Scientific Forecaster Discussion

Return to Local Conditions & Forecast

Without Abbreviations
With Abbreviations

Area forecast discussion 
National Weather Service New York New York
413 PM EST Wednesday Jan 28 2015

high pressure builds over the area tonight...then slides offshore
Thursday. A storm system approaches from the west Thursday
evening...then crosses the area late Thursday night and Friday
morning...immediately followed by an Arctic cold front. High
pressure will be slow to build east from the Ohio Valley Friday
night into Saturday...while low pressure continues to wrap up over
the Canadian Maritimes. A weak cold front then moves through on
Sunday. Low pressure moves out of the Mississippi Valley on
Sunday...and then races east to off the middle Atlantic coast on
Monday. High pressure follows for Monday night into Wednesday.


Near term /until 6 am Thursday morning/...
deep layered ridging builds in. Associated subsidence should keep
things dry...and allow for a clear sky. Winds become light and
variable overnight...this combined with the clear sky and snow
cover will promote very strong radiational cooling. Took the
minimum of available guidance and undercut by 1-2 degrees for
lows. Lows should be around 10-15 degrees below normal - around 0
to around 10 above. With wind chills generally within a few
degrees of...if not the air temperature due to the light winds.


Short term /6 am Thursday morning through Friday/...
the deep layered ridge slides to the east Thursday...with
associated subsidence keeping things dry. Will see increasing middle
and high clouds by late in the day...especially over western zones
ahead of an approaching 700-500 hpa shortwave.

For highs Thursday used a blend of mav/met/ecs guidance with NAM
2-meter temperatures and a mix down from 975-950 hpa per BUFKIT
soundings. Then subtracted a degree or two to reflect the impact
of snow cover. Highs should be around 5 to 10 degrees below normal.

A 700-500 hpa shortwave lifts NE through the area Thursday night.
This should bring some light snow Thursday night to the entire
County Warning Area. This is immediately followed by the 700-500 hpa shortwave
trough along with an Arctic cold front at the surface. Should see
some more light snow ahead of this...mainly Friday morning. Snow
totals should range from around an inch or less across NYC/Long
Island and parts of coastal southeast CT and NE New Jersey...and around 1-2
inches elsewhere - with 2 inch amounts most likely across the far
north tier of the County Warning Area.

It will turn sharply colder in the afternoon over western areas
behind the Arctic front...with temperatures falling into the middle-
upper teens over far west zones...and into the low-middle 20s over the
remainder of the western 1/2 of the County Warning Area. This could cause a flash
freeze of any melted snow on untreated surfaces.

For lows Thursday night...took a blend of mav/met/ecs guidance and
NAM 2-meter temperatures - with values around normal in NYC and
its immediate neighbors to around 5 above normal elsewhere. Highs
Friday were derived from a blend of NAM 2-meter temperatures and a
blend of met and ecs guidance. Mav numbers seemed too warm given
expected passage of Arctic front. Highs should be up to 5 degrees
below normal.

As noted above...should have a non-diurnal temperature trend on
Friday with highs mainly in the morning...especially across western
zones. Blended NAM 2-meter temperatures into hourly temperatures
to reflect this non- diurnal trend.

It will become windy by late afternoon...dropping wind chills into
the single digits over western zones and teens over eastern zones.


Long term /Friday night through Wednesday/...
mean upper trough will remain across the upper plains southeast to the
eastern Seaboard with several short waves moving through during the
period. This will more or less keep the forecast area below normal
for temperatures with some modification ahead of several waves of low
pressure. While the latest 12z guidance supports a more
progressive...less amplified flow...there is always some uncertainty
with the magnitude of the upstream energy coming onshore western

The biggest change this model cycle is for a suppressed storm track
Sun night into Monday...with both the operational GFS and European model (ecmwf) taking
weak low pressure to the south of the region. In fact...the European model (ecmwf) is
dry...while the GFS only produces very light quantitative precipitation forecast across the area.
These scenarios are cold enough for all snow. At the other end of
the envelope is the ggem...which is about 24 hours slower with a
much more amplified system moving through the NE Monday into Tuesday. This
system would result in different p-types. The 12z gefs still has a
large spread in low did previous global model ensemble
runs. So to be conservative and not discount the system...have
dropped off probability of precipitation slightly and will wait to see if the 12z cycle
shows more run to run continuity before lowering probability of precipitation even more.

