Scientific Forecaster Discussion

Return to Local Conditions & Forecast

Without Abbreviations
With Abbreviations

Area forecast discussion 
National Weather Service Mount Holly New Jersey
405 am EST sun Dec 21 2014

high pressure centered over Quebec early this morning will drift
eastward and it should reach Atlantic Canada on Monday. Weak low
pressure is forecast to develop off the Carolina coast on Monday
before moving slowly northeastward and dissipating off the
Delaware-Maryland-Virginia peninsula on Tuesday. Low pressure is expected to develop
around the central Gulf Coast region on Tuesday. The low should
strengthen as it lifts northward and across the eastern Great
Lakes on Wednesday night. The low is anticipated to pull a warm
front through our region on Wednesday, followed by a cold front
late on Wednesday night. High pressure is expected to follow from
the southwest for Thursday and Friday. Another cold front from the
west is forecast to arrive on Saturday.


Near term /until 6 PM this evening/...
surface high pressure remains in place from eastern Canada
southward across much of the East Coast. The northern half of the
area remains under the effects of the wide swath of strato cumulus
cloud cover that has plagued our area the last several days, while
the southern half has middle-high level cloud cover. The cloud cover
across the southern areas is associated with a sharp short
wave/vorticity impulse that is approaching the area from the west
this morning. As the short wave moves through the area this
morning into the early afternoon, it may help scatter out some of
the low strato cumulus clouds, but it will continue to bring its
own cloud cover. So overall a overcast to mostly cloudy day is
expected for most of the day, with some partial clearing possible
by the end of the day. We do not expect any precipitation across
the area with this short wave since there is limited moisture,
evident from precipitable water values around one-quarter to one-third of an inch.
Also, the greatest low-middle level lift is forecast to be to our
northeast through the morning, associated with an inverted trough
across Connecticut and southeastern New York. The trough is not
expected to make it this far south, so any showers should stay to
our north. If anything did get squeezed out as the short wave
moves through, it should only be flurries, but we will keep this
out of the forecast for now.

High temperatures are a blend of mav/met MOS and mosguide which
were all in pretty good agreement.


Short term /6 PM this evening through 6 am Monday/...
the high pressure begins to retreat some overnight tonight, but
our area will still remain on the southern fringe. Any partial
clearing that occurred during the day will continue into the
evening, but high level cloud cover may begin to develop and
spread back into the area overnight as a weak short wave lifts
through the area. We are not expecting any precipitation overnight
as there is a lack of significant vertical moisture.

Low temperatures are a blend of mav/met MOS and mosguide which
were all in pretty good agreement.


Long term /Monday through Saturday/...
a middle level ridge axis should be to our east on Monday. An
impulse traveling in the middle level flow is expected to pass
overhead on Monday afternoon. Moisture is forecast to spread into
our region from the south at that time. We have mentioned a chance
of rain arriving from south to north from the late morning into
the afternoon hours. The forecast temperature profiles suggest
that the boundary layer will be able to support all rain even up
north where the chance for precipitation is the lowest in our

Surface high pressure is forecast to be located over Atlantic
Canada from Monday into Tuesday. A ridge axis is expected to nose
southwestward along the Lee of the Appalachians at that time with
an inverted trough developing off the coast. Weak low pressure is
anticipated to develop on the trough off the Carolina coast on
Monday. The feature is forecast to remain weak as it drifts
northeastward reaching the waters off the Delaware-Maryland-Virginia peninsula
before dissipating on Tuesday.

Meanwhile, a deep middle level trough is expected to dig over the
middle part of the country on Monday and Tuesday as the ridge over
the western North Atlantic becomes more pronounced. The pattern
will result in the development of strong warm advection over our
region from Tuesday into Tuesday night.

The pattern should keep our region overcast with a chance of rain
from Monday night into Tuesday with the probability of
precipitation increasing to likely for Tuesday night. It continues
to appear as though there may be pockets of below freezing
temperatures in the Poconos and in far northern New Jersey from
Monday night into Tuesday morning to possibly result in some
localized light freezing rain.

Surface low pressure is anticipated to develop around the central
Gulf Coast region on Tuesday in response to the deep middle level
trough. The low is forecast to strengthen as it moves northward on
Wednesday and across the eastern Great Lakes on Wednesday night.
The system should have an opportunity to tap into Gulf moisture
and it will bring the potential for some moderate to heavy
rainfall to our region from late Tuesday night into early
Wednesday night. The consensus of the models continues to suggest
representative rainfall amounts up to an inch to an inch and a
half in our region during the middle week period.

The low is expected to pull a warm front through our region on
Wednesday with temperatures forecast to rise into the 50s and
lower 60s. A strong cold front is forecast to follow late on
Wednesday night with temperatures dropping back into the upper 30s
and lower 40s by daybreak on Thursday. The probability of
precipitation decreases rapidly late on Wednesday night as dry air
is expected to begin building into our region from the west and
southwest. Conditions are anticipated to become quite breezy in
the wake of the cold front for Christmas day. A west wind around
15 to 20 miles per hour is forecast with gusts near 30 miles per hour. Temperatures
should return to seasonable levels for Thursday, Friday and

Ridging is forecast to develop at the surface and aloft for
Thursday night into Friday with dry weather anticipated.

A middle level short wave is expected to approach from the west
along with an associated surface cold front. The front is forecast
to pass through our region on Saturday. The system is forecast to
be fast moving and it should not have much of an opportunity to
tap into a moisture source. As a result, we will not forecast any
precipitation with the front at this time.


Aviation /09z Sunday through Thursday/...
the following discussion is for kphl, kpne, kttn, kabe, krdg,
kilg, kmiv, kacy and surrounding areas.

Low-level clouds remain across much of the northern half of the
area, with MVFR ceilings in place at Abe. The rest of the area should
remain VFR, especially as middle-level clouds move in from the
southwest. Those areas that are MVFR are expected to become VFR
later this morning. Once everyone becomes VFR, they should remain
so through the remainder of the taf period.

Light and variable/calm winds this morning will become north to
northwest around 5-8 knots or less during the day. Winds will
become light and variable/calm once again tonight.

Monday...mainly VFR with a chance of light rain spreading
northward into our region.

Monday night and Tuesday...conditions possibly lowering into the
MVFR category with a chance of light rain.

Tuesday night...MVFR and IFR conditions anticipated with rain

Wednesday and Wednesday night...MVFR and IFR conditions with rain
likely. The rain may be heavy at times.

Thursday...conditions improving to VFR with a gusty west wind.


sub-Small Craft Advisory conditions will remain today into
tonight as high pressure from the north will continue to affect
the waters.

Monday and Monday marine headlines are anticipated.

Tuesday and Tuesday night...wave heights on our ocean waters may
build to 5 feet in a developing onshore flow.

Wednesday...southerly wind gusts in excess of 25 knots are
expected. Wave heights on our ocean waters may build to 6 to 9

Wednesday night...a south wind becoming west. Wind gusts in
excess of 25 knots are expected. Wave heights on our ocean waters
may be to 6 to 9 feet.

Thursday...westerly wind gusts in excess of 25 knots are
expected. Wave heights on our ocean waters may be to 5 to 7 feet.


Phi watches/warnings/advisories...
New Jersey...none.



near term...Robertson
short term...Robertson
long term...iovino

National Weather Service Glossary of Abbreviations