Scientific Forecaster Discussion

Return to Local Conditions & Forecast

Without Abbreviations
With Abbreviations

Area forecast discussion 
National Weather Service Albany New York
126 PM EDT Monday Jul 6 2015

along with a partly to mostly sunny sky...warm
temperatures will be in place over the region today with increasing
levels of humidity. An upper level disturbance will allow for the
chance of a shower or thunderstorm tonight into tomorrow...with warm
and muggy conditions continuing. A passing cold front will continue
the threat for a shower or thunderstorm on Wednesday...before drier
and less humid air works into the area for late in the week.


Near term /until 6 PM this evening/...
as of 1 PM EDT...quick update to increase cloud coverage...and
also add isolated showers to the southeast Catskills/middle Hudson Valley
and northwest CT region for this afternoon. As the leading edge of
moisture associated with the weakening upper level system across
the Appalachians...and also a weak warm front approaching from
the south...progresses northward...latest radars suggest isolated
showers developing across the lower Hudson River valley and southeast
Catskills. Further enhancement from a developing sea breeze
circulation may allow additional isolated showers to develop and
progress northward into the middle Hudson Valley and northwest CT later this

Otherwise...a mix of high clouds...and rather dense smoke aloft
has led to only dim sunshine across the region. Expect these
general sky conditions to continue through this afternoon...with
main description as partly sunny. Clouds may tend to increase more
across the southeast Catskills and middle Hudson Valley region by late

Maximum temperatures should reach the Lower/Middle 80s in valleys...and middle 70s
to lower 80s for most higher elevations. Humidity levels will
slowly climb...with dewpoints rising into the Lower/Middle 60s in
valley areas by late afternoon...and upper 50s to lower 60s for
most higher terrain.


Short term /6 PM this evening through Wednesday/...
the upper level disturbance will start to get sheared out as it
lifts northeast into the ridge in place. Still...there may be
enough lift to allow for a light rain shower late tonight...especially
for southern and western areas. Otherwise...clouds will start to
increase with lows in the 60s. It will continue to feel rather

The combination of the weak upper level disturbance overhead and
pre-frontal surface trough ahead of a cold front over the Great Lakes
will allow some showers and thunderstorms to develop on Tuesday
within daytime heating. It/S unclear just how much instability
will be in place as there may be a lot of clouds around...but
cape values will be aided by the high dewpoints in place. With
precipitable waters 1.50 to 2.00 inches...any thunderstorm will be capable of
producing locally heavy downpours. 0-6 km shear is fairly
low...just 20-25 kts...and lapse rates will be fairly low as it will be tough for storms to become quite organized.
Storm Prediction Center doesn/T have our region in any outlook for severe
the main threat on Tuesday will be the locally heavy downpours. Temperatures
look to reach into low to middle 80s for valley areas...although this
will depend on how much cloud cover is present. Best chance for
seeing showers/thunderstorms may be across southern and eastern

There may be a lull in shower and thunderstorm activity on Tuesday
night due to the loss of daytime heating...but will keep slight to
low chance probability of precipitation in the forecast. It will remain mild and muggy
overnight...with lows near 70 in valley areas.

The cold front will be crossing the region during the day on
Wednesday. Exact timing is still uncertain...but it could be
crossing the County Warning Area between the early to middle afternoon hours. Some
shower/thunderstorm activity looks to accompany the frontal
passage. Instability/shear parameters Don/T look impressive for
any strong/severe storms once again...but precipitable waters remain
cannot rule out some heavy downpours with any shower or
thunderstorm...especially for southern areas where model guidance suggest
precipitable waters could exceed 2.00 inches. With the threat for locally heavy
downpours...will include mention of heavy rain within any
thunderstorm in the severe weather potential statement at this time.

Temperatures on Wednesday will be warmest in southern/eastern areas where
the front will cross later in the day. Maximum temperatures range from the
middle 70s to middle 80s across the region.


Long term /Wednesday night through Sunday/...
most of the long term portion of this forecast appears to be rather
dry and tranquil with near seasonable Summer temperatures.

We begin this long term portion of the forecast with the departing
cold front with a near zonal flow across the northeast. As this
front slides toward the i80 will become nearly
parallel to the upper flow as global models suggest a potential for
a couple of waves to develop along the boundary and may impact our
southern portions of the region Thursday into Thursday night. For
now...nothing more than slight chance probability of precipitation with an increase in cloud
coverage for the region.

What wave/S/ do track and impact the region will depart by the end
of the week with improving conditions. Global models differ
somewhat with respect to the evolving synoptic flow pattern regime
late in the week and into the weekend. The European model (ecmwf) wants to amplify
the upper trough across the northeast with the GFS/ggem much less
pronounced. This will have some implications with respect to
diurnal driven cumulus and temperatures. For now...followed the ensemble
mean values with dry conditions and close to seasonable


Aviation /18z Monday through Saturday/...
current VFR conditions are expected to become MVFR with even a
possibility of IFR conditions as we go into the overnight into
Tuesday morning at all taf sites. A slow moving upper level system
from the middle Atlantic will move northward into the region Tuesday
morning...but will weaken as it does so. Therefore rainfall chances
will range from vcsh to -shra at best during this raf period.
However...low level ceilings will be present and visibilities may be
impacted hence why MVFR/IFR conditions are in the forecast for
kalb/kpou/kpsf with some MVFR conditions at the end of the taf
period for kgfl. Conditions between MVFR and IFR will vary from
around 08z Tuesday to the end of the taf period.

Winds will be light and variable from the start of the taf period up
to around 12z Tuesday. Then winds will have a southerly component
between 5 to 10 knots from 12z through the end of the taf period.


Tuesday night: moderate operational impact. Chance of rain showers...tsra.
Wednesday: moderate operational impact. Likely rain showers...tsra.
Wednesday night: no operational impact. No sig weather.
Thursday: no operational impact. No sig weather.
Thursday night: no operational impact. No sig weather.
Friday: no operational impact. No sig weather.
Friday night: no operational impact. No sig weather.
Saturday: no operational impact. No sig weather.


Fire weather...
fire weather concerns remain low at this time.

Dry weather is expected today with a partly to mostly sunny sky.
Relative humidity values will fall to around 40 percent this afternoon...with light
south winds of 5-10 kts. Some showers and thunderstorms will be
around on both Tuesday and Wednesday with relative humidity values only falling
to 55 to 65 percent each afternoon.


dry weather is expected upper level
disturbance will return the chance for showers and thunderstorms
for late tonight into tomorrow. Any thunderstorm on Tuesday will
be capable of producing locally heavy downpours...but widespread
heavy rainfall isn/T expected over the region. While some rises on
small streams cannot be ruled out over any small basins that see
thunderstorm activity on Tuesday...most larger Stem rivers will
mainly stay steady or only see minor rises.

Some additional showers and thunderstorms are possible Tuesday
night into Wednesday. There will continue to be a threat for
locally heavy rainfall in areas that see thunderstorms...but
widespread problems aren/T anticipated at this time. Mainly dry
weather will return for Thursday and Friday.

For details on specific area rivers and lakes...including observed
and forecast river stages and lake elevations...please visit the
advanced hydrologic prediction service /ahps/ graphs on our


Aly watches/warnings/advisories...
New York...none.


near term...frugis
short term...frugis
long term...bgm
fire weather...frugis

National Weather Service Glossary of Abbreviations