Mild week ahead for the northern Middle Atlantic!

By: Zachary Labe , 6:57 PM GMT on October 23, 2010

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"Afternoon Thoughts"(Updated 10/23)
Here I sit, helpless... Everyday as the mail truck drives down the street, it is another day closer to the decisions. My college applications have all been turned in now for almost a month. I have already heard back from my acceptance to Millersville University (I now just recently applied to their Honors College). But SUNY Oswego, Penn State, and Cornell have yet to report back and expectantly so. Most decisions do not come out for several months. There is only so much catching up you can do when it is time to do so. Academically, my grades were highly above average my entire time through grade scale. Yet I really did not have to work hard like some; studying for hours on end was never an issue. In fact many cases a brief 15 minute study would suffice. I consider myself lucky. And now here I am trying to add anything to support my case in the final few weeks, but more or less it is a reflection on my past. I do not have any regrets at all through grade school. Drudging over one test that perhaps did not turn out as good as I had hoped is essentially worthless. It is also funny reflecting that despite my steady interest and passion in meteorology, my choices for college dramatically changed. Penn State had always been on the radar for years as the school where I would definitely go. But when it came down to it, the choices mitigrated. While some may say this is one of the biggest choices of my life, I tend to take the alternate route. College is what you make of it, and if you go into the school with an open face (despite where you go) you are going to have an enjoyable and valuable experience. I keep telling this to myself as I note the small odds of my chances at the prestigious Cornell University. While simply put, my odds are in a random lottery. There are so many unique and amazing students applying all over the world to this elite institution, that simply we are in the lottery. Whether or not I get in to my dream school is not necessarily important; I am going to make the best of the experience. I do not think you will ever meet a person so attuned to knowing their true passion.

"Regional Advisories"

(Courtesy of NOAA)

"Current Weather Map"

(Courtesy of Wunderground)

"7-Day Forecast Discussion"(Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware)(Updated 10/23)
A very strong low pressure will sweep out of the Rockies and cut northwest across the Midwest. This anomalous low has been progged to grow very strong with pressures dropping as low as 970mb over northern Minnesota. Ahead of the cold front will be a warm front lifting across the northern Middle Atlantic. H85 thermals will rise to above 10C allowing for unusual warmth for much of the first half of this week. Sunday will feature the departing high pressure heading off towards the Canadian maritimes. Under southwest flow, temperatures will rise into the low 70s for many locations on Sunday with partly cloudy skies. The coming nights will also be significantly warmer with multi-layed cloud decks keeping the warmth from rising. Lows will range from the mid 40s to mid 50s Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday nights. As the warm front approaches on Monday, light rain will be possible with low stratus. MVFR conditions will persist much of the day with ceilings around 1000ft. Model QPF remains questionable, but a general 0.01-0.25in is possible for the entire northern Middle Atlantic. Again high temperatures will be well above normal into the upper 60s to low 70s. A few mid 70s are possible near Washington DC. By Tuesday, the significant rainfall is progged towards the region. GFS runs have gone back and forth with the heavy rain threat. Recent runs today (10/23) seem to be against the threat. I will have more details on QPF numbers in the coming days. In any case the rain will be scattered showers in a warm air advection type flow. Wednesday will signal the approach of the cold front with more rainfall (0.25in QPF) for many areas. Temperatures again will be mild in the 70s with patchy fog and low clouds throughout the day. By Thursday, the cold front will swing through the region as the low pressure over the Great Lakes trecks northwest. Temperatures will begin to cool for the weeks end falling back to seasonal values. Sunshine will prevail on Friday, Saturday, and possibly Sunday before another cold front dives down across the region as low pressure surges northwest into the Great Lakes once again. The up and down temperature pattern will be very common of the coming week with several rain chances. Total QPF for the week will range from 0.5-1.25in for many areas.

"Regional Radars"

(Courtesy of Wunderground)

"Regional Satellite"

(Courtesy of Penn State Meteo.)
"Current Lower Susquehanna Valley Radar"

(Courtesy of Wunderground)

"Chesapeake Bay and Atlantic Coast Marine and Boating Forecast"(Maryland and Delaware Coastal Forecast)(Updated 10/23)
High pressure will continue to dominate the weekend's weather for a nice boating few days as temperatures warm anomalously into the 70s. But there is a bit of tight pressure gradient, which may allow frictional surface winds to increase 10-15knots through Sunday evening. Ahead of an approaching storm system, winds will once again increase towards Monday and Monday night with small craft advisory conditions. Also waves will increase with crests 1-3ft in the bay. Guidance is very variable over the approaching storm system as a warm front approaches from the south. QPF is in question with some model prognostics indicating heavy rain over 1in, but other runs show less than a tenth of an inch. At this point though, precipitation does appear likely in the Tuesday through Wednesday time frame. By Thursday the cold front will pass through the Chesapeake allowing the flow to have a more northerly component under a northwest flow dominated by cumulus and breezy conditions. Winds will be on the order of 10-20knots. Cooler temperatures will move into the region with highs falling back to seasonal values. Precipitatin chances will finally be over by Thursday night with high pressure moving in towards the weekend. Another weaker cold front may approach for the beginning of that next week.

