Exposure Exposed

By: BriarCraft , 10:52 PM GMT on January 14, 2014

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My point-and-shoot camera died in 2011 and I bought a Fujifilm Finepix HS20EXR "bridge" camera. Out of the box and on "Auto" I was thrilled with the marked improvement in photo quality. It didn't take long, though, for me to get curious about all the buttons and menus, so I started reading the 132-page manual. And got really confused at all the terminology and jargon.

It took me a couple of years, but I finally decided I had to learn more in order to understand the manual and, in turn, the camera. Why have all these fancy controls if I had no clue how or why to use half of them? The answer to my questions was found in a textbook, "Complete Digital Photography, 7th edition" by Ben Long. With 600 pages and supplemental material available online, this book is designed to be helpful to any photographer with any digital camera.



I highly recommend this book to anyone who isn't already an expert photographer. The rest of this blog entry is about the elements of exposure that had me confused, baffled, and frustrated. The illustrations used are scanned images from the book and I hope it will inspire some of you to buy the book to learn more.

My biggest question, starting out, was "Why doesn't the camera capture the same thing I see?" and that was just where the book started. One of the key points I learned was that the eye and the camera simply have different capabilities.

For photographers, every time the amount of light in a scene doubles, the scene is brightened by one stop or f-stop. And if the light in the scene is cut in half, it is darkened by one f-stop. Dynamic range is the difference between the darkest and lightest tones that can be perceived. The entire dynamic range of the human eye is about 30 stops, but when looking at a single scene the eye can discern a dynamic range of only about 15 stops. By comparison, a digitial camera has a total dynamic range of 10-12 f-stops and in any particular scene, you can expect to capture a range of about 5-9 stops. And that is why a camera today simply cannot reproduce exactly what you see.



Because the camera perceives a narrower dynamic range of light than your eye, a decision must be made as to which portion of the full dynamic range the camera captures. In most cases, the camera's "Auto" setting does a fine job of deciding what to capture in a scene. Other times, you might want to capture the scene in a particular way. Since you can't capture the entire dynamic range, you might want to pick a range that conveys what you "felt" when looking at the scene.



Choosing a smaller aperture will keep more light from getting to the camera's image sensor, but the aperture setting has another effect on the image. As you go to a smaller aperture, the depth of field in your image gets deeper, bringing more of the scene into focus.



A camera's shutter is a little door that opens and closes to control how much light passes through the lens to the image sensor. Shutter speed is a measure, in seconds, of how long the shutter stays open. A faster shutter speed exposes the sensor to less light. You'll most often see shutter speeds listed in fractions of a second, as in 1/60th, 1/125th, etc., but cameras also have settings for longer durations, such as 1.5 seconds and 30 seconds. Shutter speed affects more than the amount of light. Shutter speed also affects the "perception" of motion.



Since both shutter speed and aperture affect the amount of light, it is important that when you adjust one parameter, you need to adjust the other in the opposite direction to avoid over- or under-exposure.



Then, there is ISO, the third exposure parameter just to make it all more confusing to the beginner. ISO is a standard for measuring the sensitivity of film. (ISO stands for International Standards Organization.) Digital camera makers adopted this standard early on as a way of specifying the sensitivity of an image sensor. When you increase the ISO setting on your camera, you are adjusting the sensor to become more light sensitive. As the image sensor becomes more sensitive, it will require less exposure to be able to "see" a scene. This allows you to shoot in very low light levels because ISO, shutter speed, and aperture all share a reciprocal relationship.

The downside of a high ISO setting is digital "noise", which comes in two flavors: luminance noise and chrominance noise. Luminance noise is bright speckles that appear in your image, usually in the shadow tones. Chrominance (color) noise appears as splotchy patterns of color, also usually in the shadow tones, most commonly red or magenta splotches. Luminance noise closely resembles film grain or texture, while chrominance noise looks very "digital" and is extremely difficult to remove with editing software.

In summary, balance is the key. Depending on what part of a scene you want to emphasize or draw attention to, you have three parameters to juggle. It takes awhile to get used to this and perhaps the best way is to practice. Pick a subject or scene and take several shots using different aperture, shutter, and ISO settings. Then look at the result on your computer, not the little LCD screen of your camera.



Happy shooting!

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66. WunderAlertBot (Admin)
9:29 PM GMT on January 26, 2014
BriarCraft has created a new entry.
65. palmettobug53
4:32 PM GMT on January 26, 2014
Happy Sunday, Briar. How were the classes? Didja learn some new skills?

Have you had any success with attracting some birds with the mealworms?

It's a pretty nice day here today but our temps are going to nosedive again, come Tuesday. I'm hoping that this will be the last time.