What does seem more certain very cold and windy
conditions Friday night into Sat with a possible Wind Advisory event as
gusts approach 45 miles per hour. Wind chill values will drop below zero and a
Wind Chill Advisory is not out of the question...especially north
and west of NYC.

High pressure follows Sat night into sun with a weak cold frontal
passage on sun. The aforementioned storm system may bring some light
snow to the region Sun night into Monday before high pressure returns
for Tuesday and Wednesday.

Temperatures during the period will be below normal and may not even reach
the freezing mark. The coldest days look to be Sat and Tuesday...where
highs will struggle to get out of the lower 20s coast and the upper
teens inland.


Aviation /21z Wednesday through Monday/...
high pressure over the Ohio Valley moves overhead late tonight and
departs on Thursday.


Northwest winds...generally to the right of 310 10-15 knots with
gusts around 20 knots...diminishing by 22z. Winds then veer to the
north and gradually diminish to less than 10 knots tonight. Winds will
become light/vrb after midnight tonight.

... Metropolitan enhanced aviation weather support...

Detailed information...including hourly taf wind component forecasts can
be found at: http://www.Erh.NOAA.Gov/zny/n90 (lower case)

Kjfk fcster comments: high confidence in winds remaining right of
310 magnetic.

Klga fcster comments: high confidence in winds remaining right of
310 magnetic.

Kewr fcster comments: high confidence in winds remaining right of
310 magnetic.

Kteb fcster comments: high confidence in winds remaining right of
310 magnetic.

Khpn fcster comments: no unscheduled amendments expected.

Kisp fcster comments: no unscheduled amendments expected.

Outlook for 18z Thursday through Monday...
Thursday afternoon...VFR. Southeast winds less than 10 knots.
Thursday night-Friday morning...IFR conditions likely in snow. Up to 1
inch of runway accumulation is possible for knyc and coastal
terminals...except 1-2 inches at khpn/kswf.
Friday afternoon-Friday evening...improving conditions. Northwest winds 20kt
with 25-35 knots gusts.
Friday night...VFR with diminishing winds late.
Saturday...VFR. Northwest winds gusting 20-25 knots.
Sunday-Monday...conditions deteriorate late Sunday to MVFR or
lower...initially in snow. Low confidence on precipitation type
as precipitation could become a wintry mix Sunday night and Monday
due to uncertainty with track of low. Low confidence wind forecast
as well.


Small Craft Advisory gusts have come to an end over the non-coastal ocean the Small Craft Advisory has been cancelled there. It appears that
gusts to around 25 knots will continue into the early morning
hours so the Small Craft Advisory on the coastal ocean waters has been extended
until 6z as a result. Sub-Small Craft Advisory conditions are expected from late
tonight into Thursday evening.

Winds increase later Thursday evening in response to a tightening
pressure gradient...with Small Craft Advisory level gusts by late evening over the
coastal ocean waters east of Fire Island Inlet...and after
midnight on the coastal ocean waters west of Fire Island Inlet.
Wind gusts increase to Small Craft Advisory levels on the remainder of the waters on
Friday morning...then gale force gusts develop on all waters by
late afternoon.

Gale conditions are likely Friday night into Sat behind deepening low
pressure over the Canadian Maritimes. Sub Small Craft Advisory conditions should
develop on all waters by late Saturday night...and continue on
Sunday...with high pressure building over the region.


no significant precipitation is expected through Friday...though
some light snow is expected Thursday night into Friday...with no
hydrologic impact is expected.

There is the potential for light quantitative precipitation forecast Sun night into Monday as low
pressure passes to the south of the region. Model ensembles have
shown large spreads with the low track. There is the potential for a
more significant system...but trends in the 12z run have been
farther south and weaker with the low.


Okx watches/warnings/advisories...
New York...none.
New Jersey...none.
Marine...Small Craft Advisory until 1 am EST Thursday for anz350-353-



near term...maloit
short term...maloit
long term...dw

National Weather Service Glossary of Abbreviations