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Area forecast discussion 
National Weather Service New York New York
151 am EDT sun Jul 13 2014

Synopsis...
high pressure will continue moving offshore through today as a
cold front slowly approaches from the west. The front then stalls
near the region through Wednesday. High pressure returns for the
end of the week.

&&

Near term /until 6 am this morning/...
middle and high level clouds streaming in from west keeping temperatures up
slightly...along with very weak warm advection. Have kept
temperature nearly steady through the overnight.

Otherwise...a continued dry forecast tonight with surface high
pressure offshore. Aloft...heights will slowly fall in response to
a developing upper level trough across the Great Lakes.

Patchy fog/low clouds are possible towards daybreak as low level
moisture increases. Low temperatures near or just above normal in
the 60s to around 70 are forecast.

&&

Short term /6 am this morning through 6 PM Monday/...
southerly flow increases with tightening gradient between high
pressure offshore and low pressure across southeastern Canada.
This brings a warm and humid air mass to the region. It will also
become quite breezy...especially near the coast. Low level
moisture will be on the rise as dew points reach the upper 60s and
possibly lower 70s by late afternoon.

Daytime heating along with pre-frontal trough development west of the
city should trigger afternoon and evening showers and thunderstorms.
Upper level heights slowly fall...but the main closed low will still
be a significant distance away from the area. Cape values increase
to around 1000-1200 j/kg and 0-6 km bulk shear increases to 25-30 knots
on Sunday...mainly from the city north and west. Precipitable waters also surge to
around 1.9 inches by Sunday evening. With these ingredients...heavy
rainfall is possible in any storm. An isolated strong to severe
storm cannot be ruled out. Damaging wind gusts would be the main
threat if a storm does become severe.

Shower and storm activity will weaken some with loss of daytime
heating in the evening and overnight. With surface trough lingering
across the region and continued warm advection...showers and storms
with heavy rainfall remain possible.

High temperatures on Sunday will be near normal in the low to middle
80s. Locations near the coast may stay in the upper 70s due to
onshore flow. Warm and muggy Sunday night with temperatures in the
lower 70s.

&&

Long term /Monday night through Saturday/...
the long term forecast starts off with unsettled weather for the
Monday through Wednesday time frame thanks to a strong cold front
slowly approaching from the west.

On Monday...the main cold front remains over the Midwest with the
main upper low as a weaker front develops in central PA. Rain
chances increase quickly on Monday and showers and thunderstorms are
likely by Monday afternoon. Strong thunderstorms and flooding are
possible on Monday. Precipitable water values over 2 inches and dew points in the
lower 70s will be in place along with the stalling front creating
training of cells so will continue heavy rain wording. See hydrology
section for additional details. As well...mu cape values increase
to over 2000 j/kg for areas west of NYC Monday afternoon and shear
values will be gradually increasing. Cannot rule out a few strong to
severe storms. Heavy rain and likely probability of precipitation continue through Tuesday
morning. Areas east of NYC...with the stabilizing southerly
flow...there will be less of a chance of severe storms.

Starting Tuesday morning...confidence drops in pop amounts for Tuesday.
Large discrepancy in model guidance with the one extreme...the
NAM..with no precipitation west of NYC after 12z. On the other side...the
12/12z European model (ecmwf) is the slowest with precipitation over the longest period. The
European model (ecmwf) brings the main cold front through late Wednesday while GFS/gefs/CMC
has it through by Wednesday morning. Will keep chance probability of precipitation through Wednesday
morning to account for this but trends will have to be monitored.
Cannot completely rule out this solution. If this solution is
correct...Tuesday will be another day of heavy rain and potentially
strong storms with 0-6km shear of 45-50 knots but less cape than Monday.

Behind the front...a deep upper trough will continue its way east
with high pressure building in at the surface. Zonal flow returns
for the end of the week.

Highs Monday-Tuesday will be in the lower to upper 80s with lows remaining
in the lower 70s. Temperatures Thursday-Sat will be generally near
to slightly below seasonal normals.

&&

Aviation /06z Sunday through Thursday/...
high pressure continues moving offshore with a slow moving cold
front approaching from the west through the taf period. Much of
the time period is expected to be VFR. Exceptions will be for
patchy fog/stratus with possible IFR/MVFR conditions early am as
well as in any showers or thunderstorms. These are difficult to
pinpoint in timing but higher chances exist well north/west of city
terminals for the afternoon to early evening with the higher chance
spreading to the rest of the terminals late in the taf period.

Winds stay in a general 180-220 degrees direction with speeds of
less than 10 knots into the early am. Then winds increase to 10-15 knots
with gusts near 20 knots for the afternoon to early evening with wind
speeds a few kts higher for kjfk and klga. Winds subside again
thereafter.

Outlook for 00z Monday through Thursday...
Sunday night-Wednesday...scattered to numerous shra/tstms.
Stronger thunderstorms during this time frame could produce periods of
MVFR or lower conditions...locally heavy rainfall...and gusty
winds. Conditions improve late Wednesday.
Thursday...VFR.

&&

Marine...
tranquil conditions on the waters through early Sunday morning.
Southerly flow increases on Sunday and winds increase to Small Craft Advisory
levels with winds in the afternoon and evening on the ocean
waters. Have issued a Small Craft Advisory for The Harbor and ocean waters
starting at 16z. Seas will also be rising to around 5 feet Sunday
night over the ocean with the increased southerly flow. The Small Craft Advisory
currently GOES to 04z Monday on The Harbor and 10z Monday on the
ocean waters.

Southerly flow remains elevated on Monday with ocean seas rising to
5-7 feet by Monday evening and wind gusts of 20-25kt. This will
continue on Tuesday with winds slowly diminishing Tuesday evening.
Seas will be slow to diminish with 5 feet seas possible through
Wednesday evening. Sub Small Craft Advisory criteria expected on Thursday. .

&&

Hydrology...
there is the potential for significant rainfall from late Sunday
into early Wednesday. At this time there is too much uncertainty
to specify exact amounts or specific threats...other than to note
flooding is possible in areas that experience rounds of locally
heavy rainfall.

&&

Okx watches/warnings/advisories...
CT...none.
New York...none.
New Jersey...none.
Marine...Small Craft Advisory from noon today to 6 am EDT Monday for
anz350-353-355.
Small Craft Advisory from noon today to midnight EDT tonight
for anz338.

&&

$$

Aviation...jm

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