is basically written up and ready to go isn't it Doctor?

Now that funding is available all it would take is for NOAA to designate the amount needed and off we go!



One of the latest proposals is included in the Abstracts Booklet for the 63rd IHC

To move toward an operational satellite OSVW capability that will meet NOAA’s operational needs, NOAA and NASA JPL are exploring a partnership with the Japanese Space Agency (JAXA) to fly a Dual Frequency Scatterometer (DFS) onboard the second mission in the JAXA GCOM-Water cycle (GCOM-W) series, currently scheduled to launch in 2016. With this launch date, funding must begin in FY2011 to meet JAXA-imposed deadlines for instrument delivery.

LOTS of information in that abstracts booklet.
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Quoting Tazmanian:
at last a blog that dos not have any thing to do with GW

Apparently you didn't read it too closely:
It is uncertain whether NASA will try to replace the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) satellite, which crashed into the ocean near Antarctica yesterday when the satellite failed to separate from its booster rocket. The Orbiting Carbon Observatory would have been a big help in determining how CO2 cycles between the atmosphere, ocean, and biosphere.


Hopefully some of the money can be used to replace that lose.
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This will be one of the best adminastrations for science based research and america will lead the world ONCE MORE!!!!,I'll be looking for a 500 point gain ATLEAST today from the dow!!!what a speach last night,lets see how much was just talk,we need action...
Member Since: October 5, 2007 Posts: 20 Comments: 4970
Quoting vortfix:
The Quikscat replacement satellite plan could be off and running quickly once submitted.

I believe the program is basically written up and ready to go isn't it Doctor?

Now that funding is available all it would take is for NOAA to designate the amount needed and off we go!



I see this as partial vindication of the former NHC director.
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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