"Current Atlantic Coast Forecast Wave Heights and Chesapeake Bay Forecast Wind Direction/Speed"

(Courtesy of NOAA)

"Updates on Winter Predictions" (Updated 10/23)
If one would look directly at the NAO, which quite a few do, it would appear that the mean of -0.4283 since June would signal a general cooler pattern that would continue. But there are quite a few more indices that are beginning to show slightly different signals. In fact, unfortunately, I am seeing more and more signs that this winter may be of the typical La Nina regime. There are signs the PV in Alaska may begin to move into the unfavorable location, usually deterring our pattern to significant warmth. But this is not a direct correlation all the time. 500mb charts are also beginning to show signs of a building southeast ridge, again unfavorable for snowlovers. This is all under the anomalous La Nina regime, although departures have begin to cap off recently it appears. A few positive signs include that we are coming off a strong El Nino regime. Also we seem to be start a negative NAO decadal pattern as evidenced by the last few years. And finally we are also coming off a very impressive low sun spot cycle, with still low activity. These variables make this winter very difficult to forecast despite the steadfast La Nina signals. In fact these variables allow for very little correlation to any analog year. I am very interested to see final snowfall anomalies for the northern Middle Atlantic. Either the winter will average right around normal possibly slightly above or the winter will be dreadful with very little snowfall. A big concern of mine this winter is ice storms. Cold air damming will play a significant variable as some cold air gets funneled down from Canada courtesy of the upstream blocking and negative NAO, while the general trough axis supports the storm tracking to our west. In fact there may be several severe ice storms similar to the winter of 2007-2008 in that regard.

Winter Outlook 20010-2011... Link

"Equatorial Pacific SST Anomalies"

(Courtesy of NOAA)

"Fall Foliage Outlook" (Updated 10/23)
Just about all locations have received a frost and/or hard ffreeze. Most areas also have reported an official end of the growing season, excluding just the major metropolitan regions. These cold nights and warm days have signaled a rapid increase in Fall foliage. Locations across northern Pennsylvania are actually past peak. A few oaks remain yellow/brown, but most leaves are off the trees especially for the higher elevations. A bit of light snow was also reported in the higher elevations of northern Pennsylvania during the past few days, so winter is definitely showing signs of a return in this region. The Pennsylvania Grand Cayon, World's End State Park, Rickett's Glenn, etc. are past peak. The peak of fall foliage is now towards central Pennsylvania going west to east just south of the I-80 corridor. A few of the higher elevations have seen significant droppings of leaves especially towards Philipsburg near Black Moshannon State Park and Bald Eagle State Park, but most areas in the ridge and valley region have wonderful color right now. Due to the hot and dry September, leaves are a bit dull this year. I have definitely noticed this here in southern Pennsylvania with more browns than anything. Across southern Pennsylvania, most of Maryland, and Delaware leaves will be reaching peak in about one to two weeks. The last few cold nights have definitely allowed colors to start showing. Burning bushes, maples, Virginia Creeper, ash, etc. trees are already at peak or past with brilliant reds. The oaks seem to be the dull colors this year with many browns and dull yellows. The Blue Ridge region is reporting about 40% color. Towards South Mountain, the predominately oak forests still have about two weeks before peak. Colors are actually running about right on schedule this year and peaks will fall in the typical averages. Out towards western Maryland, Garret and Alleghany counties are well past peak with flurries reported a few weeks ago. Winter will be rapidly beginning in this region in the coming weeks. Enjoy the last two to three weeks of color, because by the end of the first or second week in November colorful countrysides will quickly turn brown.