There's a possibility we'll get snow/ice starting Tuesday night and (maybe) on through Wednesday night or Thursday morning. I am NOT enthused.
Member Since: October 7, 2005 Posts: 239 Comments: 25386
64. WeatherWise
3:26 PM GMT on January 26, 2014
Hi BC - Beautiful photos that you posted on Pros's blog!

So am thinking along with Sandi - How were your classes at the nursery? They sounded so fun and interesting. You are going to teach us aren't you? I checked out your nice nursery online - looks like one of those great places that I so love to explore and visit. Waiting to hear -

Hope all is well with you! Happy Spouses Day and looking ahead to Chocolate Cake Day! Take care.
Member Since: February 28, 2003 Posts: 59 Comments: 2435
63. sandiquiz
6:05 PM GMT on January 25, 2014
Hi there, I hope you had fun at the classes today, and learnt how to prune all those now-not-so-dormant roses!!

Ylee as Brad Pitt??? Nah, he is much better. He spends hours finding pretty cams for his ladies to enjoy!!! Lol
Member Since: October 29, 2005 Posts: 300 Comments: 27061
62. BFH
5:37 PM GMT on January 25, 2014
Strange - WU says it will be cooler than yesterday, while the "beta" page says it will be much warmer. Guess I'll just look outside and flip a coin...
Member Since: March 2, 2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 114
61. Ylee
5:28 PM GMT on January 25, 2014
Darned near as crazy as GG? I'm not trying hard enough.....;' )

Learning about dormancy so you can be dormant after filling up on your DH's cooking? :' )

Enjoy!
Member Since: February 3, 2011 Posts: 98 Comments: 16549
60. WeatherWise
5:14 AM GMT on January 25, 2014
BriarCraft, Here I am again knocking on your door mighty late. Sounds like you have a wonderful weekend planned. The Tsuawa Nursery sounds interesting and the classes sound really neat. I am going to search and see if I can read about it online. I just love garden places and shops. You have fun and be careful.
Member Since: February 28, 2003 Posts: 59 Comments: 2435
59. BriarCraft
1:07 AM GMT on January 25, 2014
GG: I hope you and Roxie recharged while having some fun outside. Fresh air, warmth, exercise = feel-good endorphins.

Bug: I think Admin would just consider the source and grin. Good to see you out and about!

DataPilot: Thanks for coming out of lurk mode! While I suspect there are lurkers, it's always nice to get confirmation that somebody finds the content here of some interest, at least once in awhile.

Like you, I quit with the fake face awhile back, but in recent years, I have modified that a bit because, as I get older, my eyebrows and eyelashes seem to be disappearing. I think there is a whole lot of difference, however, between a little mascara and a fake face.

Looks like you tried your hand at a little blogging back in 2009. I know, because I got curious about you and clicked on your handle. Had to look up Mahlon Sweet and found that you're in the Eugene area. If you even stick your toes in the beautiful McKenzie River, say Hi to it for me.

Come back out of lurkage any time!

Ylee: You're darned near as crazy as GG, but don't worry, that's a good thing! It's who you are that counts, Ylee. I don't think any of us would enjoy blogging with Brad Pitt half as much as we enjoy you.

--------------------------

I've got two classes to go to at Tsugawa Nursery in Woodland tomorrow -- all about dormant spraying and dormant pruning. After that, it will be a bit of shopping at Target and Home Depot on the way home. After a day of mingling with people and being nice, I'll be all tuckered out, so WUall probably won't see me til Sunday. DH has volunteered to cook dinner tomorrow night. I should go to town more often!
Member Since: June 21, 2004 Posts: 87 Comments: 4411
58. Ylee
9:21 PM GMT on January 24, 2014
I thought my Photoshop skills were poor, as my ears and nose are too big, as well as my belly, but then I realized I was just looking in the mirror...... :' )

Love the Mt. St. Helens pics!
Member Since: February 3, 2011 Posts: 98 Comments: 16549
57. DataPilot
9:16 PM GMT on January 24, 2014
Hello, BriarCraft. I read your blog regularly, but today I decided to come out of lurkage and comment.

First of all, your photos of Mount St Helens are awesome. I remember clearly the day that the mountain blew up, the miles of flattened fir trees, the washed-out bridges, the changing maps. While the area around St Helens isn't back to its old "normal" - whatever that is - I can't help but be amazed at how Mother Nature always seems to heal herself.

Secondly - I'm not sure what to think of the video showing live retouching of the young woman's image. I personally think her "before" image is more attractive than the "after". But then again, I stopped wearing makeup about 15 years ago, after I got tired of looking at my made-up "fake" face in the mirror. If a person, especially a young woman, can't even accept the look of their own face, how can they learn to see the rest of the world as it is?

