2008: Ninth warmest year on record

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 2:05 AM GMT on January 21, 2009

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The temperature statistics are in, and the year 2008 ranks as the ninth warmest year for the globe on record, making it the coolest year since 2000, according to an analysis compiled by NASA. NOAA's National Climatic Data Center rated 2008 the eighth warmest on record, and the British Climate Research Unit rated it tenth warmest. NASA noted that given the uncertainty in the measurements, a range of 7th to 10th warmest was reasonable. Global temperature records extend back to 1880. December 2008 was also the eighth warmest December for the globe on record.

The average global temperature the past five years (and the last ten years) is the highest on record. The top ten warmest years since 1880 have all occurred in the past twelve years. So, despite the impressive cold blast in the Eastern U.S. this winter, the global climate is warming. The relatively cool temperatures of 2008 probably represent a normal year-to-year fluctuation in the weather. Cool weather is to be expected globally during a strong La Niña event in the Eastern Pacific Ocean, which was present during the first part of 2008 (see the cool blue colors over the Equatorial Pacific in Figure 1). It is no surprise that the last year it was cooler, 2000, was also the last time we had a La Niña event. With La Niña conditions beginning to develop again this year, I'd be surprised if 2009 turns out to be a record warm year. Dr. James Hansen of NASA is predicting a new global record temperature either this year or in 2010, though.


Figure 1. Global temperature anomalies in 2008 compared to the 1950-1980 baseline period. Below-average temperatures are shown in blue, average temperatures are white, and above-average temperatures are red. (Gray indicates no data.) Most of the world was either near normal or warmer than normal. Eastern Europe, Russia, the Arctic, and the Antarctic Peninsula were exceptionally warm (1.5 to 3.5 degrees Celsius above average). The temperature in the United States in 2008 was not much different than the 1951-1980 mean, which makes 2008 cooler than all of the previous years this decade. Large areas of the central and eastern Pacific Ocean were cooler than the long-term average, linked to a La Niña episode that began in 2007. The graph shows the long-term trend in surface temperatures since 1880. The annual average temperatures are shown in light orange, and the jaggedness of the line indicates how much the average global surface temperature varies from year to year. Because climate is so variable from year to year, it can be easier to spot long-term trends through multi-year averages. The dark red line shows the five-year running average, which is an average of five years of annual temperatures centered on a given year. Even this five-year average shows that climate has ups and downs, but the long-term increase in global average surface temperatures is obvious. The gray barbells indicate the range of uncertainty. Not surprisingly, the uncertainty is larger for older measurements than for more recent ones. Image credit: NASA.

A cool and snowy December in the U.S.
For the contiguous U.S., December was the 35th coolest December, ranking it in the coldest 30% of all Decembers observed since records began in 1895. December 2008 had near-average precipitation, ranking 43rd wettest. It was the 8th wettest December on record in the East North Central U.S., and 9th wettest for the Central U.S. Only the South experienced below average precipitation during the month. For the year 2008, temperatures in the U.S. were not much different than the 1951-1980 mean, which makes 2008 the coolest year since 1997. U.S. records set in December 2008 (courtesy of http://extremeweatherguide.com/updates.asp):

Spokane, WA: All-time 24-hour snowfall, 19.4", 12/17-12/18
Spokane, WA: All-time single storm snowfall: 23.3", 12/17-12/18
Sandpoint, ID: All-time 24-hour snowfall, 27.0"
Jackson, WY: All-time 24-hour snowfall, 27.0"
Fargo, ND: Snowiest month on record: 33.5"
Spokane, WA: Snowiest month on record: 61.5"
Green Bay, WI: Snowiest month on record: 45.6"
Madison, WI: Snowiest month on record: 40.4"
Wausau, WI: Snowiest month on record: 37.6"
Idaho: All-time 24-hour state snowfall record set at Dollar Hide, 46.5", 12/26-12/27 (not confirmed)

At the end of 2008, 20% of the contiguous United States was in moderate-to-exceptional drought. This is a decline from the 28% of the U.S. that was under similar drought conditions at the end of 2007. The average precipitation for the U.S. in 2008 was 30.48 inches, which is 1.34 inches above average. 2008 was the wettest year on record for New Hampshire and Missouri, second wettest for Massachusetts, and third wettest for Connecticut, Illinois, and Iowa. Also, 2008 was the fourth wettest year for Indiana, fifth wettest for Maine, Michigan, and Vermont, seventh wettest for New York, and eighth wettest for Kansas and Rhode Island.

