Darlington Severe Watches & Warnings NOAA Weather Radio

Public Information Statement
Statement as of 4:50 am EST on November 30, 2015

... Winter weather preparedness week in North Carolina November 29
through December 5, 2015...

this week has been declared winter weather preparedness week in both
North Carolina and South Carolina. All week long the National
Weather Service will be issuing informative messages to help you
prepare for winter weather. Each day we will cover a different topic.
Today we will talk about the anatomy of winter storms.

Winter weather is the most complex weather phenomena forecasters
face in North Carolina. Winter storms often seem to take on a
chaotic nature as rain turns into sleet, then to snow. It is this
mixture that forecasters contend with many times during the winter
season, as they work to keep the forecast on track and you prepared.

Winter storms bring significant and sometimes rapid changes in the
weather which greatly affects our lives and safety. Winter storms
can develop and last for just a few hours or linger for days. Some
of the worst winter storms in North Carolina producing heavy snow
and ice have trapped people in their cars, and isolated residents in
their homes without utilities and other services for over a week.
Even small amounts of snow and ice can create havoc as residents of
Raleigh Learned on the afternoon of January 19, 2005 when just a
half inch of snow froze onto major highways in the middle of the
day. The freezing of the snow onto the Road surface resulted in
hours of gridlock stranding many motorists and school buses loaded
with children for hours. Just a little bit of snow in combination
very cold temperatures and the time of day can create dangerous
conditions crippling major cities.

Winter storms result from a variety of weather patterns. North
Carolina sits in the battleground between cold air from the north
and warm moist air from the south. The timing of the cold air
colliding with moisture streaming in from the Gulf of Mexico and
Atlantic Ocean typically dictates the type of precipitation you see
falling in your backyard. Geography also plays a large role in our
weather. The Appalachian Mountains to the west and the warm waters
of the Gulf Stream just off the coast both play vital roles in
winter storm development. The mountains act to pile up cold air over
the state while the warm waters of the Gulf Stream provide moisture
and lots of energy to winter storms.

The most common and dangerous weather systems which can produce snow
and ice are strong coastal low pressure systems known as nor-
easters. Nor-easters are low pressure systems which develop over the
ocean and track northeast along the coast. The reason North Carolina
waters are so favorable for nor-Easter development is due to the
proximity of the Gulf Stream. When cold air rushes out over the
ocean and the Gulf Stream and a very unstable and volatile situation
is created. When this instability combines with the jet stream in
the upper levels of the atmosphere... a massive low pressure system
known as a nor-Easter can develop. This was the case ten years ago
in January of 2000 when Raleigh received 18 to 24 inches of snow in
less than 24 hours.

Cold air damming typically impacts the central and western portions
of the state. This occurs when cold high pressure over New York and
Pennsylvania pushes cold air south into the Carolinas. This cold air
is heavy and piles up against the mountains as it rushes south. The
mountains act as a dam causing the cold air to deepen across the
Piedmont and sometimes as far east as the coastal plain. When
lighter, warm moist air coming up from the south overruns the cold
air at the surface, freezing rain, sleet and snow can result. This
was the scenario which crippled central North Carolina with an inch
of freezing rain in December 2002.

Winter storms such as these can make driving and walking extremely
dangerous. The aftermath of a major winter storm can have a
devastating impact on a community or an entire region for days,
weeks, or even months. Winter storms are considered to be deceptive
killers because most deaths are indirectly related to the storm.
People die in traffic accidents on icy roads, have heart attacks
while shoveling snow, or succumb to fires or Carbon monoxide while
trying the heat their home improperly.

Additional information on winter weather preparedness can be
obtained on-line through the North Carolina department of emergency
management home Page. The url is...


up to date weather information is available on-line from the
following National Weather Service sites serving North Carolina...
all urls in lower case.

NWS Wilmington NC... http://weather.Gov/ilm.
NWS Raleigh NC... http://weather.Gov/rah.
NWS Newport/Morehead City NC... http://weather.Gov/mhx.
NWS Wakefield VA... http://weather.Gov/akq.
NWS Blacksburg VA... http://weather.Gov/rnk.
NWS Greenville/Spartanburg SC... http://weather.Gov/gsp.

National Weather Service winter weather preparedness home Page...

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