And finally...
Like you, my husband and I are owned by a slew of formerly stray and feral cats. We spay/neuter, then love and care for whoever shows up at our door.
Member Since: January 5, 2009 Posts: 11 Comments: 1287
56. palmettobug53
9:08 PM GMT on January 24, 2014
LOL! GG, you'd better hope Admin doesn't catch you mooning us all here!
Member Since: October 7, 2005 Posts: 239 Comments: 25386
55. GardenGrrl
8:23 PM GMT on January 24, 2014
Hi Ya, I am almost done with playing in WUville today. It is warming up outside so Miss Roxie and I should do a bit of walking. Have to recharge the solar cells.

Give the kitties some pets from me.
Member Since: March 25, 2007 Posts: 260 Comments: 9979
54. BriarCraft
8:15 PM GMT on January 24, 2014
There you are, GG, in all your wonderful craziness and wisdom! Depending on the context, it might be overexposed. 8- )

I sometimes wonder if it is low self esteem or evolution or society that causes so many women to feel the need to enhance themselves to such an extreme. Personally, I never wanted to "cheer" and once upon a time I was rather proud of my upper body strength.
Btw, those are great landscape shots. How cool is it to live that close to post card and calendar grade scenery? I hope you always find it amazing to see those sights.

It is pretty cool, even if I complain about the weather sometimes.
Member Since: June 21, 2004 Posts: 87 Comments: 4411
53. GardenGrrl
7:48 PM GMT on January 24, 2014


he he
Member Since: March 25, 2007 Posts: 260 Comments: 9979
52. GardenGrrl
7:47 PM GMT on January 24, 2014
Btw, those are great landscape shots. How cool is it to live that close to post card and calendar grade scenery? I hope you always find it amazing to see those sights.
Member Since: March 25, 2007 Posts: 260 Comments: 9979
51. GardenGrrl
7:44 PM GMT on January 24, 2014
Hi Briar, the sad thing is a lot of girls will think that photoshopping themselves is great. They can become something else because they have low self esteem. Some day, maybe, women will be okay with what they are born with. Or at least their biggest gripe about their body will be not having enough upper body strength to make the varsity sport team instead of not being "pretty" enough to cheer.
Member Since: March 25, 2007 Posts: 260 Comments: 9979
50. BriarCraft
7:20 PM GMT on January 24, 2014
Good morning, WTS and Sandi.

Here's a new topic, from my morning reading, that might be of interest.

The USDA's National Resources Conservation Service has issued an interesting (at least to me) report on farming, highlights of which are:

* Land dedicated for fruits, nuts and flowers increased from 124,800 acres in 2007 to 273,800 in 2010;
* Cropland acreage increased by about 2 million acres from 2007 to 2010 after a steady decline over the previous 25 years;
* Acres in pastureland increased by 847,000 acres;
* Developed land ( farms that plant a second crop amid the fruit, nut and flower crop) increased two percent from 111.1 to 113.3 million acres;
* Palustrine wetlands, such as swamps or marshes, and estuarine wetlands, such as a river flowing into the ocean, saw a small increase from 1997 to 2010;
* Cropland erosion rates remained stable despite a growth in agricultural land use and more extreme weather events, such as drought and floods.


"Palustrine" is a new addition to my vocabulary and means:
Relating to a system of inland, nontidal wetlands characterized by the presence of trees, shrubs, and emergent vegetation (vegetation that is rooted below water but grows above the surface).

So what is interesting about any of this? In an era of more and more urbanization, that there should be an increase in both farmland and wetlands seems like a good thing. According to the report, at least some of this is attributable to programs funded in the 2008 farm bill. I think it is reasonable to guess that increased public interest in farmers markets and wildlife habitat have played a role, as well. And you know that farmers markets and wildlife habitat are recurring themes with me.

Hope I'm not boring WU. Not much to talk about currently, so I'm looking for interesting topics.

Member Since: June 21, 2004 Posts: 87 Comments: 4411
49. WatchinTheSky
5:54 PM GMT on January 24, 2014
Hi, BC - The idea that it was all makeup is actually easier for me to accept, maybe it was done as a promotion for the makeup 'artists'. Did you get to the Pageant of the Masters while you were down here? (did we discuss that before? Yikes, gray matter fog) Lighting and makeup can make dramatic changes. Photoshopping a photo is one thing, but video is 30 times a second more difficult (tedious). That was still a lot of stop motion. What IS real, anyway... I've seen The Matrix ;)
Member Since: September 20, 2005 Posts: 133 Comments: 2142
48. sandiquiz
8:54 AM GMT on January 24, 2014
I wasn't condoning it, I think it is totally wrong just like you do. I hope the whole idea to was show how wrong it is...