Fall Foliage Reports... Link

"Average Date of First Freeze"

(Courtesy of NOAA)

"Long Term Outlook" (7-14 Day Time Frame) (Updated 10/23)
After another Great Lakes storm is progged around the first of November, cooler air from Canada will dive into the United States accompanied by a negative NAO. The arctic has seen a dramatic increase in ice cover in the past two weeks with gains also noticeable in the snow department in northern North America. Wavelengths support this building cold air to dive south around the first week of November. Already 16-day GFS prognotics show colder air moving through with below 0C 850mb heights and sub 1000-500mb 540dm thicknesses. But yet again, the GFS signals another Great Lakes storm. It appears it is possible the typical La Nina regime may be setting up with cooler weather followed by a day or two of warmth before the front moves through. This would allow occur with the low pressures headed to our northwest. None the less several precipitation chances are possible in the 7-14 day time frame, generally from Great Lakes cutters. These lows dive out of the Rockies and track along the west periphery of the trough, which is setup just west of the heatland. The southeast ridge is preventing this trough axis from moving east. This shows the despite the negative NAO, the La Nina is so anomalous that is overrides the blocking in Greenland. In general the next two weeks will average temperatures (+0F)-(+0.5F) above normal. There may even be a day or two in the mid to upper 70s in southern Delaware and southern Maryland as the southeast ridge budges north ahead of the Great Lakes multi-storm systems.

"Current NAO and PNA Predictions"

(Courtesy of NOAA)

"Monthly Temperature/Precipitation Outlook"(November)(Updated 10/23)
I think I am going to trend a bit on the mild side for the upcoming November despite interesting teleconnections. Mean 500mb guidance from the past week show a bit a southeast ridge beginning to flex its muscle into the southern Middle Atlantic. Latest 10/23/10 0utc GFS 10-14day 500mb mean actually supports this continuing in that range with a 588dm ridge over the southeast. Right now the polar vortex is just north of Alaska by about 200mi, which is good for now. But guidance suggests this may sink southward towards November. This tends to favor ridging over the east coast and troughing over the western United States up through Alaska and the Canadian Rockies. But current ensemble runs indicate a negative NAO to open up November. There will likely be an eastern cool pattern during the first week of November. The La Nina continues to show that it is already one of the strongest La Ninas on record. But it is encouraging to see little temeperature drops in Nina 3.4 SSTs. For those looking for an early season snowstorm this year, a few encouraging signs can be found in the cryosphere. Levels are at around normal values, which are actually higher than the previous few years. Siberian snow cover has shown impressive gains in the last two weeks and has reached above normal levels. Also North America snow levels have increased in northern Canada and Alaska courtesy of the trough moving through and associated low presssure system. None the less, I believe typical La Nina conditions will dominate November's weather with a southeast ridge. But cooler weather may return towards the end of the month with perhaps the first inland snowfall in this time period around or just after Thanksgiving. We shall see how those wavelengths turn out. Precipitation chances are right around normal for all areas. The farther south one goes in the Middle Atlantic will dictate how anomalous the warmth is this month as weak troughing from the negative NAO may be enough to save some areas in Pennsylvania from the warmth.

"Temperature and Precipitation Outlooks from Climate Prediction Center for next 30 days"

(Courtesy of NOAA)

"Here north of Harrisburg 2010 statistics"
(Severe Weather Stats...)
Severe Thunderstorm Watches- 13
Severe Thunderstorm Warnings- 10
Tornado Watches- 2
Tornado Warnings- 1
Total Thunderstorms- 20

(Precipitation Stats...)
Flood Watches- 4
Flood Warnings- 4
Monthly Precipitation- 3.01inches (October)
Yearly Precipitation- 35.04inches

(Temperature Stats...)
Heat Advisories- 5
Excessive Heat Watches- 1
Excessive Heat Warnings- 1
90degree days- 38

Fall in Pennsylvania 2010 (Blizzard92)
Predominate oak forest, but still color beginning to show.
Fall in Pennsylvania 2010

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82. Zachary Labe
8:07 PM GMT on November 02, 2010
*New blog coming out soon!
Member Since: December 14, 2007 Posts: 285 Comments: 15140
81. Jmedic
8:00 PM GMT on November 02, 2010
Quoting Blizzard92:
24.9F here this morning.


We had 23.0 at 06:51, up to 55.5 at 15:21.
Member Since: October 14, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 100
80. Zachary Labe
12:15 PM GMT on November 02, 2010
24.9F here this morning.
Member Since: December 14, 2007 Posts: 285 Comments: 15140
78. Zachary Labe
12:17 AM GMT on November 02, 2010
zotty- Thanks! I am pretty pleased with how long range forecasts have been turning out considering the chaotic pattern.