Next post
Check out Ricky Rood's latest blog, called Cold in the East: A rant. There is a lot of misinformation circulating in the media right now about climate change, and Ricky and I will be doing our best to try to explain what is fact and what is crap in the coming weeks. I posted one such discussion last week, when I showed that the recent claims that sea ice is back to 1979 levels were a clever bit of cherry picking of the data that hides the critical summertime loss of Arctic sea ice. I'll have a new blog post on Friday.

Jeff Masters

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Quoting KEHCharleston:
Tampa - from which side of the bed did you rise this morning?

GulfPoet- I know what you are thinking so I will say if for you. He must he must have risen from the right

Patrap - Great links - thanks
(will need to re-organize links as well as stock up for 'Tropical Season')


I try to always jump out of the middle but, often enough i'm made to get up on the Right side then the wrong side.
Member Since: September 2, 2007 Posts: 178 Comments: 20439
The Tropics will be on time and primed ,come June 1.


Be ready Freddy..

Hurricane Preparation 2009 Link
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Tampa - from which side of the bed did you rise this morning?

GulfPoet- I know what you are thinking so I will say if for you. He must he must have risen from the right

Patrap - Great links - thanks
(will need to re-organize links as well as stock up for 'Tropical Season')
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Quoting TampaSpin:


Did Global Warming cause this ICE AGE......LMAO
no that stupid high out west did it and its northern flow coming down over the east
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Quoting Patrap:
Florida froze completely,...RUSH Limbaugh is missing too.

FEMA en-route as we blog.


Did Global Warming cause this ICE AGE......LMAO
Member Since: September 2, 2007 Posts: 178 Comments: 20439


Ultra Encrypted Blackberry??? No more tapes?
Can you hear me now?
Member Since: September 11, 2008 Posts: 9 Comments: 10084
THE NAO page Link

North Atlantic Oscillation

The NAO is the dominant mode of winter climate variability in the North Atlantic region ranging from central North America to Europe and much into Northern Asia. The NAO is a large scale seesaw in atmospheric mass between the subtropical high and the polar low. The corresponding index varies from year to year, but also exhibits a tendency to remain in one phase for intervals lasting several years.
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Quoting TampaSpin:
Enough for me back to weather....big changes coming as the High out West moves East.
yep
about time to i could use a pattern change up here cause iam kinda sick of the current one
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Short honeymoon

BTW, Do you know what a honeymoon salad is?

(scroll down for answer)














lettuce alone
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Enough for me back to weather....big changes coming as the High out West moves East.
Member Since: September 2, 2007 Posts: 178 Comments: 20439
Ever consider a career in the Military ?

They even have mets..

Navy Meteorologist Helping Troops Stay Prepared
Story Number: NNS030219-10 Link

Even become a Naval Officer Link
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So Obama thinking is if his Child is being held hostage somewhere and he has in his possession someone that knows where his child is located at.....that he would not use force upon that individual to obtain the information needed to obtain his child.....I would cut of fingers and toes to get information needed to protect my children....but, it must only be at a last result....and in extreme circumstances...
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509 pat
You hit the nail on the head.
"Open Minded Blogs"
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From Patrap's link - During El Nino, the trade winds relax in the Pacific.

What causes the trade winds to relax?
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Florida froze completely,...RUSH Limbaugh is missing too.

FEMA en-route as we blog.
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Quoting theshepherd:
That's OK Tim Geithner will solve all our ills.
He's an honest man...TRUST HIM.
Amazing that a man incapable of a civilian security clearance and a man that should be in jail are going to cure all.
As before, let's wait until the brush leaves the canvas before we proclaim a masterpeice and start comparing anyone to Abe Lincoln.


VERY WELL SAID.....if you or I owed the IRS $38000 the IRS would come take all our earthly possessions.....
Member Since: September 2, 2007 Posts: 178 Comments: 20439
back to the weather!
How cold did it get in Florida the past couple of days?
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Quoting GulfPoet:
pardon my laymens question... but

what causes El Niño / La Niña


The NWS auricle in Jackson,Mississippi has the answers you seek young Padawan..Link
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The PC debate club has many open minded blog's here.
Just cruise the directory for your side of the fence.

Leave a pic,or add to the debate there.

Thank you for your Co-operation

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Quoting NEwxguy:


AMEN!
I second that AMEN!
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Quoting theshepherd:
That's OK Tim Geithner will solve all our ills.
He's an honest man...TRUST HIM.
Amazing that a man incapable of a civilian security clearance and a man that should be in jail are going to cure all.
As before, let's wait until the brush leaves the canvas before we proclaim a masterpeice and start comparing anyone to Abe Lincoln.