And isn't it past your bedtime? I have been up for three hours! lol

Sweet dreams:)

Member Since: October 29, 2005 Posts: 300 Comments: 27061
47. BriarCraft
8:43 AM GMT on January 24, 2014
WTS: What with videos of dancing babies, Avatar, Jabba the Hutt, and Yoda I'd say just about anything is possible with video editing.

Sandi: I don't think makeup can stretch a person's neck or make one eye the exact mirror image of the other, but really, my point was girls making themselves anorexic and women getting breat implants and plastic surgery to emulate air-brushed magazine model photos I think that was also the point of the people who made the video.

------------------------

What a difference 80 miles makes in the weather. It was overcast here, with an air stagnation advisory due to the continuing temperature inversion. I talked to my mother in Beaverton, Oregon, this afternoon. It was sunny there, with sustained winds in the neighborhood of 40 mph and their power had been out for a couple of hours earlier in the day. She said gusts as high as 87 mph had been clocked in the Columbia Gorge.
Member Since: June 21, 2004 Posts: 87 Comments: 4411
46. sandiquiz
7:53 AM GMT on January 24, 2014
I couldn't see you video from my Ipad. Apple do not support Flash, therefore any videos that use it can't be seen.

So now on my laptop, and found a white square... perhaps someone has ' passed it along' already!

More likely it is Kaspersky doing a full scan on this lappy, which means it makes the performance soooo sloooooow! I'll go to make another coffee and then come back - it might have loaded by then.

Right, coffee in hand and I have watched it. I went to Youtube to read the comments and I found she is an Hungarian singer who also performs in French.
The video was not done using photoshop, it was all real. She was photographed having makeup and hair done, then it was put together, with some very clever editing.

I found this comment somewhere in the 1000 plus comments!

"2 guys worked for 4 months on this video. The girl has changes using real makeups on this video, not photoshops"
Guess the guy who wrote it speaks Hungarian too, looking at the English :)
Member Since: October 29, 2005 Posts: 300 Comments: 27061
45. WatchinTheSky
7:54 PM GMT on January 23, 2014
That video was pretty amazing, but my French? is lacking - don't know if the lyrics were ironic, sad, melancholy, or? And being a bit skeptical sometimes, I wondered if the timeline wasn't backwards. Would still have the same effect.
I have heard (and maybe believe) that video and animation processing is is so far advanced that movies could have fully cgi actors (not Avatar) that would be undetectable. But the viewing populous would not buy in.
Member Since: September 20, 2005 Posts: 133 Comments: 2142
44. BriarCraft
7:15 PM GMT on January 23, 2014
WW: Just checked and found it hasn't warmed up much for you with a current temp of only 32º, I've got you beaten by 11 degrees. Keep those birdies fed!

Sandi: With the weather oddities everywhere, I'm sure you and I aren't the only ones having to rethink gardening routines. Do we? Or don't we? I guess it just comes down to flipping a coin. Your guess is as good as mine.

I'll go do a quick lurk at GG's blog and yours!
Member Since: June 21, 2004 Posts: 87 Comments: 4411
43. BriarCraft
7:08 PM GMT on January 23, 2014
This is quite a bit off topic as it's about video retouching, but I am also a humanist and sometimes I can't resist sharing something that provokes thought/feeling along those lines. I find it maddening how too many women and teenage girls feel compelled to try to live up to the images they see in magazines and TV. They can't. It's not real. Please pass it along, if/where you feel it appropriate.

Member Since: June 21, 2004 Posts: 87 Comments: 4411
42. sandiquiz
7:02 PM GMT on January 23, 2014
I hear you about the roses - I did some gardening today, cut back clematis and other climbers that are beginning to sprout, and saw the rambler rose is also making growth....do I prune it, or will I get the polar vortex, courtesy of the USA, which wil kill it if I do!!

I am sorry Flickr is slow for you. I saw your comment on broadband speed over in my blog and left you a reply. Once day soon, you will be quicker!

Talking of reflections. I posted a photo in GG's blog from my sister, taken in NZ. She never had owned a camera until I bought her one for Christmas so she could capture her epic trip. She sent me some photos today, and the one I posted in GG's blog is of a reelection and it is good - even I would have been pleased to have got something similar!

Member Since: October 29, 2005 Posts: 300 Comments: 27061
41. WeatherWise
7:09 AM GMT on January 23, 2014
Briarcraft, That is exactly what I did...stayed in except to fill feeders and carry the garbage out.

Sandi, and BriarC I like your aspect of retirement and agree. Beautiful photos of Mt. St. Helens - the shot with the lake is so clear! Hope you posted those on WU! Will check to see in the morning. It is a bit too late now! Have a great rest of the week!


Member Since: February 28, 2003 Posts: 59 Comments: 2435
40. BriarCraft
6:52 AM GMT on January 23, 2014
WTS: Yeah, right!