Jmedic- Hey! Nice to see you stop by! Maybe a few snow showers out there later this week.
Member Since: December 14, 2007 Posts: 285 Comments: 15140
77. Jmedic
8:17 PM GMT on November 01, 2010
I'll keep an eye on things here in the Laurel Highlands this weekend. I'll post a few pics if we get anything interesting.
Member Since: October 14, 2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 100
76. zotty
8:00 PM GMT on November 01, 2010
um, brr? It is still pretty cold on the coastal plain. Nice call Blizz! A couple weeks ago you thought this might roll through. Well done. I think I saw some snow in the Catskills on the radar last night, but I have no idea how accurate that is...
Member Since: August 19, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 775
75. originalLT
7:43 PM GMT on November 01, 2010
Thanks for the answer Blizz,-- as I ment to write, Mt. Greylock, not Mt. Gretlock. I corrected my post.
Member Since: January 31, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 8010
74. Zachary Labe
7:29 PM GMT on November 01, 2010
Quoting originalLT:
Blizz question for you, how high is Hawk Mountain? I was up Mt. Gretlock in western Mass. a couple of weeks ago, it is 3491 ft. at the summit.

About 1500ft I would say. Blue Ridge Mountains range from 1200-1600ft with a few higher peaks in the southern part of the state around 2000ft.
Member Since: December 14, 2007 Posts: 285 Comments: 15140
73. originalLT
5:07 PM GMT on November 01, 2010
Blizz question for you, how high is Hawk Mountain? I was up Mt. Greylock in western Mass. a couple of weeks ago, it is 3491 ft. at the summit.
Member Since: January 31, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 8010
72. originalLT
5:04 PM GMT on November 01, 2010
Got down to 29.7F at my house last night in Stamford CT., coldest yet for me. Guess I better take in my 50 year old grapefruit tree that's in a big pot in my back yard. It's very heavy, will have to have my son do it tonight when he comes over for dinner. I can't lift anything with my bum right shoulder(rotator cuff tear) which I'm having operated on this Thurs.--P451, who watches your place in Jersey when you're up in NY State? Take care.
Member Since: January 31, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 8010
69. Zachary Labe
9:28 PM GMT on October 31, 2010
shoreacres- Thanks for stopping by!


*I was up at Hawk Mountain today. Very November like day with absolutely no leaves on the trees at the peak.
Member Since: December 14, 2007 Posts: 285 Comments: 15140
67. shoreacres
1:56 PM GMT on October 31, 2010
Member Since: October 4, 2004 Posts: 205 Comments: 15288
66. TheF1Man
1:10 PM GMT on October 31, 2010
Happy Halloween Everyone!

My roommate's temperature gage seems to think its 52F
Member Since: February 23, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 685
65. Zachary Labe
11:49 AM GMT on October 31, 2010
32.9F here this Sunday morning with patchy frost. The next few nights may dip into the 209s for many locales.
Member Since: December 14, 2007 Posts: 285 Comments: 15140
64. Zachary Labe
3:47 PM GMT on October 30, 2010
Final low of 29.9F here.
Member Since: December 14, 2007 Posts: 285 Comments: 15140
62. Zachary Labe
10:27 AM GMT on October 30, 2010
Cold morning, 31F here and still falling a bit.
Member Since: December 14, 2007 Posts: 285 Comments: 15140
61. baxtheweatherman
1:12 AM GMT on October 30, 2010
SNOW FLURRIES today around 10:30.
Member Since: December 31, 2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 119
58. TheRasberryPatch
11:30 AM GMT on October 29, 2010
It's too early for a snowstorm, Blizz. The leaves haven't even fallen. Don't get started this early. UGH...kids
hahaha

looks like i might get a freeze this evening to kill any annual flowers and vegetation
Member Since: January 26, 2007 Posts: 72 Comments: 6276
57. Zachary Labe
9:43 AM GMT on October 29, 2010
0z ECMWF and earlier runs have indicated a possible coastal storm for the end of next week. In fact it shows a significant snowstorm for elevations above 1000ft for much of the northeast. While it has only been a few runs, it is something to monitor...
Member Since: December 14, 2007 Posts: 285 Comments: 15140
56. TheF1Man
4:25 AM GMT on October 29, 2010
Congratulations Zotty!!!
Member Since: February 23, 2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 685
55. Zachary Labe
12:18 AM GMT on October 29, 2010
zotty- Thanks! And congratulations!!!
Member Since: December 14, 2007 Posts: 285 Comments: 15140
54. goofyrider
2:50 PM GMT on October 28, 2010
40.15N, 74.02W

P: Nice day ... rain ended early this morning .. found my new rain gage arrived yesterday .. according to the gage the old fashioned glass trapped about 1.2 in of rain. Points south and north at Pt Pleasant and Bradley Beach had about 0.61 an 0.75 in.

Also came with a snow measuring stick. Gage mounts to a 4 x 4.