AMEN!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
That's OK Tim Geithner will solve all our ills.
He's an honest man...TRUST HIM.
Amazing that a man incapable of a civilian security clearance and a man that should be in jail are going to cure all.
As before, let's wait until the brush leaves the canvas before we proclaim a masterpeice and start comparing anyone to Abe Lincoln.
Member Since: September 11, 2008 Posts: 9 Comments: 10084
The most prominent source of interannual variability in the tropics and around the world is the coupled ocean-atmosphere phenomenon known as the El Niño/Southern Oscillation, or ENSO. ENSO's oceanic component (El Niño / La Niña) is characterized by a quasi-periodic warming or cooling of ocean waters in the eastern equatorial Pacific that occurs every 2 to 8 years (Fig. 1). The atmospheric component reflects the seasonal fluctuations in the air pressure difference between the west and east ends of the Pacific region.

Linkie dinkie..Link
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I respectfully suggest that it is the small individually owned businesses and entrepreneurs that are the true economic engine and will pull us out of this.

MODIFIED - BUY LOCAL, FOLKS!!
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Whats wrong with you searcher14?

Trying to spread the truth???

Just think...

telling the truth...

what a novel idea. :-)
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496
Hopefully it may stop before it equals the price of gold.
Member Since: September 11, 2008 Posts: 9 Comments: 10084
Quoting conchygirl:
Morning Tampa - probably going to be that way for some time. :(


I'm an optimistic person by nature but, i don't see the DOW turning around now until it dips below 7000!!! I hope this does not happen but, that is just what i see happening.
Member Since: September 2, 2007 Posts: 178 Comments: 20439
Quoting TampaSpin:
Bad day on Wall Street coming....it will be really bad at 4pm.....horrible numbers coming out of Corp. profits...

Morning Tampa - probably going to be that way for some time. :(
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Bad day on Wall Street coming....it will be really bad at 4pm.....horrible numbers coming out of Corp. profits...

Member Since: September 2, 2007 Posts: 178 Comments: 20439
Morning Tampa
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Good Morning everyone......
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Quoting charlottefl:


In photobucket copy and paste the address that is in the "Direct Link - Layout Pages" for your image.
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Thanks for your help guys!!

Photobucket
Member Since: December 18, 2006 Posts: 7 Comments: 2686
Posting Images to the Blog

Ok.. I am not a computer person, so maybe someone else can correct any errors here.

I believe your picture has to be on a server of some sort - you do not want to open that kind of connection to the world on your computer (you do not want all of wunderblog accessing your home computer at the same time to view the image - talk about lag...
I think some people use websites where they can upload their pictures. I use a personal website (if your internet provider does not give you one - there are plenty out there for free) You do not need html - just pick one that offers 'no html needed' then upload your picture there.

Once it is on a server, you are good to go.
Then as stated in this post
Quoting nrtiwlnvragn:


WunderBlogs_-_Adding_images


**Note - if it is a large picture, I have a trick so that it looks more normal and not shaped weird.
When posting to the blog, after you have pasted the address and chosen, ok, ok, ok, -- you will see some html code telling wunderblog where to find the image and the image name. You will also see alt="" -- What I do is change alt to say width and between the "" I type 75% or 90% or whatever I want.
You do not need to type anything for the height - it adjust automatically!!!
I do not know why it does not work to put 75% in when prompted for width (shrug)
Note 2 - I am not sure if the image has to be in a particular format (jpeg, gif - I have used both of these with no problem)

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Member Since: December 18, 2006 Posts: 7 Comments: 2686
Member Since: December 18, 2006 Posts: 7 Comments: 2686
oh my



• Antarctic ice shelf on brink of collapse hanging on by thread

Link
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Stick to the tropics. Agitprop. Global warming causes global cooling. Blah. Blah Blah
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Quoting charlottefl:
Anyone know how to post a pic?


WunderBlogs_-_Adding_images
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yeah how to post one on the blog..
Member Since: December 18, 2006 Posts: 7 Comments: 2686
Quoting surfmom:
Cot -- a quickie Good Morning to you.... I woke up this morning and a bird was calling your name....said you need to plan a vacation off your cold, wintery Isle and visit the Sunny Shores of my peninsula -- it'd be a great Graduation Present!!! I'm off Zooooooom


I don't graduate till next year, but I'll keep it in mind, haha. I'd love to go back to FL.
Member Since: August 23, 2008 Posts: 7 Comments: 5300
Quoting KEHCharleston:


Do you mean on the blog as a post?
Yep. I have to go to properties for the http: thingy and it never shows the complete address to copy. Could it be that I save the images to desktop instead of my pictures. Or the Windows viewer I use.
Last time I tried it posted the little box with the red X instead of the pic.
Member Since: September 11, 2008 Posts: 9 Comments: 10084
Quoting theshepherd:
Yeah, I know how. Rob taught me and I still can't do it.
Not convinced Vista Premium plays the game well. Probably just me. LOL


Do you mean on the blog as a post?
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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