Sandi: I manage to lose long blog comments even without the aid of an iPad. I did follow that link and saw some swans or snow geese taking off and a few other nice water scenes, but didn't have the patience to wait for that page to finish loading. (Flickr is the slowest-loading website I know of.) You're right, he has some very nice reflection photos.

It certainly is great being retired. I love being able to indulge my whims and just take off sometimes.

SP: A camera meter like you describe seems like it would be useful on any camera, to help you balance the exposure parameters when shooting in manual mode.

------------------------

After walking around in shirtsleeves on the mountain yesterday, I decided to give my knee a rest today and stayed inside. I finally finished scanning in the paperwork that was cluttering a big desk drawer.

With no chance of rain until possibly next Tuesday, tomorrow I will apply dormant spray the fruit trees. Hyacinths and crocus are starting to come up and I noticed a lone primrose blossom today, so a bit of fertilizer here and there is in order. Moles have been digging like crazy lately and I'm guessing there are two wheelbarrows full of mole hill dirt to be picked up. I never have needed to set mole traps at this time of year, but it seems that is in order, too.

Normally, gardeners in this area prune roses in mid-February, when danger of a deep freeze is past. Pruning stimulates new growth, so it doesn't pay to do it too early in the year. On the other hand, the roses are sending out new little leaves already. Should I wait until mid-February? Or should I prune and fertilize then now? What do you advise?
Member Since: June 21, 2004 Posts: 87 Comments: 4411
39. sp34n119w
10:48 PM GMT on January 22, 2014
Wow beautiful clear shots of the mountain. Inversion or no it looks like the clarity of winter air. Love the one with the reflection!

I have a film camera that has a meter in the viewfinder and the needle goes up and down as you change the f-stop, shutter speed, and ISO. I used to take a series of shots keeping the needle pretty near centered but changing all those parameters and came up with fascinating differences. More than twenty years on, I've forgotten all I learned from those experiments, so your primer is quite useful. Or, will be, if I ever get a more complicated digital camera!
Thanks for taking the time to write it out :)

Glad you got out on such a nice day and that your knee is well enough to play!
Member Since: January 27, 2007 Posts: 82 Comments: 4310
38. sandiquiz
6:00 AM GMT on January 22, 2014
I awoke early for some reason, so sat up in bed with my Ipad and had a 'lurk' through some blogs. I came to yours and stopped to write a comment.
I had written quite a sizeable amount, when I hopped over to another tab, and Flickr, to pick up a link for you, came back and your page refreshed...loosing all my comment! I HATE the IPAd when when that happens!

Now seated at the table, with the laptop and a coffee, so I will begin again!

Isn't it great being retired, able to dash off to do a photo-shoot at the drop of a hat, whenever the weather cooperates!

I love your photos, so clear and such a stunning view!
I especially like the first photo. I love this type of image that shows almost perfect reflections. It reminds me of the work by a friend, who I first met over here on WU photos, and then in Flickr. HE specialises in that type of artistic capture - perfect reflections.

Checkout his photostream - this is where I lost you last time - he has some glorious photos, all taken further south of me, nearer the coast.

PS - I have posted a photo in my blog of yesterday morning's fog:)
Member Since: October 29, 2005 Posts: 300 Comments: 27061
37. WatchinTheSky
4:32 AM GMT on January 22, 2014
Inversions are odd ducks! Looks like a really nice road trip. Good thing you guys had the studded tires Lol!
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36. BriarCraft
1:55 AM GMT on January 22, 2014
The sun put in an appearance this morning, though there were a lot of thin, high clouds. DH drove into Toledo about noon and noticed that the view of Mt. St. Helens was quite clear. Half an hour later, we were in his Ford Ranger. The studded snow tires were still on from his Minnesota trek, so I had confidence we could make it up the snowy grade that gave me pause on Christmas Eve in the Hyundai. As it turned out, there was no snow on the road all the way up to milepost 45, where a gate barred access. The recent temperature inversion was still in effect and, though we didn't carry a thermometer, I am certain that the temperature on the mountain was above 60º, a good 15 degrees warmer than it was a home.

Regardless of the exposure lesson in the header, these photos were shot on a Fujifilm HS20-EXR, set on AutoEXR mode with Dynamic Range Priority.








Member Since: June 21, 2004 Posts: 87 Comments: 4411
35. BriarCraft
1:44 AM GMT on January 22, 2014
WW: I hope you can stay indoors, snug and warm, except for brief forays into your backyard to refill birdfeeders.

Sandi: The knee held up for a half mile walk this afternoon at Mt. St. Helens and only aches a little this evening.

