Cedar Creek Grist Mill
|By: BriarCraft, 7:19 AM GMT on July 14, 2013||+7|
The Cedar Creek Grist Mill near Woodland, Washington is the only working grist mill remaining in the Pacific Northwest. Rather than a water wheel, it is powered by a Leffel Turbine that was installed in 1886. This style of turbine was developed in Europe in the 1840s, but it took 40 years for that technology to make it to the west coast.
The turbine is capable of 16 horse power, though in its current use, it turns at about 300 revolutions per minute and generates 4-5HP. The turbine spins on a lignum vitae wood block as a bearing. It can use 600 cubit feet of water per minute at full power. There is 17½ feet of water head inside the 48-inch silo. The flume is 650 feet long and has a drop of 3 inches per 100 feet. Water enters the flume through a ¼-inch stainless steel mesh that prevents salmon fry from entering.
The milling machine's two French millstones never touch, but are shaped to force the grain into narrowing spaces that crush it. The gap between the stones can be adjusted to mill anything from cracked corn and Scottish oats to fine flour. I brought home a 2-pound bag of whole wheat flour milled from hard red wheat. It will be the first truly whole grain flour I have ever had. What's that??? It turns out that common whole wheat flour isn't actually "whole" wheat, as the wheat germ has been removed. Why? Because of the oils in wheat germ, flour containing it quickly goes rancid! The flour I brought home now resides safely in the freezer until I use it.
But wait! There's more...
This historic grist mill is nestled in a narrow valley, beside a beautiful creek that flows into the North Fork Lewis River that joins the Columbia River at Woodland.
|Updated: 7:23 AM GMT on July 14, 2013||Permalink | A A A|
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