Zotty: Best wishes to you and family. Think rocking chair for those late night feedings and teething sessions.
Member Since: February 27, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 2936
53. goofyrider
2:49 PM GMT on October 28, 2010
40.15N, 74.02W

2-3 waves nice morning
Member Since: February 27, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 2936
52. TheRasberryPatch
1:26 PM GMT on October 28, 2010
congratulations Zotty....If I can give one piece of advice to any parents of newborns. Get the book "Babywise" and read it. It is the most awesome book for parents. This book should be given to every mother by her OB/GYN. It is one of the best books for raising a newborn up to 1 year. I could go on and on about the book.
Member Since: January 26, 2007 Posts: 72 Comments: 6276
51. originalLT
12:55 PM GMT on October 28, 2010
Zotty, again congrats on the birth of your son, and you are right, Dr. Masters makes clear that this was the strongest, or lowest pressure storm in the Mid West, there have been lower pressure Nor'easters along the Atlantic coast.
Member Since: January 31, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 8010
50. originalLT
12:46 PM GMT on October 28, 2010
Zotty, CONGRATS on the birth of your son, it's a special time in one's life when you experience an event like that.
Member Since: January 31, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 8010
49. zotty
12:16 PM GMT on October 28, 2010
I see Dr masters devoted almost his entire blog to the topic. Amazing!
Member Since: August 19, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 775
48. zotty
3:45 AM GMT on October 28, 2010
By the way the news all day was on this record low north American pressure for a non tropical system (cnn) that wound up the last couple days. Is that right? At 941 millibars I thought many noreasters threw eggs at 941 on their way to 920 and even below. I am in a hospital but if tt or pp or one of of blizz' historians could look into it I would appreciate it. Thanks!
Member Since: August 19, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 775
47. zotty
3:31 AM GMT on October 28, 2010
Great blog blizz I haven't been on due to the birth of my son- Jadi Thomas Z... if those big red boys are capable of reading I trust you'll be don't.

p- great thought on w Pacific.

picture of a one hour old to follow.
Member Since: August 19, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 775
46. goofyrider
1:57 AM GMT on October 28, 2010
40.15N, 74.02W

less than 0.5 in this am, deluge around 1700 with local road flooding, and coming down heavy again right now. measure later:-)
Member Since: February 27, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 2936
45. originalLT
11:59 PM GMT on October 27, 2010
Blizz, my total was exactly the same as yours, 0.27". My rain stopped at 6:10pm. Never was really bad at all.
Member Since: January 31, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 8010
43. TheRasberryPatch
8:37 PM GMT on October 27, 2010
the lingering light showers have finally stopped and the clouds are breaking.

it appears strong winds are on their way tomorrow bringing cooler weather. just in time for Pennsylvania's PC trick or treat evening. I hope to get a freeze from this.
Member Since: January 26, 2007 Posts: 72 Comments: 6276
42. Zachary Labe
8:25 PM GMT on October 27, 2010
Only .27in of rain from last night.
Member Since: December 14, 2007 Posts: 285 Comments: 15140
41. originalLT
7:54 PM GMT on October 27, 2010
On vis. sat. it looks like there is a sharp "clearing line" now marching eastward thru central PA.
Member Since: January 31, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 8010
40. originalLT
7:52 PM GMT on October 27, 2010
C'mon, P, get one at a hardware store, like I said it's only about ten bucks or so, now it won't be as accurate as one like Blizz has, but its still pretty good!!
Member Since: January 31, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 8010
39. PalmyraPunishment
7:22 PM GMT on October 27, 2010
Breaking News: It's too friggin warm..

That is all.
Member Since: January 31, 2007 Posts: 9 Comments: 2250
36. TheRasberryPatch
12:54 PM GMT on October 27, 2010
the rain is lingering a bit.
Member Since: January 26, 2007 Posts: 72 Comments: 6276
35. TheRasberryPatch
11:43 AM GMT on October 27, 2010
0.51" of rain overnight
Member Since: January 26, 2007 Posts: 72 Comments: 6276
32. goofyrider
6:13 AM GMT on October 27, 2010
40.15N, 74.02W

Moon and stars out. Fast moving low level moisture 200 ft up, rolling in from the SW. Waves 4-6 sec, 2-3 ft; winds 5-10 and high humidity. Front just past Allentown.

Switch out the old fashion glass for a polycarb rain/snow
gage next week.

Holy Igloo P: Its time to lay out snow measurement points for November. Have some ceramic floor tiles and tomato stakes planned for this year.
Member Since: February 27, 2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 2936

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Cornell University- Atmospheric Sciences Undergrad; Research Assist.- Onset of Spring Indices Toolbox; Interests- Small spatial scale climatolology

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