Greetings to Dave from San Jose! Newcomers always are welcome here. Since you probably know a lot more about photography than I do, I'm glad you like the little exposure summary I put in this blog. I hope you'll come back, and please feel free to add content and/or comment.

Prose: Hugs always are welcome here, too! Thanks!
Member Since: June 21, 2004 Posts: 87 Comments: 4411
34. Proserpina
11:41 AM GMT on January 21, 2014
 photo 4db5b35b-6600-41c1-88fb-e652909224e0_zps15057a24.jpg

I'll be back! I want to read the info on cameras, I sure can use it!
Member Since: May 6, 2008 Posts: 177 Comments: 18431
33. DaveFive
9:17 AM GMT on January 21, 2014
Hello BriarCraft,
I'm Dave from San Jose, CA. I like your photos and information on photography. I took photography in 2011 in college, it was a great experience.
Member Since: August 16, 2013 Posts: 9 Comments: 311
32. sandiquiz
8:41 AM GMT on January 21, 2014
I am so glad to hear the knee is improving...and kneeling down on it without thinking means it is getting better quite quickly!

I need to head out the the local stores, but it is thick fog, so I am waiting until it is light. I prefer to drive in fog when it is light, I don't feel quite so "cut off", as when it is dark!
Member Since: October 29, 2005 Posts: 300 Comments: 27061
31. WeatherWise
7:11 AM GMT on January 21, 2014
Briarcraft - Yes, an entirely different tree - a huge double tree looks like....is down near the woods near the creek. It is definitely a hollow tree and was just thinking a nice shelter for some animal perhaps. I thought you might like it. The other tree was a very small weaker tree - a young tree and it will probably fall eventually because of the undermining Plus it is on a very steep incline and perhaps little water gets to it. Had an exciting adventure with the pileated woodpecker this afternoon and stayed up way too late to get a good view of the moon which was slow to rise above the trees. Have a great Tuesday! We have a winter wather advisory and all of the schools in the area are closed for Tuesday!
Member Since: February 28, 2003 Posts: 59 Comments: 2435
30. BriarCraft
9:16 PM GMT on January 20, 2014
WW: As you know by now, I just checked it out. It looks like there is less in the way of animals rubbing around that hole than in the photo you posted last month. Different tree? Or just different angle?

Sandi: I spent so much time at your blog yesterday, I then got busy and didn't even tend to my own blog or visit anyone else.

------------------------

I haven't missed anything by having a sore knee the past few days. It has been foggy or cloudy, clammy cold, such that I didn't want to go outdoors anyway. There is still a partially assembled bird feeder in the shop, but the birds aren't starving, so no hurry. Instead of yardening, I got involved in doing laundry and scanning receipts, and there went the afternoon and evening yesterday.

I like to keep scanned records on the computer, so when I get to wondering, "How long has it been since a serpentine belt was put on the Hyundai?" or "When did I plant that bamboo?" I can go back and look it up. And it certainly takes up less space than another file cabinet.

The knee was feeling good enough yesterday that when I cleaned the litter box, I knelt down as usual and was surprised when it felt tender.
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29. sandiquiz
8:45 AM GMT on January 19, 2014
Sorry, WU did a double post!
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28. sandiquiz
8:37 AM GMT on January 19, 2014
The doctors' surgery where I attend built a herbal dispensary in the carpark. The main doctor is into natural medicine, and actually has a Chinese wife who runs the herbal dispensary. They called it "Alternatives". It contains many ancient Chinese herbs, which she will mix for you. They also sell a variety of vitamins and other herbal cures, like arnica, calendula, witch hazel, St, John's Wort (nasty stuff) etc!
Member Since: October 29, 2005 Posts: 300 Comments: 27061
27. WeatherWise
3:30 AM GMT on January 19, 2014
Glad it is better. Take care, Briarcraft. Did you get to see the WHO GOES THERE? photo I posted for you?
Have a great Sunday!
Member Since: February 28, 2003 Posts: 59 Comments: 2435
26. BriarCraft
9:40 PM GMT on January 18, 2014
WW: The knee is considerably better today. I was even able to bend it enough to put on my socks and shoes unassisted this morning. The left knee still feels a bit warmer to the touch than the right, so I'll do another ice pack this afternoon (can't bear the thought of cold in the morning!). It doesn't appear that a doctor visit will be needed.

I agree wholeheartedly with you that walking is the good medicine. And water is vital, especially after exercise.

Sandi: I'll be happy to contribute to your natural remedy blog. I don't think of those remedies as "alternative" because most have been around far longer than the knife-and-chemical version of medicine. The modern alternatives are needed and do save lives, but herbs and common sense shouldn't be forgotten.

Barb: That is a very nice looking camera -- obviously treated with respect throughout its existence. I remember my grandparents' camera that had a hand crank for advancing the film, but it was in an ugly red paper box. I see from the wiki link you provided that it was a high-end camera for serious photographers. The only downside was the cost of film and development.

