May 31, 1985: A Day I'll Never Forget

By: Lee Grenci, 4:12 PM GMT on May 28, 2015

This Sunday (May 31) will mark the 30th year since the terrible outbreak of tornadoes in Pennsylvania (there were also tornadoes in Ohio, Ontario, and New York on May 31, 1985). The local office of the National Weather Service just published an account of that horrific day (89 killed, over 1000 injured). If you scroll down the Web page, you'll see that I was quoted (among other quotes). It was 30 years ago, but I remember the exact moment (standing in front of the r...


Updated: 4:36 PM GMT on May 28, 2015

Super Typhoon Maysak: The Upper-Air Connection

By: Lee Grenci, 6:26 PM GMT on March 31, 2015

Just a quick blog to follow up on Dr. Masters' terrific blog on Super Typhoon Maysak.

Whenever a tropical cyclone undergoes changes in intensity (and structure), I routinely check for nearby weather systems that might have interacted with the cyclone. In the case of strong hurricanes or typhoons like Maysak, I first look to the upper troposphere to assess outflow jets that increase upper-level divergence (whose presence typically leads to intensification...

Tropical Meteorology Tropical Forecasting

Updated: 7:21 PM GMT on March 31, 2015

About Rain and Melting Snow

By: Lee Grenci, 1:43 PM GMT on March 25, 2015

Just a quick note on the topic of rain and melting snow in early spring.

When it rains on a snowpack in early spring, it would be easy to attribute the rapid melting of snow directly to warm raindrops falling on the snow. It can be shown, however, by invoking the conservation of enthalpy, that warm rain falling on snow cover increases the runoff by only 10% (raindrops directly melting snow). Thus, it would take sustained downpours to directly melt a rel...

Weather Forecasting Thermodynamics

Updated: 9:26 PM GMT on March 27, 2015

Spring Snow Sticking on Roads? ... Repeating the Party Line

By: Lee Grenci, 3:09 PM GMT on March 21, 2015

A lot has changed with regard to broadcast meteorology since I started my stint as an on-air meteorologist (WPSU-TV) in the mid 1980s. If some of the local network affiliates and the 24-hour news programs are any indication, on-air weathercasters utilize much less atmospheric science in their presentations, structuring most if not all of the forecast around computer models. For example, weathercasters show short-range computer animations of clouds and precipitatio...

Weather Forecasting Radiative Transfer

Updated: 6:21 PM GMT on March 21, 2015

Disappearing Acts

By: Lee Grenci, 8:50 PM GMT on March 13, 2015

I had meant to post this last week, but better late than never. There were nice two examples of "disappearing acts" in the Southwest...snow cover over a portion of Texas and Oklahoma and upslope fog over western Texas and a portion of New Mexico. Before you look at the loop of visible satellite images (below) from 1415 UTC to 2015 UTC on March 5, 2015, check out the two areas to which I'm referring on this annotated visible satellite image at 1415 UTC.


Synoptic Meteorology

Updated: 6:02 PM GMT on March 14, 2015

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About 24hourprof

Retired senior lecturer in the Department of Meteorology at Penn State, where he was lead faculty for PSU's online certificate in forecasting.