----------------------

An interesting side-note about the weather here. Yesterday's high at Toledo was 37º. I heard on the evening news (can't find it on WU) that Paradise Inn on Mt. Rainier, elevation 5400 feet, reached 65º yesterday. Now that's a temperature inversion!
Member Since: June 21, 2004 Posts: 87 Comments: 4411
25. barbamz
7:20 PM GMT on January 18, 2014
Very good blog, Briarcraft!

I still own one of these Rolleiflex (inherited by an old journalist) and used it very often until 2003 when digital photography catched up in solution. A very nice and totally mechanic tool, no need of any batteries! And the optical viewfinder just is gorgeous, better than in any of the many cameras I ever owned.





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Otherwise I now only buy Nikons, just to avoid too many adjustments when buying a new one. At least some buttons and menues will survive from one model to the next one, sigh!
Member Since: October 25, 2008 Posts: 62 Comments: 6704
24. sandiquiz
7:22 AM GMT on January 18, 2014
Saw you over at Mike's blog....you're up late tonight, not tired due to all the inactivity!!??

I actually planned and wrote a blog in Word on my 'alternative' medicines and why I take what I take...I will post it probably Sunday.
Will you add your own suggestions, your valerian, for instance?

Right, now time to get out of bed and make a coffee. I have been awake for half an hour, or so, waiting for the heating to get the house warm before I ventured downstairs!!! lol
Member Since: October 29, 2005 Posts: 300 Comments: 27061
23. WeatherWise
1:57 AM GMT on January 18, 2014
Braircraft, just as I suspected, you did not go. I am the same way, put it off if I can. I find water to be the best medicine in the world. Feel a tinge of a headache, get a glass of water and drink it and am fine in a few. Get to coughing when have a cold, water is the VERY best cough medicine. For me WALKING is medicine - I figure walking keeps me from having to take another pill or higher dosage. First of all it is great for the mind, but helps your bones to be stronger re bone density and helps control blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar and so much more. So I walk every day for my health with enjoying nature as my bonus. So, yes, there are a lot of self cures that help. The answer is not always medicine or surgery. However if you think something is broken, please do see the doc. Sounds like you have it under control.
Member Since: February 28, 2003 Posts: 59 Comments: 2435
22. BriarCraft
11:53 PM GMT on January 17, 2014
Bogon: Where you're at is exactly where I was last summer, before I decided it was time I learned something new. My most-used control was focus lock -- push the shutter button halfway down and hold. When shooting scenes with lots of light and shadow contrasts, I would focus-lock on a dark patch for one shot, a light patch for the next, then somewhere in between. Because, even though I think my Fuji HS20 has the ability to take three rapid-fire shots with different exposures, I've never been able to figure it our.

TS: Ah, the interwebz and our love-hate relationship with SEO (which I had google first to see what it means). I especially find it frustrating that searches insist on yielding results Google already knows you are interested in. Try to find, say, arguments against climate change when Google knows you agree with climate change. Now that is an exercise in aggravation. It can be done, but not without difficulty. Even with DuckDuckGo.com (Thanks, GG, for recommending it!) I still tend to get what the computer thinks I want to see.

Still and all, I will be keeping an eye on you to see what changes, and I expect something will. When Susie decides she wants to be called Susan henceforth, her mannerisms and thought processes do change, if only a little. I'm sure you get the analogy, lame as it may be.

Ylee: You're right that the basics apply to film photography as well. Mostly because the digital camera makers were savvy enough to follow along with industry standards for photography.

Those who have managed to learn Gimp swear by it and they do get excellent results. For me, the documentation is woefully inadequate and the software is not intuitive. Trying to figure it out accomplishes nothing more than to make be feel like an idiot, and I can easily do that just by wandering out to feed the birds.

Sandi, WW, GG, Ylee, WTS: Thanks for the sympathy and kind wishes -- a virtual kiss to make it better.

WW, I have a hunch I broke my foot when I was in my 20s. The jacuzzi at the apartments where I lived made it feel good enough that I never did go to the doctor. Now I have a bony knob on the top of my left foot that is sensitive -- it only took me 35 years to figure out that I probably did break it.

As to my knee, I think it is strictly soft tissue damage. There is swelling but no bruising and I prodded the knee cap thoroughly and don't feel any tender spots. With high deductible health insurance, I prefer not to go to the doctor unless I'm bleeding, have chest pains, or something is visibly broken. If the knee isn't better in 3-4 days, then I'll think about seeing a doctor.

Like Sandi, I prefer old-fashioned remedies for many things. Valerian root to relieve muscle cramps or to help me go to sleep. Mint tea to sooth the stomach. If I went to the doctor, I would get xrayed, have my knee wrapped, and be told to take it easy, apply ice packs, and take acetaminophen for the pain. I know to do that anyway.

I spent a good bit of time being catatonic (as in held down by cats) in the recliner catching up on reading today. Now off to pay my respects in WUville.
Member Since: June 21, 2004 Posts: 87 Comments: 4411
21. WatchinTheSky
6:38 PM GMT on January 17, 2014
Those dang birds! I would guess I am not the only one who's knee started to throb just reading your account {:\ Hope it only takes sitting out one day! But lots of guilt free computer time!
Member Since: September 20, 2005 Posts: 133 Comments: 2142
20. Ylee
5:09 PM GMT on January 17, 2014
This is a good 101 tutorial on taking pics with a digital, although these basics also apply with film, in case anyone out there still uses it!

Gimp is not very user-friendly, IMO, although it is very powerful. PSP used to be one of the best out there; I hadn't used it in years, though.

Hope your knee is OK!
Member Since: February 3, 2011 Posts: 98 Comments: 16549
19. Thoughtsteader
3:32 PM GMT on January 17, 2014
I suspect that has something to do with different life phases (young adult, middle age, etc.) and also major turning points (death of loved one, loss of job, move to another state, etc.) I will watch with interest.

Actually, it has to do with Google, SEO, redirects and other such realities of life on the interwebz. As long as I was at WU as S-acres, someone searching for me through a search engine was just as likely to land here as at Wordpress. That's not good - I want people to end up at my primary writing site. And I was reducing my page rank on Google by occasionally double posting material here and there.

So - a new name that will do what I need for my primary site, and still allow me to hang around here and have a little fun. ;)
Member Since: January 16, 2014 Posts: 40 Comments: 542
18. GardenGrrl
3:25 PM GMT on January 17, 2014
AAAHHHHGH! Ow. Sorry you got the gravity smack down. That has to hurt. As we are all reaching the age where walking can be considered an extreme sport and almost as dangerous when we fall, glad to know you are back up.
At work the other day a group of us formerly hard living grey beards were debating which OTC painkiller was the best with the same enthusiasm we used to use for beer brands years ago.

As for toys, and I have to happily add, I now have everything I exactly want, I also got a Wacom graphics tablet and a program called SketchBook Pro to play with. Graphics tablets are a great addition to photo post processing. So lots of things to busy myself with during indoor weather :D
Member Since: March 25, 2007 Posts: 260 Comments: 9979
17. WeatherWise
2:02 PM GMT on January 17, 2014
So sorry to hear about your fall - am wondering if you went to doc to get checked out for damage done- I suspect NOT. Home treatment sounds good but makes sure nothing broke. Many years ago, I broke my foot, didn't go to doc, didn't miss a beat, happened on a Tuesday evening, taught school all day Wednesday and Thursday, and finally friends took me to doc on Thursday after work only to find that YES I had a broken foot. SO don't be like me - GO GET CHECKED!
Stay as comfortable as you can. Thoughts, Shirley
Member Since: February 28, 2003 Posts: 59 Comments: 2435
16. Bogon
10:40 AM GMT on January 17, 2014
Thanks for the photography lesson, BriarCraft. You have given me at lot to think about the next time I take out my camera. (As if I didn't have enough to think about already!)

The good news is that, at any price point, the capabilities and features of digital cameras continue to improve. These days you can take excellent photos with a cell phone (and immediately post 'em on Facebook). The bad news is that camera manufacturers keep adding more features and capabilities, so that the doggone device is immensely complicated. Your photo opportunity evaporates (or flies away etc.) while you're setting up the tripod and futzing around with the buttons.

To tell the truth, I never made it very far into my camera manual. The gadget does way more than I know how to make it do. To me the most useful feature is a set of automatic preset scene types. These let me quickly adapt the camera to particular situations without having to figure out the technical details. In some cases it takes multiple rapid exposures and combines them electronically into a single image. That enables you, for example, to see into an interior room from a sunlit porch or to freeze motion in dim light.

None of those preset recipes is perfect, but they certainly yield better results than I could achieve on my own trying to operate the camera manually. That's especially true since everything is fly-by-wire. I might do better if I could quickly set the aperture and focus by cranking a knob and twisting the lens. Unfortunately, with the low resolution electronic viewfinder you can't tell when the scene is in focus. Even with the camera's artificial intelligence helping, it's hard to tell what, exactly, it's focused on.
Member Since: June 26, 2008 Posts: 80 Comments: 3852

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Live. Love. Harm no one. Help when you can. Be happy.

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Elevation: 302 ft
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Wind Gust: 14.0 mph
Updated: 4:14 PM PST on December 20, 2014

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